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Chapter Seven: Dynamics 1. Work: • Product of force & distance moved in the direction of the force • W (J) = F (N) × D (m) • 1 J = 1 Nm • The amount of work done depends on: Amount of force applied Distance moved by the object • When a person walking up a staircase or climbing up a tree, the height of staircase of the height of tree is the distance in the direction of force

2.

Let’s Test Yourself 7.4 1. What is work done? 2. State the units for the following. a) Energy b) Work done c) Force Complete the sentence below. 3. ‘Work done is increased when … or …’

Power: • Rate of work done • P (Watt) = W (J) t (s) • 1 Watt = 1 J/s or 1 Watt = 1 Js – 1 • Example: A piece of rock is raised 4 m above the ground with a force of 100 N in 25 s. Calculate the power involved. Solution: Power = Work done Time = Force × Distance Time = 100 N × 4 m 25 s = 16 W

Let’s Test Yourself 7.5 1. State the definition of power. 2. What are the two units of power? A machine lifts a 10 N load across a distance of 50 cm in 5 seconds. Calculate the power of the motor.

3.

Let’s Test Yourself 7.6 1. State two situations that will occur if there is not gravitational force. 2. Why is magnetic force important for sailors?

Prepared By: K.C. Ngu

Form 2: Chapter 7 – Week 28