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ENLIGHTENMENT

Non-dual knowledge of the ultimate


nature of both mind and phenomena

Understanding the relative mode of


existence (how things appear to us)
and the ultimate mode of existence
(the true nature of these same
appearances)

State of supreme knowledge


combined with infinite compassion
Science Buddhism
CONVERGENCE

Interdependence

Emptiness/Vacuity

Impermanence
Science Buddhism
INTERDEPENDENCE

All living beings share All things exist only in


the same cosmic relationship to others
genealogy
Mutual causality: Nothing
can be its own cause
Reality global and holistic
Science Buddhism
EMPTINESS/VACUITY

World is not made up Middle Way: there is neither


of things, but of nothing (nihilism) nor
potentialities something (materialistic
realism)

Notion of ‘object’ Phenomena exist in terms


replaced by notion of of ‘relative truth’ not in
‘event’ (measurement) terms of ‘absolute truth’
Science Buddhism
IMPERMANENCE

Gross impermanence:
Birth to death

Stellar evolution
Science Buddhism
IMPERMANENCE

Subtle impermanence:
Change at each
infinitesimal moment
Virtual particles Universe is not made of
solid, distinct entities, but of
Particle interactions:
a dynamic flow of incessant
decay & annihilation
interactions
SCIENCE AND SPIRITUALITY

They are two different


windows to look at reality.

They complement rather


than oppose each other.
Science provides us with
information, but brings about
no spiritual growth or
transformation.

Spiritual or contemplative
approach must lead to a
profound personal
transformation in the way we
perceive ourselves and the
world.