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Groundhog & Bolts

* ST-47 Self-Proving Vehicle Static Grounding System

Introduction to the ST-47 Self Proving System


The ST - 47 Self Proving Vehicle Static Grounding System, is a line powered, self proving, vehicle ground verification system. It is used to insure that a safe static ground path exists between a terminal loading rack and a tank vehicle which is in the process of loading or unloading a hazardous product. The ST - 47 can be used in one of three modes, those modes being: * Wire Through * Stand - Alone * Non Self - Proving (Resistive mode) The ST - 47 can also be fitted with optional front panel lamps that are used to indicate: * Grounded - Green Lamp * Non Grounded - Red lamp And a optional selector switch that can be used to turn the module: * ON * Off or * Bypass

The ST - 47 System consists of a Ground Bolt and Control Module.


120VAC Input Power

Pin 9 of the overfill prevention plug/socket connection Scully Ground Bolt Pin 10 of the overfill prevention plug/socket connection
Optional Indictor Lights

Permissive contacts to rack controller

ST-47 Control Module

Scully Ground Bolt mounted on the vehicle

1. With the overfill plug connected to the socket on the vehicle, a intrinsically safe signal is sent to the Ground Bolt by way of pin 9. 2. Verification that the vehicles chassis and sockets grounds are connected together, is seen by the completion of the Ground Bolt circuit through pin 10 of the socket.

Block Diagram

Intrinsically Wired Mode (Wired Through)


In the intrinsically wired mode of operation, an intrinsically safe signal is wired through the rack controller plug to the Ground Bolt mounted on the vehicle chassis. If the module senses a proper static ground connection, the module generates a permissive contact closure that is generally wired in series with the Scully Overfill Prevention System.

Stand Alone Mode


In the stand alone mode, the ST-47 works the same as it does in the wired through mode, the major different being that the signal is sent to the Scully Ground Ball instead of a Ground Bolt. The Ground Ball a has a isolated tip so the signal can be applied to the electronics inside and then returns through the ground return wire in the cable plug. Also the signal is sent through separate plug rather than through the overfill prevention plug that is connected to the rack controller. This plug has only two wires, one sending the proving signal to the Ground Ball, the other is the earth ground (return signal). The permissive and non-permissive contacts are then wired to control product flow directly.

The Non Self Proving Mode (Resistive Mode)


In this mode, the ST-47 is used as a resistive ground proving device only, utilizing an isolated jaw grounding clamp connected to the vehicle. In this way, a vehicle without a Scully Ground Ball or Bolt can be loaded, and the ground proven. However the Cheat Resistance of the Ground Ball or Bolt electronics is lost.

The ST-47 model designation is the basic building block for numerous systems. This unit is powered by line voltage and provides SPST relay contact for loading control. Variations using the basic module are indicated by the suffix after the model number.
ELKIndicates the ST-47 module is housed in an explosion-proof housing. Indicates the ST-47 module is fitted with red and green indicator lamps. Indicates that the ST-47 unit is fitted with a key operated or lockable Bypass Switch permitting controller over-ride of non permissive state

Green Wire

Ground Bolt

The Scully Ground Bolt is used for ground detection with the existing overfill prevention socket and plug.

Ground Ball
Tip

Green Wire

Body

Insulation

The Scully Ground Ball requires a separate plug connector to be used for ground proving detection

3. A properly grounded vehicle causes a DC signal to be generated

ST - 47
Intrinsically Safe Signal Generator
9

Permissive Contact Closing Circuitry

4. A grounded signal causes a set of permissive contacts to be closed

1. Intrinsically safe signal sent out pin 9 of the overfill prevention plug to the socket mounted on the vehicle

2. Pin 10 of the overfill prevention socket and plug


10

Vehicles Chassis Ground Vehicles Chassis Ground

Ground Bolt

Earth Ground At Rack

Overfill Prevention System Chassis Ground Grounding Post in Socket Sensors

Permissive Contracts close


10

Factory Installed Jumper


10

Truck Chassis

Earth Ground At Rack

Groundhog System
9 9

Chassis Ground
1 2 3

Truck Chassis

Wire Through Mode

Earth Ground At Rack

Overfill Prevention System Chassis Ground Grounding Post in Socket Sensors

Permissive Contracts close


10

Factory Installed Jumper


10

Truck Chassis

Earth Ground At Rack

Groundhog System
9 9

Chassis Ground
1 2 3

Truck Chassis

Green wire connected to the chassis

Truck Chassis

Stand-Alone Mode

Earth Ground At Rack

Overfill Prevention System Chassis Ground Grounding Post in Socket Sensors

Permissive Contracts close


10

Factory Installed Jumper


10

Truck Chassis

Earth Ground At Rack

Groundhog System
9 9

Chassis Ground
1 2 3

Truck Chassis

Isolated Tips Grounding Clamp

Non -Self Proving

Non Grounded

Grounded

Ground

Neutral Hot

Permissive Contacts Off 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 TB-1 Auto Bypass

Optional Front Panel Lights

120 VAC Input


Wet Dry

Dry Wet

Optional three position switch

Fuse

Output Relay
Off - No power is connected to module (TB1) Auto -The power is connected to the module (TB1) and it works normally. Bypass - No power applied to module (TB1)and pins 7 and 8 of TB-1 are connected together.

ST-47-120/240 ELK Circuit Module


TB-2 1 2 3

To Ground Ball/Bolt

Lights and Selector Switch