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PRINCIPLE OF CHECK AND BALANCE

AMONG THE THREE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT
(as provided in the 1987 Constitution)

EXECUTIVE
The Office of the President

Overrides veto by 2/3 vote Interprets laws/treaties
Impeaches officials Decides constitutionality of
Controls appropriations laws and treaties
Reorganizes executive offices Reviews appropriateness of
Approves treaties/ martial law/suspension of
international agreements habeas corpus
Confirms appointments vetoes enactments Approves the Nominates to the bench thru
Revokes declaration of martial calls special sessions appointments of justice and the judicial and bar council
law/writ of habeas corpus sends messages to congress judges
Concurs in grant of amnesty suggests legislations Grants pardons/reprieves
Question hour declares martial law/
Limits president’s power to suspends writ of habeas
contract/guaranty foreign corpus
loans grants amnesty
contracts/guarantees foreign
loans

LEGISLATURE JUDICIARY
The Congress The Supreme Court

Interprets laws/treaties
Decides constitutionality
of laws
Reviews factual basis of
martial law/suspension of
writ of habeas corpus

Impeaches justices/
ombudsman
Approves appointments
of members of judicial and
bar council
Regulates the jurisdiction
of courts
Sets up new
courts/abolishes old ones