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Transmisi Data dan Pengkodean Data

Komunikasi Data dan Jaringan Komputer Teknik Telekomunikasi Politeknik Negeri Ujung Pandang

Konsep pengiriman informasi baik sinyal analog maupun digital Media transmisi kabel atau nonkabel atau wireless.

Komponen-komponen yang terdapat pada suatu sinyal yaitu frekwensi, amplitudo dan fasa serta peranan bandwidth pada system pengiriman data

Konsep Transmisi Data

Transmisi data terjadi di antara pemancar dan penerima melalui beberapa media transmisi Media transmisi digolongkan sebagai guided dan unguided

Guided media > gelombang dikendalikan sepanjang jalur fisik, contohnya kabel twisted pair, kabel koaksial dan fiber optic Unguided media menyediakan alat untuk mengirimkan gelombang-gelombang elektromagnetik namun tidak mengendalikannya contoh permbatan gelombang di udara dan laut

Sinyal dan Bandwidth

Sinyal dan Bandwidth

Bandwidth > lebar dari spectrum, biasa disebut lebar saluran atau kanal Mis: suatu system telekomunikasi bekerja pada frekwensi 1,5Mhz s/d 2Mhz, artinya system tersebut mempunyai bandwidth 0,5Mhz

Media Transmisi

Wired Copper Coaxial, Twisted Pair (UTP, sTP)

Fiber Optic
Wireless Bluetooth, Wi Fi

Cable Specifications

Cables have different specifications and expectations pertaining to performance.

Cable Specifications

10BASE-T

speed of transmission at 10 Mbps


type of transmission is baseband, or digitally interpreted T stands for twisted pair

Cable Specifications

10BASE5
Speed of transmission at 10 Mbps Type of transmission is baseband 5 represents the capability of the cable to allow the signal to travel for approximately 500 meters before attenuation could disrupt the ability of the receiver to appropriately interpret the signal being received. often referred to as Thicknet

Cable Specifications

10BASE2 speed of transmission at 10 Mbps type of transmission is baseband The 2, in 10BASE2, represents the capability of the cable to allow the signal to travel for approximately 200 meters, before attenuation could disrupt the ability of the receiver to appropriately interpret the signal being received. 10BASE2 is often referred to as Thinnet.

Coaxial Cable

Coaxial Cable

Advantages: Requires fewer repeaters than twisted pair Less expensive than fiber

It has been used for many years for many types of data communication, including cable television
Disadvantages: More expensive and more difficult to install than twisted pair

Needs more room in wiring ducts than twisted pair

Shielded Twisted Pair (STP and ScTP)


STP Shielded Twisted Pair ScTP Screened Twisted Pair

Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP)

Unshielded twisted-pair cable (UTP) is a four-pair wire medium used in a variety of networks. TIA/EIA-568-A contains specifications governing cable performance. RJ-45 connector

Kapasitas Saluran

Data rate : Merupakan rate, dalam bit per detik (bps), pada data yang mana dikomunikasikan Bandwidth : Merupakan lebar band dari sinyal yang ditransmisikan, dinyatakan dalam siklus per detik atau Hertz. Menurut Nyquist kapasitas saluran C : C = 2 BW log2 M Claude Shannon menyatakan bahwa maksimum diperoleh melalui persamaan : C = BW log2 (1 + S/N) kapasitas saluran

Pengkodean Data

Data digital, digital transmisi Data analog, digital transmisi Data digital, analog transmisi

Data analog, analog transmisi

Data Digital, Digital Transmisi

Data Digital, Digital Transmisi

Nonreturn to Zero-level (NRZ-L) 0 = Level tertinggi 1 = Level terendah

Nonreturn to Zero-Inverted (NRZ-I)


0 = tanpa transisi pada permulaaninterval (satu bit waktu) 1 = transisi pada permulaan interval bipolar

Bipolar- AMI 0 = tanpa sinyal pada jalur 1 = level positif atau negatif, alternatif untuk satu yang berturut-turut

Pseudoternary 0 = level positif atau negatif, alternatif untuk 0 yang berturut-turut 1 = tanpa sinyal pada jalur

Data Digital, Digital Transmisi

Manchester
0 = transisi dari tinggi ke rendah dipertengahan interval 1 = transisi dari rendah ke tinggi di pertengahan interval

Diffrential Manchester Selalu terdapat tarnsisi di pertengahan interval 0 = transisi dipermulaan interval 1 = tidak ada transisi di permulaan interval

Data Digital, Analog Transmisi

Amplitudo Shift Keying (ASK) Frequency Shift Keying (FSK) Phase Shift Keying (PSK)

Data Analog, Digital Tranmisi

Proses digitasi :PCM (Pulse Code Modulation), Delta modulation, DPCM (Diffrensial PCM), PDM (Pulse Duration Modulation) dan PTM (Pulse Time Modulation

Data Analog, Analog Transmisi

Modulasi analog : AM, FM maupun PM

Kode Karakter

Kode Morse Baudot EBCDIC ASCII