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ADCP

[HOW TO MEASURE SEA DEPTH BY USING ADCP]

Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler, as known as ADCP, is a device that can measure wave, current, water velocity, water depth, etc using Doppler Effect principle. Basically, it used for measuring unsteady or tidally affected flow. But this technology had no progress of computer and Doppler signal-processing to the level needed. It was used to measure the discharge of the river because of its minimum depth limitations. Because the technologies has been developed and updated, ADCP capable to be used in deep water. ADCP uses ultrasonic acoustic wave. The ADCP work by transmitting the pulse into the water column and listen the reflected sound pulse back to it by sediment transport. There are four acoustic beams on ADCP called “Janus”. Each beam form an angle around 20-30° from vertical axis of the transducer assembly. The fourth beam is used to calculate an error velocity. To get the distance to the seabed or the sea surface (sea depth), the measurement highly depends on depth cells (also called bin). Depth cell is a uniform segment that divided by ADCP.

Figure 1

Figure 2

The reflection below the first bottom reflection is called multiple. Multiple is twice the depth. So, the ADCP records the current of water column. The column range can be customized before recording (figure 1). From data recorded, the number of depth cells will be known. The distance from ADCP to the bottom will be known by multiplying column range and depth cells. The formula for profile area (measured range) can be defined: R = D cos (A) with R= maximum measurable range (m), D= distance from ADCP to the channel bottom (m), and A=angle of the beam relative to the vertical (degrees). There are systematic errors in measuring the depth by ADCP; draft, blank after transmit, and interfered layer (figure 2). Some parameters that affect the distance (depth) are blanking distance, speed of sound, operating mode, bin size, transmit frequency, and transducer beam angles.

Dianlisa Ekaputri (15108012)

GD 3206 Hydro-acoustic Survey