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# A point mass is constrained to move on a massless hoop of radius a fixed in a vertical plane that rotates about its vertical

## symmetry axis with constant angular speed e .

[I.1]
Obtain the Lagrange equations of motion, assuming the only external forces arise from gravity.
Kinetic energy is exactly the same as with the spherical pendulum of problem 19,

( ) ( )
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
1 1
sin sin
2 2
T ma ma u u | u u e = + = + [I.2]
Potential energy is due to gravity,
cos V mgz mga u = = [I.3]
Then, the lagrangian is,

( )
2 2 2 2
1
sin cos
2
L T V ma mga u u e u = = + [I.4]
Then, the Lagrange equations of motion are,

2 2 2 2
1 1
2sin cos sin 2 sin cos sin
2 2
L d L d g
ma mga ma
dt dt a
e u u u u e u u u u
u u
c c
| | | |
= = + =
| |
c c
\ . \ .
[I.5]
In the angular direction, we have the equation of motion of a physical pendulum.
What are the constants of motion?
Dont know how to compute constants of motion!
Hint: look at
L
q
c
c
, the generalized force, in any given coordinates direction.
Hint: is the Lagrangian explicitly time dependent? If not, then you have an energy-like thing conserved

( )
2 2 2 2
1
sin cos
2
H T V ma mga u u e u + = + + [I.6]
See if Hamiltonian is a constant of the motion,

( )
2 2
1
2 2sin cos sin
2
dH
ma mga
dt
uu u u u e uu = + [I.7]
Hmmweird. No vanishing. The Hamiltonian is time dependent?
Show that if e is greater than some critical frequency
0
e , there can be a solution in which the particle remains
stationary on the hoop at a point other than at the bottom, but that if
0
e e < , the only stationary point for the particle is
at the bottom of the hoop. What is this critical frequency
0
e ?
Hint: get the effective potential.