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Quadrilaterals

There are different kinds of quadrilaterals, but all have several things in common: all of them have four sides, are coplanar, have two diagonals, and the sum of their four interior angles equals 360 degrees. This is how they are alike, but what makes them different

!e know many quadrilaterals by their special shapes and properties, like squares. "emember, if you see the word quadrilateral, it does not necessarily mean a figure with special properties like a square or rectangle# $n word problems, be careful not to assume that a quadrilateral has parallel sides or equal sides unless that is stated. Special Quadrilaterals % parallelogram has two parallel pairs of opposite sides.

% rectangle has two pairs of opposite sides parallel, and four right angles. $t is also a parallelogram, since it has two pairs of parallel sides. % square has two pairs of parallel sides, four right angles, and all four sides are equal. $t is also a rectangle and a parallelogram.

% rhombus is defined as a parallelogram with four equal sides. $s a rhombus always a rectangle &o, because a rhombus does not have to have ' right angles. Trapezoids only have one pair of parallel sides. $t(s a type of quadrilateral that is not a parallelogram. )*ritish name: Trapezium+ Kites have two pairs of ad,acent sides that are equal.

!e can use a -enn diagram to help us group the types of quadrilaterals.

Always-Sometimes-Never Worksheet on Quadrilaterals Directions: Carefully read the following statements about polygons. In the box next to each statement, write an A if the statement is always true, S if it is sometimes true, and N if it is ne er true. !a"e sure you explain your reasoning for each statement. #. A parallelogram is $$$$$$$$$$ a %uadrilateral. &. A rectangle is $$$$$$$$ a trape'oid. (. A rhombus is $$$$$$$$$ a parallelogram. ). A s%uare is $$$$$$$$$ a %uadrilateral. *. A rectangle is $$$$$$$ a rhombus. +. A rhombus is $$$$$$$ a s%uare. ,. A trape'oid is $$$$$$$ isosceles. -. A rectangle is $$$$$$$ a s%uare. .. A s%uare is $$$$$$ a rectangle. #/. A trape'oid is $$$$$$$ a parallelogram. ##. A rectangle $$$$$$$ has four right angles. #&. A rhombus $$$$$$$ has four right angles. #(. A %uadrilateral is $$$$$$$$ a pentagon. #). A parallelogram is $$$$$$$ e%uilateral. #*. A trape'oid is $$$$$$$ e%uilateral #+. A trape'oid is $$$$$$$$a rectangle. #,. A %uadrilateral is $$$$$$$$a regular polygon. #-. A trape'oid $$$$$$$$$has parallel sides. #.. A rhombus is $$$$$$$$$a rectangle. &/. A parallelogram $$$$$$$$$has exactly three right angles. &#. If the opposite angles of a %uadrilateral are supplementary, the %uadrilateral is a parallelogram &&. A rhombus $$$$$$$ has both pairs of opposite angles congruent.

&(. An e%uilateral %uadrilateral is $$$$$$$$$$$a s%uare. &). A trape'oid $$$$$$$$$$$ has both pairs of opposite sides parallel. &*. 0he diagonals of a rectangle are $$$$$$$$$$$$ the bisectors of the angles.