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CSWIP 3.

1 Welding Inspection

Practical Plate Inspection

TWI Training & Examination Services


Course Reference WIS 5
Copyright 2006, TWI Ltd

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Page 1 of 3 Name: [Block capitals] Mr. I C Plenty Code/Specification used: TWI 09-09-03 Welding position: Flat /PA MEASURE FROM Copyright 2006, TWI Ltd THIS DATUM EDGE

EXAMPLE PLATE REPORT Signature: I C Plenty


Welding process: MMA/SMAW

Test piece ident:

001

Joint type: Single V Butt Date 22/08/2003

Length & thickness of plate: 300mm x 10 mm

WELD FACE A Lack of sidewall fusion B C

Gas pore 1.5


230

Undercut smooth 1.5 max 236 30

87

22

51

153

40 Arc Strike 241

Slag inclusion NOTES:

Centreline crack

Cap height : 4mm. Weld width: 12-14mm Toe blend: Poor Misalignment: 2mm Angular Distortion 3mm in 50mm Spatter along weld length or scale on the plate surface

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Page 2 of 3

EXAMPLE PLATE REPORT

Copyright 2006, TWI Ltd

MEASURE FROM THIS DATUM EDGE

WELD ROOT

Root concavity 2 deep

B
Lack of root Fusion
247 20

23

10

128

50

Incomplete root penetration

NOTES: Penetration height :

Linear Misalignment: Angular Distortion: Any scale on plate surface

4mm. 2mm 3mm in 50mm

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EXAMPLE WELD INSPECTION REPORT/SENTENCE SHEET


PRINT FULL NAME I C Plenty 001
Defects Noted Code or Specification Reference

SPECIMEN NUMBER
EXTERNAL DEFECTS

Defect Type

Pipe/Plate Section 1

Accumulative Total 2 4mm Poor blend 22mm

Maximum Allowance 3 2mm Smooth None

Section/ Table No 4 15 8 5

Accept/Reject 5 Reject Reject Reject

Excess weld metal height Excess weld metal appearance Incomplete filling

A-C
A-C A-C

Inadequate weld width (PIPE)


Slag Inclusions Undercut Surface Porosity Cracks/Crack-like defects Lack of fusion Arc strikes Mechanical damage Laps/Laminations Misalignment (Linear) Longitudinal seams (PIPE)

A-C
A-C A-C A-C A-C A-C A-C A-C A-C A-C A-C

N/A
70mm long 1.5mm depth 1.5mm 40mm 22mm 3 NONE NONE 2mm N/A

-----------50mm 1mm 1mm NONE NONE NONE ----------------------2mm ------------

---------9 6 2 1 3 7 --------------------15 ----------

Accept
Reject Reject Reject Reject* Reject Reject*** Accept Accept Accept Accept

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Root Defects
Misalignment A-C 2mm 2mm 9 Accept

Excessive Root Penetration Incomplete Root Penetration Lack of Root Fusion Root Concavity Root Undercut Cracks/Crack-like defects Slag inclusions Porosity Laps/Laminations

A-C A-C A-C A-C A-C A-C A-C A-C A-C

4mm 50mm 20mm 2mm depth NONE NONE NONE NONE NONE

2mm NONE NONE 1mm --------------------------------------------------------

15 13 11 10 ------------------9 2 ----------

Reject Reject Reject Reject Accept Accept Accept Accept Accept

This *pipe/plate has been examined to the requirements of code/specification TWI-N/WIS-PI ......................................... and is accepted/rejected accordingly. Comments: * Request MPI testing to confirm crack and length. ** Large amount of spatter on weld face. Recommend this is removed and re inspected. *** Recommend arc strikes are ground flush prior to MPI testing for cracks.

Signature......................................................... *Delete which is not applicable.

I C Plenty

Date................................................. .................................... Use the other side for any comments.

22nd August 2003

Copyright 2006, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Inspection Practice Specification Number TWI 09-09-03


All dimensions are given in mm
Comments
All types of cracks Cluster Max dimension of area Single pore Max dimension Non metallic. Individual size Metallic. Individual size Side wall/Root/Inter-run

No
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Imperfection
Cracks Porosity/Gas pores/elongated Gas cavities (wormholes) pipes Solid Inclusions Solid Inclusions Lack of Fusion Incomplete Root Penetration Overlap/Cold lap Incompletely filled groove Linear Misalignment Angular Misalignment Undercut Arc Strikes Laminations Mechanical Damage Cap Height Penetration Bead Toe Blend Spatter Weld Appearance Root concavity

Allowance
Not permitted L = 13mm Max L = 1mm Max Maximum 1mm Not permitted Not permitted Not permitted

Weld face/Root

Not permitted Not permitted 0.2t Maximum 4mm Maximum 10

Smoothly blended Area to be tested by MPI

10%t Maximum d 1mm Seek advice Not permitted Not permitted

Shall fall below plate surface

0 3mm h Maximum 0 2mm h Maximum Smooth

Clean & Re-inspect All runs shall blend smoothly

Refer to manufacturer Regular 10%t Maximum

Copyright 2006, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Plate Sample 6A Cap


Welding Process MMA (SMAW)

Note: spatter and surface slag requires removal, arc strikes require blending and crack detection
Copyright 2006, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Plate Sample 6A Root


Welding Process MMA (SMAW)

Note: Spatter and surface slag require removal


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World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Plate Sample 6B Cap


Welding Process MMA (SMAW)

Note: Surface slag requires removal and poor toe blending full weld length
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Plate Sample 6B Root


Welding Process MMA (SMAW)

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Plate Sample 6C Cap


Welding Process FCAW

Note: Spatter and surface slag requires removal


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Plate Sample 6C Root


Welding Process FCAW

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Plate Sample 6D Cap


Welding Process MMA (SMAW)

Note: Excess cap height and poor cap profile throughout.


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Plate Sample 6D Root


Welding Process MMA (SMAW)

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Plate Sample 6E Cap


Welding Process MMA (SMAW)

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Plate Sample 6E Root


Welding Process MMA (SMAW)

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Plate Sample 6F Cap


Welding Process MMA (SMAW)

Note: Arc strikes require blending and crack detection


Copyright 2006, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Plate Sample 6F Root


Welding Process MMA (SMAW)

Note: Arc strikes require blending and crack detection


Copyright 2006, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Plate Sample 6G Cap


Welding Process MMA (SMAW)

Note: Arc strikes require blending and crack detection, Seek advise on parent material damage
Copyright 2006, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Plate Sample 6G Root


Welding Process MMA (SMAW)

Note: Surface slag requires removal, plate corrosion requires wire brushing
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World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Plate Sample 6H Cap


Welding Process MMA (SMAW)

Note: Parent plate damage throughout, seek advice. Arc strikes require blending and crack detection.
Copyright 2006, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Plate Sample 6H Root


Welding Process MMA (SMAW)

Note: Arc strikes require blending and crack detection, Seek advise on parent material damage
Copyright 2006, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Plate Sample 6I Cap


Welding Process MMA (SMAW)

Note: Arc strikes require blending and crack detection. Spatter requires removal.
Copyright 2006, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Plate Sample 6I Root


Welding Process MMA (SMAW)

Note: Arc strikes require blending and crack detection, Seek advise on parent material damage
Copyright 2006, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Plate Sample 6J Cap


Welding Process MMA (SMAW)

Note: Material damage throughout, seek advice. Arc strikes require blending and crack detection.
Copyright 2006, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Plate Sample 6J Root


Welding Process MMA (SMAW)

Note: Material damage seek advice on course of action.


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Plate Sample T4 Cap


Welding Process MMA (SMAW)

Note: Grinding marks throughout seek advice on course of action. Copyright 2006,Excess TWI Ltd Centre for Materials Joining Technology cap World height and poor cap profile throughout.

Plate Sample T4 Root


Welding Process MMA (SMAW)

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Plate Sample H8 Cap


Welding Process MMA (SMAW)

Note: Mechanical damage seek advice on course of action. Excess cap height and poor cap profile throughout. Arc strikes require blending and crack detection.
Copyright 2006, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Plate Sample H8 Root


Welding Process MMA (SMAW)

Note: Arc strikes require blending and crack detection. Spatter requires removal
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World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Any Questions

Copyright 2006, TWI Ltd

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