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Tutorial 5 - Cardiac Physiology Watch the video in following link http://www.youtube.com/watch?

v=li1sumii0SI and answer the following questions. 1) What is preload, afterload, stroke volume, ejection fraction, and cardiac output? 2) What is Frank-Starling law? And how does it relate to congestive heart failure? 3) What are dilated cardiomyopathy and cardiac/ventricular hypertrophy? 4) What are the drugs used to treat CHF? 5) What are stable angina, unstable angina, and vasospasm. Which one is likely to cause heart attack or myocardial infarction. 6) If a patient has a heart attack, what are the drugs for treatment of heart attack in the emergency department?

Tutorial 6 - Blood Vessels and Blood Pressure Watch this video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HSsd7rAvWsk and answer the following questions: Group 7 1) Why hypertension is referred to as a "silent killer. 2) Distinguish Atherosclerosis and Arteriosclerosis 3) Distinguish essentail/primary hypertension and secondary hypertension. What cause hypertension? Group 8 4) What is malignant hypertension? Which drug is used to treat malignant hypertension? 5) Distinguish Ischemia and Infarction 6) Explain Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) 7) Explain how blood pressure is regulated.