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# Problem 1: whenever a problem like the form: |x|+|y|+|z|=p appears Use a direct relation Number of solutions: 4p2+2 In this

case 4(10) 2+2=402 Problem 2: 12108 mod 37=1 12108 can be written as 12107 *12 Now, (12)107*12 mod 37=1 apply reverse gear approach with 12 remainder with 37 is 12 What number should be multiplied by 12 when divided by 37 will give a remainder as 1 i.e.-3 Bcoz 12*(-3)=-36 And -36 mod 37=1 Hence remainder with 12107 is -3 or 37-3=34 Problem 3: a) 12 persons seat themselves at 3 different round tables, 4 at each round table arrangement: 3! For each table 3 groups of 4 each can be formed in 12!/(4!*4!*4!) ways Hence total ways: (12!)/(4!*4!*4!)*(3!)^3 b) 12 persons be divided into 3 groups of 4 each no circular arrangement is involved remove 3! Part hence number of arrangements: (12!)/(4!)^3 Problem 5: N=55^3 + 17^3 - 72^3. N is divisible by which of the numbers: 17, 13 or 3. when a+b+c=0 A3+b3+c3=3abc here a=55 B=17 C=-72 A+b+c=0 on adding Hence 55^3 + 17^3 - 72^3.= 3*55*17*72 Which is divisible by 3 and 17 but not by 13

Problem 4: Initial amount A a-b-c-d 2a-2b-2c-2d 4a-4b-4c-4d 8a-8b-8c-8d X B 2b 3b-a-c-d 6b-2a-2c-2d 12b-4a-4c-4d C 2c 4c 7c-d-a-b 14c-2d-2a-2b D 2d 4d 8d 15d-a-b-c

R1 R2 R3 R4 Finally

See the red marked figures A definite pattern is observed 1, 3, 7 and 15 With the data given in the question it is insufficient to calculate the value of A which is the initial amount A had ATB for the exams