Islamic Civilization

The Beliefs of Islam
Seat work Students will quietly enter the room, find your seats and discuss your three sticky notes on pages 454-459 with your row group.

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Islamic Civilization

The Beliefs of Islam
Islam’s holy book Quran Islamic house of worship mosque What are the 5 pillars of Islam? Belief, prayer, charity, fasting, pilgrimage

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Islamic Civilization

The Beliefs of Islam
Islam’s holy book Quran Islamic house of worship mosque What are the 5 pillars of Islam? Belief, prayer, charity, fasting, pilgrimage

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Islamic Civilization

Beliefs of Islam

How do rituals organize our lives?
Daily Rituals

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Islamic Civilization

Beliefs of Islam

Key Ideas
The main sources of Islamic teachings are the Quran and the Sunnah. Islam is a monotheistic religion that requires believers to perform five basic duties known as the Five Pillars of Islam. Prayer and right conduct are important parts of Islamic teaching.

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Islamic Civilization

Beliefs of Islam

Key Terms
Quran—Islam’s holy book Sunnah—traditions believed by many Muslims to come from the prophet Muhammad Hajj—pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca

mosque—Islamic house of worship
Sharia—Islamic law

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Islamic Civilization

Beliefs of Islam

Sources of Islamic Teachings
The Quran • Islam’s holy book; main source of teaching • According to Islam, the record of God’s revelation to Muhammad, compiled by his followers • Written in verse and studied in Arabic by Muslims everywhere The Sunnah • Guidelines for living a proper life, based on the words and actions of Muhammad • Help interpreting the Quran
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Islamic Civilization

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Islamic Civilization

Beliefs of Islam

What is the role of scripture in Muslim beliefs?
Describe the contents and style of the Quran.
How does the Arabic language unite Muslims everywhere? How might widespread literacy contribute to Muslim learning?

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Islamic Civilization

Beliefs of Islam

What do Muslims believe about God?
Beliefs About God

Monotheism

Submission to God’s Will

The Soul and Afterlife

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Islamic Civilization

Beliefs of Islam

Islamic Beliefs and Rituals
What belief about God do Muslims share with Jews and Christians? What are the Five Pillars of Islam? What do Muslims do to follow the Five Pillars?

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Islamic Civilization

Beliefs of Islam

Five Pillars of Islam: Prayer and Pilgrimage
Prayer • five times a day, following specific rituals such as washing and facing Mecca • • worshipers called to prayer by a muezzin sometimes at mosques, especially on Fridays

Pilgrimage • also known as Hajj, journey to Mecca
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Islamic Civilization

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Islamic Civilization

Beliefs of Islam

Where do Muslims live today?
In which region of the world are four of the five countries shown on the bar graph located?

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Islamic Civilization

Beliefs of Islam

Prayer, Pilgrimage, and Law
What features do most mosques share?

What important ritual do Muslim pilgrims perform at the Kaaba? How might rules for proper behavior help people resolve family issues and do business?

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Islamic Civilization

Beliefs of Islam

How are religion and culture connected?

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