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1996 2000 . , ,
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(Fereti and Stavrianaki, 1997).
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25

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(Petroulaki et al., 2009).
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, 98%
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(35,1%),
(26,5%) (13,5%),
(58,2%) (15,6%),
(20,2%), (31,7%) ..
,
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(56,1%), (49,4%), (90,2%)
(96,4%) (Nikolaidis et al., 2009). ,




. , :


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(Kaplan, 1996),
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(: U.S. Dep. of Health and Human Services, 1988)
%


0,18
11.100

2,1
129.900

0,9
54.600

3,18
195.600

27

, , ,
. , .. 2002-2003
... , 7.3% , 10,3%
, , ,
33,3% 43,9%

17,0% 23,8%
bullying (Finklelhor et al., 2009).

,
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. , ,
(Petroulaki et al., 2009),

: (33,1%),
() (16,9%)
(6,2%). , ,
(Nikolaidis et al., 2009),
, /
(82%), (51,7%) (10,1%),
(13,5%), (9,9%)
(9,2%).


. (,
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.
(Intimate Partner Violence I.V.P.)
,
-
(.. )
(.. ).


per se.
,
()
.
- bullying ()
bullying
. ,
bullying
,
,
. , , bullying

28

,
,


(.. , , )

(.. ). ,
, ,
bullying , ,
.
, ,
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,
,
(W.H.O., 1997, 1999). ..., bullying
:
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)
(King et al., 1996).
bullying,

, ,
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-
, ,
...
.


bullying .
, .. 14%
bullying, , (Olweus, 1993).
19%
bullying (Sharp and Smith, 1991). ,
10% 4%

(Dawkins, 1995). ,
15 10% (Glew et al., 2000).
,

8% (Whitney and Smith, 1993). 6%
5%
(Kaltiala-Heino et al.,
1999). , ,
17% 10% ,
:

29

23,7% ,
12,7% ,
21,5%
42,4%
(Forero et al., 1999).
...
bullying, :
13% ,
10,6% ,
6,3%
70,1% (Nansel et al., 2001).

10%
bullying (Perry et al., 1988).

, ,
bullying,
, ,
. ...,
, ,

: (57,8%), (39,1%)
(33,3%), (28,2%), (10,7%),
(4,9%). , ,
, ,
(Petroulaki et al., 2009).
bullying
bullying . , ,

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:
, (.. ,
/, /, , /, / ...).


(.. ...)
(.. ...).
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bullying

30



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bullying:

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31



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)
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. ,

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( )
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S. Freud (
Price, 1994, ,
2009), Cl. Levi-Strauss
(, ) ,
(
,

)
Westermarck,
(


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( .. White, 1948, Scheper, 1984,
Mitterauer, 1994, , 2009).
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Wukkber, 1983, Shell, 1994)
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(Huebner, 2009),

33

(Goodenough, 1949), ,
(Mitterauer, 1994),
(Scheidel, 1996) (
..
, , 612 .. Mitterauer, 1994). ,
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(Remijsen and
Clarysse, 2008). , ,
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(Leavitt, 2000, Huebner, 2007).

(Scheidel, 1997),


(Constitutio Antoniniana) 212 .. (Mitterauer, 1996), ,
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(Codex Iustinianus),
(Corcoran, 2000). , ,
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(Russell,
2001, Mitterauer, 1994). , , ,
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(Mitterauer, 1991).

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150
(, ,
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( ,
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34

(Foucault, 1978),
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,

,
,
. , ,
..
, 7% , ,
36% 33% 3%
15% 19% , ,
-
(Finkelhor, 1994).

.
,
,

. , 1998 Rind, Tromovitch Bausserman
American Psychological Association (
Psychological Bulletin) 59 (Rind et al.,
1997, 1998) :
,
,

,

- , ,
()

.
Rind , ,
, , , . ,
35

,



,
. ,
- (resilience)
,

. ,
.
North America Man/Boy Love Association
Dr Laura Schlessinger
.
... (Res.
107/1999) , , .
American Psychological Association (...)


(American Academy for the
Advancement of Sciences A.A.A.S.).


. , ,

( .. Dallam et al., 1998, Odersma et al., 2001)
... (Rind et al., 2001). , ,
:

(Rind and Tromovitch,
2005),
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1992). , ,
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1987). -
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2 1
(U.N.I.C.E.F., 2006, 2007).
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(, 743 ) 18-20 (gathonos and Fereti, 1992)
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( 18 ) 17%
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1:3 , 1:3 1:3
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39

( ., 1996)
, 8%
18 . , 25
( ., 1999)
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10,9 , ,
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... (, 1997, ,

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1997, , 1997)
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41

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(Kellog and the Committee, 2005)


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(*)


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HIV (**)


chlamydia trachomatis(*)


trichomonas vaginalis


(*)


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(Kellog and the Committee, 2005)

.

- trachomatis,
R. vaginalis,
HIV, ,

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(**) /

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43



(Beitchman et al., 1991, Kednall-Tackettt et al., 1993,
Trickett and McBride-Chang, 1995, Fergusson et al., 1996, Thornberry et al., 2001,
Feiring et al., 2002, Bonanno et al., 2003, Carter et al., 2006).
(
)
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..), stress, , ,
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(, ..),

(Tyler, 2002), , (Bryer
et al., 1987),
(Kendler et al., 2000) , ,
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(Weiss et al., 1999),
( ),
(Steel and Herlitz, 2005, Van Dorn et al.,
2005, Najman et al., 2005, 2007),
, ... (Widom and Ames, 1994,
Merrill et al., 1999).

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,

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), ,
(,
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( )

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,


(Poter and Yullie,
1995, Poter et al., 1999). ,
-
(Mandoki and Burkhart, 1989, Himelein, 1995, Maker et al., 2001, Noll
et al., 2003), ,

44

,
,
(Merrill et al., 1999, Siegel and Williams, 2003, Casey and Nurius, 2005).


(, ,
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),
,
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,


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( 18
19 )
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, ,
(attachments)
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