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Differences

# Differences

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tabular form difference between related terms in physics
tabular form difference between related terms in physics

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07/10/2013

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# # DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MASS AND WEIGHT PARAMETER Definition MASS Is the matter contained in the body Scalar quantity

Measured by using beam balance Kilogram ‘kg’ Is constant and does not change from place to place. Cannot be zero at any place WEIGHT Is the force with which it is attracted towards the centre of the earth Vector quantity By using spring balance. Newton ‘N’ Is not constant and varies with the value of ‘g’ from place to place. Becomes zero when the body is taken to the center of the gravity i.e. when ‘g’=0 Is the gravitational force

Physical quantity Measurement SI unit Variation in value Zero value

Nature

Is the measure of body’s inertia

# DIFFERNCES BETWEEN ‘G’ AND ‘g’ PARAMETER Definition Universal gravitational constant ‘G It is equal to the force of attraction acting between two bodies each of unit mass , whose centers are placed a t a unit distance Nm2/ kg2 6.67 x 10 -11 N m2/ kg2 Same at all the places Acceleration due to gravity ‘g’ It is the uniform acceleration produced in a body when it falls freely under the effect of gravity. m/s2 9.8 m/s2 VALUE CHANGES – with change in shape of the earth, altitude and depth. Zero at the centre of the earth. vector

SI unit Numeric value Variation

Zero value quantity

NEVER ZERO Scalar

# DIFFERNCES BETWEEN GRAVITATION AND GRAVITY PARAMETER Definition GRAVITATION Any two objects in the universe attract each other by a force called gravitation. GRAVITY It is a special case of gravitation in which one of the two bodies happens to be earth. The force of gravitation exerted by the earth is called gravity. Forces involved are very large. Body pulls towards the earth, Causes the body to accelerate at 9.8 m/s2 Gravity acts on mass and gives weight Weight= mass x gravity W=m x g

Magnitude of force Motion Acceleration weight

Forces involved are very small Two attracting bodies do not move towards each other. Produces almost negligible acceleration It is not the measure of the weight

# DIFFERENCE BERWEEN BALANCED AND UN BALANCED FORCES PARARMETER State of rest State of motion BALANCED FORCES Does not change the state of rest, the body continue to at rest. Does not change the state of motion, i.e. if the body moves with constant velocity, it will continue to move with same velocity. Do not produce acceleration. They make the body move with constant velocity, hence ha no acceleration. Can change the shape of body, but not the direction of the body The resultant of all the forces acting on the body is zero UNBALANCED FORCES Changes the state of rest Can bring about change in the state of motion of a body, i.e. can make rest body move.

Acceleration

Any body moving with constant speed gets accelerated or decelerated due to the action of unbalanced forces. Can change the shape and direction of the body. The resultant of all the forces acting on the body is not zero.

Change Resultant force

# DIFFERNCE BETWEEN VELOCITY AND ACCELERATION PARARMETER Definition VELOCITY Is distance traveled by the body per unit time in a definite direction Velocity= displacement/ time When the body is not moving , its value is zero The direction of velocity decides the direction of motion For example , when the ball is thrown upwards, then the direction of motion of the ball and velocity is same. m/s ACCELERTION Rate if change of velocity of a body per unit time. Acceleration= change in velocity / time taken to change When the body is moving with constant velocity , its acceleration is zero. It does not decide the direction of motion. For example, when the ball is thrown vertically upwards, then the direction of motion of the ball is upwards but acceleration due to gravity acts downwards towards the earth. m/s2

formulae Zero value Direction of motion

SI unit

# DIFEFRNCE BETWEEN ACCLERATION AND RETARDATION PARAMETER DEFINITION ACCELERATION If the velocity of the body increases, then the rate of velocity is positive and is called acceleration A body falling freely from a certain height has positive acceleration of 9.8 m /s2 Final velocity is greater than RETARDATION If the velocity of the body decreases, then the rate of velocity is negative and is called retardation If a body is thrown upwards , its velocity decreases and has a retardation of 9.8 m /s2 Final velocity is lesser than

Example

Relation

initial velocity v > u initial velocity v < u # DIFFERNCE BETWEEN DISTANCE AND DISPLACEMENT PARAMETER Definition DISTANCE Actual path traveled by a moving body , irrespective of the direction in which the body ids traveling Scalar Always positive , can never be zero or negative Depends on the path that it follows Magnitude is always greater than or equal to the displacement DISPLACEMENT Shortest distance measured between the initial and final positions of a moving body in a particular direction. Vector May be positive, negative or zero Does not depend on the path followed by the moving body Always less or equal to the distance

Physical quantity Value Dependence on path Magnitude

# DIFFERNCE BETWEEN SPEED AND VELOCITY PARAMETER Definition SPEED Is the distance traveled by the body per unit time Scalar quantity Always positive Speed = distance traveled / time taken VELOCITY Is the distance traveled by the body per unit time in a specified direction Vector quantity Always negative Velocity= displacement / time taken

Physical quantity Value Formulae

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