Abstract This essay discusses the Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF) in the policy change, and seeks to determine

its efficiency on the analysis of policy-making in Japan. The ACF has mainly been applied to the Western countries, and only small numbers have been used for policy analysis in the other areas. Japan has unique features such as a bureaucracy-led vertically segmented administrative system, [elaborate on this idea] although it adopts a parliamentary system of government in the same way as the UK [United Kingdom]. This essay verifies whether ACF functions effectively in such situations [which situations?] using a case study of the revision of the ODA Charter on 2003 [What is the case study about? Mention and explain it]. It concludes [How did you come up with this conclusion?] that ACF is effective to see the influences of the external factors [What are these influences and the external factor?] and policy-oriented learning [this is confusing] in the policy subsystem to policy-making in Japan, but there are some factors [again, what are these factors?] which cannot be explained by its theory in Japanese case.

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