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vi

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1.

9
9

1.1.

10

1.2.

13

1.3.

16

1.4.

17

1.5.

19

1.6.

21

2.

26

2.1.

26

2.2.

27

2.3.

29

2.4.

31

2.5.

33

2.6.

36

2.7.

39

2.8.

41

2.9.

43

3.

45

3.1.

46

3.2.

48

3.3.

52

3.4.

53

3.5.

55

3.6.

58

vii
3.7.

59

3.8.

60

3.9.

61

4.

62
4.1.

62

4.2.

63

4.3.

64

4.4.

66

4.5.

68

4.6.

70

4.7.

71

4.8.

73

4.9.

75

'

'

78

1.

79

1.1.

79

1.2.

81

1.3.

83

1.4.

85

1.5.

93

1.6.

94

2.

96

2.1. -

96

2.2. -

99

2.3.

100

2.4.

102

2.5.
2.6.

104


3.
3.1.

106

'

108
108

VIM

3.2.

"

110

3 3.

111

3.4.

113

3.5. ( - )

114

3.6.

115

4.

116

4.1.

117

4.2.

117

4.3.

119

4.4.

120

4.5.

121

4.6.

123

'

'

127

1.

127

1.1.

127

1.2.

128

1.3.

129

2.

130

2.1.

130

2.2. ,

134

2.3.

137

2.4. (case study)

139

3.

140

3 1.

141

3.2.

142

3.3.

147

3.4.

148

3.5.

154

4.

4.1.

156
'.

156

4.2. ...157

IX

4.3.

160

4.4.

161

4.5.

162

4.6. ....164
4.7.

166

4.8.

168

4.9.

170

4.10.

175

4.11.

177
4.12.

'

178

'
1.

182
182

1.1.

183

1.2.

184

1.3.

185

1.4.

186

2.

187

2.1.

188

2.2.

191

2.3.

193

2.4.

196

3.

200

3.1.

200

3.2.

203

3.3.

204

3.4.

207

3.5.

209

4.

215

4.1.

216

4.2.

219

4.3.

221

4.4.

222

4.5.

227

4.6.

229

'

'

233

1.

234

1.1.

234

1.2.

236

1.3.

239

1.4.

244

1.5.


2.
2.1. :

......249
253
253

2.2.

260

2.3.

263

2.4.

271

3.

3.1.

274
274

3.2. ..278
3.3.

282

3.4.

285

3.5. 291
3.6.

292

295

310

318

357



, :

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.
(Glazer 1992, . 373-389, Castellan 1977, .
131-145, Cartron Winnykamen

1995, 1989,

Peters McMahon 1996).


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( 1965, .128-141, Cooper 1995).
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(- 1956).
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1970 1990 ( 1995).
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(Herbert 1998a), )

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35-40
1 3 , 10%, 1 10
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1990, 20-25 , 10 15
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(-

1998)


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(case studies).

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(4,6 -10 ) (Olthof Engelberts-Vaske 1997).

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(Temple 1997) (Woodward,
Dowdney Taylor 1997).

.
, -
.

.

.
(Pfister 1933),
: )
, , ,
,
, )
, , .
(Marcelli 1993, Scheeringa et al.
1995). (posttraumatic stress disorder) ,
. ,
, .

7
,
(Hammil Bartel 1990, Rowan et al. 1994). ,
,
(Shea Bauer 1988, Browne
Saqi 1989, . 77-103). ,


(Lebovici Sole 1995, Richman 1987, Briere et al. 1995).

A'

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1.

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10
1.1.
,

, .
deviance - -
, atout
type de conduire sortant de normes admises par une socit donne,
dlinquance (West 1987, Sheldrick 1987, Wolff 1987)

. La deviance individuelle,

, ,

, '
. ()
deviate
deviant, e
(Bloch et al. 1991, Champy Eteve 1994, . 237, Gresle et al. 1994).
(Cohen 1966, 1971, 1986, Wilson 1978, 1992)

Ecole de Chicago,
(L'ecologie urbaine), Durkheim 1938, 1970, 1973, 1992, 1978, Merton
1965,

1969.

fonctionnalisme)

(l'ethnomethodologie)


, Dlinquance juvenile

(le

Cicourel.

( 1992)

Juvenile

Delinquency ,
. ale monde des
Bandes , ,
,
, .

.
,

((.

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.

. :

11
, .
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-,
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. ( 1971)
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- ,
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,
(I.Q.). ,

.
,
(Goode 1994, Foulgie 1978, . 102, Herbert 1998a,

12
] 1997, . 120, Vergason and Anderegg 1997, . 48. Deviance: Achieving ,
behaving, or adapting in ways (hat veiy noticeably from societal norms in their personal

characteristics - mental, emotional, moral, or physical.

, (Pearson

1986, Kazdin 1980, Kazdin 1981, Kazdin 1984)


. (deviant
behaviour),
, .
, ,
.
. 19801990,
7-12 . 180 1980 366
1990, 223
(Chazal 1967, 1990). 1984
1990,
.
( 1996) ,
, , ,
, ,

(- 1975, 1979).
.
. ,
.
. , -
- (
1989, , , 1996).


(Lafon 1991, Lebovici Sole 1995, Elliot 1994, . 63-90, 143-165,
Barbance 1993, Chauchat 1985, Dare 1987a, ' Neil 1997, NASEN 1997, Tutt 1992,
1990). (Herbert 1998a) ,
.
, , '
.

13
.
:
,
, , ( et al.
1998). (Kazdin
1995a, b, Rodriguez Green 1997, 1998, 1997).
,
(Dare 1987b, Howe,
Petrakos Rinaldi 1998, Muran, Rosenthal Beck 1994, Strier 1996, Reymond-Rivier
1989). .
,
,
( 1989).

(Lurcat 1990, Landen 1996, 1994, 1998,
1997, 1994, 1994, 1995, - 1998).

, ( 1) ,
. ,
,
,
.
,
. 5-15
15.000 .

, ,
,
.

1.2.
.
,

14
.
. ,
,
( 1996).
,
,
(Aichorn 1942), .
.
( 1993, 1992, . 70-95)
7-17 . ,
, ,
. ' "
'"( 1985, 1992, Cohen and Land 1992). ,

,
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,
, , .
,
,
, , ,
(- 1998).
.
, -

(Pizzolongo 1996).

(Cullen 1984, Cohen 1966,
Ajzem 1990, . 45-61) .
,
.
4,6-10 .
, -
(Kumpferetal. 1996).

15
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.

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16
1.3.
, ,
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,
. :
(Korbin 1979,
- 1987, 1988, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1993, 1990),

.
.
-
(Barta Winn 1996, Cantos, Neale ' Leary 1997, -
1990, ).
^ .
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( 1979, 1988, 1995, Dolto 1988a, b).
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Framo ,
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17
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1.4.
(Wellendorf 1995, , , ,
Lagache 1970, . 92-94)
, .
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Durkheim (1938, 1970, 1973) ,
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.
Parsons (1951, 1968, . 311-320) ,
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18
, , , , , .
,
(Milkie et al. 1997). (Damanakis 1998), ,
,

( et al. 1998).
. ,

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Wich,
,

, Marinoni, .

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( 1998) ,
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,
( 1989, Gulhati Minty 1988).
, ,

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, (Marzouki 1997).
,

19
'



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( 1996).
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1.1.

1.5.

(Noel King 1994, Besnard 1987, 1978,

20
, , 1980, ). , ,
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. M. Leblanc
,

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( 1996), ,
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)) (Pearce Pezzot-Pearce 1994,
Pellegrini Meyers 1992, Hewett 1998, Cole, Visser Upton 1998, Cornwall Tod
1998).

21
, - -
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. , ,
, , ,
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, .

1.6.
(, 16, 20/11/94, 15/1/95,
7/2/95, 18/6/95) ,
(- 1975) . ,
,
.

(Schramm, Lyle Pacher 1961, 1974, Sherman et al.
1992).
.
{ (2/7/95) (10, 15, 17,
20, 21, 23, 25/6/95, 1/7/95)},
. ,
,

(Gangloff 1994, Cochran et al. 1997).
, ,
( 1994),
(Bizot 1996). , ( 1996).
.

'
.
,

22
( 1996).

-
- .
( ),
( 1994,
). ,
,
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, ( 1961,
- 1975, 1992, 1992, ,
1960, 1992, . 70-95),
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21 .
(7-12 ) 126
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(17-21 ),

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1919, , .

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23
.
,
, .. ( 1981, 1989,
1998, March t a l . 1997, Malchiodi 1998)

5098/1931,

, . ,
( 1972, 1974),
- -
, .
.

, ,
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,

.
2135/1939

,
, , .

( 1979, Brannen ' Brien 1995).


(A.N. 2724/27 1940),

.

,

(-

-
,

1977). ,

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24
. ,

.
, .
, ,
2330 18/21 1953,

.
, ( 1948,
1952, 1994) . ,
7/16
1973 145 ',

.


( 1994),
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( 1992, . 275-294): ()
, ,
, ()
, , .

25
1.1.
,
1970, .


1918

(1997)

1925



1930

1931

1957

1964

1968

1969


....


....

26

2.

2.1.
,
. ,
. 17 19
Hobbes Fourier,
.
.
.

, , , ,
( 1994, , Piajet 1948, 1991).
5 ..,
, .
J.J Rousseau (Discours sur l'origine de
l'ingalit, 1755) 18 ,
.
19 .
.
.
-.
, .

, (behaviorism),
(gestalt psychology), Piaget J.
.
, ,
. (19 ),
. ,
. Reich ,
(Die Messenpsychologie dps Faschismus,
1933), (Horkheimer,

27
Adorno, Marcuse, Habermas) (potential
humain). ,
, ,
.
, , Rogers,
,
.

(20 ),
, , , ,
, .
( 1989, . 33-35),
(Mead), (Symbolic
interaction).

Lewin,

(field theory). ,
(Kohler, Wertheimer, Koffka) Tavistock,
,
.

2.2.

, ,
. ,
,

( 1997,

Rosenbaum Chesney-Lind 1994). ,



.

,
.

,
, ,
.

28
,

, . ,
, ,
, .
. ,
. , , ,
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,
,
, Le Bon (1895).
(instici grgaire)
,
. McDougall

(1908), Le Bon

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,

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(Kantor, Hunter, Faris, Bernard, Duniap),



(1993),

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(
, ), .
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29
. . ,
, .

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),

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(1978) Le Bon,
,
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Moreno (role playing-acting, 1924

1996, . 52-54),

, .
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2.3.
.

30

4 ..

.
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( 1989, , , . 176-191)

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31
,

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, .

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2.4.
(- 1988, 1994, .
398, 1988, 1985, 1988, 1994,
. 27-48, 1995, . 337) ,
,
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. ,
,
, , .

, .
, .

(Kottaridi, Kppi Adam 1998, Barnhouse, Walters Briggs 1993).
Berge
. ,
, ,
,
.

32

( 1996, , 1997).
, . ,
( 1998), , ,
,
( 1988, 1988, 1975, 1975, 1996,
1990, Cooper 1995),
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.
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33
2.5.
,
.
,

- .

, , .
,
.
-.
.
,
. ,

.
,
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,

(nuclear family).
-,
.

. ,


(

1997, -

1988,

1988, -

1995,

1988). , ,
, . -

.

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34

( 1994, 1989, 1987, 1993).

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, -
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( Hans )
) ,
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(- 1998).
,
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35
, single mothers.

- - ,

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, , ( 1994),
, .

( 1994, 1996) ,

70, ,
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( 1994, . 175-217)

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36
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2.6.
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37
-, .
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( 1993).
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(Gilbert 1956, . 27).
Parsons,

, .
,
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Homans,

38
,
.

Hoffman,
.
, ,
. ,
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,
.

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.

Homanns,

, ,
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(1989, , , ), (1996),
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39

,
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.

2.7.

, ,
, .
.

,
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, -
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.

(Bailey 1990, Shrum Check 1987).



. ,
, ,
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, ,

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() ().
, , ,
(Chancerei 1989, Polland 1994). ,

40

.
,
.
Wallon Piaget, ,

, ,
(situation)
. ,
. ,
, ,
. , ,
().
: ) )
(competences)
.

' ,
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,
, . ,
, ( et al. 1984).
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(acculturation)

. , ,
,
.

41
2.8.
.
.

,
(Porcher 1995, . 18, 1998, 1997, ,
. 26, 2/3/97, Kapferer 1985). ,
,
. , . .
. ,
,

.

(
1998, 1998). ,
.

.
5-6 .
7-10 ,

. (, 16/11/94, 1994, ,
-Hardy 1994).
,
.
(Choat, Griffin Dorothy
1987, 1996).
.
,
.
(Wood et al. 1991, Messenger Davies 1989, . 101-117, 1991, Porcher 1995, . 46-47), -
.

42
,
,
,

.
. ,
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-
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1998, 1998, 1998).
,
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.
( 1998).
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.

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( 1998, 1998, 1998). ,
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43
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2.9.
. , ,
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.

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44
.
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,
( 1998, 1998, 1998).

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1998, 1998).

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,

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( 1991, 1992, Porcher 1995, . 25-139).
, ,

45
,
.
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-
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3.
( 1985, Barthomeuf
1997, . 91-96, 1990, 1993, Sudan 1997),
.

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,


, ' ,
.

46
3.1.
H

, .
- , (Goldstein 1994,
. 15-40, 41-96, 1993, 1992, 1984, 1992,
1992). ,
-,

-,

-, -, -, -,
-.
-
( 1989, 1989, . 176-191, 1992, ),
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- .
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12 , .
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.
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.
(Berkowitz 1993,
1973),
, .
,

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47
, ,
, .

(Laplanch Pontalis

1986)

.


. .
(frustration).
. ,
, .
, - .
,
, '

.
(hostile aggression)
(instrumental aggression), ,
,

,
( 1990). ,
.
, .
,
, ( 1993),

. ,

(Dollard et al. 1939, Bandura 1986, 1973a, b) .


, ,

48

.
, (Freud 1953, .
1991, . 9-27) ,
.
, ,
.
,
,
( 1972
, 1980, ).

3.2.

, 20 .
1960,

.
Kempre,
- -
(battered child syndrome).
( 1989, 1987,
1989, 1987)
,
. ,
Unicef

().

, ,
( , , ).

:
, . ' . ' .
. , !
. ! ' , ,

49
, . . :
, , ' , . ,
... ', , '
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(
), '
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.
( 1987, 1990, Cooper Ball 1989),

, - . ,
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-
- .

,
(1987), ,
)

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(, 1994, - 1991).
, ,
Munchausen ' , ,
.
, , . ,
.

, ( 1998,
1997, 1995, Eggebeen Lichter 1991, . 801-817,
1998, 1988, 1991, Daka 1997, 1990).
- - ,

50

.
(NET, 12/11/97 19/11/97.
)
. 150 ,
,
,

.

. ,
,
, .
:
. . .
. .
,
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,
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,
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.
(, , 10/11/96, ),
,
,
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.
,
, .
, ,
,
(Kempre 1962, . 17-24, Kempre 1978).

51
,
(,
..), .
, , ,
(Bowers et al. 1995, . 921-932, - et al. 1990)
.

, , ,

, ,
, ,
( - 1996).
. , , .

(National Center for Child Abuse and Neglect), 1978,


60.000 (Drouet
1997, . 97-102, 1987, 1993).
(Szur 1989, O'Hagan 1994, Browne
Saqi 1989, . 77-103) .
,

. ,
,
.
, ,
.
0-12
,
. ,

..., ,

(- 1998, .70-73).
,
.

52

.

3.3.

.
. ,
, .
, , .
(single mothers),
. ,
, ,
.
, , ' ,
(Cottle 1995,
UNICEF 1997, . 16-20, . )
. , (Lathuilliere
1997, . 12-15.),
, ( UNICEF:
).
( 1991) . ,
.

.
, ,
- - .

, .
: ,
. .
, .
. , .
UNICEF

53
(Koh 1997, . 16-20.

, ,
.

. ,
(failure to thrive),
(Jacob Laberge 1997, 1991, Greif 1995, . 19-22).
(
1998, , Kendall-Tackett Eckenrode 1996)
, .

,
.

3.4.
,
.
. ,
.
, ,
, , ,
(- 1998, .20-23).
,
, . ,
, .

: . , , ,
.
. ,
.
.
- ,
( - 1991)

54
(Family Stress Checklist).
( , )
, :
, ,
, ,
, ,
, ,
, ,
,
.
,

.
,
, ,
, . (- 1998, . 3134).
,
,
, .
, , , ,
. ,
,
,

( 1989,

Patterson, Chamberlain Reid 1982, . 638-650, 1995),


1998, 1998)
.
, . , ,
.
. (1990),

.
. ,
, ,
.

55


. ,
, ,
,
. ,
.
( 1996) ,
, ( 1991, ),
, ,
.
,

, ,
( 1991 ).

3.5.
,
, - , ,

( 1993, 1992, Tunnel Cox 1995, Brochu 1994) , ,


( 1996, Edwards Smith 1996, Herman 1996), (
1995), , , , .
,
(. . ' 3,1.). ,
. , ,
.


.
, ( 1995)
.
, ,
. ,

56
,
. ,
.
,
, .
, ,
.
.
. ,
, , ,

, ,

.
(Tulloch Tulloch
1990, 1988, 1989, Sussman Steinmetz 1987), ,
, , ,
, ,
( , 1985).

,
.
, ,

DNA.

, ,
.
,
(Durkheim 1973, 1978). Coser
, ,
. ,
, ,
(irrationelle).

. (1500 ..)
,

, ,

.
. - ,
, ,

57
'

,
,
.

(anomic) Durkheim (1938, 1970).


, ,

.

( 1994, . 63-119, 129-135,

Hopkins 1996, . 41-62, Cohen 1993, . 205-212)

,
.
(3 )
,

, ,

, .

1987, 1991, 1995,

1996) , ,
.

.

58
3.6.

.
,
(special education)
(special educational needs) ( 1983, - 1994,

1998), Pumfrey

Reason

1995,

1988,

1988).
(learning dissabilics),
, (
1994), .
, ,
.
. ,
, .
, .

.
, , ,

.
,
.
, , ,
,
.
, ( ), ( ).
, ,
,
, ,
, .
, (
1989),
.

59
, ,
.
,
. ,
.
. ,
, . ,
.
, ,

(difficults d'apprentissages) .

3.7.

(Gadow et al. 1987, Kiernan, Jordan Saunders 1980, . 264-291,


Gadow Sprafkin 1993, Sanson Di Muccio 1993, et al. 1994,
1998) .
.

,
, , (Herbert 1998a, . 33-37).

, , (ADHD, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder).
, ,
, (Arora 1996), ,
,

, , , ,
, ,
(Herbert 1998a, . 15-27).
( 1997, )
,
(Herbert 1998a, .

60

38-50). , ,
,
( 1985, 1994, , 2, Virtual
Reality, Reality show, 17/2/1997, et al. 1991).

3.8.
(Widiger et al. 1996, 1997,
1996, Raine 1988)
(Warden Christie 1997, . 34-44).

.
,
. ,
, .
,
,
(American Psychiatric Association, 1994 DSM - IV,
Washington. (DSM: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders),
DSM - II 1968, DSM - III, 1980, DSMlli-R, 1987).
ICD (International
Classification of Diseases),
(Mental and Behavior Disorders), (Widiger et al. 1996, 1992).
,

.
(Coie
1996, . 1-18, Tremblay et al. 1996, . 268-298).
, 15 ,
: ,

, , ,
(, , ) ,

61
, ,
,
, , ,
, , ,
, , ..
, .
,
. ,
(Raine 1988, . 231-250)
.
. (Atkinson Butler 1996, Katsiyannis Archwamety 1997).
, , .
, , ,
, .
,
, . ,
,
.

3.9.
(Kaplan Saddock 1995, Klein 1997, 1976,
. 142-153) ,
.

, ,
, - , , , .
.
,

.
;
, .

62

.

.
, ,
.
,
, .
, ,
.
, .
, ,

.

4.

4.1.
,

( 1992, Winder Rau 1962).


,
. Stanford, ,
SPQ (Stanford Parent Questionnaire), 28
,
: , - , ,
,
, , ,
, - ,
, , ,

63
, , , ,
, ,
, , - ,
, ,
, , ,

, , .

,
'
. - -
,
,
.
(, 1996)
(etayage).

4.2.

.

(identification primaire) (Laplanche


Pontalis 1986, . 492, 486, 1996, .52, 54) , ,
. ,
.
, .

.

. ,
, , ,

.
. ( ),
,
( ). , ,

64
'

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,
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,
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,
, .
,
, , .
: -
, ,
, .
,

. ,

.,

Jacobson, - ,
(oneness),
, (sameness), (likeness),
(closeness).

4.3.
,

, , -

65
.
,
.
,
, .
,

.
,
,

, , .

: , ,
, , , .
,
.

,
. -
,
,
.

, (
1994, Klein 1997, . 122-140)
. ,
.
,

.
,
,
, , , , ,
, , ,
(- 1998, . 24-26).
:
.
, ,
,

66
.
(
1991, 1992, Webster-Stratton Spitzer 1991).

. ,
,

4.4.
,
.
.
,

. .
,

, ..
,
,

.

(- 1998, . 38-39).
,
-
(Gray Noakes 1998).

( 1990,
1996, . 51-55, Polland 1994, . 175-189).

67
(Holland 1998)
.
,
. , ,
,
.

.
.
,
, . ,
,
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,
.
, ,
.
,
, .

,
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.

.
,
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.

68
1.2.

4.5.

.
,

. ,

, .
,
Lewin.
' ,
, .

,
, .

, ,
. ,

69
\
, , ,
, ' . ,
( 1995, 1996, 1989, SaillantCarraud 1996, 1987, Perrenoud 1996) ' ,
.
,
,
. ,
, . ,

.
,
.

. Bernstein
Davies (1972)
' .
(framing),

,
- - .
, ,
,
.
, .
,
.
,
, ,
, .
Lourau

Mendel, ,
. ,

70
, .
,
.

4.6.
. ,
, . ,
.
,
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.
,
: , ,
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,
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,
.

.
. ,
,
. ,
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, ,
.
,
, ,

. Vinniccot,
, , , .
, , .
.

71

, ( 1976).

.
,
, .
, ,
,
.

,
( 1976, 1990).

4.7.
,
.

,
,
.
,
-

- ,
' ,
, .
, , ,

. , .
( 1998)
,

72
.
Benetton. ,
, .
,
,

,
.
,
, ,
.

,

. ,

, .
, ,
, .

,
. ,
.

,
, .

,

70.

,
, ,
(
1996, Reid 1982, Perrenoud 1996).

73

4.8.
,
. ,
,
, - - .
,
.
( 1994). - -
, , ,
, . , ( 1990,
-Hardy 1996, Houssa 1996, . 26-28, Fabry 1979).
,
,
, .
,
, .
, ,
,

.

. ( 1997, Lurcat 1989, 1993, .
24-29) ,
. ,
,
.
,
, ,
. (
: , 1985).
,
.
, ,
. ,
,

74
. ,
,
.
, ,
, , ,
.
(1989),

,
. .. .
.
, - ,

.
,
.
,
, , , ,
, . ,

,
, ( 1994). ,
. -
- .
,
, ,
.
.
,
,
.
, .

75
4.9.
,
(Duck and Mullin 1995).
( 1996), ,

, ...
, .

. , ,
.
,
, .
(Duck and Mullin 1995).
,
. , ,
. , ,
, .
, .
. ,
,
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,
,
,
.
.
.

.
, .

, , , , , -
, .

76
,
, .
, (Glazer 1992, . 373-389),
. .

. ,
.
. ,
( 1996, ).

'

(Herbert 1989, . 89-114)
,
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,
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(Pankow 1989),
.
. ,
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, , .

, . ,
,
, , ,
.

,

, ,

79
, , ,
( 1995, , 1995, . 118-140).
, :


. , ,

.

1.

1.1.
.

,
. , ,
,

( 1985).
,

' . (Edmunds Kendrik 1980,


. 15-22, 1992, Farver Frosch 1996, et al. 1996, 1994)

.
(passive aggression),
,
. ,
, , .
,
.
DSM III-R, (Cooley et al. 1995, Birmaher et al.
1997) - ,

80
, ,

, .

(Johns Carr 1995, Chute Bliss 1995,
1992, Wodrich 1997, Begoin 1989, . 619-637),
.
, ,
,

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.

, :
, ( 2. .
. , ,

,),
,
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). (Tattum Lane 1994, Tattum


1994, 1993, 1994)
,
,
,
.

81
, , :
. '
' , , .
, .
,
, , : 7
( 4. . .
.

),
. .
,
, :
. '
.

1.2.
(verbal aggression),
, ,
. , ,
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1992, ),

.
, , , , , ,
, ,

.

, :
,

. .
,

82
.

. , ,
.
,
.
. ,
,
(Foucault 1971). ( 1997), 30/11/97, :
,
, ,
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,
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, (Hofman 1974.

,
.
,
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( 1992) ,
, .

83
,
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(- 1991)

.
. ,
, (: 5.

9,6 ,
,
).

1.3.
,
.

( 6. , .
,

84
, ,
,
'. ).
-
, ,
, .
,
.
, ( et al. 1997,
1987) .
, ,
.
, (Schaaf McCanne
1994).
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,
.

-
. ,
.
,
.
,
,
.
(Dumas et al. 1995)

,
, ,
. ,

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,
, .

85
,
.
,
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,
,
. '
, ,
, .

1.4.

,
, ,
.
, ,

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-
, ,
( 7. .
. , .
. ,
. ,
). .
, 30/11/97,
1996, AGB Hellas,
0-12 ,
2.1 ( 1997).
2.1.

4-5

2 , (31,2%)

4 , (25,5%)

4 , (23,2%)

6-9

2 , (37,3%)

4 , (39,1%)

4 , (34,9%)

86
,
6,8% .
( et al. 1991, 1994, ),
.

.
. ,
' ,
.

( 1994, ).
, : )
7 , ) , )
) .
,
. ,
(
1992, Balrog 1996, Henriot 1982, . 125 -167).
, ( 1996,
Messenger Davies 1989, . 118-134, 1985,
1994), 1977,

.
. ,

, .
,
, ,
(Gunter McAleer 1997, Hodge Tripp
1986 . 159-188)..

(Cumberbatch 1994, Buchman Funk 1995, Sanson Di


Muccio 1993), : ,
, ( 1996).

87
, 21/1/96, ,
: ... ,
.
,
, : .
. , ,
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. Seven . 14/6/98)
,

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, : ,
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.

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88
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16 - . (Balrog 1996.

(Gadow Sprafkin 1993, Gunter McAleer 1997, 1977),
,

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, (Gadow et al. 1990,

1991, Gadow et al. 1987), ,

,
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1993, . 229-242, Hodge Tripp 1986). (
1996) : T.V.
(
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89
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60
.

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90

3.
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.

1. ;
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2. ;
ANTENNA
3. ;
.
4. ;

5. ;

6.
;


;


. .

8. ;

4.

60
20
30

60
120
30

60
60
30

60
60
60

60
120
60

120
120
120

105
120
120

525
620
450

91
2.2

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ANTENNA, .
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22.1.
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ANTENNA, .
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23.1.
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ANTENNA,
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24.1.
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25.1.
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26.1.
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ANTENNA, ,
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92
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25.3.
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21.3.
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30

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7

93

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17
11
16
13

12
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149
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150

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152

3.13. .
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3.15.

6,2
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8,6
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5,6
5,6
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8,6
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4,7
4,3
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155

3.16. . (

- )

SD


-2.467
-3.432*
3.937

-1.933
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2.728

-3.233
-4.550*
3.892

-1.133
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2.921

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-1.772
3.708

-1.933
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2.947
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3.17. . (


)

SD

-2.400

-4.299*
3.058
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3.263

-2.900
-5.381*
2.952

-1.033
-2.060
2.748
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3.568
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-2.767
2.775
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3.18. . (


)






SD

0.067
0.800
0.333
0.100
0.800
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3.832
3.336
3.986
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2.605
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0.095
1.313
0.458
0.181
1.682
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156
4.
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13
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157
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8

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( 3.20). (1) "
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159
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160

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(%)

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161

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162
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4.5.

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()

32
30
32
33
29
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30
31
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28
31
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27
27
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23
32
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44
26
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24
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41
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42
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23
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28
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31
25
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33
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47
30
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28
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26
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47
34
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163
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31,4 27,9 .
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164
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3.25.

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4.6.

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165
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75
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166
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3.27).

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167

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10

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169
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1.
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171

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172
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10

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50
10

4
10
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35
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60
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3.30
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173
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10

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16

50
25

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174
3.32.

20
0
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100
0
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0
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4
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80
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175
4.10.

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176
3.34. ( )
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60

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25
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65
60
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55
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20
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50
60
50
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65
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55
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70
75
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15
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70

50

177
4.11.

. 3.35

SD

1.633
-0.600
3.167

6.083
6.140
5.931

1.471
-0.535
2.924

0.267
-2.000
0.700

6.368
2.779
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0.229
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0.645

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. 3.36.
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-
-
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0.713
0.778

0.733

0.768

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. 3.37.

-
-
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0.874
0.768

0.803

3.36.

-
~~
0.710

178
. 3.38.
,

-
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0.652
-
3.36.

-
0.766

3.39.
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-
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0.671
-
0.700
3.36.

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0.721

. 3.40.

-
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0.704
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0.647
3.36.

-
0.735

4.12.

, .

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179
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(Hassoun 1996)
47 , ,
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Romain Rolland

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A'

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1.

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.

183
1.1.
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( . 1978, 1991,
. 9-27,

119-127).


,
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(KendallTackett Eckenrode 1996, 1992, . 32-86 (. '), 101-130 (. ),


Atkinson Butler 1996, 1992, . 275-296, Barker 1993, 91-105, Povey 1993).

184

1.2.

( 1995, . 21-50,
1989).
(1899-1990, l'interprtation des rves,

).

, , '

( 1990). .

( 1996).

(
,

Reich

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( 1994, . 41-47). ,
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(Richman 1987).
, , , .
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,
, ( 1990, Castellan 1996,
Lopez 1997).
, ,
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- , impingement

185
,

(Pankow

1989).


25. .
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( ).

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( 1976, . 169-186, 250255). ,
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).

1.3.
,
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( 1994, . 63-119, Curtis 1993, . 151-166, Daniels Com' 1993, .
201-217, Herrenkohl et al. 1995).
,

186
.
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( 1995, . 106-123). 27.
. (, , , )

(, , ).

1.4.
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. ,

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(( ,
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.
. ( 1992, 145-161, 1987,
et al. 1986).

.

187
',
, . ,
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,
( 1994, . 150-170, Bower Knutson 1996).

,
.
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2.
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.
(Dolto 1982, 1995, 1989, 1992, . 106-116, 139159). , ,
Munchausen ' , , ,

(- 1991).
, - ,

( 1994). ,
,
, (- 1985, Russell
1997), . ,
-, (Steele,
Steele Fonagy 1996).
, :

188
0-2 '.' ',
,
,
, ( et al. 1998).
, 28,
.
(
). ( 28. ).
, .

( 1976).

( 1986).

2.1.
,
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.

(Milgram
1979, . 218-237, Ball 1978).
,
. ,
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( 1996).

,
4,6 . ,
,
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189

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190


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234
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355
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Aichorn 1942

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Ajzem 1990

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Ajzen 1988

310

Aldridge Wood 1997

212

American Psychiatric Association 1987

106

Anderson Payne 1994

119

Andrews, McLeese Curran 1995

243

Arora 1996

59

Askew 1994

113

Atkinson Butler 1996

61; 183

Attwood 1998

194

39

Baillet 1997

121

Ball 1978

118; 122; 188


86; 88; 112; 290

Bandura 1973

313

Bandura 1973a

47

Bandura 1973b

47

Bandura 1986
Banks 1995
Barbance 1993
Barker 1993

47; 313
110
12
183

Bamhouse, Walters Briggs 1993

31

Barta Winn 1996

16

Barthomeuf 1997

45

Begoin 1989

80

Bclkin et al. 1994


Berkowitz. 1993
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19

Birmaher et al. 1997

79

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21

Blanchet 1988

203

Blanch* 1998

260; 261; 284

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254

Bloch et al. 1991

10

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216

Boat Eversoli 1994

260

Bootzin, Acocella Alloy 1993

239

Bower Knutson 1996

187; 264

Bowers et al. 1995

51; 239

BranneiiKaiO' rien 1995

23

Briereet al. 1995

7; 233; 316

Brighouse 1993

221

Brochu 1994
Browne Saqi 1989

55
7; 51; 233; 316

Buchman Funk 1995

Bailey 1990

Balrog 1996

Besnard 1987

201
46
69; 117

86

Bullock, Fitzsimons Gable 1996

223

Butler, Demmin Strupp 1997

213

C
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314

Cambronne 1996

103

Cantos, Neale O'Leary 1997


Caplan 1986
Cartron Winnykamen 1995
Castany Pantanella 1996

16
219
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Castellan 1977

1; 312

Castellan 1996

184

Champy Eteve 1994

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Chancerei 1989

39; 316

Chauchat 1985

12

Chazal 1967

12

Cheesbrough Hill 1996

106

Chcn Kaplan 1997

277

Cheuna 1996

191

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41

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209

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Docking 1993

Dollard et al. 1939

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Cierco 1996

103

Dolio 1985

316

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316

21

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Cohen 1966

3; 10; 14; 310

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51

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57

Duck and Mullin 1995

75

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96

Dumas et al. 1995

84

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106

Duny 1984

106

Cochran et al. 1997

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315
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Durkheim 1973

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20

Durkheim 1992

10; 20; 108

122

Cullen 1984
Cumberbatch 1994
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79
1; 32; 270

223; 250
131
52; 204; 205
209
14; 310
86
185; 275

Edmunds Kendrik 1980

79

Edwards Smith 1996

55

Eggebeen Lichter 1991

49

Eisenberg et al. 1997

209

Elliot 1994

12

Ethier, Lchante Couture, 1995

Daka 1997

49

Damanakis 1998

18
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12

Dare 1987b

13

Deal 1996

277

Dinitz, Dynes Clarke 1975

263

204

F
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73

Famularo et al. 1994

239

Farrell 1995

110

Farrellet al. 1995

108

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Daniels Corrie 1993

250; 254

20

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108

10; 17; 57

Cornwall Tod 1998

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49

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238

114; 119; 254

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79

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116

Floro 1995

125

Flynn 1996

223

Fogell Long 1997

241

Foucaul 1971

82

Foulgie 1978

11

Freedman 1961
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87
48; 81

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103

Ho 1996

Fuentes, Cantu Stechuk 1995

199

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124

Hofman 1974

Furlong 1993

233

Hokoda Fincham 1995

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260

Holland 1998

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Gadowet al. 1990

88; 110

Gadow Sprafkin 1993

59; 88

Gangloff 1994

21

Gautherin 1992

121

Gilbert 1956
Gillhamet al. 1998
Glazer 1992

37
250; 254
1; 76; 312
196

Goin 1998

120
86; 88; 108; 112
82
219
67; 271

Hollin 1993

233

Holroyd Sheppard 1997

242

Hopkins 1996

57; 254

Houssa 1996

73; 113

Howe, Petrakos Rinaldi 1998


Hunter 1997

13
260

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241,278

46

Jacob Laberge 1997

53

Goode 1994

11

James Vereker 1996

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Gray Noakes 1998

66

Johns Carr 1995

Goldstein 1994

Greenstock Pipe 1996


Greif 1995
Gresleet al. 1994
Grimsbaw 1995
Gulhati Mint y 1988

235; 254
53; 281
10
110

Jones 1993

80
233

Kapferer 1985

41

Kaplan Saddock 1995

61

18

Kashaniet al. 1992

104

Gunter McAleer 1997... 86; 88; 100; 108; I l l

Kashaniet al. 1995

190

Hadfield 1979
H a m r a i k a i Battel 1990
Harnish, Dodge Valente 1995
Harold et al. 1989

200
7; 233; 316
204
128; 315

Hassoun 1996

180

Hayf9I7997

304

Henriot 1982
Henry 1996
Herbert 1989

86; 108; 109


118; 119
78

Herbert 1998a

2; 11; 12; 59

Herbert 1998b

242

Herman 1996

55

Herrenkohl et al. 1995

185

Hewett 1998

20

Highet 1956

121; 304

Katsiyannis Archwamety 1997

61

Kavemann Lohstoter 1985

97

Kazdin 1980

12; 278

Kazdin 1981

12

Kazdin 1984

12; 194

Kazdin 1995

201; 246

Kazdin 1995a

13

Kazdin 1995b

13

Kearney 1993

120

Kellerhals et al. 1992

275

Kempre 1962

50

Kempre 1978

50

Kendall-Tackett Eckenrode 1996


Kessler Magee 1994
Kiernan, Jordan Saunders 1980
Kingston Prior 1995

53; 183
104
59; 201
95

Klein 1997

61;5; 270; 277

Klein Janoff-Bulman 1996

Malchiodi 1998

23

237; 241

Maison 1974

215

Koh 1997

53

Marcelli 1993

6; 233; 316

Kohn 1987

275

March et al. 1997

Korbin 1979

16

Marie! 1989

Kollaridi, Kppi Adam 1998

31

Marzouki 1997

Kressierer Bryant 1996

271

Kumpieret al. 1996

14

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103

Ladd, Kochenderfer Coleman 1997

122

Lafon 1991

12

Lagache 1970

17

Lagattuta, Wellman Flavell 1997

122

Lampard 1995

97; 98

Landen 1996

Laplanch Pontalis 1986

13
47

Laplanche Pontalis 1986

63; 234

Larson, Richards Perry-Jenkins 1994

250

Lathuilliere 1997

52

Le Bon 1895

28

Lebovici Sole 1995

7; 12; 233; 316

McGUl 1996

107

209

Mercier 1996

117

Merton 1965
Messenger Davies 1989

117

Mian, Marton LeBaron 1996

205

Milgram 1979

18

Miller et al. 1995

108

Mingat 1991

88

Moores 1996

99

Lemay 1992

282

Lesnik-Oberstein, Koers Cohen 1995

196

Levendosky, Okun Parker 1995

246

Lidblad et al. 1995

254

NASEN 1997

Liebert Spraikm 1988

108

Negrell 1996

Ligezinska et al. 1996

242

Neuhaus 1998

Lindblad 1995

275

Ncwson 1994

Lochman & Wells 1996

247

Noel King 1994

M
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MrazekKai Mrazek 1987

254

Mulderij 1997

123

Mller, Hunter Stollak 1995

209; 248

Muran, Rosenthal Beck 1994

13

Myles, Simpson Ormsbee 1996

120

Nuttall Jackson 1994

12
118
196; 263
102
19
190

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12

O'Hagan 1994

51

OlthofKOi Engelberts-Vaske 1997


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118; 188

Milkieet al. 1997

215

13; 108

41; 86; 113

Mevel 1996

Lcmay 1975

Lurcat 1990

10
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260

73

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Messenger Davies 1989

Lefort, Ros. Rob 1998

Lurcat 1989

Merton 1969

261

97

87

Meirieu 1995

Lefort, Rosicai Rob 1998

Lorenzi 1994

116; 117; 118; 119; 120

Medici de Steiner 1995

238

184; 242; 297

18
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Ledoux 1995

Lopez 1997

100

Mathews et al. 1995


McManus 1995

23

Osborne 1996

6; 310
113

361
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316

Pankow 1989

78; 185

Pantanella 1996
Park 1997

103
94

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102; 244

Parrish 1997

223; 227

Parsons 1951

17

Parsons 1968

17

Patterson, Chamberlain Reid 1982 ....54; 281


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106

Pea ree Pezzot-Pearce 1994

20

Pearson 1986

12

Pellegrini Meyers 1992

20

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69; 72; 120

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106

Petermannet al. 1990

191

Peters McMahon 1996

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Pfister 1929

315

Pfister 1933

Phelan et al. 1997

240

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26

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120

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14

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39; 66

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41; 44

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183

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244

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58

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Rajecki et al. 1994

108

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278

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72; 121
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Ross 1988

120

Rowan et al. 1994

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187

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Shrum Check 1987

39

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117

Slinski Sparks 1995

123

Smith, Berthelsent O'Connor 1997...254; 277


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125

Smithey 1997

277

Stark 1987

243,244

Steele, Steele Fonagy 1996

187

Stephenson Smith 1994

113

Strandell 1997

97

Stner 1996

13

Sudan 1997

45

Sussman Steinmetz 1987

56; 104

Szur 1989

51; 271

Tarn, Cheng Cheung 1997

304

Tattum 1994

80

Tattum Lane 1994

80

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6; 104; 315

TeyberKai Hoffman 1987


Thio 1978
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243
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Toledano 1996

270

Tremblay 1992

292

Tremblay el al. 1992

315

Tremblay et al. 1996

60

Tremblay, Favard Jost 1992


Trevarlhen 1992

127
96

Tulloch Tulloch 1990

100

Tulloch Tulloch 1992

56

Tunnel Cox 1995

55

Tuli 1992

12

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V
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233

Verga son and Anderegg 1997


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12
117

W
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277

Warden Christie 1997

60; 95; 106;

120; 121; 123; 124; 213;


215; 222; 223; 285; 286; 290
Wasiket al. 1993

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Webster-Stratton 1990

196

Webster-Stratton Spitzer 1991

66; 202

Weinberg 1997

120

Wellendorf"1995

17

Wentzel Caldwell 1997


West 1987
Whitbecket al. 1997
Widiger et al. 1996
Wiens Tindall 1997

122
10
98; 252
60
137

Wilson 1978

10

Winder Rau 1962

62

Wodrich 1997

80

Wolfe, Sas Wekerle 1994


Wolff'1987
WolkindKoi Rutter 1987
Wood et al. 1991
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114
41
315

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363
A
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