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Chung 1

Lani Chung Mr. Nakamura Biology HL Period 3B 7 March 2013 Reaction Time Lab Analysis Questions 1. Specifically, which parts of the nervous system were used when the student responded to the dropped meter stick in the tests for visual stimuli? When the student saw the meter stick begin to drop, the photoreceptors of the retina are stimulated and they send impulses to the bipolar neurons and the ganglion cells. The axons from the ganglion cells travel to the visual area of the cerebral cortex of the brain. The brain must then correct the position of the image so that it is right side up and not revered. It must also coordinate the images coming from the left and right eye. When the student tried to grab the meter stick after receiving the visual stimuli, the somatic nervous system (SNS) is responsible for receiving the sensory information and controlling the movement of their arm. The SNS carries nerve impulses from the brain to the muscle to be moved which allowed the student to react to the visual stimuli.

2. If you continued to repeat the test for visual stimuli, do you think you would get faster? Why or why not? If you continued to repeat the test for visual stimuli, you would probably get faster because you can speed up nerve conduction through practice. By repeating the same movements, you make them almost automatic. Although the action of grabbing the meter stick before it falls is not a classical reflex, with practice, your movements almost mimic a reflex. They become motor skills

.Chung 2 that have been etched into your nerves and brain which causes the motor pathways to be almost reflexive. Another factor is the time that it takes for the muscles to contract after neurological impulses are sent to them. Draw a simple reflex arc that would occur when a person steps on a nail. What factors would ultimately limit your speed of response? The main factor that would ultimately limit your speed of response is the time that it takes for the image of the visual stimulus to reach your eyes. 4. How does a reaction differ from a reflex? Reactions are different from reflexes in that they are voluntary responses to a stimulus from the environment. It is generally much faster than a reaction 5. 3. Label all of the neurons involved. as well as the time that it would take for the visual stimulus to be sent to your brain and processed. It can be trained to become faster through regular practice. A reflex is an involuntary and nearly instantaneous movement in response to a stimulus that is usually done to protect the body from harm.

Another factor that would affect reaction time is fatigue. This factor can be tested by having subjects first run a distance of 400 meters.Chung 3 6. Then the subjects will attempt to grab the meter stick before it falls to the ground with their eyes open and essentially follow the procedure for the visual stimulus test. . The tiredness that results from the physically exertive task of running will help to test the effect of fatigue on the reaction time of an individual. List at least one more factor that would affect your reaction time and describe how you would test it.