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. As an example, electroless tin plating was done to copper tubes for corrosion resistance from carbonated waters (Davis, 2001). However, this method cannot be employed without the understanding of the principles behind the process such as the effect of plating parameters on the metal substrate. (Scope and limitations of the expt) The experiment aims to study the mechanisms involved in electroless tin plating. Electroless plating parameters can influence the synthesis of the plating layer on the surface. Some of these plating parameters are the tin concentration, agitation and temperature. The effects of them on metal strip samples were investigated by comparing the weight and dimensions of the metal strip before and after plating. Methodology Samples of metal strips were polished to remove the corroded areas before examining them. Then, the dimensions and weights of each sample were obtained before plating. This was to determine the changes in metal strips after the plating. The reagents used consisted the following: hydrated tin chloride, sodium cyanide and hydrochloric acid. Eight test runs were performed, each has varied plating parameters. The detailed conditions of the tests are shown on Table 1. Table 1. Parameters for electroless tin plating Test Run Tin (g/L) HCl (g/L) Temperature 1 20 10 25 2 20 10 60 3 20 20 25 4 20 20 60 5 40 10 25 6 40 10 60 7 40 20 25 8 40 20 60 The metal strip for each test was immersed into the solution, making sure that they were submerged entirely. The plating time was 30 minutes. After plating, the weight and dimensions of each plated sample were obtained. Lastly, the microstructures of their surfaces were observed using a microscope.
References  MetE 135 Laboratory Manual, UP DMMME.  J.R. Davis. Copper and Copper Alloys, ASM International, USA, 2001.