Abellar, Rodgie John

Aries, Allen Jerry
Borlan, Randolph
Yanson, Edsel
Problem:
A well stirred storage vessel contains 10000 kg of solution of a dilute methanol solution (wA =
0.05 mass fraction alcohol). A constant flow of 500 kg/min. of pure water is suddenly introduced into the
tank and a constant rate of withdrawal of 500 kg/min is started. These two flows are continued and remain
constant. Assuming that the densities of the solutions are the same and that the total contents of the tank
remain constant at 10,000 kg of solution, calculate the time for the alcohol content to drop to 1wt%.

Solution: ๐‘š
๐‘–๐‘› ๐‘˜๐‘”

/๐‘š๐‘–๐‘›

Pure water ๐‘š
๐‘œ๐‘ข๐‘ก ๐‘˜๐‘”

/๐‘š๐‘–๐‘›

Methanol Solution

10,000 kg Methanol Solution, wA,0 = 0.05

Methanol Balance:

, no Methanol entering the vessel

Analytical Solution:

โˆซ

โˆซ

001145 -0.000949 -0.000961 -0.001103 -0.000749 -0. we take With the aid of MS Excel: n 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 t 0.000998 -0.001090 -0.000914 -0.001189 -0.038940 0.000739 -0.0 wA 0.048765 0.001189 -0.001036 -0.0 0.000797 -0.001219 -0.001076 -0.000828 -0.000859 -0.000721 -0.030327 0.001076 -0.000849 -0.000807 -0.036126 0.0 9.0 7.046387 0.0 2.000817 -0.028847 k1 -0.Abellar.5 2.043035 0.0 8.000730 -0.000973 -0.001174 -0. Randolph Yanson.0 1.000721 k2 -0.033516 0.0 10.040937 0.050000 0.030327 0.000777 -0.0 4.040937 0.032688 0.000758 -0.001023 -0.000703 wA+1 0.5 6.031094 0.001250 -0.5 10.001089 -0.000938 -0.034364 0.001049 -0.035234 0.037979 0.037979 0. Edsel The particular solution to the DE is . Rodgie John Aries.039926 0.041973 0.000986 -0.000903 -0.034364 0.037041 0.047561 0.000787 -0.031881 0.047561 0. For an accurate result.001174 -0.000712 k3 -0.000730 -0.000926 -0.000870 -0.048765 0.001160 -0.038940 0.000998 -0.001117 -0.031094 0.033516 0.5 5.5 8.001204 -0.000870 -0.001049 -0.035234 0.000892 -0. Numerical Solution (Runge-Kutta Method): Let .039926 0.000787 -0.001117 -0.000777 -0.029578 0.001160 -0.001063 -0.043035 0.001131 -0.001062 -0.000974 -0.001011 -0.031881 0.044125 0.0 5.028135 .000768 -0.5 7.5 9.001204 -0.036126 0.000758 -0.000961 -0.032688 0.000881 -0.044125 0.5 1.037041 0.000848 -0.5 11.5 3.000949 -0.029578 0.0 6.000859 -0.000739 -0.028847 0.5 4.001235 -0.000903 -0.000807 -0.000797 -0.001023 -0.046387 0.000892 -0.001219 -0.001011 -0.001145 -0.001103 -0.000838 -0.000915 -0.000881 -0.001131 -0.000827 -0.041973 0.001036 -0.000926 -0.045242 0.000938 -0.000838 -0.000712 k4 -0.045242 0.000817 -0.000749 -0.0 3.000768 -0.000986 -0.001234 -0. Allen Jerry Borlan.

000252 Interpolating the 63rd and 64th iteration for -0.000372 -0.013627 0. Edsel 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 11.5 27.5 22.010881 0.000269 -0.013290 0.010350 0.000576 -0.5 32.000396 -0.5 24.000432 -0.000246 0.000336 -0.Abellar.000555 -0.026763 0.000336 -0.000381 -0.000515 -0.012962 0.000515 -0.017940 0. ).000598 -0.000661 -0.018860 0.000304 -0.000279 -0.027441 0.000259 -0.000583 -0.000316 -0.000653 -0.019827 0.020328 0.017497 0.000345 -0.017065 0.011729 0.023035 0.013972 0.0 24.5 23.000301 -0.010612 0.000341 -0.010095 -0.000466 -0.014688 0.5 13.000569 -0.023618 0.026102 0.000437 -0.000443 -0.000416 -0.022466 0.5 28.000262 -0.016233 0.000293 -0.021371 0.000308 -0.027441 0.000483 -0. .0 14.000528 -0.015441 0.000490 -0.000448 -0.000262 -0.5 12.000521 -0.012025 0.000678 -0.017065 0.024216 0.020843 0.028135 0.000376 -0.000391 -0.000695 -0.000483 -0.000555 -0.000269 -0.000349 -0.000590 -0.000358 -0.000541 -0.000427 -0.000386 -0.000312 -0.000354 -0.5 29. Allen Jerry Borlan.0 20.5 26.0 0.000496 -0.0 27.000613 -0.000562 -0.009846 approximately gives ๏œ The time for the ethanol content in the tank to drop to 1wt.2 min (by means of analytical solution) or approximately 32.000466 -0.000265 -0.000432 -0.000569 -0. Rodgie John Aries.000460 -0.000521 -0.5 21.016644 0.000293 -0.024829 0.000320 -0.5 31.000508 -0.0 17.011157 0.5 20.019337 0.0 15.000290 -0.012642 0.000386 -0.000605 -0.000508 -0.0 min (Runge-Kutta.023035 0.000406 -0.018394 0.023618 0.000272 -0.0 31.020843 0.5 14.000328 -0.022466 0.011157 0.000669 -0.013290 0.000628 -0.000275 -0.0 18.000489 -0.000401 -0.000406 -0.000460 -0.024216 0.015832 0.000636 -0.000249 -0.017940 0.000437 -0.012025 0.0 16.020328 0.016644 0.000279 -0.000502 -0.000443 -0.000562 -0.025458 0.000304 -0.015060 0.000661 -0.021912 0.000272 -0.000695 -0.000275 -0.010350 0.000534 -0.000297 -0.000686 -0.015832 0.0 21.000677 -0.000636 -0.000703 -0.000427 -0.015060 0.000345 -0.000363 -0.0 28.000454 -0.0 22.000644 -0.000328 -0.000421 -0.0 23.000621 -0.000354 -0.000548 -0.000316 -0.014325 0.000471 -0.000252 -0.000391 -0.000583 -0.026102 0.000290 -0.000598 -0.010095 0.021912 0.000496 -0.019827 0.000621 -0.5 16.000502 -0.000282 -0.017497 0.000686 -0.5 17.000367 -0.000411 -0.010612 0.016233 0.000471 -0.000363 -0.000548 -0.000645 -0.0 26.000320 -0.000629 -0.000372 -0.000381 -0.000256 -0.5 15.0 12.011439 0.000454 -0.000286 -0.013627 0.000341 -0.000376 -0.000308 -0.000349 -0.000324 -0.014325 0.013972 0.000576 -0.0 29.000396 -0.011439 0.000324 -0.000249 -0.000332 -0.0 25.000401 -0.000541 -0.000265 -0.0 19.000282 -0.5 18.000367 -0.000590 -0.012330 0.018860 0.000256 -0.000448 -0.000301 -0.014688 0.000416 -0. % is 32.019337 0.018394 0.000297 -0.012330 0.011729 0.010881 0.000286 -0.000477 -0.012642 0.5 19.000358 -0.000332 -0.000534 -0.021371 0.0 30.026763 0. Randolph Yanson.025458 0.000613 -0.5 25.000605 -0.5 30.000312 -0.000653 -0.000669 -0.000411 -0.012962 0.000477 -0.000528 -0.015441 0.024829 0.0 13.000421 -0.000259 -0.