DARGROUP

Project
Pearl Project
J ob Ref.
Q09077
Section
Medina Centrale
Sheet no./rev.
1 1
Calc. by
ENG.IC
Date
09-Nov-07
Chk'd by
DR.AE
Date App'd by Date
RC RECTANGULAR COLUMN DESIGN (ACI 318-05)
6
0
0

m
m
5
4
2

m
m
350 mm
Geomet ry of col umn
Depth of column (larger dimension of column); h = 600 mm
Width of column (smaller dimension of column); b = 350 mm
Clear cover to reinforcement (both sides); cc = 40 mm
Unsupported height of column; lu = 4500 mm
Effective height factor; k =1.00
Check f or overal l col umn di mensi ons
h < 4b, column dimensions are OK
Rei nf orcement of col umn
Numbers of bars of longitudinal steel; N =8
Longitudinal steel bar diameter number; Dbar_num =6
Diameter of longitudinal bar; Dlong =19 mm
Stirrup bar diameter number; Dstir_num = 3
Diameter of stirrup bar; Dstir = 9 mm
Specified yield strength of reinforcement; fy = 415 MPa
Specified compressive strength of concrete; f’c = 40 MPa
Modulus of elasticity of bar reinforcement; Es = 200000 MPa
Modulus of elasticity of concrete (cl. 8.5); Ec = 4700 × \(f’c × 1 MPa) = 29725 MPa
Ultimate design strain; cc = 0.003 mm/mm
Check f or mi ni mum area of st eel (ACI 318-05, cl. 10.9)
Gross area of column; Ag = h × b = 210000 mm
2
Area of steel provided; Ast =N × (t / 4) × Dlong
2
= 2268 mm
2
Minimum required area of steel; Ast_min =0.01 × Ag =2100 mm
2
DARGROUP
Project
Pearl Project
J ob Ref.
Q09077
Section
Medina Centrale
Sheet no./rev.
2 1
Calc. by
ENG.IC
Date
09-Nov-07
Chk'd by
DR.AE
Date App'd by Date
PASS - Ast > Ast_min, provided area of steel is greater than minimum required area of steel
Check f or maxi mum area of st eel (ACI 318-05, cl. 10.9)
Permissible maximum area of steel; Ast_max = 0.08 × Ag = 16800 mm
2
PASS - Ast < Ast_max, provided area of steel is less than permissible maximum area of steel
Braced col umn sl enderness check (ACI 318-05, cl. 10.12)
Maximum slenderness ratio limit; sr_max =100
Permissible slenderness ratio; sr_perm =40
Sl enderness check f or braced col umn
Radius of gyration; rx =0.3 × h = 180 mm
ry =0.3 × b = 105 mm
rmin =min(rx, ry) =105 mm
Actual slenderness ratio; sr_act =k × lu / rmin = 42.86
Column slenderness limit OK, column is braced slender column
Desi gn l oad and moment s f or bi axi al l y l oaded sl ender col umn
Ultimate axial force acting on column; Pu_act = 2750.00 kN
Ultimate moment about major (X) axis; Mux_act = 120.00 kNm
Ultimate moment about minor (Y) axis; Muy_act = 25.00 kNm
Contour beta factor; | = 0.50
Ratio of DL moment to total moment; |d =0.65
Magni f i ed moment s f or bi axi al sl ender col umn (ACI 318-05, cl. 10.12)
Assuming strength reduction factor; | =0.65
Moment of inertia of section @ X axis; Igx =(b × h
3
) / 12 =6300000000 mm
4
Moment of inertia of section @ Y axis; Igy =(h × b
3
) / 12 =2143750000 mm
4
Euler’s buckling load @ X axis; Pcx = (t
2
× 0.4 × Ec × Igx) / ((1 + |d) × (k × lu)
2
) = 22126.83 kN
Euler’s buckling load @ Yaxis; Pcy = (t
2
× 0.4 × Ec × Igy) / ((1 + |d) × (k × lu)
2
) = 7529.27 kN
Correction factor for actual to equiv. mmt.diagram; Cm = 1
Moment magnifier for M @ X axis; onsx1 =Cm / (1 - (Pu_act/ (0.75 × Pcx))) =1.199
Moment magnifier for M @ X axis; onsx = onsx1 =1.199
Moment magnifier for M @ Y axis; onsy1 =Cm / (1 - (Pu_act / (0.75 × Pcy))) = 1.949
Moment magnifier for M @ Y axis; onsy = onsy1 =1.949
Ultimate magnified uniaxial M @ X axis; Mcx =onsx × Mux_act = 143.84 kNm
Ultimate magnified uniaxial M @ Y axis; Mcy =onsy × Muy_act =48.73 kNm
Net magnified uniaxial M @ X axis; Mnx = Mcx / | =221.28 kNm
Net magnified uniaxial M @ Y axis; Mny = Mcy / | = 74.97 kNm
Required eccentricities; ex =Mcx / Pu_act = 52 mm
ey =Mcy / Pu_act = 18 mm
Axi al l oad capaci t y of bi axi al l y l oaded col umn assumi ng no Muy_act (ACI 318-05, cl 10.3.6)
c/dt ratio; rxb = 1.233
Effective cover to reinforcement; d’ = cc +Dstir +(Dlong / 2) = 59 mm
Depth of tension steel; dt =h - d’ = 542 mm
Depth of NA from extreme compression face; cx = rxb × dt = 668 mm
Factor of depth of comp. stress block (cl.10.2.7.3); |1 =0.764
Depth of equivalent rectangular stress block; ax =min((|1 × cx), h) =510 mm
Stress in compression reinforcement; f’sx =Es × cc × (1 - (d’ / cx)) = 547 MPa
DARGROUP
Project
Pearl Project
J ob Ref.
Q09077
Section
Medina Centrale
Sheet no./rev.
3 1
Calc. by
ENG.IC
Date
09-Nov-07
Chk'd by
DR.AE
Date App'd by Date
Since abs(f'sx) > fy, hence f'csx = fy
f’csx = 415 MPa
Stress in tension reinforcement; fsx =Es × cc × ((dt / cx) - 1) = -114 MPa
Since abs(fsx) < fy, fsx = ftsx
Capacity of concrete in compression; Ccx =0.85 × f’c × b × ax = 6074.92 kN
Strength of steel in compression; Csx =A’s × f’csx = 470.72 kN
Strength of steel in tension; Tsx = As × ftsx = 128.83 kN
Nominal axial load strength; Pnx =Ccx + Csx +Tsx =6674.46 kN
Strength reduction factor; |x = 0.65 = 0.650
Ultimate axial load carrying capacity of column; Pu1 =|x × Pnx = 4338.40 kN
PASS - column is safe in axial loading
Uni axi al moment capaci t y of col umn
Centroid of column along larger dimension; yx = h × 0.5 =300 mm
Nominal moment strength; Mox = =Ccx × (yx - (0.5 × ax)) +Csx × (y - ccx) - Tsx × (dt - yx) = 363.136
kNm
x =(Mnx / Mox) =0.609
Ultimate moment strength; Mu1 = Mox × |x =236.04 kNm
PASS - column is safe for bending
Eccent ri ci t y rat i o
Actual eccentricity; ex =52 mm
Allowable eccentricity; eall_x =Mu1 / Pu1 = 54 mm
Eccentricity ratio; erx =ex / eall_x = 0.961
Bi axi al l y l oaded col umn about mi nor axi s
Det ai l s of col umn cross-sect i on
c/dt ratio; ryb = 1.142
Effective cover to reinforcement; d’ = cc +Dstir +(Dlong / 2) = 59 mm
Area of each layer of steel; Ast_l =2 × (t × Dlong
2
) / 4 =567 mm
2
Spacing between bars; s =((b - (2 × d’))) / ((N / 2) -1) =78 mm
Depth of tension steel; bt =b - d’ = 292 mm
Depth of NA from extreme compression face; cy = ryb × bt = 333 mm
Depth of equivalent rectangular stress block; ay =min((|1 × cy), b) =255 mm
Yield strain in steel; csy = fy / Es = 0.002
Strength reduction factor; |y = 0.650
Det ai l s of concret e bl ock
Force carri ed by concret e
Forces carried by concrete; Ccy =0.85 × f’c × h × ay = 5192.55 kN
Moment carri ed by concret e
Moment carried by concrete; Mccy = Ccy × ((b / 2) - (ay / 2)) = 247.85 kNm
Detai l s of st eel l ayers
Detai l s of f i rst st eel l ayer
Depth of first layer; x1 = d’ =59 mm
Strain of first layer; c1 = 0.003 × (1 - (x1 / cy)) =0.00247
Stress in first layer; o1 =415 MPa
DARGROUP
Project
Pearl Project
J ob Ref.
Q09077
Section
Medina Centrale
Sheet no./rev.
4 1
Calc. by
ENG.IC
Date
09-Nov-07
Chk'd by
DR.AE
Date App'd by Date
Force carried by first layer; F1 = o1 × Ast_l = 235.33 kN
Moment carried by first steel layer; M1 =F1 × ((b / 2) - x1) = 27.42 kNm
Det ai l s of second st eel l ayer
Depth of second layer; x2 = x1+s = 136 mm
Strain of second layer; c2 = 0.003 × (1 - (x2 / cy)) =0.00177
Stress in second layer; o2 =355 MPa
Force carried by second layer; F2 = o2 × Ast_l = 201.13 kN
Moment carried by second steel layer; M2 =F2 × ((b / 2) - x2) = 7.81 kNm
Det ai l s of t hi rd st eel l ayer
Depth of third layer; x3 = 214 mm
Strain of third layer; c3 = 0.00107
Stress in third layer; o3 =215 MPa
Force carried by third layer; F3 = o3 × Ast_l = 121.78 kN
Moment carried by third steel layer; M3 =F3 × ((b / 2) - x3) = -4.73 kNm
Detai l s of f ourth st eel l ayer
Depth of fourth layer; x4 = 292 mm
Strain of fourth layer; c4 = 0.00037
Stress in fourth layer; o4 =75 MPa
Force carried by fourth layer; F4 = o4 × Ast_l = 42.44 kN
Moment carried by fourth steel layer; M4 =F4 × ((b / 2) - x4) = -4.94 kNm
Tensi l e f orce carri ed by st eel
Sum of tensile forces by steel; Tsy = 0.00 kN
Compressi ve f orce carri ed by st eel
Sum of compressive forces by steel; Csy =600.67 kN
Tot al f orce carri ed by col umn
Nominal axial load strength; Pny =5793.22 kN
Strength reduction factor; |y = 0.65 = 0.650
Ultimate axial Load carrying capacity of column; Pu2 =|y × Pny = 3765.59 kN
PASS - column is safe in axial loading
Moment carri ed by bi axi al col umn mi nor axi s
Nominal moment strength; Moy = 273.40 kNm
Cont our bet a f act or
Contour beta factor; | = 0.500
Mnx_upon_Mox =x = 0.609
From Contour beta factor chart for rectangular columns in biaxial bending
Mny_upon_Moy = 0.391
Net moment along minor axis resisted by column; Mny1 =Moy × (Mny_upon_Moy) =106.90 kNm
Ultimate moment along minor axis; Mu2 = Mny1 × |y =69.49 kNm
Check f or moment capaci t y about mi nor axi s
PASS - column is safe for bending
Eccent ri ci t y rat i o
Actual eccentricity; ey =18 mm
Allowable eccentricity; eall_y =Mu2 / Pu2 = 18 mm
DARGROUP
Project
Pearl Project
J ob Ref.
Q09077
Section
Medina Centrale
Sheet no./rev.
5 1
Calc. by
ENG.IC
Date
09-Nov-07
Chk'd by
DR.AE
Date App'd by Date
Eccentricity ratio; ery = ey / eall_y=0.960
Desi gn of col umn t i es (ACI 318-05, cl. 7.10)
16 times longitudinal bar diameter; sv1 =16 × Dlong = 304 mm
48 times stirrup bar diameter; sv2 =48 × Dstir =432 mm
Least column dimension; sv3 =min(h, b) = 350 mm
Maximum allowable stirrup spacing; s =min(sv1, sv2, sv3) = 304 mm
Desi gn summary
Column is 350 mm wide and 600 mm deep with 40 MPa concrete and 415 MPa steel.
Longitudinal reinforcement is 8 No.6 and lateral reinforcement for shear is 2 legs No.3 stirrup @ 304 mm center to center
Desi gn st at us
PASS - col umn i s saf e

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