Introduction to Information Technology Turban, Rainer and Potter Chapter 7The Internet and Intranet

THE INTERNET AND INTRANETS

CHAPTER 7

Introduction to Information Technology Turban, Rainer and Potter Chapter 7The Internet and Intranet

Learning Objectives
Describe what the Internet is, how it works, and how users connect to it Describe the capabilities that the Internet offers to users Describe the World Wide Web and differentiate it from the Internet Identify and describe the tools that allow users to view and search the Web Identify and briefly describe the management challenges caused by the Internet Define the term intranet and discuss how intranets are used by business

Introduction to Information Technology Turban, Rainer and Potter Chapter 7The Internet and Intranet

Chapter Overview
The Evolution of the Internet • The Internet today • The infrastructure •Internet2 The World Wide Web •Browsers •Offline Browsers •Search Engines •Push Technology •Information Filters •Clipping Services •Personalized Web Services •Collaborative Filtering •Web Authoring The Operation of the Internet •Addresses on the Internet •Accessing the Internet Services Provided by the Internet •Communications Services •Information Retrieval Services Intranets •Teamware •Security

Internet Challenges •New Technologies •Internet Regulation •Internet Expansion •Internet Privacy

Case : Schwab’s New Internet Business Model
 The Business Problem

Introduction to Information Technology Turban, Rainer and Potter Chapter 7The Internet and Intranet

give top-notch advice and service but not to push products or recommend which stocks to buy; keen competition from both deep-discount Internet brokers and full-service investment firms

The Solution

coach people on investing through the Internet allow customers access to their own Web pages and initial public offerings; online interviews with top executives the more they go online for routine business, the less the staff needs at Schwab’s service centers and branches earns its highest ratings on “customer confidence,” but not initially rated well in “ease-to-use”

The Results

Introduction to Information Technology Turban, Rainer and Potter Chapter 7The Internet and Intranet

Case (continued…)
What have we learned from this case??
Internet strategy is no longer just a source of competitive advantage; it is necessary for survival An innovative use of the Internet can bring competitive advantage but it may not be sustainable The Internet in its various incarnations is a powerful medium whose understanding is essential for the modern business competitor

Introduction to Information Technology Turban, Rainer and Potter Chapter 7The Internet and Intranet

What is the Internet?
The Largest computer network in the world (a network of networks) Exchanges information seamlessly by using the same open, non-proprietary standards and protocols, within interconnected networks Forms a massive electronic communications network Provides a true democratic communications forum and has produced a democratization of information

Introduction to Information Technology Turban, Rainer and Potter Chapter 7The Internet and Intranet

The Evolution of the Internet
1969 Late 1970s Early 1980s 1986 Today Tomorrow ARPANET USENET (User’s Network) Computer Science network (CSNET) and BITNET NSFNET Internet Internet 2; ???

Introduction to Information Technology Turban, Rainer and Potter Chapter 7The Internet and Intranet

The Internet Today
The Internet is international, with users on all continents The cost of personal computers and Internet connections are prohibitively high for most of the population Political, cultural, and regulatory barriers have slowed the rate of Internet adoption The vast majority of sites are in English The vast majority of content is generated in the United States

Introduction to Information Technology Turban, Rainer and Potter Chapter 7The Internet and Intranet

The Infrastructure of the Internet
Commercial communications companies now largely provide the physical network backbone of the Internet The U.S. government continues to contribute some funds to essential administrative processes The National Science Foundation (NSF), in the USA, pays for certain high-performance portions of the network backbone The Internet infrastructure is supplied by network service provider

Introduction to Information Technology Turban, Rainer and Potter Chapter 7The Internet and Intranet

Internet2
In 1996 a consortium of universities began establishing a faster network, Internet2, with limited access devoted exclusively to research purposes Internet2 grew from 34 to more than 110 U.S. research universities in one year Internet2 is capable of transmitting gigabits of information per second

Introduction to Information Technology Turban, Rainer and Potter Chapter 7The Internet and Intranet

The Operation of the Internet
Addresses on the Internet
IP address - uniquely identifies one from the other computers Domain name system (DNS) - derives the names of the computers Domain name - consists of multiple parts, separated by dots, and are translated from right to left; upper names are most important (the dot com; wiley.com)

The Operation of the Internet
(continued …)

Introduction to Information Technology Turban, Rainer and Potter Chapter 7The Internet and Intranet

Accessing the Internet
Connect via LAN Server Connect via Serial Line Internet Protocol/Point Protocol (SLIP/PPP) Connect via an Online Service

Introduction to Information Technology Turban, Rainer and Potter Chapter 7The Internet and Intranet

Services Provided by the Internet
Communication Services Electronic Mail (e-mail) USENET Newsgroups (Forums) LISTSERV Telnet Streaming Audio and Video Internet Fax Chatting Internet Telephony Real-Time Audio and Video

Services Provided by the Internet
(continued …)
Information Retrieval Services File Transfer Protocol (FTP) Gophers Archie

Introduction to Information Technology Turban, Rainer and Potter Chapter 7The Internet and Intranet

Wide Area Information Servers (WAIS) Veronica (Very Easy Rodent-Oriented Netwide Index to Computer Archives)

Introduction to Information Technology Turban, Rainer and Potter Chapter 7The Internet and Intranet

The World Wide Web
The Internet - functions as the transport mechanism The World Wide Web - an application that uses the
Internet transport functions, a system with universally accepted standards for storing, retrieving, formatting, and displaying information via a client/server architecture Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) - standard hypertext language used in Web

Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) text-based language for describing the content and structure of digital documents Hyperlinks - from one Web page to another

Introduction to Information Technology Turban, Rainer and Potter Chapter 7The Internet and Intranet

The World Wide Web (continued …)
Home Page - a text and graphical screen display;
first, introductory page in a web site

Web Site - all the pages of a company or individual Webmaster - the person in charge of a Web site Uniform Resource Locator (URL) - points to the
address of a specific resource on the Web

Hypertext transport Protocol (HTTP) communications standard used to transfer pages across the WWW portion of the Internet

Introduction to Information Technology Turban, Rainer and Potter Chapter 7The Internet and Intranet

The World Wide Web (continued …)
Browser (software application that is used to access and
navigate the Web)

Netscape Communicator
a multipurpose suite that handles news, e-mail, audio- and video conferencing, and more

Microsoft Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer’s tight integration with Windows offers users the advantage of “one-stop computing”

Offline Browser
enables a user to retrieve pages automatically from Web sites at predetermined times, often during the night

Introduction to Information Technology Turban, Rainer and Potter Chapter 7The Internet and Intranet

The World Wide Web (continued …)
Search Engines
programs that return a list of Web sites or pages that match some user-selected criteria ways to select pages for inclusion in the database : Web Crawlers and Registration metasearch engines
automatically enter search queries into a number of other search engines and return the results

Introduction to Information Technology Turban, Rainer and Potter Chapter 7The Internet and Intranet

The World Wide Web (continued …)
Push Technology automatically supplies
desirable information to users by means of a process running on either the user’s desktop or a network server provides timely, prioritized distribution of information over a corporate network in the workplace enhances traditional Web advertising in the consumer market used for software delivery and updates

Introduction to Information Technology Turban, Rainer and Potter Chapter 7The Internet and Intranet

The World Wide Web (continued …)
Information Filters Clipping Services
automated methods of sorting relevant from irrelevant information track news topics and retrieve articles from database of publications personalized Web Services offer the ability to generate Web content that is personalized for individual Web site visitors a form of personalization services exemplified by Personalogic

Collaborative Filtering

Introduction to Information Technology Turban, Rainer and Potter Chapter 7The Internet and Intranet

The World Wide Web (continued …)
Web Authoring (for page and site design)
Standard HTML is the common denominator CompuServe Graphics Interchange Format (GIF) and Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) is the common format of graphics files Enhancements to HTML
cascading style sheets (CSSs) Dynamic HTML (DHYML) Extensible markup language (XML) Voice markup language (VoxML) Virtual reality modeling language (VRML)

Introduction to Information Technology Turban, Rainer and Potter Chapter 7The Internet and Intranet

Internet Challenges
New Technologies
Vendors are adopting new technologies more rapidly than many users and customers can implement them

Internet Regulation
Some technical organizations are not formally charged in any legal or operational sense with responsibility for the Internet

Internet Expansion
The massive growth of Internet traffic has strained some elements of the network

Introduction to Information Technology Turban, Rainer and Potter Chapter 7The Internet and Intranet

Internet Challenges (continued …)
Internet Privacy (Web sites collect information with
and without consumers’ knowledge) Cookie - small data file placed on users’ hard drives when they first visit a site three potential bills are in USA Congress
the government should let groups develop voluntary privacy standards but not take any action now unless real problems arise the government should recommend privacy standards for the Internet but not pass laws at this time the government should pass laws now for how personal information can be collected and used on the Internet

Introduction to Information Technology Turban, Rainer and Potter Chapter 7The Internet and Intranet

Intranets
A private network that uses Internet software and TCP/IP protocols Teamware (intranet software)
used for team building, sharing ideas and documents, brainstorming, scheduling, and archiving decision to facilitate productivity

Security
public key security, encryption, digital certificates, firewall and assured pipelines

Introduction to Information Technology Turban, Rainer and Potter Chapter 7The Internet and Intranet

Examples of Intranet
NationsBank’s Intranet improves relations with big business customers
sales associates can get a global customer overview

Philips Electronics cuts delivery time
the intranet and the CAD eliminated the mislabelling of products, inaccurate manufacturing fulfilment, and correct areas of customer dissatisfaction

How BD manages knowledge
anyone at the company can find an in-house expert on the firm’s core competencies

Introduction to Information Technology Turban, Rainer and Potter Chapter 7The Internet and Intranet

What’s in IT for Me?
For Accounting
Accounting personnel use corporate intranets to consolidate transaction data to provide an overall view of internal projects Internet keeps accounting personnel informed on legal and other changes affecting their profession

For Finance
Corporate intranets can provide a risk-evaluation model so that financial analysts can evaluate the risk of a project or an investment The Web can be a marketing and service provision channel

Introduction to Information Technology Turban, Rainer and Potter Chapter 7The Internet and Intranet

What’s in IT for Me? (continued …)
 For Marketing Marketing managers use corporate intranets to coordinate the activities of the sales force The Internet opens a completely new marketing channel

For Production/Operations Management
Intranet provides three-dimensional models and animation to speed product development The Internet is a great source of cutting-edge information for POM pros.

Introduction to Information Technology Turban, Rainer and Potter Chapter 7The Internet and Intranet

What’s in IT for Me? (continued …)
 For Human Resource Management On intranets, you publish corporate policy manuals, job postings, company telephone directories, and you conduct training classes Companies deliver online training obtained from the Internet to employees through their intranets the Internet supports worldwide recruiting efforts

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