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Bead on rotating hoop

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[I.1]

Obtain the Lagrange equations of motion, assuming the only external forces arise from gravity.

Kinetic energy is exactly the same as with the spherical pendulum of problem 19,

( ) ( )

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

1 1

sin sin

2 2

T ma ma u u | u u e = + = + [I.2]

Potential energy is due to gravity,

cos V mgz mga u = = [I.3]

Then, the lagrangian is,

( )

2 2 2 2

1

sin cos

2

L T V ma mga u u e u = = + [I.4]

Then, the Lagrange equations of motion are,

2 2 2 2

1 1

2sin cos sin 2 sin cos sin

2 2

L d L d g

ma mga ma

dt dt a

e u u u u e u u u u

u u

c c

| | | |

= = + =

| |

c c

\ . \ .

[I.5]

In the angular direction, we have the equation of motion of a physical pendulum.

What are the constants of motion?

Dont know how to compute constants of motion!

Hint: look at

L

q

c

c

, the generalized force, in any given coordinates direction.

Hint: is the Lagrangian explicitly time dependent? If not, then you have an energy-like thing conserved

( )

2 2 2 2

1

sin cos

2

H T V ma mga u u e u + = + + [I.6]

See if Hamiltonian is a constant of the motion,

( )

2 2

1

2 2sin cos sin

2

dH

ma mga

dt

uu u u u e uu = + [I.7]

Hmmweird. No vanishing. The Hamiltonian is time dependent?

Show that if e is greater than some critical frequency

0

e , there can be a solution in which the particle remains

stationary on the hoop at a point other than at the bottom, but that if

0

e e < , the only stationary point for the particle is

at the bottom of the hoop. What is this critical frequency

0

e ?

Hint: get the effective potential.

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