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Students will gain an understanding of: The different life stages:  Infancy (0-2 years)  Early childhood (3-8 years)  Adolescence (9-18 years

)  Early adulthood (19-45 years)  Middle adulthood (46-65 years)  Later adulthood (65+ years)  Physical growth and development across the life stages, including gross and fine motor skills  Intellectual/cognitive development across the life stages, including language development  Emotional maturity across the life stages, including bonding and attachment, self-image, self-esteem and self-concept  Self-concept across the life stages and how it is affected by factors such as gender and appearance  Social development across the life stages including the formation of relationships with others and the socialisation process.

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maturation

The physical changes that occur as we grow older are mainly influenced by “maturation”. This is a lifelong process in which growth and developmental changes occur in sequence. Maturation is thought to be controlled by a biological “programme” built into our genes, which controls the ageing process. The rate at which people age is influenced by factors such as whether a person inherits “long life” genes from their parents, their attitude to life, their health and fitness, and the extent to which they live a stressful life.

KEY TERM: DEVELOPMENTAL NORMS

GROWTH:
Refers to an increase

in size!

Also called ‘milestones’ this refers to the points in a person’s life where particular changes are expected to happen.

DEVELOPMENT:
Development happens when a person gains new skills, abilities and emotions. Typically, our skills, abilities and emotions become more sophisticated and complex as we progress from childhood through adolescence to adulthood.

Typically, a person will experience a gradual increase in their height and mass as they move from infancy to adulthood! Growth then reaches MATURATION when humans maintain their bodies through diet and exercise until the effects of aging begin to occur.

1. Define Growth and Development in your own words by drawing a outline of a human body and writing your answer inside it. Ext- Can you go further?- You may wish to label certain parts of the body and point to parts that

TASK Create this table across 2 pages of your exercise book. Make sure you leave plenty of space in each column. We will go through each life stage and the answers week by week until this chart is full. PHYSICAL INTELLECTUAL EMOTIONAL SOCIAL INFANCY 0-2 EARLY CHILDHOOD 3-8 ADOLESCENCE 9-18 EARLY ADULTHOOD 19-45 MIDDLE ADULTHOOD 46-65 LATER ADULTHOOD 65+

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What are development norms?_______________________________________ How many life stages are there?______________________________________________ What are the life stages and the years that go with them? _____________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________ What does P stand for and what is it? _____________________________________________________________________________ _________________________ What does I stand for and what is it? _____________________________________________________________________________ _________________________

What does E stand for and what is it?
_____________________________________________________________________________ _________________________ What does S stand for and what is it?___________________________________________________________________________ ____________________

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Learning objective: To understand how infants grow and develop between the ages of 0 to 2. Learning Outcome: You will be able to explain how 0 to 2 year olds grow and develop.
INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT The most significant change is physical appearance where they go from an infant being cradled to a walking toddler. Infants start life as an empty vessel and learn from day one by observing others and through their 5 senses. Play is an extremely important part of their learning.

EMOTIONAL DEVLOPMENT An infants feelings are controlled by their needs e.g. food, changing, tired and they are unable to think about the needs of others above their own, which is called being EGOCENTRIC

SOCIAL DEVLOPMENT Bonding and attaching to their primary care givers is the most important social need in infancy. This helps infants become secure in later life stages

PHYSICAL INFANCY 0-2

INTELLECTUAL

EMOTIONAL

SOCIAL

2 WORD REFLEXE BONDIN GRASPIN ATTACHME SENTENCES S G G NT LANGUAGE SIT UP EGOCENTRIC MILK TEETH CRAWLING STAND DEVLOPMEN DEVELOP UP NURSER T WEANING GROSS SENSES Y MOTOR TEETHIN DEVELOP OBJECT CRYIN SKILLS G PERMANANCE G PLAYGROU PS

In pairs, pick the 5 words you think are the most important features of Infancy and explain why? Be ready to tell the rest of the class your answer.

Babies circumcised not long after birth in a ceremony called a Bris

Did you know?
Judaism Islam Christianit y Hinduism

A prayer must be whispered into the babies ear by the father immediately after birth The infants head must be shaved to remove all impurities and a bit of honey is put into their mouth

Infants must be Christened during Infancy or they will remain in limbo

As well as knowing the obvious PIES developments of Infancy, you’ll need to be aware of all important changes that happen between 0-2.

Task 4 1. Stick your information sheet into your book on a brand new page. 2. Around the border label give examples of how children can demonstrate how to do the key points on the lists e.g. solitary play could be build bricks, weaning could be having mashed banana and so on. 3. Pair/share- Now pass it onto your partner and have them check your work. Write one good point about the other learners examples and one thing they could do to

Actual Exam Question from June 2011

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TASK Get yourself into groups of 4. You are going to research the typical growth that occurs in Infancy to create a presentation for new parents attending an antenatal class. It must include the following; 1. A centile chart that is labelled and shows what physical growth parents can expect. 2. A description of the types of play. 3. A description of the types of toys and activities they might want to do with their baby to stimulate their Intellectual Development. 4. Explain what attachment and bonding is and suggest ways they can do it. 5. Give ideas of activities they can do to boost the babies social development. TIME TO COMPLETE THIS; Until 2.45

Using the chart given to you, judge how well each group have performed the task. The winning group will all get postcards home.
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Learning objective: To understand how children grow and develop between the ages of 3 to 8. Learning Outcome: You will be able to explain how 3 to 8 year olds grow and develop.
Move onto the next part of your Life Stage chart and find out what PIES development happens during Childhood by researching with books or Internet. PHYSICAL INTELLECTUAL EMOTIONAL SOCIAL

CHILDHOOD 3-8

Task 1 In Infancy you were given a full sheet of information about the key changes that occurred. This time we would like you to do one for yourself using the textbooks, internet and any other resources you may like. Task 2 Peer Assessment- Switch yours with your partner and write some feedback at the bottom of their work which shows how they have done and what they can

Being EGOCENTRIC means only thinking about the needs of yourself and not of others. As children's minds are developing, they are unable to have a wider thought spectrum until they are older and start to think about what other people like. Being EGOCENTRIC is a normal part of growing up but leads to confrontation, jealousy and rivalry in children.

TASK Think of 5 ways you can tell a child is egocentric e.g. will not share toys 1 2 3 4 5

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Learning is the most important experience of childhood. From the age of 3 children are entitle to go to pre-school and then from the age of 4 they must attend school. After the 2 stages developed in Infancy, children then develop COOPERATIVE PLAY which means sharing and helping others. The final stage is ASSOCIATIVE PLAY which includes imitating others through role play and developing feelings and being sympathetic.

TASK In groups of 3, create a learning activity/game that helps develop all of a child's PIES but helps them have fun at the same time. You will present your activity for the rest of us to play at the end of the lesson to include; • A description of what it is that can be read out to us. • Demonstration of how to play/use it. • Explanation of how it stimulates a child's PIES and helps them learn.

Develops imaginatio n PLAY Encourag es interest in others Promotes interactio n

Extends social relationship s

Helps cooperatio n

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Learning objective: To understand how adolescents grow and develop between the ages of 9 to 18. Learning Outcome: You will be able to explain how 9 to 18 year olds grow and develop.

Write as many PIES changes as you can think of into your Adolescence part of your chart. PHYSICAL ADOLESCENCE 9-18 INTELLECTUAL EMOTIONAL SOCIAL

Stick me in your book and label. Draw appropriate images around it that will help you remember the key words.

Developing sense of Self/Identity Becoming an individual and having your own likes & dislikes and knowing who you are.

Abstract thinking- To be able to think of things in a theoretical or hypothetical way TASK/HOMEWORK
On one A4 page in your book complete the following steps; 1. Stick a picture of yourself in the middle 2. Write a large title that says “My Identity” 3. Around the image label all your likes and dislikes 4. Describe yourself and your characteristics at the bottom of the page

PEER PRESSURE- To be encouraged to do something or participate in an activity by people of the same age. It can be negative peer pressure e.g. start smoking or positive peer pressure e.g. join an afterschool club. TASK Watch the film 13 and make notes in your book on the following questions 1. How was Tracey Peer Pressured? 2. What Physical effect did it have on her? 3. What intellectual effect did it have on her? 4. What Emotional effect did it have on her? 5. What Social effect did it have on her?

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Learning objective: To understand how adults grow and develop between the ages of 19 to 45. Learning Outcome: You will be able to explain how 19 to 45 year olds grow and develop.

Move onto the next part of your Life Stage chart and find out what PIES development happens during Early Adulthood by researching with books or Internet. PHYSICAL
EARLY ADULTHOOD 19-45

INTELLECTUAL

EMOTIONAL

SOCIAL

The procreation of children. Reproduction usually occurs in Early Adulthood when adults are at their physical peak and healthy enough to have children. Most adults conceive through natural methods, however conception is becoming an issue with lots of couples as many factors are preventing people from having families such as; • Infertility • Same sex couples • Effects of smoking, drinking and obesity

1.What kinds of Physical changes happen in Early Adulthood? 2.Explain why intellectual development is important during early adulthood? 3.What kind of events can effect emotional during early adulthood? 4.Why are most athletics records set by people in early adulthood? 5.What does the term “ principled morality” mean? 6.Describe the kinds of factors that influence social

NATURAL

IVF

ADOPTION

SUROGACY

FOSTERING

ASSISTED CONCEPTION

The procreation of children. Reproduction usually occurs in Early Adulthood when adults are at their physical peak and healthy enough to have children. Most adults conceive through natural methods, however conception is becoming an issue with lots of couples as many factors are preventing people from having families such as; • Infertility • Same sex couples • Effects of smoking, drinking and obesity

TASK 3 TASK 1 Stick in both of your final life stage sheets and annotate 1. Research the terms Dementia and Alzheimer's using creditable websites examples of how individuals can such as NHS. experience the changes 2. Research the current news stories about both illnesses on Google News. 3. Produce a leaflet or poster which *Explains what both are, TASK 2 *How they are caused Create a mind map *What future issues lie in store for for each life stage our growth and development as on one page of A4. people begin to live longer lives?

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