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AYURVEDIC HEALTH RESORT

THESIS

PUJA. N. NAIK FINAL YEAR PART 1 S.P.S.M.B.Hs COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE.

INDEX

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SYNOPSIS CASE STUDIES


AYURVEDAGRAM, BANGALORE. DR. MODIS RESORT, KARJAT.


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COMPERATIVE ANALYSIS VISUAL CASE STUDY


SPA 1895, MAHABALESHWAR.

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BOOK STUDY
CIDADE DE GOA

REQUIREMENTS DATA COLLECTION SITE SELECTION CRITERIA SITE ANALYSIS DESIGN SOLUTION

BIBLIOGRAPHY

SYNOPSIS

INTRODUCTION OF THE SUBJECT


Resort is a place of luxury, comfort and relaxation with peace of mind. One feels relaxed and peaceful in natures lap. Living with nature is the concept of resort. Living and healing with the help of nature is the concept of Ayurvedic health resort. Health caring since ages has been a predominant part of mans life. Ayurveda directs that Prevention is better than cure. For prevention physical fitness- diet, yoga, food according to the season is required. In Ayurvedic health resort one can get rejuvenated, treated by ayurvedic therapies, ayurvedic food, yoga. etc. Ayurvedic health resort is a resort having all the basic requirements of a resort plus health facilities like health therapies, gymnasium and fitness centre, yoga and meditation centre. It has sports and recreational facilities like tennis, squash, cards room, carom room, swimming pool. A health resort also provides special health packages. Workshop and trainings are also conducted over here.

Health cant be bought. If one wants to remain healthy, drugs cant do this. Drugs are for diseased ones. Conventional medicines are aimed to eliminate the diseases from the body, not to maintain the health of a healthy fellow. On other hand Ayurveda has open opinions about health, where Ayurveda says that health should be maintained; on other hand Ayurveda promotes the preventive aspect also. So Ayurvedic Health Resort is also for those who are suffering with diseases due to mistakes made by them in their food habits and lifestyles. The concept is to design a health resort that imparts the feeling of wellness rather than illness by integrating cultural values with therapeutic environment. The benefit of designing a ayurvedic health resort to reflect age-old traditions and values include the acceptance of he ayurveda, improvement in the quality of health and increased participation in Preventive Care. This is not a medical facility, there are no signs of illness. This should be a place- an escape from the frenzied hospital atmosphere, a home of silent reflection to regain a sense of peace. The challenge is to develop an environment for healing in the 21st century- an era focusing on a preventive, proactive and holistic approach, a solution that incorporates service integration, cost effectiveness, efficiency and increased ease of use.

NEED OF THE PROJECT


The world of today is a busy world. There is no time for physical, mental relaxation, exercise. Todays life is mechanical life. The people today are drifted away from nature. The modern era of science and technology has geared up almost all towards a fast life beset with tension and stress. To reduce this tension and stress people find a need to resort to health resorts. Today, the problems we are facing are less physical and more psychological. Cases in medicinal world are changing very quickly. Anti-biotic drugs are no more life saving drugs. Man is dying more due to heart failures, diabetes and neuropathies. We have better ways of sanitation, we are more civilized yet we are more ill. We have found all the ways to be happy in the name of comfort but we have lost the real zest of life in this run of time. So it is the time to go back to the nature and find the solution in a natural way. Go back to the roots is the todays mantra. People are fed up with the over use of chemical and drugs and on their bodies for cure. So they are turning towards natural therapies like ayurveda. This has generated a need for Ayurvedic health resorts. All the developments in scientific areas have made our lives easy and luxurious. Today we can enjoy those conditions which were away from dreams of our ancestors. But in this race we have left our joy, feelings and happiness somewhere, centuries back. We are living a very painful life today. We all need solutions for a healthy lifestyle. This is an era of transition. Things are changing very fast. IT revolution has changed the way to think a lot. People want to explore the newer horizons. Intellects of health industry are busy in developing newer and newer things.Today, most ignored concept of ancient sciences, health and lifestyle are in hot list. Modern society accepted the concept of Ayurvedic Health Resorts, that will help to gain a good lifestyle and complete health.

ABOUT AYURVEDA
Definition The classical works on Ayurveda describe it as under: It is that knowledge of life, which deals elaborately and at length with conditions beneficial or otherwise to the humanity, and, to factors conducive to the happiness, or responsible for misery or sorrow besides indicating measures for healthful living for full span of life. Ayurveda is also considered as 'Science of life'. This probably makes it the earliest medical science having a positive concept of health to be achieved through a blending of physical, mental, social moral and spiritual welfare. According to the ancient books of knowledge, health is considered as a prerequisite for achieving the supreme ends of life consisting of righteousness, wealth, artistic values and spiritual freedom. Preventive and curative aspects of diseases are considered as important components of the concept of positive health. Ayurveda deals elaborately with measures of healthful living during the entire span of life and its various phases. Besides dealing with principles for maintenance of health, it has also developed a wide range of therapeutic measures to combat illness. These principles of positive health and therapeutic measures related to physical, mental, social and spiritual welfare of human beings. Thus Ayurveda became one of the oldest systems of medicine dealing with both the preventive and curative aspects of life in a most comprehensive way.

ORIGIN AND HISTORY


Human life and knowledge of preserving it as a going concern, in the face of overpowering and brute physical and biological environment, must have come into being almost simultaneously. All known cultures of the past - Egyptian, Babylonian, Jewish, Greek, Indus -Valley etc. had their own equally glorious and useful systems of medicine and health care. In India, development and growth of such a body of knowledge known as Ayurveda, meaning science of life, was coeval with the growth and evolution of Indian civilization and culture. Vedas, which are considered to be the repositories of recorded Indian culture, have mention of this knowledge both in theoretical and practical form. There is discussion of theories about the composition of living and non-living matter, the physical, biochemical, biological, psychological and spiritual components of man and the vital motive forces working both inside and outside the body. In other ancient works there is mention of such current medical subject like anatomy, physiology, aetiology, pathology, treatment and environmental factors. This medical knowledge has been the work of ages. It is the out-come of the great power of observation, generalisation and analysis combined with patient labour of hundred of investigators spread over thousand of years. This knowledge has played so important a part in the development of Indian culture that it has been documented in an integrated form in the Vedas. An equally exhaustive ancient compilation, Sushruta Samhita exists relating to school of surgery. It deals primarily with various fundamental principles and theory of surgery. More than 100 kinds of surgical instruments including scalpels, scissors, forceps, specula etc. are described along with their use in this valuable document. Dissection and operative procedures are explained making use of vegetables and dead animals. Descriptions of how to go about doing incision, excision, extraction and bandaging etc. are detailed in this compendium. In addition, this document also mentions of such other topics as anatomy, embryology, toxicology and therapeutics. This contains 184 chapters and description of 1120 illnesses, 700 medicinal plants, 64 preparations from mineral sources and 57 preparations based on animal sources. It also has a mention of about 650 drugs.

In course of time Ayurveda, which started as a magico-religious practice, matured into a fully developed medical science with eight branches which have parallels in the modern western system of medicine. The growth of these eight specialties gave Ayurveda another name of Astanga Ayurveda. General Medicine (Kaya Chikitsa) Paediatrics (Bala Chikitsa) Psychiatry & Psychology (Graha Chikitsa) ENT and Ophthalmology (Shalakya Tantra) Surgery (Shalya Tantra) Toxicology (Agada Tantra) Anti-ageing & Geriatrics (Rasayana) Eugenics and aphrodisiacs (Vajikarana) Compendia on these subjects like Charak Samihta, Sushruta Samhita etc. were written by the ancient scholars during B.C. period. These were used for teaching of Ayurveda in the ancient universities of Takshashila and Nalanda. Other early works of Ayurveda include the Charaka Samhita, attributed to Charaka. Vagbhatathe son of a senior doctor by the name of Simhagupta also compiled his works on traditional medicine. Early Ayurveda had a school of physicians and a school of surgeons. Tradition holds that the text Agnivesh tantrawritten by the legendary sage Agnivesh, a student of the mythological sage Bharadwajainfluenced the writings of Ayurveda.

BASICS OF AYURVEDA
Ayurveda is a scientific art to live a healthy life. This is a tradition of health. The tradition started from the creator of earth himself, Brahma and went up to many holy souls, who were the ones who had freed themselves of all worldly desires by means of spiritual endeavors and acquiring the gift of universal knowledge. This understanding embraces the past, present and future and is till today pure and timeless. The principles are derived from universal laws of nature that have changed little through time. These principals were settled through subjective, objective, and intuitive approaches to gain knowledge, incorporated with a deep understanding of the unseen intelligence of the universe. The practices of Ayurveda have withstood the test of time. Basic Principles of Ayurveda comprise of: Five Universal Elements- PanchmahabhootasAakash (Space or ether), Vayu (Air), Teja or Agni (Fire), Jala (Water) and Prithvi (Earth). The Panchmahabhootas therefore serve as the foundation of all diagnosis and treatment modalities in Ayurveda and has served as a most valuable theory for physicians to detect and treat illness of the body and mind successfully. Psyche Components-Sattya, Rajas and Tamas Seven steps of physiology- Sapta Dhatus- Rasa, Rakta, Mamsa, Meda, Ashti, Majja, Shukra. Vata, Pitta and Kapha- The Tri-Doshas. Besides these three body types there are also the body types which have the traits of two of these. So seven Doshic Prakrutis are: Vata Prakruti Pitta Prakruti Kapha Prakruti Vata-Pitta Prakruti Pitta-Kapha Prakruti Kapha-Vata Prakruti Vata-Pitta-Kapha Prakruti

PANCHAKARMA : PENTA BIO DETOXIFICATION PROCEDURES


Working of body system is just like that of a machine. Routine servicing is a must for the proper functioning of machine. With out timely servicing the working efficiency of the machine will decrease and after a time we have to throw it in garbage. Same happens when timely cleansing of body is not done. Because of all this Ayurveda advocates seasonal regime of body cleansing procedures. As different Doshas lose their balance in different seasons and also person very in their body type so purification procedures also very with person, season and disease. Detoxification Procedures are told in Ayurveda in name Panchakarma. Panchakarma literally means five (Pancha) procedures (Karma). These are: Vamana (Therapeutic vomiting) Virechana (Therapeutic purgation) Niruha Vasti (Cleansing enemas) Anuvasana Vasti (Oleation enemas) Nasya (to give medicines through nasal route) Some authorities tell Anuvasana Vasti and Niruha Vasti under same heading Vasti and Rakta mokshana (blood letting) as the fifth procedure of the Panchakarma While doing any procedure there are some pre operative and some post operative managements that should be followed. So the whole procedure can be divided in: Pre Panchakarma Procedures Main Panchakarma procedures. Post Panchakarma procedures.

PRE PANCHAKARMA PROCEDURES


These are two in number, known as Snehana (unctation therapy) and the second one Swedana (sudation therapy). These are done simultaneously to loosen the Doshas and to bring them back to the big channels from smaller ones. For this purpose, first a big amount of fat is given to patient/ healthy person, as a result extra Doshas in the form of fat soluble by products, will be dissolved and will be eliminated by the nearest route. After these procedures now a person is ready to get serviced.

MAIN PANCHAKARMA PROCEDURES


These can be said real Panchakarma procedures these are five in number, as we have told earlier. Because along with the unction and sudation these procedures also make body supple and smooth, to bear the hard jerks of main Panchakarma procedures. A brief knowledge of all these is as follows VAMAN: This process is meant for the purification of upper 1/3 rd of the body, the place for Kapha. It is believed after unction and sudation and waste materials come and collect in the stomach. Now emetics are given and all the waste products will be eliminated. This procedure is best for hyper acidify, diabetes, skin diseases, psoriasis. VIRECHAN: It works on middle one third of body and purifies the body by removing excessive Pitta from it. Process is same as done in the case of Vaman karma, just route differs. Strong or mild purgatives are given and Pitta Dosha is excreted from the body. Results are just like miracles in Rheumatoid, Arthritis, Hemiplegia, Skin Problems and Other Pitta Related Diseases. NIRUHA VASTI (cleansing enemas): Here medicines are given through anal canal with the help of a bladder (known as Vasti in Sanskrit, so the name). As the large intestine is the main place of Vata Dosha. So it is the treatment of choice for maximum neurological disorders, caused by aggravated Vata. In this type of Vasti herbal decoctions constitute the major part of the medicine. ANUVASANA VASTI (oleation enemas): This is also known as Vasti, as route is same, the anal canal. In this type herbal oils are used, these are given in lower quantities in the anal canal, so due to a lower pressure on anal canal, it has a tendency to be retained in side. And it does its work by taking own time. It gives best results in Chronic Constipation and Other Neurological/Vataj Disorders, where disease is caused by the increased Ruksh/Dryness factor of this Dosha. NASYA: Herbal powders or Juices or Oils are administered by nasal route in this type of treatment. It gives exclusive results in migraine chronic headache, works for hairs and memory of booster.

POST PANCHAKARMA PROCEDURES


After the fast jets of Panchakarma procedures our body becomes weak due to the exertion to the whole system. Now, to provide energy and balanced Doshas to body, special diet is followed strictly to boost the digestive fire. By this diet restriction body can digest and assimilate all the food articles. Now the drug or food, whatever is given to the body, will work maximum and give 100% results. If this diet regime is not followed strictly it may cause severe weakness in body!!

SOME OTHER DETOXIFYING PROCEDURES:


KatiVasti:In this process specially prepared warm medicated oils is kept over the lower back with herbal paste boundary. Meru Vasti: Oil treated with special herbs is kept on whole the back bone. Janu Vasti: Here medicated oil is kept over knee joint with herbal paste boundary. Hrudya Vasti: This is an effective treatment for asthma, other respiratory problems, heart diseases and muscular chest pain etc. Nabhee Vasti: Medicated oil is kept over umbilicus with boundary of herbal paste. It treats the ailments related to the digestive system. SiroVasti- Warm herbal medicated oil is retained within a closely fitted cap around the head, thus allowing the scalp to soak in the therapeutic oil. Greeva Vasti: Greeva Vasti has its therapeutic value in all types of joint problems of neck. In this procedure medicated oil is kept on back of neck with boundary of herbal paste. Navarakizhi:A massage to the body with small linen bags filled with cooked Navara rice (cooked in cow's milk and mixed with an herbal decoction) after a liberal application of medicated oil over the whole body. Pizhichil: A beautiful combination of Snehana (oleation) and Swedana (sudation). Sarvang Dhara: Warm herbal liquid poured all over the body in a rhythmic way using special vessels very effective for hemiplegia, paralysis, rheumatic complaints, edema etc.

Shirodhara: Luke warm herbal oil is poured in a continuous stream onto the forehead. Sirodhara rejuvenates and revitalizes the body and mind. Akshi Tarpana:Medicated Ghee is retained in a reservoir made over the eyes with black gram powder. This therapy will have a cooling effect on irritated and stressed eyes. This relieves eyestrain, improves eyesight and other eye related problems. Karnapoornam: In this process medicated extracts or oils are poured into the ears. This process helps to clean the ears and cures all the ailments. Gandoosha:This therapy involves the retention of medicated oil or decoction in the mouth. The benefits of this therapy will bring a glow to the face, improve lines and wrinkles, tone the skin and assist with any kind of mouth, voice or teeth disorders while cleansing the ear, nose and throat pathways. Utsadana:This therapy includes application of Dosha specific massage oil to the entire body and a thorough massage of herbal powders made into a paste. Sirolepa: Head is considered to be the best amongst all the organs, so applying medicines to this region is of great importance.

TYPES OF TREATMENTS
The treatment of disease can broadly be classified as Shodhana therapy(Purification Treatment) Shamana therapy(Palliative Treatment) Pathya Vyavastha (Prescription of Diet and Activity) Nidana Parivarjanam (Avoidance of Disease causing and Aggravating factors) Satvavajaya (Psychotherapy) Rasayana therapy(Use of Immunomodulators and Rejuvenation Medicines.

TREATMENTS FORArthritis Low back ache Body Purification Rejuvenation Old Age Care Stress Management Depression Obesity Spine and Joint Care Lifestyle Diseases Management Womens Care Programme Beauty Care Programme

YOGA
Yoga is derived from the word Yuj. It means to add, to sum up and to connect. Yoga is a way to connect and to add the internal and external energies. When things get connected flow of energy is enhanced and gets regularized. Energy is best in a flowing mode. Not in a stagnant mode. Stagnancy brings incapability in expressiveness, makes things complicated and puzzled and leads to sedative stages. Yoga is designed to concentrate but this concentration is not full of selfishness. Yoga asks to concentrate on the cosmic energies. This helps one to bind with the cosmic energies easily. Once, one is in touch with the outer-cosmic energies influx of energies starts by themselves. Energy tends to flow from higher to lower potentials. Cosmic energies are richer and these start to flow inside and a person starts to enjoy this flow and enriches with the higher energy levels with the time.

HISTORY OF YOGA
The Vedic Samhitas contain references to ascetics, while ascetic practices (tapas) are referenced in the Brhmaas (900 B.C.E. and 500 B.C.E.), early commentaries on the Vedas. Techniques for experiencing higher states of consciousness in meditation initially had only a slight philosophical underpinning, and were unconnected with Samkhya doctrines. These techniques were developed by the shramanic traditions and in the Upanshadic tradition.

EIGHTLIMBS OF YOGA
Yam Niyam Asanas (postural exercises) Pranayam (breathing exercises) Pratyahara(strengthening senses) Dharna (concentration-1st level) Dhyan (2nd level of concentration) Smadhi (final goal) Yam- Niyam: beginning with Yoga