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Atomic no.

Elements

Symbols

No. of protons

No. of electrons

No. of neutrons

Distribution L M N

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Hydrogen Helium Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulphur Chlorine Argon Potassium Calcium

H He Li Be B C N O F Ne Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Ar K Ca

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

2 4 5 6 6 7 8 10 10 12 12 14 14 16 16 18 22

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 8 8

1 2

Elements & Symbols

Aluminium

Copper Nitrogen Argon Fluorine Oxygen Barium Calcium Iron


Valency Name of ion
Sodium Potassium Copper (I)* Silver

Al Cu N Ar F O Ba Ca Fe
Symbol
Na+ K+ Cu+ Ag+

Gold Potassium Boron Hydrogen Silicon Bromine Iodine Silver Sodium


Non metallic element

Au K B H Si Br I Ag Na
Symbol
H+ HClBrI

Carbon Lead Sulphur Chlorine


Magnesium

Uranium Cobalt Neon Zinc


Polyatomic ions
Ammonium

C Pb S Cl Mg U Co Ne Zn
Symbol
NH4+

1 2 3

Hydrogen Hydride Chloride Bromide Iodide

Magnesium Zinc Calcium Iron (II)* Copper (II)* Aluminium Iron (III)*

Mg2+ Zn2 Ca2+ Fe2+ Cu2+ Al3+ Fe3+

Oxide Sulphide

O2 S2-

Hydroxide Nitrate Hydrogen carbonate Carbonate Sulphite Sulphate Phosphate

OH NO3 HCO3 CO3 SO3 SO4 PO4

Nitride

N3-