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GSM Training for Professionals

TOPICS

Module-1
    

Introduction of Communication and Wireless Concepts
History of Communication Telecommunication Basics Frequency, Range of Wireless Frequency Channel Concept Multiple Access Concepts and its types

Module-2

Cellular Generation Wireless Concepts
1st Generation of Cellular Communication (AMPS, TACS) 2nd Generation of TDMA , GSM 3rd Generation WCDMA 4th Generation LTE


 

Module-3 GSM Architecture
   

MS BSS NSS Interfaces, Protocols

TOPICS

Module-4
 

GSM Channel Concepts
GSM Channels Physical and Logical Channels

Module-5
 

Cell Planning Concepts
Cell Planning Basic Cell Planning Tools , TEMPS

Module-6
   

NSS/BSS Hardware and Software
MSC HLR STP BSC

Module-7
   

DATA Calls
HSCSD GPRS Data Call Path, SGSN and GGSN Hardware

TOPICS

Module-8
 

Call paths
Postpaid to Paid calls Postpaid to Prepaid calls Operator to Operator Calls Mobile to PTCL calls


Module-9
   

Mobile Packet Backbone Network
OSI layer IP Fundamentals IP Routing , Protocols MPLS Requirement in Telecom

Module-10
  

GSM Evolution Path
GSM Towards LTE LTE Architecture S-GWS, MME, eNode

Wireless Access Evolution

Subscribers  Broadband  Network Simplification  New Services  Efficiency  Voice Quality  Portability  More Data Services required  Cost of Ownership

 Coverage
 Mobility
Voice Broadband

 Capacity  Data Service

Secrete of Upgrade

Maximize

Utilization Spectrum Efficiency FDMA/TDMA/CDMA/OFDMA Power Efficiency----------------Battery

Minimize
 

Complexity------- System should be Simple, Cost--------- It should be minimize , as per customer needs

GSM Architecture Overview

Main components of GSM
  

The mobile station (MS) BSS Base Station Subsystem (BTS+BSC) MSS Mobile Station Subsystem (MSC/HLR, ..)

BTS

BSC

MSC

Network Overview
MS
MS

(Mobile Station) RF department

BTS

BSS (Base Station System)
BSC
PSTN, ISDN...

RAN department Transmission department NSS (Network Switching Subsystem) NSS department

MSC

Voicemail Server SM-SC VLR
OMC

HLR AuC
OMC

EIR

NMC

OMM(Operations & Maintenance GSM interfaces Management) X.25 links

Services offered
Voice Services  Data Services (GPRS/MMS)  Short Code Services

GSM Voice Network
Only Voice Call

GSM Voice and Data Call Architecture

Voice Calls Path

Data Calls Path Packet Data14.4 Kp/s

GSM Prepaid Services

SMSC
BSC HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR MSC SMSC

PrePaid

PSTN
Fixed Network

OMO

Short Code Services

Cell Planning (RF)

Two Key technologies are evolving to meet the Wireless Broadband Requirements

Wide Area Mobile

4G Air Interfaces

MOBILE BROADBAND GSM GPRS EDGE UMTS HSPA LTE
3GPP
802.16e (Mobile WIMAX)

Coverage/Mobility

Metro Area Nomadic

Mobile Industry

802.16a/d (Fixed NLOS) Fixed Wireless Industry 802.11n (smart antennas) 802.11 Mesh extns.

Local Area Fixed

Dial Up

DSL Experience

Fibre Experience

802.16 (Fixed LOS)

Data Rates (kbps)

802.11b/a/g

100,000 +

Higher Data Rate / Lower Cost per Bit

Converge Networks

GSM Call Setup

AUC
MS BTS BSC HLR MSC VLR AUC EIR Mobile Station = phone + SIM card Base Transceiver Station Base Station Controller Home Location Register Mobile services Switching Centre Visitor Location Register Authentication Centre Stand-alone or integrated in HLR Equipment Identity Register For blacklisting stolen and unwanted equipment Short Message Service ”Support”

HLR
BSC

      

VMS PrePaid Node

EIR

MSC/VLR Warid

SMSC

  

Telenore

INTERNET

  

SMSC Centre VMS Voice Messaging System PrePaid Node Hosting prepaid service system IN Intelligent Network services PSTN Public Switched Telephone Network PABX Private Automatic Branch Exchange

PSTN

Mobilink

MSC w

BSC

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR MSC SMSC
INTERNET

PrePaid IN

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR MSC SMSC
INTERNET

PrePaid IN

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR MSC SMSC
INTERNET

PrePaid IN

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR MSC SMSC
INTERNET

PrePaid IN

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

BSC
Base Station Controller

The call request reaches the BSC from the BTS and is forwarded to MSC. After call is established, the BSC will perform decoding of the call (in typical config.)

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR MSC SMSC
INTERNET

PrePaid IN

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR MSC SMSC
INTERNET

PrePaid IN

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR MSC SMSC
INTERNET

PrePaid IN

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

 

Checks A number. To whom is A subscriber calling? (Checks B number) Example : A subscriber has prepaid number.

MSC
Mobile Switching Centre

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR MSC SMSC
INTERNET

PrePaid IN

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR MSC SMSC
INTERNET

PrePaid IN

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR MSC SMSC
INTERNET

PrePaid IN

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

Does the A subscriber have money left on his/her account? When the call is established and on-going the subscriber’s account is decremented accordingly.

PrePaid Node

HLR BSC

VMS
Voicemail

EIR MSC SMSC
INTERNET

PrePaid IN

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

HLR BSC

VMS
Voicemail

EIR MSC SMSC
INTERNET

PrePaid IN

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

HLR BSC

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

 

Where is the B subscriber? MSC interrogates in HLR. (HLR = Home Location Register)

MSC
Mobile Switching Centre

HLR BSC

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

HLR BSC

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

HLR says ’I am the home of the B subscriber and I know where he/she is right now’ (i.e. which VLR) Tells this VLR ’Give me a visitor address for this subscriber’ (Roaming Number)

HLR
Home Location Register

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

Hosting MSC/VLR returns TEMPORARILY assigned visitor/roaming address for Bsubscriber to HLR.

MSC
Mobile Switching Centre

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

’Thanks for the visitor address!’ ’I will send this address to the MSC that requested for it.’

HLR
Home Location Register

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

 

’Thank you, HLR!’ Speech connection path will set up now towards the MSC/VLR where the B subscriber is presently located.

MSC
Mobile Switching Centre

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

 

Sets up a speech connection towards BSC. Delivers B-subscriber ID to BSC and asks to page for the subscriber using that ID.

MSC
Mobile Switching Centre

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

BSC now sends a PAGING MESSAGE to all the BTSs that it covers/controls. Carrys PAGING RESPONSE from called MS back to MSC. Allocates a RADIO channel through a BTS with best available and allowable SIGNAL STRENGTH for called MS. Performs SPEECH CODING when call is established.

BSC
Base Station Controller

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC
PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN PABX International

Thank You