NAIS Challenge 20/20, water scarcity, Background Research

7ºB, Yellow Team India & Vietnam

Rodrigo Azorín, Alan Lask, William Kelleher and Hugo Stieglitz

What is water scarcity?
Water scarcity is a global problem. In in some places, there is physical water scarcity which means there is a lack of water available. It can also be economic scarcity, which means that there is not enough investment in providing water. It’s a problem that the whole world is facing and we are responsible for it.

Facts about water scarcity
1: There’s water scarcity even where there’s a lot of rain, because the rainwater is really dirty and is absorbed by the ground so people don’t get a chance of drinking, or even taking it. 2: Water scarcity affects every person in the world in some way. This is actually getting worse each day and is affecting the population growth at an unusual rate. 3: More than 50% of the world’s population doesn’t have an appropriate bathroom. 4: Only 1% of the world’s water is fresh, drinkable water. 5: Every 10 seconds a child dies from a water-related disease like diarrhea.

Facts about water scarcity
6: Water is so important to mankind that a human can only survive up to 3 days without water. 7: ⅓ of the world’s population doesn’t have enough water. 8: In 2025 the number will rise to ⅔. 9: Africa is the continent with the most water scarcity in the world and actually has more economic water scarcity than physical. 10: Europe is the continent with the least water scarcity but around the east there’s a little bit of physical water scarcity

Global water scarcity
Most water scarcity is economic. The main parts of the world that are affected by water scarcity: -Physical: India, North Africa and Asia -Economic: Mexico, Central and South America, parts of Africa,

Water scarcity in Asia
In all places in Asia there is a little bit of water scarcity. There are both physical and economic issues. Areas near China, India, and Vietnam are the most affected parts in Asia.

What has already been done
In the Most affected areas (Said in the last slide), people are making organisations, projects, or simply donating money or water so people can be helped.

Ideas to solve the problem
After a lot of thinking, talking, and discussing, we managed to come up with some ideas for helping the people in Asia survive this crisis. One good Idea we have is creating a giant, not expensive, easy to build, umbrella-like device; It’s supposed to gather rainwater in the middle of the umbrella, in the middle there’s a big container that keeps the water inside, and after certain time, it purifies it so people can drink the water, cook with it, and shower with it. The device can be connected to the user’s water system so the

Water Conservation at Home
Water conservation at home is one of the most important steps to know how to save water, because it uses 9% of the water that is used. Here as you can see, most of the water is used on the lawn, but actually it’s not being wasted because it’s being used for a good cause (just as 67% percent of the world’s tap-water is used on agriculture). The part that is being wasted is in the bathroom. 23% percent is used to shower brush your teeth, wash your hands or face. To try and help to reduce this number you need to simply save water; for example, close the tab when you’re brushing your teeth, or when you’re taking a shower, save the the cold water for when you use the toilet, and remember not to take

water conservation in society
Society is taking 33%, and 60% of it is being wasted. To stop wasting most of it we have to: cut the water wasting on households so it can go down to a 6%; improve our water supplies so leaks don’t waste most of it; also other stuff like stop the use of water parks, the water is being wasted for fun. It won’t be fun anymore when