Liquid-Liquid Extraction in HYSYS

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Introduction:
In this tutorial, you will be walked through a simple liquid-liquid extraction process in HYSYS. A liquid stream containing ! mol percent water and "! mol percent acetone entering at #$ %, & atm, and 'lowing at a rate o' & kgmol(s will be extracted with a pure )I*+ stream at the same exact conditions as the 'eed.

Initial Setup:
&. #. -. ". Star Start a new case in HYSYS Select Acetone ,ater and )I*+ 'or the components. .se the /012 3luid 4ackage. 3or 2iquid-2iquid 5xtraction cases, the binary coe''icients o' the components ha6e to be checked. I' some o' the coe''icients are not speci'ied by HYSYS, a 'atal error will occur, and the process can not be simulated. 1o check the *inary %oe''icients, simply click the 7*inary %oe''s8 tab.

$. Some o' the coe''icients are not speci'ied, since some o' the tabs are le't blank. 1here are a number o' ways to 'ix this. 3irst the coe''icients can either be looked up or experimentally determined, and then entered straight into the appropriate box. 9r, HYSYS can estimate the unknown coe''icients using equilibrium relationships. 1o do that select either 7./I3A% :258 or 7./I3A% 2258 and then clicking on the tab 7.nknowns 9nly8. In 2iquid-2iquid 5xtraction processes, ./I3A% 225 is the appropriate estimation to use. %lose the *inary %oe''icient window, and enter the simulation en6ironment.

. Hook up the 'eed stream to the 71op Stage Inlet8. Sol6ent. &. the sol6ent. the extracted product and the bottoms. the sol6ent stream to the 7*ottom Stage Inlet8. -. /ow that the process streams are in place and named. 0ename the streams to 3eed. the 'eed. %lick on the 2iquid-2iquid 5xtraction column button in the Simulation 1oolbar. place a 2iquid-2iquid 5xtraction column. and 7*ottoms8. ".Setting up the Liquid-Liquid Extraction Process: /ow that the components and 'luids packages are selected. and the *ottoms stream to the 7*ottoms Hea6y 2iquid8 then click 7/ext =8. " process streams are needed. <ouble click on the 2iquid-2iquid 5xtraction column to bring up the 72iquid-2iquid 5xtractor Input 5xpert8. 5xtracted 4roduct. #. HYSYS is now ready to start simulating the 2iquid-2iquid 5xtraction process. the 5xtracted 4roduct to 796hd 2ight 2iquid8. and then place it on the simulation window. Since this is a simple 2iquid-2iquid 5xtraction case.

%lick 7<one>8 to complete the 2iquid-2iquid 5xtractor Input 5xpert. . . 1o remo6e the extra trays. %licking done brings up a window displaying all o' the data and options o' the 2iquid-2iquid 5xtractor.$. Note: *y de'ault HYSYS numbers the trays in numerically ascending order.k4a by typing it in to the pressure columns. ?. B. Approximately " trays are needed to extract @@A o' the acetone. &! trays are not needed to extract the acetone. click on 7n C 8 tab under 7/um o' Stages8 on the drawing o' the column. HYSYS prompts 'or optional temperature estimates 'or the top and bottom stages. Speci'y a constant pressure o' &!&. <ue to the properties o' this system.. with tray & being at the top. 1hese estimates can be ignored and HYSYS will calculate them when the simulation is run. and simply enter in ". 3inally. trays need to be remo6ed. Since &! trays are speci'ied by de'ault.

the 'eed and sol6ent streams need to be speci'ied.hene6er a 2iquid-2iquid 5xtraction column is present in a simulation. &. a 'low rate o' & kgmol(sec.k4a. in the upper toolbar to get HYSYS to start acti6ely sol6ing #. . &. it must be started separately. %lick the green light 'or unknowns. Note: A'ter this stage. 1he sol6ent stream contains pure )I*+ entering at #$ %.Specification of the Feed and Solvent Strea s: A'ter completing the steps abo6e. and the 'eed and sol6ent streams are properly speci'ied and the simulation is ready to run. i' any o' the speci'ications on the 2iquid-2iquid 5xtraction column are changed.. signi'ying that HYSYS has success'ully sol6ed 'or those streams unknown properties. 1ype in the desired 'eed properties. and a 'eed with a "! mol A acetone and ! mol A water #. <ouble click on the colum and click 70un8. the 70eset8 button must be pressed. %lose the window and see that the 5xtracted 4roduct and *ottoms streams ha6e turned 'rom turquoise to dark blue. and then the 70un8 button pressed again to rerun the distillation simulation with the new speci'ications. 1o complete and run the simulation. . the 2iquid-2iquid 5xtraction column should be 'ully speci'ied 'or most simple extraction cases. <ouble click on the 3eed stream. &!& k4a and 'lowing at & kg-mol(sec !unning the Si ulation "ith a Liquid-Liquid Extractor: /ow the 2iquid-2iquid 5xtraction column. opening the speci'ication menu. a pressure o' &!&. a temperature o' #$ %.

I' the simulation is success'ul. the workbook should look like thisD .-.