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NURS 1556 Clinical Medications Worksheets

Generic Trade Classification Dose Route Time/frequency


Name Name Bronchodilator 0.63 mg via PO 1 Vial every 6 hours PRN
LevalButerol Xopenex NEB inhaled
Peak Onset Duration For IV meds, compatibility with IV drips and /or
90 min 10-17 min 5-6 hours solutions
N/A
(Why med ordered) Nursing Implications (what to focus on)
Pt has shortness of breath. Bronchodilator Contraindications/warnings/interactions
for restricted airway Hypersensitivity to albuterol. History of seizures, DM,
Hypokalemia
Mechanism of action and indications Common side effects

R-enantiomer of racemic albuterol. Binds Anxiety, dizziness, increased cough, dyspepsia,


to beta-2 adrenergic receptors in airway hyperglycemia, hypokalemia, tremors.
smooth muscle leading to activation of
adenylcyclase and increased levels of
cyclic adenosine monophophate.

Interactions with other patient drugs, Lab value alterations caused by medicine
OTC or herbal medicines (ask patient May cause increased serum glucose and decreased serum
specifically) potassium. Last results show glucose (56) below normal, and
K+ within normal range on March 21, 2009
Pt on Lasix so there is an increased risk of Be sure to teach the patient the following about this
hypokalemia that can occur. medication
Proper way to use NEB. Consult your primary care provider
or the nurse in charge before taking any OTC meds, or if you
decide you want to smoke.
Nursing Process- Assessment Assessment Evaluation
(Pre-administration assessment) Why would you hold or not give Check after giving
Assess lung sounds, pulse and blood this med? Hold medication if For prevention of relief
pressure. Note the amount, color, and wheezing occurs. of Bronchospasm.
character of sputum. Monitor pulmonary
function tests. Observe for wheezing.