Name: _____________________________________

Hour: ____________

Study Guide Unit B Body Works
1. Make flash cards or a foldable to learn the definitions to the following terms: PULSE NUTRIENTS MECHANICAL BREAKDOWN ALVEOLI HYPOTHESIS CHEMICAL BREAKDOWN FUNCTION VALVES CORONARY ARTERIES CELLS ORGANS TOXINS Organ / System 3. Liver 4. Digestive System 5. Respiratory System 6. Capillaries 7. Circulatory system 8. What are the structures of the respiratory system? 9. List the organs of the digestive tract in order starting with the mouth 10. The number one cause of death in the US is: _________________________________. 11. You begin to exercise regularly for several months. What is most likely to happen to your resting pulse (compared to your resting pulse before you began regular exercise)? 12. Number in order (1-4) from the (smallest)/least complex to the largest (most complex). _____tissue ______ system _____ organ _____ cell 13. Alcohol depresses the part of the brain that controls behavior. This might result in: a. faster reaction time b. talking louder than normal or being more outgoing c. having more energy d. all of the above 14. Which would a doctor not be able to hear using a stethoscope? a. irregular heartbeat b. high blood pressure c. heart valve problem d. a hole in the heart 15. The human heart normally beats how many times per minute? _________________________ 16. Blood LEAVING the heart might go to the _______________ or the ____________________. 17. A heart attack is caused by: 18. List three things carried by the blood: 1._____________ 2. _______________ 3. ___________ Function(s)

19. This organ moves blood around the human body:____________________________________ 20. Oxygen passes from the blood into organs through the walls of _________________________. 21. Where does most chemical digestion take place? 22. What structure is mostly responsible for mechanical digestion?__________________________ 23. What two treatments are common for blocked coronary arteries? 24. What problems occur with the heart and arteries as a result of high blood pressure? 25. List three voluntary risk factors for heart disease. 26. What prevents blood from flowing back into the heart?____________________________ True or False. Revise each FALSE statement to make it true. 27. ______ When you exercise your pulse is likely to go down. 28. ______ In order for food to be absorbed by your body, it must undergo BOTH mechanical and chemical breakdown. 29. ______ Touch receptors are part of the musculoskeletal system. 30. ______ Hepatitis is a disease of the stomach.

31. ______ Feces, urine and carbon dioxide are all wastes produced by the body. 32. ______ Alcohol affects the excretory, nervous and cardiovascular systems. 33. ______ The human heart is a muscle and an organ. 34. ______ A taste bud is part of the digestive system. 35. ______ Mechanical breakdown slows down chemical breakdown. 36. ______ Nutrients are transported by the blood, needed by every cell and absorbed from the small intestine. 37. ______ The lub-dub of the heart beat is caused by the ventricles contracting. ESSAY Answer on a separate paper. Use a minimum of 3 complete sentences each. 38. Why is the heart considered to be two pumps rather than one? 39. Explain how the respiratory and circulatory systems work together. 40. Sometimes the lungs of a baby do not develop alveoli. What effect would this have? 41. What are elements of a good experimental design?