You are on page 1of 22

Xingyiquan is one of the major "internal" or Wudang styles of Chinese martial arts.

The word translates approximately to "Form/Intention Boxing", or "Shape/Will Boxing", and is characterized by aggressive, seemingly linear movements and explosive power. There is no single organizational body governing the teaching of the art, and several variant styles exist. A practitioner of xingyiquan uses coordinated movements to generate bursts of power intended to overwhelm the opponent, simultaneously attacking and defending. Forms vary from school to school, but include barehanded sequences and versions of the same sequences with a variety of weapons. These sequences are based upon the movements and fighting behavior of a variety of animals. The training methods allow the student to progress through increasing difficulty in form sequences, timing and fighting strategy.


The exact origin of xingyiquan is unknown. The earliest written records of it can be traced to the 18th century to Ma Xueli of Henan Province and Dai Long Bang of Shanxi Province. Legend, however, credits the creation of xingyiquan to the renowned Song Dynasty (960-1279 AD) general Yue Fei. According to the book Henan Orthodox Xingyi Quan written by Pei Xirong and Li Ying’ang , Xingyi Master Dai Long Bang "...wrote the Preface to Six Harmonies Boxing in the 15th reign year of the Qianlong Emperor [1750]. Inside it says, '...when [Yue Fei] was a child, he received special instructions from Zhou Tong. Extremely skilled in spearfighting, he used the spear to create fist techniques and established a skill called Yi Quan [意拳]. Meticulous and unfathomable, this technique far outstripped ancient ones." "于乾隆十五年为―六合拳‖作序云:―岳飞当童子时,受业于周侗师,精通枪法,以枪为拳, 立法以教将佐,名曰意拳,神妙莫测,盖从古未有之技也。"

Throughout the Jin, Yuan and Ming Dynasties few individuals had studied this art, one of them being Ji Gong (also known as Ji Longfeng and Ji Jike) of Shanxi Province. After Yue Fei's death, the art was lost for half a millennium. Then, during the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Shaanxi Province's Zhongnan Mountains, Yue Fei's boxing manual was discovered by Ji Gong.

Yang Jwing-Ming argues that aspects of xingyiquan (particularly the animal styles) are identifiable as far back as the Liang Dynasty at the Shaolin Temple. Yue Fei, therefore, did not

strictly invent xingyiquan, but synthesised and perfected existing Shaolin principles into his own style of gongfu which he popularised during his military service. Because this theory holds that Yue Fei based his style on existing Shaolin techniques, some consider Bodhidharma to be the originator of xingyiquan. Nonetheless, according to Yang, Yue Fei is usually identified as the creator because of his considerable understanding of the art (as shown in the work The Ten Theses of Xingyiquan, credited to Yue) and his cultural status as a Chinese war hero. Other martial artists and Chinese martial art historians, such as Miller, Cartmell, and Kennedy, hold that this story is largely legendary; while xingyiquan may well have evolved from military spear techniques, there is no evidence to support that Yue Fei was involved or that the art dates to the Song dynasty. These authors point out that the works attributed to Yue Fei's role long postdate his life, some being as recent as the Republican era, and that it was common practice in China to attribute new works to a famous or legendary person, rather than take credit for oneself. One source claims that the author of the "preface" is unknown, since no name is written on the manuscript. Most practitioners just assume it was written by Dai Long Bang. Some researchers of martial arts believe that it was actually written in Shanxi during the final years of the 19th century. In addition, historical memoirs and scholarly research papers only mention Zhou Tong teaching Yue archery and not spear play. Yue historically learned spear play from Chen Guang (陈广), who was hired by the boy’s paternal grandfather, Yao Daweng (姚大翁). With the late Ming-era and Ji Longfeng, evidence for the art's history grows firmer. Ji Longfeng's contributions to the art are described in the Ji Clan Chronicles (姬氏族谱; pinyin: Ji Shi Jiapu). Like the Preface, the Chronicles describes Xingyiquan as a martial art based on the combat principles of the spear. The Chronicles, however, attributes this stylistic influence to Ji himself, who was known as the "Divine Spear" (神槍; pinyin: Shén Qiāng) for his extraordinary skill with the weapon. The master who taught xingyiquan to Ma Xueli is conventionally identified as Ji Longfeng himself. However, the traditions of the Ma family itself say only that Xueli learned from a wandering master whose name is unknown. Ji Longfeng referred to his art as Liu He, The Six Harmonies, a reference to the most highly developed spear style practiced in the late Ming military. The Preface identifies Cao Ji Wu as a student of Ji Longfeng and the master who taught xingyiquan to Dai Long bang. However, other sources identify Dai's teacher variously as Li Zheng or Niu Xixian. Xingyiquan remained fairly obscure until Li Luoneng (also known as Li Nengran) learned the art from the Dai family in the 19th century. It was Li Luoneng and his successors—which include Guo Yunshen, Li Cunyi, Zhang Zhaodong, Sun Lutang, and Shang Yunxiang—who would popularise xingyiquan across Northern China. Sun Lutang exchanged knowledge with Fu Chen Sung, who subsequently took this branch of the art to southern China.

Recent history

This included armed techniques such as bayonet and sabre drills alongside unarmed techniques. Specialised terms which describe historically-specific concepts (names of ancient weapons for example) are commonly interpreted with regards for their closest.A simplified version of xingyiquan was taught to Chinese officers at the Military Academy at Nanjing during the Second Sino-Japanese War for close quarters combat. Sun Lutang was a student of both Guo Yunshen and Cheng Tinghua so this stance on the subject seems to be one of the most accurate. it is acceptable to learn xingyiquan first or simultaneously. Treating the story of Dong Hai Chuan and Guo Yunshen as allegory. p. Often. 1900 where xingyi masters Li Cunyi and Zhang Zhaodong. Disputed history Ancient Chinese texts. Bagua master Cheng Tinghua. and four other xingyi and bagua teachers lived together (Frantzis. The results can be problematic. Frantzis argues that a xingyiquan-baguazhang exchange was more likely to have occurred in Tianjin c. Such a practitioner develops a tactical vocabulary that is more readily apparent than the core baguazhang movements. It would have been controversial at the time for Dong Hai Chuan to have studied under Guo Yunshen. Dong Hai Chuan. Jargon from other martial arts seems to have entered the xingyiquan vocabulary through crosstraining. The founder of Yiquan. The style is relatively rare in competitions because all wushu practitioners must compete in several mandatory events. was reputed to have fought Guo Yunshen with neither able to defeat the other . producing translations which are linguistically correct but inconsistent within a fighting or martial context. For example. because baguazhang requires significantly more time for a practitioner's skill to mature. modern linguistic equivalent.though it is possible that they were training together.which may be called by other schools "Five Elements Fighting" The recognised founder of baguazhang. since Dong was the older of the two. often contain characters whose meanings are obscure or have disappeared completely from the language. and similarities in .a term more commonly in use in training taijiquan . which make xingyi a secondary priority in wushu circles. however. The most neutral viewpoint would be to say that they trained together. 1998. Sun Lutang states in his autobiography that the legendary fight between Guo Yunshen and Dong Hai Chuan never happened. some schools refer to a training method of "Xingyi Push Hands" . reveals a common training protocol among xingyiquan and baguazhang practitioners. Xingyiquan forms have been adapted to fit the needs of modern practitioners of the competitive sport of Wushu. the source of xingyiquan knowledge. Frantzis argues that this encounter never took place and that Guo and Dong had little contact with each other. which may explain the stylistic similarities between baguazhang and the xingyiquan monkey. Wang Xiangzhai studied under Guo Yunshen. 179). The book states that the truth of the matter is that Guo Yunshen actually fought one of his older xingyi brothers and lost.

a general combat formula which assumes at least three outcomes of a fight. the constructive.techniques between these arts can be seen. cultivating "soft" internal strength or qi is essential to achieving power in Xingyiquan. Xingyiquan practitioners use the five elements as an interpretative framework for reacting and responding to attacks. Five Element forms Xingyiquan uses the five classical Chinese elements to metaphorically represent five different states of combat. A common saying of xingyiquan is that "the hands do not leave the heart and the elbows do not leave the ribs. Efficiency and economy of movement are the qualities of a xingyiquan stylist and its direct fighting philosophy advocates simultaneous attack and defense. The goal of the xingyiquan exponent is to reach the opponent quickly and drive powerfully through them in a single burst — the analogy with spear fighting is useful here." the Five Elements are related to Taoist cosmology although the names do not literally correspond to the cosmological terms. Despite its hard. Where to aim. where to hit and with what technique—and how those motions should work defensively—is determined by what point of which cycle they see themselves in. There are few kicks except for extremely low foot kicks (which avoids the hazards of balance involved with higher kicks) and some mid-level kicks." referring to how the stance holds the head. and techniques are prized for their deadliness rather than aesthetic value. the neutral. torso and feet along the same vertical plane. Also called the "Five Fists" or "Five Phases. . Xingyiquan favours a high stance called Sāntǐshì (三體式 / 三体式). literally "three bodies power. Xingyiquan students train to react to and execute specific techniques in such a way that a desirable cycle will form based on the constructive. angular appearance. This is achieved by coordinating one's body as a single unit and the intense focusing of one's qi. The linear nature of xingyiquan hints at both the military origins and the influence of spear technique alluded to in its mythology." The use of the Santishi as the main stance and training method originated from Li Luoneng's branch of xingyi. Characteristics and principles Xingyiquan features aggressive shocking attacks and direct footwork. and the destructive. This follows the five element theory. Early branches such as Dai family style do not use Santi as the primary stance nor as a training method. neutral and destructive interactions of five element theory. The primary standing postures of Yiquan trains separately what xingyiquan santishi (三體式) trains simultaneously.

these emulate the techniques and tactics of the corresponding animal rather than just their physical movements. a student is often taught an animal linking form (shi'er xing lianhuan) which connects all the taught animals together in a sequence. It is perhaps unfortunate that the names used for the elements are used as fundamental names for applications of energy or jìn (勁). | The ten common animals Chinese Bear Eagle 熊 鷹 Pinyin Xióng Yīng In Xingyi. Once the individual animal forms are taught. "the Bear and Eagle combine. though some teach extended sequences of movements. | The Five Elements of Xingyiquan Chinese Splitting Drilling Crushing Pounding Crossing 劈 鑽 崩 炮 橫 Pinyin Pī Zuān Bēng Pào Héng Metal Water Wood Fire Earth Like an axe chopping up and over. or multiple forms for individual animals. though the destructive cycle is often taught to beginners as it is easier to visualise and consists of easier applications. Animal forms Xingyiquan is based on twelve distinct animal forms (形. The jìn referred to by the five element names are not the only ones." which covers the characteristics of both . Arrows constantly exploding forward. since it can be confusing to describe the "heng jin contained within pi quan". pinyin: xíng)." meaning that the Bear and Eagle techniques are often used in conjunction with each other. Exploding outward like a cannon while blocking.Each of the elements has variant applications that allow it to be used to defend against all of the elements (including itself). Some schools will teach the five elements before the twelve animals because they are easier and shorter to learn. There is a bird called the "Bear Eagle. Drilling forward horizontally like a geyser. Many schools of xingyiquan have only small number of movements for each animal. such Eight Tiger Forms Huxing bashi. Some styles have longer. there are many others. Present in all regional and family styles. so any set sequences are entirely arbitrary. Crossing across the line of attack while turning over.

Performed with tension. Crocodile 鼍 Tuó .in some lineages this animal is translated to mean the Grouse or small pheasant. In some lineages it is practiced separately from tiger because they are said to clash. Combination of Metal and a hand movement that mimics the action of a rearing a horse. This form also mimics the quick and aggressive combat style of the rooster. which has fallen from use over the years. however. The Chinese word for "Goshawk" covers both the Goshawk and the Sparrowhawk. empty movement. simple striking combined with parrying and deception of distance. Mimics the pecking movement of a chicken. Features lunging with open-handed clawing attacks mimicking the pounce of a tiger The only "mythical" animal taught (except in those family systems where the phoenix is one of the 12 animals). Performed with light. Note . Dragon 龍 Lóng Chicken 鷄 Jī Horse 馬 Mǎ Swallow 燕 Yàn Goshawk 鷂 Yào Monkey 猴 Hóu | Other animals that may be present in a particular lineage Chinese Crane 鶴 Pinyin Hè The animal it is meant to represent is the Yangtze River alligator. May refer to the Purple Swamphen (Rallidae) Coot.' though the more common word for "Sparrowhawk" used to be Zhān (鸇). or water lizard. This can mean 'Sparrowhawk.forms. Follows the swift and random movements of the swallow by rotating position and circling the enemy with strong but quick foot movement. The movements of a yangtze river alligator have been compared to those of a pig crossed with a dragon. as well as the phoenix. Snake Tiger 蛇 虎 Shé Hǔ Includes both Constrictor and Viper styles. Sometimes referred to as a waterskimming insect.

mode. considering them to be the same animal. This animal represents the Chinese Ostrich. not two (as written). with counter-directional circling and double uppercuts. law. hawk or even phoenix. The Chinese for this animal is a single character (𩿡). which means ―has‖. the second character is ―You‖. . or doctrine. For further information. check the Unihan database for complete data on this character. dove. Sou Gu: the ability to contract/shrink the skeleton. it can have the following meanings: method. Turtle 龜 Guī Ostrich 鴕 Tuó There is a twelve sentence poem in Xingyi Quan classic which describe the attributes of twelve animal fighting postures. long you sou gu zhi fa 1. Similar in stepping to Fire and Tiger.Tai 鳥台 (𩿡) see note This is a flycatcher native to Asia. and the fifth character is ―Zhi‖. Represents the snapping turtle which uses quick head snapping motions to catch fish. Fa: as in Quan Fa. standard. In every sentence.Dragon possesses brisk technique Long: dragon. Due to the rarity of this character it may be translated as ostrich. model. which some sources speculate could actually be the source of the Chinese Phoenix. way. which means ―of‖.. this character is not in the earlier versions of the Unicode standard so not all computers are capable of displaying it. Some schools will teach this in combination with Tuó (crocodile). Long you sou gu zhi fa .

and quick pass through from a small space when suddenly fly up. This sentence describes that ability. One of the defining greatness of dragon is its ability to change according to situation. pouncing. For example. Pu: lunging. Here it means it is so courageous and fearless . it instantly expands. Hu you pu shi zhi yong . the quickness. the grace. rise up and soar freely in the heavens. here is means prey (soon to be food). when use in association with other characters. Created by the ancient Chinese. the agility. twist. it symbolized all of nature's wondrous powers. its attribute is: Shrink. it can change its size at will. When the space is small. the flexibility.Tiger is fearless in its pounce Hu: tiger. it can have a meaning related but a little different to the meaning of the character by itself. it shrinks to accommodate. Shi: food.Dragon is miraculous animal with mythical abilities. But when the space is suddenly opened up. and the power involved. The reader need to feel the magic and awe of that moment when the dragon is sprung loose. But like other Chinese characters. In Xingyi Quan practice. hu you pu shi zhi yong 2. Yong: normally means courage.

that it's an unstoppable force. . hou you zhong shan zhi neng 3. its attribute is: Quick.that it is fearsome to others. and nimble way. Monkey is the most smart and nimble animal. Here it is used to describe how the monkey can go anywhere it wants in the mountain environment. control. its attribute is: So powerful and quick is the movement that nothing can stop it. Tiger is the most powerful and ferocious animal. nimble. Zhong: technically it means jump up in quick. It is a king of all beasts. Neng: capability. the ability to do anything you want. Shan: mountain. a fish in the water so to speak. Hou you zhong shan zhi neng . In Xingyi Quan practice.Monkey has the nimbleness to scale mountains Hou: monkey. light. and skillful. It's always used to express power. In Xingyi Quan practice.

Horse is a strong and healthy animal. In Xingyi Quan practice. So Ji Ti means run fast. powerful and continuous strikes just like a horse’s leg movements when it's running. Ji: fast. Ti: you ji ti zhi gong 4. as in gong fu. and continuous.Horse has churning footwork Ma: horse. Ma you ji ti zhi gong . When it's running. its attribute is: Quick. Gong: skill. . powerful. its leg movements are quick.

. and it lives in water and resembles the alligator. It is very powerful when it rotates. and agile. In Xingyi Quan practice. beyond staying buoyant in the water. According to legend Tuo has magic power and possesses very nimble or impossibly high skills for the water. Each has its own habitat and special powers.Tuo can float and swimming in waters well Tuo: a mythical animal. Tuo (alligator) stays in the water. clever. According to legend. It can swim quickly and smoothly.tuo you fu shui zhi ling 5. quiet. Ling also means spirit. quick. dragon produced 9 sons. and quick movement with powerful rotating and twisting force. Tuo you fu shui zhi ling . Very quick and powerful but at the same time quiet and light. smooth. its attribute is: Nimble. Tuo is one of them. Fu Shui: float and swimming in waters. It can stay still very quietly and attack suddenly. Ling has additional meanings here. Ling: highly skilled. All of them look entirely different from their father.

Ji you zheng dou zhi xing .Rooster is born with a competitiveness nature for fighting Ji: rooster. it fights bravely and hard. and never quit easily. brave. its attribute is: Hard. Never be afraid to make a hard fight. and keep going on. disposition. Zheng Dou: fighting. Xing: nature. .ji you zheng dou zhi xing 6. In ancient times. competing. In competition. In Xingyi Quan practice. people believed it is in the rooster's nature to fight.

it shows how strong it is. and straight. it shows how quick it is. When it turns over its body during flying.Sparrow hawk possess the form for piercing the heavens Yao: sparrow hawk. Yao you zuan tian zhi shi . Sparrow hawk is a bird of prey. it shows how nimble it is. its attribute is: Quick. hard. Like a spare piercing forward. When it flies down. it shows how agile and accurate it is. When it flies up – Zuan Tian. When it flies to pass through the forest. In Xingyi Quan practice. It is quick and agile. .yao you zuan tian zhi shi 7. it looks like it can break through earth's bound. Zuan Tian: fly very quickly and straight up toward the sky. but still very nimble. Shi: form. Here the feeling is like seeing a swept wing fighter jet streaking toward the heavens at great speed.

clever. Swallow can fly very quickly with accurate movement. it cannot get water. It is not a hard but agile skill. . Qiao: very skillful.Swallow has the agility to skim over waters Yan: swallow Chao Shui: shallow grab or scoop the water from above lightly and quickly. also meaning accurate. exactly the right way. Here picture a swallow skimming just above the water. if it's a little bit low. In Xingyi Quan practice. it will fall into the water. artful. if a little bit high.yan you chao shui zhi qiao 8. its attribute is: Accurate skillful power with light and quick movement. Yan you chao shui zhi qiao .

Here it means snake can hide in grass and go through the grass with light. When it prepares for an attacks. She you bo cao zhi jing . . Usually it travels in zigzag patterns.she you bo cao zhi jing 9. skilled. In Xingyi Quan practice. Jing: spirit. Bo Cao: move grasses to the side. and attack suddenly. so it is difficult to predict where the attack will come from. meticulous. quick. essence. It can hide well. refined. and quick movement.Snake has the refined skill to move grass to side way cleanly She: Snake. sudden and accurate skill from unknown direction. it moves from side by side. as if moving grass to side way lightly. Snake is considered a vicious animal. its attribute is: Light. move quietly. quiet.

it is called Zhuang. It always expresses some sudden and powerful event. Zhuang: collide or ram. collapse. Tai is a kind of big fish. Beng: as in beng quan. its wings flap very powerful so that it is very strong and can knock over anything blocking it. or a kind of wild horse. In Xingyi Quan practice. When it's running. Usually when a big and heavy thing rams you with very high speed and strong power that is impossible to stop. hit by a car) Tai is a big mystical bird.tai you beng zhuang zhi zing 10. burst. (eg. This interpretation is the one commonly used in most Hebei Style Xingyi groups. In other versions. like an explosion. Tai you beng zhuang zhi zing . its attribute is: Strong and quick movement can destroy anything trying to stop or block it.Tai are skilled at collision and ram forward Tai: Mystical bird resembling the ostrich. .

never give him chance to fight back or run away. technique. powerful and accurate. hold. its attribute is: sudden. Zhou: capture. When the eagle is circling the skies and zooms in on a prey. people said every attack skill has to be like eagle talon. and if you get it.ying you zhou na zhi ji 11. it will suddenly drop down and capture the prey.Eagle are skilled at capture Ying: Eagle. In Xingyi Quan. Ji: skill. Na: grab. quick. Ying you zhou na zhi ji . powerful. and keep control all the way. Its capturing skill needs to be powerful and accurate. It means when you find a chance. . In Xingyi Quan practice. quick. and accurate. your attack should be sudden.

When the bear stands up. it shows very strong and powerful force from its shoulders and arms. Din means the top of the head. In Xingyi Quan. So Shu Din means hang up. straighten.xiong you shu ding zhi li 12. . Li: force. In Xingyi Quan practice.Bear shows it’s the power when it stands up Xiong: bear. It will be very strong and stable. its attribute is: Strong and stable. people always said when you defend. you should be like a bear stand up. Shu Ding: Shu means straight up. like nothing can attack it. Xiong you shu ding zhi li . It means stand up. or support with top of the head.

elbows-knees. qi-li i. Henan branch is sometimes referred to by practitioners as Xinyi Liuhe Quan instead of simply xingyiquan.Branches Xingyiquan has three main developmental branches:    Shanxi Hebei Henan However. shoulders-hips. three internal harmonies: xin-yi. Liuhe means "Six Harmonies" and refers to the six harmonies of the body (three external harmonies: wrists-ankles. thus retaining the older addition to the name of Xingyi. belonged. Schools of the Shanxi branch have a narrower stance. yi-qi. lighter footwork and tend to be more evasive. intention harmonises with your breath and physical . the identification of three separate branches is tenuous because of the extensive crosstraining that occurred across their lineages.e. This may be attributed to the fact that the Muslim community of China was historically a very closed culture in order to protect themselves as a minority. The Henan branch is known as the Muslim branch because it was handed down within the Muslim community in Luoyang to which its founder. with slightly different evasive footwork. Schools of the Hebei branch emphasise powerful fist and palm strikes. Ma Xueli. Schools of the Henan branch are typically the most aggressive of the three . spirit or "emotional mind" (xin) harmonises with your intention (yi). This suggests that the branches did not evolve in isolation. thus diluting any major differences between them.

it may or may not use five elements. it is uncertain which branch would constitute the "authentic" Xingyiquan.) This is not to be confused with the separate internal art Liuhebafa. progressing to shorter weapons and eventually empty-handed fighting. breath and physical momentum harmonise with your physical strength (li) that contribute to correct posture. Students would train initially with the spear. This technical overlap aims to produce greater learning efficiency.on the battlefield this would mostly have been used like its western equivalent to finish a fallen opponent through weak points in the armour) . Due to the historical complexity and vagueness of the lineages. Depending on the lineage. Xingyiquan emphasises a close relationship between the movements of armed/unarmed techniques. Both the Shanxi and Hebei branches use a twelve animal system with five elements while the Henan branch uses ten animals.momentum (qi). Weapons Traditionally xingyiquan was an armed art. Common weapons:        Spear Straight sword Sabre Large Sabre (used by infantry against mounted opponents) Long Staff Short Staff (at maximum length you could hold between the palms of your hands at each end techniques with this weapon may have been used with a spear that had been broken) Needles (much like a double ended rondel gripped in the centre .

and when confined to a prison cell only being able to practice Beng quan.  Fuyue (halberds of various types) Chicken-Sabre Sickle. Its alternate name is "Binding Flower Waist Carry". This weapon was supposedly created by Ji Longfeng and became the special weapon of the style. Reported to have won first place in the Imperial Martial Examinations sometime in the 17th or 18th century. Famous figures Since the validity of lineages are often controversial. Che Yizhai). He mastered Xingyi.a. Founder of the Tang Shou Tao school in the 1960s Bu Xuekuan 布學寬 Cao Jiwu 曹繼武 Chu Guiting 褚桂亭 Dai Long Bang 戴龍邦 Fu Chen Sung 傅振嵩 Guo Yunshen 郭雲深 Hong Yixiang 洪懿祥 .k. Names are presented in alphabetical order using pinyin romanisation. Famous figures Name Chinese Other names Notes (1876-1971) Disciple of Che Yonghong (a. Weapon diversity is great. this list is not intended to represent any lineage. Director of the Taigu County Guoshuguan. weight and shape. Chief instructor of baguazhang at the Nanjing Central Goushu Institute A legendary tale reports him as having been incarcerated for killing a man. the idea being that an experienced Xingyi fighter would be able to pick up almost any weapon irrespective of its exact length. Bagua and Taiji. Disciple of Li Cunyi. First student of the art from the Dai family.

Disciple of Guo Yunshen and Li Cunyi. Li Luoneng 李洛能 Li Nengran (李能然) Li Tian Ji 李天骥 Li LongFei (李龙飞) Li Cunyi Ma Xueli 李存义 馬學禮 Li Kui Yuan (李魁元) Shang Yunxiang 尚云祥 Song Shirong 宋世榮 Sun Lutang 孫祿堂 Sun Fuquan (孫福全) Wu Chaoxiang 武朝相 Zhang Baoyang 张宝杨 Zhang Junfeng Zhang Zhaodong 張俊峰 張兆東 Zhang Zhankui (張占魁) . introduced the Che style of Xingyiquan to Brazil. written with grandmaster Wang Jin Yu. Author of the book "Xing Yi Nei Gong". Founder and honorary president of the Beijing Xingyi Research Association. Author of several books on internal arts. Disciple of Wang Jiwu and Zhang Xiangzhai. Founded a major school in Taiwan in the 1950s. Founder of the Song Family Style. Helped to preserve Xingyiquan during the Cultural Revolution.Ji Longfeng 姬龍峰 Ji Jike (姬際可) Founder (or rediscoverer depending on how legendary you consider the Yue Fei tale. (1917-2000) Disciple of Bu Xuekuan. Was the first Chairman of the Chinese Wushu Administration under Communist China. Author of "The Skill of Xingyiquan". Still has a few highly skilled disciples in Beijing. popularizer of the art. also known for developing Sun style taijiquan. Disciple of Guo Yunshen Founder of the Henan or Muslim branch. Famous Boxer.) Nicknamed "Divine Fist Li". Founder of the Shang or "New Style" of the Hebei branch.