7 77 7

INTERFERENCE AND DIFFRACTION INTERFERENCE AND DIFFRACTION INTERFERENCE AND DIFFRACTION INTERFERENCE AND DIFFRACTION
CET WORKSHEETS SOLUTIONS

Interference And Diffraction
1. d) Young
2. c) with the destructive and constructive
interference
Due to interference the soap bubble
will appear multicolored in white
light. So, it is due to both destructive
and constructive interference.
3. a) in all waves
4.
a) 0, , 2 , 3 ....... x n λ λ λ λ ∆ =

Path difference = 0, , 2 ........n λ λ λ
5 a) bright band or bright fringes
6. a) bright and 5000
o
A λ =

. . 93 p d λ = …… (i)
As the path difference is intergral
multiple of p.d. = 0.0465 mm
7
. . 465 10 p d

= × …… (ii)
From equation (i) and (ii)
7
93 465 10 λ

= ×

7
7
465 10
5 10
93
m λ


×
= = ×
5000
o
A =

7. d) destructive interference
8. d) both ‘a’ and ‘b’
9. c)
11
2
λ
For destructive int. 11.
2 2
odd
λ λ
= =
10. b) dark and
0
4970A λ =

Path diff. ( ) 85.5 171
2
λ
λ = = ×
( )
2
odd
λ
= ×
The point is dark.
Path diff. 42.5 m µ =

6
42.5 10

= ×
–6
85.5 42.5 10 m λ ∴ = ×

–6
42.5
10
85.5
λ = ×

–6
0.4970 10 m = ×

10
4970 10 m

= ×
0
4970A λ =
11. a)
0
180

For destructive interference,
Phase difference ( ) odd π = ×
1 rad π π = × =

0
180 =
12. a) ( )
3
8sin 4 y t ω π = −

Resultant amplitude
2 2
1 2 1 2
2 cos a a a a θ = + +
2 3
5 3 2 5 3cos 2π = + + × ×
25 9 30 1 = + + ×
64 8 = =
For destructive interference phase
difference between third wave with
given waves should be π and
amplitude of third wave should be 8.
( )
3
8sin 4 y t ω π = −
13. c)
π
14. a) 2π
15. b)
2 2
λ π
δ
π
| |
+
|
\ ¹


1 1
2
sin
x
y a t
π
ω
λ
| |
= −
|
\ ¹
…… (i)
2 2
2
cos
x
y a t
π
ω δ
λ
| |
= − +
|
\ ¹

2 2
2
sin
2
x
y a t
π π
ω δ
λ
| |
= − + +
|
\ ¹

…… (ii)
From eqn (i) and eqn (ii)
phase difference
2
π
δ
| |
= +
|
\ ¹

∴ Path difference
2
phase difference
λ
π
= ×
2 2
λ π
δ
π
| |
= × +
|
\ ¹

16. a) 6000 A.U
Path difference
2
odd
λ
=

Interference And diffraction
61
6
5.7 10
2
odd
λ

× =
6
5.7 10
2
odd
λ

×
=
6
10
5.7 10
2 6000 10
odd


×
=
×

19
2 2
odd
=
So it is correct.
17. b) 3
rd
dark band

Path difference 405 402.5 λ λ = −
Path difference 2.5λ = …… (i)
Path difference = ( ) 2 1
2
n
λ

…… (ii)
From eqn (i) and eqn (ii)
2 1
2.5
2
n −
=
2n – 1 =5
2n = 6
n = 3
3
rd
dark point.
18. c) ( ) 2 1 n π −

Dark portion indicates that
interference is destructive. Hence
phase difference is odd multiple of π
i.e. ( ) 2 1 n π − .
19. a) 8π

Path difference of 4
th
bright band
from central bright band 4λ = (As
for bright band path difference nλ = )
Phase difference
2
Path difference
π
λ
= ×
2
4.
π
λ
λ
= ×
8π =
20. b) ( ) 2 1 , 2 n n π π +
For path difference ,
2
λ


Phase difference 2 n π π = +
( ) 2 1 n π = +
For, destructive interference,
Phase difference ( ) 2 1 n π π = − +
( ) 2 2 n n π π π π = − + =
21. b) zero
22. b)
2
2
D
D


S
1
d
S
2
D
P
xn=
d
2


Path difference
n
x d
D
=

2
2
2
d
d
d
D D
×
= =
23. a) ( )
2 2
1 2 1 2 1 2
2 cos R a a a a α α = + + −
24. a)
1 2
a a +

In same phase ( )
1 2
0 α α − =
( ) ( )
1 2
cos cos 0 1 α α − = =
2 2
1 2 1 2
2 1 R a a a a ∴ = + + ×
( )
2
1 2
a a = +

1 2
R a a = +
25. d)
2 2
1 2
a a +

( )
1 2
2
π
α α − =
( )
1 2
cos cos 0
2
π
α α
| |
− = =
|
\ ¹

2 2
1 2 1 2
2 0 R a a a a = + + ×
2 2
1 2
R a a = +
26. b) 10 units

( )
1
5sin 100 y t π =
( )
2
3sin 100 2 y t π π = +

1 2
5, 3 a a = = and 2 δ π =

2 2
1 2 1 2
2 cos a a a a a δ = + +

2 2
5 3 2 5 3 cos 2π = + + × × ×
25 9 30 1 = + + ×
64 a = = 8 units
y = 8 sin ( ) 100 t π
( )
3
6cos 100 y t π =

Interference And Diffraction
62
6sin 100
2
t
π
π
| |
= +
|
\ ¹

2 2
8 6 2 8 6cos / 2 a π = + + × ×
64 36 100 10units = + = =
27. a) 1 : 1

1
10sin 3
3
y t
π
π
| |
= +
|
\ ¹
…… (i)
( ) ( )
2
5sin 3 5 3cos 3 y t t π π = +
( )
2
5sin 3 5 3sin 3
2
y t t
π
π π
| |
= + +
|
\ ¹

…… (ii)
From eqn (i)
1
10 a = and from eqn
(ii)
( )
( )
( )
( )
2
2
2
5 5 3 2 5 5 3
cos
2
a
π
+ +
=
×

25 75 0 = + +
100 10 = =

2
10 a =
1
2
10 1
10 1
a
a
∴ = =
28. d) both ‘b’ and ‘c’
29. c) 4

( )
1
8sin 100 y t π π = +
( )
2
6sin 100 y t π =
1 2
8, 6 a a = = and δ π =

2 2
1 2 1 2
2 cos a a a a a δ = + +

2 2
8 6 2 8 6 cosπ = + + × × ×

30. b) ( )
2
m 1 2
I
ax
a a = +
31. a)
( )
( )
2
1 2 m
2
m
1 2
I
I
ax
in
a a
a a
+
=


32. a) 49 : 1

1
6 a = and
2
8 a =
( )
( )
2
1 2 m
2
m
1 2
I
I
ax
in
a a
a a
+
=


( )
2 2
2 6 8 14
7
6 8 2
+ | | | |
= = =
| |
− −
\ ¹ \ ¹



49
1
=
33. d) 121 : 1


1
2
36
25
I
I
=

1
36 I = and
2
25 I =
2
1 2 m
m 1 2
I
I
ax
in
I I
I I
| |
+
= |
|

\ ¹


2
36 25
36 25
| |
+
=
|
|

\ ¹


2 2
6 5 11 121
6 5 1 1
+ | | | |
= = =
| |

\ ¹ \ ¹

34. a) 2 : 1

1
2
2
1
a
a
=
2 2
1 1
2 2
2 2
1 1
W a
W a
| | | |
= = =
| |
|
\ ¹ \ ¹

35. d) ( )
2 2
1 2
a a +

1 1
cos y a t ω = and
2 2
cos
2
y a t
π
ω
| |
= −
|
\ ¹

∴ Phase difference ( )
2
π
δ =
( ) cos 0 δ ∴ =
1 2 1 2
2 . . cos I I I I I δ ∴ = + +

1 2
I I = +

( )
2 2
1 2
I a a = + .
36. c) 4 units

Resultant amplitude at central length
= 2a
Intensity
2
4a =
2
4 a = 2 a units ∴ =
when one slit is closed,
Intensity
2
a =

2
2 4units = =
37. a) sustained interference
38. d) both produce waves of the same
wavelength having a constant phase
difference
39. c) biprism
40. c) general illumination

Interference And diffraction
63
No interference pattern observed as
the phase difference between the light
waves from the two independent
sources keeps on changing
continuously.
41. d) same wavelengths
42. d) both b and c
43. d) interference takes place but it is not
steady so that it can not be seen
44. d) 1 : 1


1 : 1 so that maxima will be more
bright and minima will be more dark.
45. d) no fringes will be obtained and the
screen will have uniform illumination
46. c) the number of fringes formed by
1
λ
is equal to number of fringes formed
by
2
λ
No interference pattern will be
observed because two wavelength of
light are different.
47. c)
n
X d
D

48. b) ( ) ( ) 2 1
2
n
d
X
x n = −
49. b)
D
d
λ


D
X
d
λ
=
50. a)
6
1.8 10 m

×

. .
n
x d
P d
D
=

–3 4
3 10 6 10
1

× × ×
=

7
18 10

= ×

6
1.8 10 m

= ×
51. c) 6 mm

( )
n
b
x nX =
( )
10
10 10
b
D
x X
d
λ
= =

7
3
6 10 1
10
1 10


× ×
= ×
×


4 4
10 6 10 60 10
− −
= × × = ×

3
6 10 m

= ×
( )
10
6
b
x mm =


52. a) 0.6 mm

Phase diff.
2
. Path diff
π
λ
= ×

2
5 10
π
λ π
λ
= × =
Phase diff. 2 10 n π π = × = ×
For 5
th
bright band.
( )
5
3
b
x mm =
( )
5
b
x nX =
( ) 5
n
b
x X =
3 = 5X

3
0.6
5
X mm = =
53. a) 3 mm

( ) ( )
10
2 1
2
d
X
x n = −
( ) 28.5 2 10 1
2
X
= × −
28.5 19
2
X
= ×

28.5 2 57.0
19 19
X
×
= =
= 3mm
54. c) 2 mm

( ) ( ) 2 1
2
n d
X
x n = −
( )
4
3.5 x d X = and ( )
10
9.5
d
x X =
( ) ( )
10 4
6
d d
x x X ∴ − =
12 = 6X
X = 2mm
55. b)
14
2.5 10 Hz ×

C vλ =
C
v
λ
=

1 D
C X
d
λ
λ
| |
= × =
|
\ ¹


. D C D
C
Xd Xd
= × =

8
4 3
3 10 1
4 10 3 10
− −
× ×
=
× × ×


15 15
1
10 0.25 10
4
= × = ×
14
2.5 10 v Hz = ×


Interference And Diffraction
64
56. c) n > m > p

X λ ∝
3 2 1
X X X > >
( ) ( ) ( )
1 2
3
n m p
X X X = =
3
X is greater so
( )
3
p
X will cover
minimum number of bandwidth and
( )
1
n
X will cover maximum number
of bandwidth.
n m p ∴ > >
57. c) 0.6 mm

0.8
a
X mm =
4
1.33
3
a
w
µ = =
Now,
3
4
w a
X X =

3
0.8 3 0.2
4
= = ×
0.6mm =
58. c)
3
2


sin sin60
sin sin 45
liquid
i
r
µ = =
3 / 2 3 2
2 1/ 2
liquid
µ
×
= =
3 3
2 2
liquid
µ = =
air
liquid
liquid
X
X
µ
=


3
2
air
liquid
liquid
X
X
µ = =
59. c) 0.072 mm

( ) 3 ~
A B
X X =
7 7
3 960 10 ~1200 10
− −
(
= × ×
¸ ¸

[ ]
7
3 10 960 ~1200

= ×
( )
7
3 10 240

= ×
6
3 24 10

= × ×
6 3 3
72 10 72 10 10
− − −
= × = × ×
= 0.072 mm


60. c) X (green) > X (blue)

Distance of
th
n maxima λ ∝
As
b g
λ λ <
blue green
X X <
61. b)
2
2
d
b




D
X
d
λ
=
As, D b → D
b
X
d
λ
=
2
d
d
Xd
b b
λ = =
2
2
d
b
λ =
62. a) 4

( ) ( )
1 n n
red green
x X
+
=
( ) 1
g
r
D
n D
n
d d
λ
λ
= +
( ) 1
r g
n n λ λ = +
( ) 1
g
r
n
n
λ
λ
=
+

5200 52
6500 65
= =
( )
4
1 5
n
n
=
+

5n = 4n + 4
4 n ∴ =
63. a)



D
X
d
λ
=
1
X
d
∝ ∵
So, option ‘a’ shows the correct curve.

Interference And diffraction
65
64. b) B

X D ∝
So it is a straight line passing through
origin.
65. a) 6000 A.U

2 1
X X >
2 1
0.5 D D ∴ = +
[ ]
2 1 2 1
X X D D
d
λ
− = −
[ ]
1 1
0.5 D D
d
λ
= + −
[ ]
2 1
0.5 X X
d
λ
− =
( )
2 1
.
0.5
X X d
λ

=
4 3
7
1 10 3 10 30
10
0.5 5
− −

× × ×
= = ×
7 0
6 10 6000 m A λ

= × =
66. a) 0.18 mm

0
0.2
0.2
180
rad
π
θ
×
= =
1
2
2 10 2
10
180 18
π π


×
= = ×
2
10
9
π
θ

= ×
d
λ
θ ∴ =
7
2
6.28 10
10
9
d
λ
π
θ


×
∴ = =
×


5
6.28
9 10
3.14

= × ×
5 5
9 2 10 18 10
− −
= × × = ×
= 0.18 mm
67. a)
0
0.15

X
D
θ = …… (i)
w
w
X
D
θ = …… (ii)
By eqn (i) and eqn (ii)
w w
X
X
θ
θ
=
/
w
X
X
µ
θ θ = ×



0.2
4/ 3
θ
µ
= =

0.2 3 0.6
4 4
×
= =

0
0.3
0.15
2
= =
68. c) ( )
6
3 10 rad

×

n
d
λ
θ =
9
3 3 589 10
0.589 d
λ
θ

× ×
= =
6
3 589
10
589

×
= ×
6
3 10 rad θ

= ×
69. a) narrow
The light source is narrow.
70. b) small so that two coherent images are
separated by small distance
The distance between slit and biprism
should be small so that two coherent
images are separated by small
distance.
71. c) slit and biprism
72. a) eyepiece must be moved away from
biprism
X D ∝ By increasing D, X can be
increased. In this way eyepiece must
be moved away from biprism to
increase fringe width.
73. d) neither ‘a’ and ‘b’
74. d) fringes disappear
When one of the prism surface is
blackened as shown in figure then
their will be no refraction for that
portion and hence no interference will
be observed.
75. d) zero


At centre of screen phase difference
between two waves will be zero.
76.
b)
1 2
d d d =
77. b) 8 mm


1 2
d d d =
1
4 2 d = ×
Squaring both sides, we have
1
16 2d =
1
16
8
2
d mm ∴ = =

Interference And Diffraction
66
78. a)
3
2.3 10 m

×

1 2
d d d = 5 1.8 9.0 3mm = × = =
( ) ( )
12
2 12 1
2
d
X
x = × −
23
2
D
d
λ
= ×

10
3
23 5000 10 1.2
2 3 10


× × ×
=
× ×


8
3
23 5 12 10
2 3 10


× × ×
=
× ×


5
11.5 4 10
2

× ×
=

5
460
10
2

= ×

5
2.30 10 m

= ×

( )
3
12
2.3 10
d
x m

= ×
79. c) 5200
o
A

( ) ( )
9
2 2 1
2
d
X
x n = × − (both side)
( ) 2 17
2
X
= ×
34 17
2
X
X = × =
3
2.652 10 17
D
d
λ

× =
3 3
2.652 10 4 10
17 1.2
λ
− −
× × ×
∴ =
×


9
1
2652 4 10
17 12 10


× ×
=
× ×


9
8
1
10608 10
52 10
204 10



×
= = ×
×


2
8
2
10
52 10 5200
10
o
A



= × × =
80. d) 1.35 mm

( ) ( )
3
11 1
1.8 10
b b
x x m

− = ×
3
11 1.8 10 X X

− = ×
3
10 1.8 10 X

= ×
3
1.8 10
10
X

×
=
4
1.8 10 X m

= ×
X λ ∝
2 2
1 1
X
X
λ
λ
=
2
4
/ 2
1.8 10
X λ
λ

=
×

4
5
2
1.8 10
9 10
2
X m


×
= = ×
( ) ( )
16 1 2 2
16
b b
x x X X − =
2
15X =
5
15 9 10

= × ×
5
13.5 10

= ×
3
1.35 10 m

= ×
= 1.35 mm
81. b) 1 m

1 1
1
1
D
X
d
λ
=

10
3
6000 10 0.9
3 10


× ×
=
×


8
3
6 9 10
3 10


× ×
=
×

5
1
18 10 X m

= ×
2 2
2
2
D
X
d
λ
=
10
5 2
3
5400 10
18 10
3 10
D



× ×
× =
×


( )
5 3
2
10
18 10 3 10
5400 10
D
− −

× × ×
∴ =
×


8
2
8
10
1
10
D m


= =
82. b) 4.2 mm

( ) ( )
2 5
2 5
b b
x x X X + = +
7 7.
D
X
d
λ
= =
10
3
7 6000 10 1
1 10


× × ×
=
×

4 3
7 6 10 4.2 10
− −
= × × = ×
= 4.2 mm
83. d) 0.1964 cm

Interference And diffraction
67




1
70
30
d
d
=
2
0.7 10 7
3 d

×
=
2
3 0.7 10
7
d

× ×
∴ =

3
3 10 m

= ×
10
3
5892 10 1
3 10
D
X
d
λ


× ×
= =
×

7
1964 10 m

= ×


For 10 bands bandwidth
7
10 1964 10

= × ×
6
1964 10 m

= ×
4
1964 10 cm

= ×
= 0.1964 cm
84. d) diffraction
85. a) wave nature
86. c) change in the path of light around
corners of an obstacle/aperture
87. c) both ‘a’ and ‘b’
88. c) radio waves
89. a) sin
n
d n θ λ = n = 1, 2, 3 ……
90.
a) 1.3 m µ


For first minima
sin
d
λ
θ =
6500
sin sin30
d
λ
θ
∴ = =

6500
13000
1/ 2
o
A = =

7
13 10

= ×

6
1.3 10 m

= ×
1.3 m µ =
91.
b) 1.5 m µ
For first maxima
3
sin
2d
λ
θ =
7
3 3 5 10
2 sin 2 sin30
d
λ
θ

×
∴ = = ×

7
3 5 10
2 1/ 2

×
= ×

7 6
15 10 1.5 10 m
− −
= × = ×
1.5 m µ =
92.
c)
7
2.5 10 m

×


2 D
X
d
λ
=
3
3
2 2
5 10
0.2 10
λ


× ×
× =
×

3
4
2
5 10
10
λ


× =
3 4
5
10 10
2
λ
− −
= × ×
7
2.5 10 m λ

= ×
93.
c)
0
30 ±


sin
n
d n θ λ =
n = 1
1
sin d θ λ =
2
1
2
2 10 1
sin
2 4 10 d
λ
θ


×
= = =
×

0
1
30 . θ =
Angular spread is
0
30 ±
94. a) diffraction
95. c) conincides exactly with 1
st
minima of
other source
96. a) limit of resolution

97. a) Resolving power =
1
limit of resolution

98. c) both ‘a’ and ‘b’
99. b)
6
3.333 10 / m ×

R.P. =
7
1 1
3 10 d

=
×


6 6
10
10 3.33 10 /
3
m = × = ×
100. a) R. P. =
1.22
D
λ

101. b) 3.6 cm

Interference And Diffraction
68

d =
3
10
180
π

×
R.P. =
1.22
D
λ

=
7
3
1.22 5 10
180
10 π


× ×
×
×

=
4
1.22 5 180
10
3

× ×
×
=
4
3.66 10

×
=
2
3.6 10

×
= 3.6 cm
102. c)
6
1.64 10 ×

R.P. =
1.22
D
λ


9
1
1.22 500 10

=
× ×


7
1
1.22 5 10

=
× ×


7
6
10 10
10
6.10 6.1
= = ×
R.P.
6
1.64 10 = ×
103. c) 50 m

tan
diameter of telescope
d
dis ce of the moon
θ =

8
5 3
5 5
10
4 4 10 10

= = ×
× ×



1.22
d
d
λ
θ =
1.22
d
d
λ
θ
∴ =

10
8
1.22 5000 10
5
10
4
d


× ××
=
×


2
1.22 4000 10 d

= × ×
1.22 40 d = ×
d = 48.80m = 50 m
104. c)
7
0.48 10 / m ×

R.P.
2 sin µ α
λ
=

7
2 1.4 sin45
4.2 10

× ×
=
×


7
2.8 1
10
4.2 2

= × ×

7
7
2 10 2
10
3 3 2
= × = ×

7
1.414
10
3
= ×
R.P.
7
0.471 10 / m = ×
105. a)
–7
4.2 10 / m ×

2 sin
d
λ
µ α
=

7
6 10
2 1 sin45

×
=
× ×


( )
7
3 10
2 1/ 2

×
=
×


7
3 2 10

= ×

7
3 1.414 10

= × ×
7
4.2 10 d m

≈ ×
106. b)
7
3.05 10 rad

×

7
1.22 1.22 5 10
2 D
λ
θ

× ×
= =

7
0.61 5 10

= × ×
7
3.05 10 . rad θ

= ×


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