Analytical Reasoning

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Types of Reasoning
Conditional Map Assignments
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Rule Symbols
A radio station will air programs A,B... F, Monday through Friday, with the following restrictions
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Program A must be aired before Program B
A→B

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Programs C and D must be aired on consecutive evenings
C↔D
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Program E can not be aired on the second day.
M T ~E W T F

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If Program A is aired, then program B must be aired
A⇒B
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If Program A is aired, then program B must not be aired
A ⇒ ~B

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Rules Quiz
If A ⇒ B, then B ⇒ A? Not necessarily If A ⇒ B, then ~B ⇒ ~A? Yes
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If A and B are both aired, then C cannot be aired.
A & B ⇒ ~C

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If C is aired, either D or E must be aired.
C⇒D/E

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Either A or B must be aired, but they both cannot be aired.
A / B ⇒ ~ B / ~ A, Either must

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Conditional Games

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Athletes in a meet
If A competes, B must compete. If B and C compete, D cannot compete. If C and D both compete, F cannot compete.
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Athletes in a meet
If D competes, either E or G must compete. Either E or F must compete, but they cannot both compete. E and G cannot both compete
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Symbolize clues
1. A ⇒ B, ∴~B ⇒ ~A 2. B & C ⇒ ~D, ∴ D ⇒ ~ (B & C) 3. C & D ⇒ ~F, ∴ F ⇒ ~ (C & D)
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Symbolize clues
4. D ⇒ E / G, ∴ ~E / ~G ⇒ ~D 5. E ⇒ ~F, F ⇒ ~E, Either must 6. E ⇒ ~G, ∴ G ⇒ ~E
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If only 3 compete, which could be that group?
(A) A, B and C (B) B, E and G (C) B, E and F (D) C, D and E (E) C, D and F

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• A, B, C. • B, E, G • B, E, F • C, D, E • C, D, F

Either E/F must. E ⇒ ~G E ⇒ ~F, Right C & D ⇒ ~F
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If D & G both compete, what must be true?
(A) C competes. (B) E competes. (C) F competes. (D) A does not compete. (E) B does not compete.
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Map Quizzes

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1. Messages can be sent in either direction between G & H, J & M, and K & L. 2. Messages can be sent from F to K, from H to J, from K to G, from M to F, and from M to H.
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Step 1 - Draw the map
Using statement 1 G M K
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H J L

Using statement 2

G F M K
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H J L

Which terminal can transmit to the greatest number of terminals?
M

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In traveling from G to K, how many terminals other than G & K are involved?
G F M K
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H J L

Assignment games

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Six books — on History, English, Algebra, Ceramics, Spanish, and Philosophy — are arranged on a shelf, with a bookend at either end.
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The History book is next to a bookend. The English book is next to the Algebra book. At least one book separates the English and Ceramic books, and the English and Spanish books.
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The Ceramics book and the Spanish book are next to each other. At least two books separate the English and Philosophy books.
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Step 1 - Framework
End 1 2 3 4 5 6 End

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Step 2 - Symbolize the clues
1. Bookend ↔ H 2. E ↔ A 3. NOT E ↔ C, NOT E ↔ S 4. S ↔ C 5. NOT E ↔ P, NOT E – P
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If H is next to E, what must be true?
(A) P is next to a bookend. (B) C is next to a bookend. (C) S is next to A (D) P is next to C (E) A is next to C
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put History next to either of the bookends
End 1 2 3 4 5 6 End H

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History book is next to the English book
End 1 2 3 4 5 6 End H E

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E↔A
End 1 2 3 4 5 6 End H E A

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NOT E ↔ P, NOT E – P
End 1 2 3 4 5 6 End H E A S/C

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S↔C
End 1 2 3 4 5 6 End H E A S/C C/S

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Only book that remains is P
End 1 2 3 4 5 6 End H E A S/C S/C P

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Which of the following books can be next to a bookend?
I. Philosophy II. English III. Ceramics
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Assignment - 2 D Grid

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On a train the staff were the guard, the TC and the driver. Their names listed alphabetically are A, B and C. There are also 3 passengers with names Mr. A, Mr. B and Mr. C. The following facts are known:
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Mr. B lives in Delhi
The guard lives halfway between Chandigarh and Delhi Mr. A earns exactly Rs. 200,000 a year. C once beat the TC in snooker.
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The guard’s next door neighbor, one of the three passengers mentioned, earns exactly three times as much as the guard The passenger living in Chandigarh has the same name as the guard. What is the driver’s name?
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