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Exploring atom-photon interactions in one dimensional waveguide and its applications

Bong Kok Wei A0072102B National University of Singapore bongkokwei@nus.edu.sg

Fano Lineshape

To generate the Fano line shape, we need to cascade the transfer of the atom, the partially reecting dielectric slab and propagation of the photon in free space. 1 Mslab = i 1 r2 iV 2 1 vg ( Ek ) = iV 2 vg ( Ek ) Mprop = 1 r r 1 iV 2 vg ( Ek ) iV 2 1+ vg ( Ek )

(1)

Matom

(2)

eikd 0 0 eikd

(3)

M = Mslab Mprop Matom Mprop Mslab

(4)

For any transfer matrix, the reection and the transmission coecients associated with the entire element are r= M12 , M22 t= 1 M22 (5)

From equation (4) and (4), the transmission coecient is 1 r2 iz ) + e2ikd (1 + iz ) 2irz 1

t=

e2ikd r2 (1

(6)

where z =

V2 vg ( Ek )

The transimission spectrum is obtained by squaring the transmission coecient

Figure 1: Transmission spectra through the optical system where V 2 /vg = 0.01(2c/L). The resonance energy is = 0.325(2c/L) and the reection coecient is r = 0.9

Figure 2: Transmission spectra through the optical system where V 2 /vg = 0.01(2c/L). The resonance energy is = 0.325(2c/L) and the reection coecient is r = 0.4

Linear chain of atoms

The transfer matrix for the atom plane and free space is given by, iV 2 iV 2 ikd 1 eikd e vg ( Ek ) vg ( Ek ) Q= 2 iV iV 2 eikd eikd 1 + vg ( Ek ) vg ( Ek )

(7)

The dispersion relation can be obtained from Floquets theorem which uses the periodic boundary condition to solve for transmission and reection coecients. a b = eikd a b

(8)

By equating the transfer matrix, Q a single cell which consist atom and free space, and equation (8), we obtain the dispersion relation for the system of innite chain of atom. 1 1 arccos T r(Q) d 2

k=

(9)

V2 sin(kd) = 0 vg ( Ek )

(10)