8.

022 Lecture Notes Class 45 - 12/12/2006

Quantum Stern-Gerlach experiment Stern’s idea : 1921 Stern, Gerlach did it , 1922 - 2 state system

1. Heat Ag atoms in oven

2. Collimate the beam 3. Put in homogeneous magnetic field in z ˆ 4. ? Ag: 47 e− ’s, 46 are in orbits 1,2,3,4 1 in 5s 5s e− : possibly magnetic moment µ

Fz =

∂ ∂Bz � ∼ (� µ·B ) = µz ∂z ∂z

S− µαS �  S = � + 2 S = − � − 2 S± = ± � 2 �= h = 6.2 � −→ S+ .5822 × 10−16 eV · s 2π .

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