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GOLDAR Sterculia guttata Roxburgh, (Order: Sterculiaceae). Sterculia is derived from the Latin, stercus, meaning dung.

(See under S. foetida). Guttata means spotted, probably in allusion to the colouring of the flowers. Description: A small or large deciduous tree with the leaves crowded at the ends of the branches. Leaves simple, large, 5 to 9 in. long by 3 to 5 in. wide, egg-shaped or ovate-oblong, tip acute or acuminate, base rounded or sometimes nearly cordate (heart-shaped). Flowers appearing when the tree is leafless at the ends of the branches, arranged in racemose panicles 0.75 to 1 in. across, the petals, usually bent backwards. Fruit composed of 1 to 5 follicles, 3 to 4 in. long, boat-shaped. Seeds ovoid-oblong 0.75 in. long, shining, black. Distribution: India, throughout the forests of South Kanara and the Ghats. Gardening: Propagated by seed. Uses: The bark of the younger parts of the tree yields a white flaxen fibre. A rough cloth was made from the fibre. The seeds are either eaten raw or after roasting. Note: Monkeys (Macaques) are very fond of the seeds and may be seen tearing open the follicles before they are ripe. There are a number of irritant hairs at the base of the seed which the novice needs to be careful of. The flowers are visited by carrion and fruit flies on account of the evil scent. The insects probably act as the pollinating agents.