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How Much Do We Need?

Name: Meghan Anderson Time Allotted: 70 minutes Grade Level: Kindergarten Subject: Math Materials Required: Math manipulatives A bag of apples The costume bag Quiz for each student iPads
IXL Math. Retrieved December 15, 2013, from ABCYA. Retrieved December 15, 2013, from

Michigan Content Expectations: K.OA.2 Solve addition and subtraction word problems, and add and subtract within 10, e.g., by using objects or drawings to represent the problem. Objective: The student will solve addition word problems (within the range of numbers 1-10) about human needs and will use objects representing physical needs (i.e.: mittens, Linkin-Logs, candy, etc.) as aids to represent the problems, and the student will score 80% on the assessment in order to demonstrate proficiency. (Application) Assessment: Formative: During the stations, the students will write down the answers to their story problems on page two of each of the flip books next to their name. The teacher will be able to grade these and assess student learning from the data. Summative: The students will take a quiz about story problems and needs during the independent practice. They must score 80% on the assessment in order to demonstrate proficiency. If they do not score 80%, the teacher will take the time in a later lesson to do remediation work.

Instructional Procedure: 1. Anticipatory Set: (5 minutes) a. Gather the students all into one big circle and have the following class discussion: b. We have been learning about our many different needs and wants. We have talked about how our wants are the things we would like, but do not have to have in order to survive. We have talked about how our needs can be both physical needs and emotional needs. Remember, our main physical needs are food, shelter, clothing, and safety. Our emotional needs are fun, freedom, power, and belonging. Today, during this math lesson, we are going to talk about how much of each of our needs we need in order to live! c. Can we start with our emotional needs? How much fun does someone need? How much freedom? How much power? How much belonging? d. We cannot count our emotions can we? That is because these are feelings happen in our head and our heart. They are too important to count.

e. Can we count our wants? How long was your Christmas list? How about the nice things that you want to give to your friends and families? Wants are also hard to know exactly how many there are because they are similar to our emotions. We have lots of wants and it is important to not to want too many things and to want the right things. f. Can we start with our physical needs? How much food does a person need? How much clothing does a person need? How much shelter? These are things that we can count! Today we are going to learn how to add the different needs we have! 2. State Purpose and Objective of Lesson: (1 minute) a. Read objective. b. Set behavior expectations. 3. Instruction: a. Direct Interactive Instruction: i. The teacher will model story problems through leading a class discussion and will answer questions during the story problem stations. ii. The students will complete the flip book work at the stations and will answer questions during the class discussions. b. Modeling: (15 minutes) i. Story Problems on adding using food: 1. Lets start with food! How much food do does a person need each day? a. Age appropriate answer: 3 meals b. Remember from our lessons on food that it is best to have some fruit, some vegetables, some protein, and some breads. Yum! Yum! 2. Today I have eaten breakfast and lunch. What meal do I have left? a. Answer: Dinner b. I have already eaten breakfast and lunch today, those are two meals. After school I will eat dinner is one more meal. Two meals plus one more meals is three. c. Lets draw this on the white board: Miss Anderson ate breakfast and lunch. After school, she ate dinner. How many meals has she eaten today? i. 2 + 1 = 3 ii. [Write the words, the numbers, and draw a plate for each meal. It is important that the students see you physically drawing and writing the problem out.] 3. Lets do another math problem about food! What is your favorite kind of fruit? Good thing most of you said apples, because I have lots of apples in this bag! Let me pull out a few apples. These apples are going to be for the secretaries in the office. How many apples are there? Three apples! Thats right! Now lets pull out some apples for the ladies in the library. How many apples are there? Two apples! Great job class! 4. Lets turn this into a story problem: Our class gave 3 apples to the secretaries and 2 apples to the librarians. How many apples did our class give away? 5. Write the story problem and the numerical representation of the story problem on the board: 3 +2 = 5 ii. Story problems using clothing: 1. How much clothing does a person need? a. Age appropriate answer: one outfit for each day of the week.

b. How can we meet our need of getting clothes? What if we have more clothes than we need? We can give them to the homeless shelter, which is where we will be visiting very soon! 2. In my costume bag I have lots of fun clothes. Lets make a story problem about them! I need two volunteers. a. If I give her four costume pieces and him five. How many pieces do they have together? b. 4 + 5 = 9 3. There are three pairs of pants on the clothes line. Mom puts one more up. How many are there now? a. 3 + 1 = 4 c. Guided Practice: (35 minutes) d. The classroom will be set up with mini centers. At each center, the teacher will have manipulatives set up for the students to answer two story-problem. The questions will be in a flip book where the first page will the problem, the second page each student will write their answer, and the third page will give them the answer. If they did not get it correct the first time, they will work with their partners to correct it. Students will be given ample time to answer the problem for the slower students and there will be an iPad at each station for the students who finish earlier to play one of the addition story problems of their choice from these websites: and i. Station #1: 1. In Abbys piggy bank, there are 5 pennies, and 3 quarters. How many coins does she have? [Have the coins there next to the flip book.] 2. Daniel earned 4 fifty-cent pieces for cleaning his bedroom last month. If he cleans it one more time and earns one more, how many fifty cent pieces does he have? ii. Station #2: 1. Orion has one house with mommy and one house when he lives with his daddy. How many homes does he have? [Have toy houses at this table.] 2. The robin built her nest in the church steeple, but it fell down every week when they rang the bell. In April she built her nest 4 times, in May she built her nest 5 times. How many shelters has the robin built? [Have paper or hand made nests as manipulatives.] iii. Station #3: 1. To keep our town safe, there is 1 police department, 1 fire department, and 1 detective department. How many safety departments are there in our town? [Bring in a toy firefighter, police officer, and detective.] 2. There are three robbers in the jail. Three more are arrested. How many robbers are in the jail now? e. Independent Practice: (10 minutes) Students will take the quiz during the independent practice. 4. Differentiated Consideration Detailed above in guided practice.

5. Closure: (4 minutes) a. Reinforce/Restate the objectives b. Lets do one more sample problem. If Miss Anderson has 15 rice crispy treats in one pan and 15 in another. How many rice crispy treats does she have all together? How many students are there in the class? Is there enough for everyone to have one? c. Clean up. 6. References:
IXL Math. Retrieved December 15, 2013, from ABCYA. Retrieved December 15, 2013, from

Adding Story-Problems
1. Lea has 5 winter hats! For Christmas, Grandpa gives her 1 more winter hat. How many winter hats does Lea have?

2. Aiden and his friends built 2 shelters last week when they played outside. Today they made 4 more shelters. How many shelters have the made all together?

3.Haley could not decide what to wear. She tried on 3 pairs of pants and 6 shirts. How many pieces of clothing did she try on?