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Single Phase Controlled Rectifier with Cosine Firing Scheme ST2709

Operating Manual Ver.1.1

An ISO 9001 : 2000 company

94-101, Electronic Complex Pardesipura, Indore- 452010, INDIA Tel : 91-731- 2570301/02, 4211100 Fax: 91- 731- 2555643 E-mail : info@scientech.bz Website : www.scientech.bz Toll free No. : 1800-103-5050

ST2709

Scientech Technologies Pvt. Ltd.

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ST2709

Single Phase Controlled Rectifier with Cosine Firing Scheme ST2709 Table of Contents 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Introduction Features Technical Specifications Theory Experiments • Experiment 1 Study of cosine firing scheme for single-phase converter • • Experiment 2 Study of half wave controlled rectifier with resistive load. Experiment 3 Study of full wave controlled rectifier (mid- point configuration) with resistive load. Experiment 4 Study of half controlled bridge rectifier (common cathode configuration) with R load. Experiment 5 Study of half controlled bridge rectifier (common anode configuration) with resistive load. Experiment 6 Study of half controlled bridge rectifier (asymmetrical configuration) with resistive load. Experiment 7 Study of fully controlled bridge rectifier with resistive load 4 5 6 7 14 17 20

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Data Sheet Warranty List of Accessories

Scientech Technologies Pvt. Ltd.

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List of Boards : Model Name PE01 UJT Characteristics PE02 MOSFET Characteristics PE03 SCR Characteristics PE04 TRIAC Characteristics PE05 DIAC Characteristics PE06 IGBT Characteristics PE07 PUT Characteristics PE10 SCR Triggering (R. Ltd. RC Half wave. Different experiments can be performed by making connections using patch cords. RC Full wave. This board is helpful for students to know how to generate firing pulses for single phase converter using cosine firing scheme.ST2709 Introduction Single Phase Controlled Rectifier with Cosine Firing Scheme ST2709 is a compact. Cosine firing circuit is available on this board. RC Full wave) ST2703 SCR Triggering Techniques ST2704 Triggering of SCR using 74121 IC ST2705 SCR Lamp Flasher ST2706 SCR Alarm Circuit ST2707 Series Inverter ST2708 Single Phase Controlled Rectifier (With Ramp Comparator Firing Scheme) …and many more Scientech Technologies Pvt. Synchronized sine signal convert into cosine signal using integrator and generate firing pulses in the cosine firing scheme. 4 . RC Half wave) PE11 SCR Triggering (UJT) PE12 SCR Triggering (IC555) PE13 SCR Triggering (IC74121) PE14 Ramp and Pedestal triggering PE15 SCR Triggering (IC741) PE16 SCR Triggering (PUT) PE40 SCR Lamp Flasher PE41 SCR Alarm Circuit PE42 Series Inverter PE43 UJT Relaxation oscillator List of other Boards available are : Model Name ST2701 IGBT Characteristics ST2702 SCR Triggering (R. ready to use power electronics experiment board.

Sockets to make different connections. Pulse Transformer provided for isolation. Gradual firing angle control up to 180 degree. Easy to operate and understand. Two firing circuits on single board.ST2709 Features • • • • • • • • • Built in power supply. Ltd. Scientech Technologies Pvt. It is mandatory that service engineers use lead free solder wire and use the soldering irons upto (25 W) that reach a temperature of 450°C at the tip as the melting temperature of the unleaded solder is higher than the leaded solder. Cr. Cd. 5 . RoHS Compliance Scientech Products are RoHS Complied. RoHS Directive concerns with the restrictive use of Hazardous substances (Pb. On board rectifier components and load. Scientech products are “Lead Free” and “Environment Friendly”. Test points provided to check outputs at different blocks. Br compounds) in electric and electronic equipments. On board AC sources of 15V and 18V. Hg.

e. 10 W 9 W 420 × H 100 × D 255 2 Kg approximately Scientech Technologies Pvt. g. c. d. Ltd. 18V-0V-18V. 2A PT4502. 600V. 50Hz 3VA (approximately) 0V-15V. 1:1 1A 1 K.ST2709 Technical Specifications Power Supply Power Consumption On board AC source On Board Firing Circuits : : : : 230V 10%. 6 . cosine firing scheme a. f. Interconnections SCR Assembly Pulse Transformer Fuse Load Test Points Dimensions (mm) Weight : : : : : : : : synchronized step down transformer integrator comparator 1& 2 inverter clock pulse generator 1&2 JK flip flop Pulse amplifier and pulse transformer Different blocks of cosine scheme : 2mm sockets 4 SCRs 2P4M. b.

the phase relationship between the start of the load current and the supply voltage can be controlled. Firing angle of thyristor is measured from the instant it would start conducting if it were replaced by diode. turn off. less expensive and are therefore widely used in industries where controlled DC power is required. DC power was obtained from motor generator sets or AC power was converted to DC power by means of mercury arc rectifiers or thyratrons. At the instant of delay angle !. A firing angle may thus be defined. Vo rises from zero to Vm sin ! as shown in figure for resistive load. 7 . a thyristor blocks the flow of load current Io until it is triggered. If thyristor is replaced by diode. Half wave rectifier Full wave rectifier Scientech Technologies Pvt. provided anode current has fallen to level below the holding current. of a thyristor by supply voltage itself is called natural commutation. Phase Controlled Rectifier : There are two types of rectifier. As phase controlled rectifier need no commutation circuitry. At some delay angle !. a positive gate signal applied between gate and cathode turns on the SCR. it would begin conduction at t = 0. the device is therefore. 1. Principle of phase control : The simplest form of controlled rectifier circuits consist of a single thyristor feeding DC power to a resistive load R. By varying the firing angle !. 2. Ltd. current io is in phase with Vo. 3".. as the angle between the instant thyristor would conduct if it were a diode and the instant it is triggered. It is also defined as the angle measured from the instant that gives the largest average output voltage to the instant it is triggered. mercury-arc rectifiers and thyratrons are being replaced by thyristors. until it is turned-off by reversal of voltage at t= ". firing angle is therefore measured from these instants.ST2709 Theory Earlier. 5" etc. Once the SCR is ‘On’.2". these are simple. In industry where there is a provision for modernization. load current falls to zero and soon after the supply voltage reverse biases the SCR . or commutation. full supply voltage is applied to the load as Vo. 4" etc. An SCR can conduct only when anode voltage is positive and a gating is applied. Presently. Immediately. Phase controlled AC to DC converters employing thyristors are extensively used for changing constant AC input voltage to controlled DC output voltage. In phase controlled rectifiers. As such. The turning off. The source voltage is Vs = Vm sin t. load current flows. a thyristor is turned off as AC supply voltage reverse biases it. The advent of thyristors has changed the art of AC to DC conversion.

at t = ". The waveforms of the above circuit are shown in figure the output load voltage and current is positive..(1) And VDC (maximum) = Em/" Average current is given by IDC = Em (1 + cos !)/2"R …………………………. varying the firing angle at which the thyristor starts conducting in positive half controls the average DC output voltage cycle. it is called a half wave semi converter. 8 ..(2) And.e. i. they are one quadrant. Ltd.e.ST2709 Half Wave Controlled Rectifier : Single-phase half wave controlled rectifier means that the single SCR is used to convert the AC to DC During the positive half cycle of the input voltage.. at t = !. thyristor T1 is forward biased and current flows through the load when the thyristor is fired. otherwise. it remains in the forward blocking state and blocks the flow of the load current. the thyristor is in the reverse biased condition and no current flows through the load. Figure 1 In the negative half cycle.. the DC output power is PDC = VDC X IDC ………………………….(3) Scientech Technologies Pvt. The thyristor conducts only when the anode is positive with respect to cathode and a positive gate signal is applied. The average DC output voltage across load is given by VDC = Em (1+cos !)/2" ………………………. Thus. i.

This current continues to flow up to 180#and when the input voltage changes its polarity.t. (A) (B) Figure 2 Scientech Technologies Pvt.r. Terminal ‘P’.r. the thyristor T1 goes from the ‘On’-state to the ‘Off’-state. This current continues to flow up to 2" when the thyristor T2 turns ‘Off’.t. Mid-point configuration Bridge configuration Mid-Point Full Wave Rectifier : The circuit diagram of a single-phase full-wave converter using center-tapped transformer is shown in figure when terminal ‘P’ of the transformer is positive w. Since thyristor T1 and T2 are forward biased during the positive and negative half cycles respectively. Thus. In the negative half cycle. to terminal ‘Q’ in the positive half cycle of the supply. 1. if thyristor T2 is fired at t = (" +!).ST2709 Full Wave Rectifier : There are two types of full rectifier. there are two current pulses of the same direction across the load in one complete cycle. current flows through the thyristor T2. Ltd. 2. current flows from terminal ‘P’ through thyristor T1. and if thyristor T1 is fired at t = !. when terminal ‘Q’ is positive w. the load resistance and back to the center tapped of the transformer. the load resistance R and back to the center tapped of the transformer. 9 .

10 . The voltage and current waveforms are shown in figure. thyristors T1 and T2 are in the forward blocking state and when these thyristors fire simultaneously at t = !..‘Q’. the load is connected to the input through T1 and T2.e.ST2709 The average DC voltage across load is VDC = Em (1+cos !)/" The average load current is IDC = Em (1+cos !)/"R Therefore. During negative half cycle i.(4) Fully Controlled Bridge Rectifier : A single-phase fully controlled bridge circuit with resistive load consists of four thyristor as shown in figure.. thyristor T3 and T4 are in the forward blocking state. the DC output power is PDC = VDC X IDC Bridge Type Full Wave Rectifier : There are two types of bridge configuration full wave rectifier : 1. These reverse biased thyristors turn off due to line or natural commutation and the load current transfers from T1 and T2 to T3 and T4. During the positive half cycle when terminal ‘P’ is positive w. 2. and simultaneous firing of these thyristors reverse biases the previously conducting thyristors T1 and T2.(5) ……………………. Fully-controlled bridge –circuit with resistive-load Scientech Technologies Pvt. after t = ". Fully controlled bridge rectifier Half controlled bridge rectifier ……………………..t. Ltd.r.

. (7) ……………………… (6) Scientech Technologies Pvt. the DC output power is PDC = VDC X IDC …………………….ST2709 Waveform for fully-controlled bridge with resistive-load Figure 3 The average DC voltage across load is VDC = Em (1+cos !)/" The average load current is IDC = Em (1+cos !)/"R Therefore. Ltd. 11 .

2. Symmetrical Asymmetrical Common cathode Common anode Symmetrical configuration is in two types Out of these configurations. these are further classified as 1. 1. the common cathode symmetrical configuration is the most commonly used configuration. when ‘P’is more positive w. Depending on the connections.ST2709 Half Controlled Bridge Rectifier : In these configurations two thyristors are replaced by power diodes and can be connected in either arm of the bridge.r. The waveforms of the voltage and current in relation to the input voltage are shown in figure.(8) ……………………(9) Scientech Technologies Pvt. (a) (b) (c) Figure 4 Where. ‘P’. (b) is common anode and (c) is asymmetrical configuration Average DC voltage across load is VDC = Em (1+ cos !) / " And average current is IDC = Em (1+ cos !) / "R Average power is PDC = VDC X IDC ……………………. the thyristor T2 and the diode D1 constitute the load current. 2.r. figure (a) is common cathode. the load currents flows through T1 and the diode D2 in the circuit shown in figure during the negative half cycle. Ltd. when ‘Q’ is more positive w.t. During the positive half cycle.t. 12 . because a single trigger can be used to fire both thyristors without any electrically isolation. ‘Q’ and when thyristor T1 is triggered.

. The firing angle is governed by the intersection of V1 and EC. The cosine signal compare with reference voltage in comparator 1 and in comparator 2 compare with invert of reference voltage.ST2709 Single Phase Converter Firing Circuit : There are many schemes to generate firing pulses for single phase rectifier Cosinefiring scheme in which synchronized sinusoidal signal is converted in cosine wave. These signals V5. 13 . (11) ……………… (10) Scientech Technologies Pvt. The output voltage of transformer is integrated using integrator to get cosine wave V1.. The signals V 3. Firing angle in time is ! = (180 X T) / 10ms So. firing angle is zero. (13) ………………. Ltd. Thus firing angle ! in terms of V2m and Ec can be expressed as V2m cos! = EC Or ! = cos-1 (E C /V 2m) Where V 2m = maximum value of cosine signal V 2. The pulse output of this scheme synchronizes with AC supply using step down transformer supply voltage step down to an appropriate level. after amplification. Input to this transformer taken from same source from which converter circuit is energized. time T in ms And. So the comparator 1 and comparator 2 give output pulses V2 and V3. V4 obtained from comparators are fed to clock pulse generators 1. T = (! X 10ms) / 180 Where. When EC is a maximum. (12) ……………. is used to trigger SCR’s in the negative half cycle. V6 energies a JK flip flop to generate output signals Vi and Vj. The DC control voltage EC varies from maximum positive Ecm to maximum negative Ecm so that firing angle can be varied from 0 to 180 degree. VM = $2 X VRMS ………………. 2 to get clock pulses V5. Cosine Firing Scheme : This scheme used to fire thyristors in single phase converter. V6. the signal Vi is amplified through the amplifier circuit and then employed to turn ‘On’ the SCR’s in the positive half cycle. VRMS = VM /$2 Then. Signals Vj.

3.ST2709 Experiment 1 Objective : Study of cosine firing circuit for single-phase converter Equipments Needed : 1. Circuit diagram : The basic cosine firing circuit block diagram is shown in the below figure 5 Figure 5 Scientech Technologies Pvt. ST2709 Oscilloscope ST201 or equivalent 2 mm patch cords. Ltd. 2. 14 . Power Electronics board.

15 . 7. comparator 2 at points ‘2’and ‘3’ w. Switch ‘On’ the power supply. clock pulse generator 2 at points ‘4’and ‘5’w.t.r.r. Observe the output waveforms of comparator1. Plot the waveforms of input signal. gate pulse 1 and 2. 3. ground and note readings of amplitude and time base. Rotate the firing control Potentiometer 1 in fully clock wise direction and Potentiometer 2 in fully counter clockwise direction. 2. Observe the sine wave AC signal between 15V and 0V and note readings of amplitude and time. clock pulse1 and 2. cosine signal. comparator1 and comparator 2 outputs. Scientech Technologies Pvt. Make sure that there should not be any connections by patch cord on the board.t. Ltd. ground and also note readings of amplitude and time base. 6. 4. Observe the output waveforms of clock pulse generator 1. Observe the output waveforms of integrator point ‘1’w. ground and also note readings of amplitude and time base.t. 8.r. Observe the output waveforms of gate pulse 1 gate pulse 2 points ‘6’and ‘7’w.ST2709 Procedure : • 1.t ground and also note readings of amplitude and time base.r. 5.

output Output A T A T A T A T A T A T Input signal Output Cosine signal Comparator 1 Comparator 2 Clock pulse Clock Pulse 1 2 output Gate pulse 1 Gate pulse 2 Scientech Technologies Pvt. Ltd. A T A T 16 . No.ST2709 S.

ST2709 Oscilloscope ST201 or equivalent 2 mm patch cords. 2. Power Electronics board. ST4022 or equivalent Circuit diagram : The circuit diagram of basic half wave controlled rectifier is shown in the below figure 6 Figure 6 Scientech Technologies Pvt. 4. Multimeter. Ltd.ST2709 Experiment 2 Objective : Study of half wave controlled rectifier with resistive load Equipments Needed : 1. 3. 17 .

gate pulse. Ltd. 60º.414 X Vrms. 5. 7. Switch ‘On’ the power supply Connect the Oscilloscope and voltmeter across the load. 11. Make sure that there should not be any connections by patch cord on the board Rotate the firing control Potentiometers 1 and 2 in full counter clockwise direction and also switch set at Potentiometer 1 side. 120º and 150º firing angles using equation (11). 3.ST2709 Procedure : • 1. 6. Scientech Technologies Pvt. Plot the input signal. 2. 8. 10. 9. Switch ‘Off’ the power. 4. Calculate the average load current IDC and power PDC from measured load voltage Vo. 90º. 12. and drop signal across SCR and output waveforms when firing angle is 90º. 18 . Observe the waveform across the SCR1 when firing angle is 90º. Observe the output waveforms and note the readings of voltage across load on different firing angles. Vary the firing control Potentiometer and set on 30º. Switch ‘On’ the power supply Measure the AC voltage (Vrms) by voltmeter between point 0V-15V and calculate Em by Em =1. Connect the circuit of half wave rectifier as shown figure 6 using 2 mm patch cords.

Ltd. In (Vrms) 19 . No.ST2709 Observation Table : S. In (Vm) VDC / RL In Deg. In Time (ms) Measured Voltage (Vo) Calculated Voltage (VDC) Measured (Io) Vo / RL Calculated (IDC) Input AC Voltage Measure d Po Vo X Io Firing Angle Average Output Voltage Across Load Average Load Current (IDC) Average Output Power Calculate d (PDC) VDC X IDC Scientech Technologies Pvt.

4. Equipments Needed : 1.ST2709 Experiment 3 Objective : To study the full wave controlled rectifier (mid-point configuration) with resistive load. ST2709 Oscilloscope ST201 or equivalent 2 mm patch cords. 3. 2. Multimeter ST4022 or equivalent Circuit diagram : The circuit diagram of basic full wave controlled rectifier (mid. Power Electronics board.point configuration) is shown in the below figure 7 Figure 7 Scientech Technologies Pvt. Ltd. 20 .

9. Scientech Technologies Pvt. Switch ‘On’ the power supply Connect the Oscilloscope and voltmeter across the load. Observe the output waveforms and note the readings of voltage across load on different firing angle. Switch ‘Off’ the power. 6. Switch ‘On’ the power supply Measure the AC voltage (Vrms) by voltmeter between point 0V-18V and calculate Em by Em =1. Ltd.ST2709 Procedure : • 1. Connect the circuit of full wave controlled rectifier (mid-point configuration) as shown figure 7 using 2 mm patch cords. 8. Plot the input signal. 4. 90º. 3. 60º. 10. Connect the Oscilloscope one by one across SCR1 and SCR2 and observe the waveform when firing angle is 90º. and drop signal across SCR and output waveforms when firing angle is 90º. 21 . 7. 120º and 150º firing angles using equation (11). 11. 2. 5.414 X Vrms. Calculate the average load IDC current and power PDC from measured load voltage Vo. Vary the firing control Potentiometer and set on 30º. Make sure that there should not be any connections by patch cord on the board Rotate the firing control Potentiometer in full clockwise direction. 12. gate pulse.

No In (Vm) VDC / RL In Deg. In (Vrms) 22 . In Time (ms) Measured Voltage (Vo) Calculated Voltage (VDC) Measured (Io) Vo / RL Calculated (IDC) Input AC Voltage Measure d Po Vo X Io Average Output Voltage Across Load Average Load Current (IDC) Average Output Power Calculate d (PDC) VDC X IDC Scientech Technologies Pvt. Ltd.ST2709 Observation Table : Firing Angle S.

Ltd. Multimeter ST4022 or equivalent Circuit diagram : The circuit diagram of basic half controlled bridge rectifier (common cathode configuration) is shown in the below figure 8 Figure 8 Scientech Technologies Pvt. 3. 4. 23 . 2.ST2709 Experiment 4 Objective : Study of half controlled bridge rectifier (common cathode configuration) with resistive load Equipments Needed : 1. ST2709 Oscilloscope ST210 or equivalent 2 mm patch cords. Power Electronics board.

120º and 150º firing angles using equation (11). Scientech Technologies Pvt. 6. 12. Ltd. Rotate the firing control Potentiometer in full clockwise direction. 8. Switch ‘On’ the power supply Measure the AC voltage (Vrms) by voltmeter between point 0V-15V and calculate Em by Em =1. 9. 24 . 60º. Observe the output waveforms and note the readings of voltage across load on different firing angle. Switch ‘Off’ the power supply Connect the circuit of half controlled bridge rectifier (common cathode configuration) as shown figure 8 using 2 mm patch cords. 7. 4. 90º. 11. Plot the input signal. 3. Calculate the average load IDC current and power PDC from measured load voltage Vo. 10. 2.414 X Vrms. 5.ST2709 Procedure : • 1. gate pulse. Switch ‘On’ the power supply Connect the Oscilloscope and voltmeter across the load. Connect the Oscilloscope one by one across SCR1 and SCR2 and observe the waveform when firing angle is 90º. and drop signal across SCR and output waveforms when firing angle is 90º. Make sure that there should not be any connections by patch cord on the board. Vary the firing control Potentiometer and set on 30º.

S. Ltd. No.ST2709 Observation Table : Scientech Technologies Pvt. In Time (ms) Measured Voltage (Vo) Calculated Voltage (VDC) Measured (Io) Vo / RL Calculated (IDC) Input AC Voltage Firing Angle Average Output Voltage Across Load Average Load Current (IDC) Average Output Power Measure d Po Vo X Io Calculate d (PDC) VDC X IDC In (Vrms) 25 . In (Vm) VDC / RL In Deg.

2. Ltd. 3. 4. Power Electronics board.ST2709 Experiment 5 Objective : Study of half controlled bridge rectifier (common anode configuration) with resistive load Equipments Needed : 1. ST2709 Oscilloscope ST201 or equivalent 2 mm patch cords Multimeter ST4022 or equivalent Circuit diagram : The circuit diagram of basic half controlled bridge rectifier (common anode configuration) is shown in the below figure 9 Figure 9 Scientech Technologies Pvt. 26 .

and drop signal across SCR and output waveforms when firing angle is 90º. 11. 90º. Plot the input signal. 9.414 X Vrms. Switch ‘Off’ the power supply Connect the circuit of half controlled bridge rectifier (common anode configuration) as shown figure 9 using 2 mm patch cords. Ltd. 10. 7. Switch ‘On’ the power supply Connect the Oscilloscope and voltmeter across the load. Calculate the average load IDC current and power PDC from measured load voltage Vo. 4.ST2709 Procedure : • 1. Scientech Technologies Pvt. 5. Switch ‘On’ the power supply Measure the AC voltage (Vrms) by voltmeter between point 0V-15V and calculate Em by Em =1. 8. 6. 3. 120ºand 150º firing angles using equation (11). 60º. 2. Vary the firing control Potentiometer and set on 30º. gate pulse. 12. Observe the output waveforms and note the readings of voltage across load on different firing angle. 27 . Make sure that there should not be any connections by patch cord on the board Rotate the firing control Potentiometer in full clockwise direction. Connect the Oscilloscope one by one across SCR1 and SCR2 and observe the waveform when firing angle is 90º.

No.ST2709 Observation Table : S. Ltd. In (Vrms) 28 . In (Vm) VDC / RL In Deg. In Time (ms) Measured Voltage (Vo) Calculated Voltage (VDC) Measured (Io) Vo / RL Calculated (IDC) Input AC Voltage Measure d Po Vo X Io Firing Angle Average Output Voltage Across Load Average Load Current (IDC) Average Output Power Calculate d (PDC) VDC X IDC Scientech Technologies Pvt.

Ltd.ST2709 Experiment 6 Objective : Study of half controlled bridge rectifier (asymmetrical configuration) with resistive load Equipments Needed : 1. 2. 4. Multimeter ST4022 or equivalent Circuit diagram : The circuit diagram of basic half controlled bridge rectifier (asymmetrical configuration) is shown in the below figure 10 Figure 10 Scientech Technologies Pvt. Power Electronics board. ST2709 Oscilloscope ST201 or equivalent 2 mm patch cords. 29 . 3.

414 X Vrms. 60º. Calculate the average load IDC current and power PDC from measured load voltage Vo. Switch ‘On’ the power supply Connect the Oscilloscope and voltmeter across the load. Ltd. 11. 7. 9. Vary the firing control Potentiometer and set on 30º. Connect the Oscilloscope one by one across SCR1 and SCR2 and observe the waveform when firing angle is 90º. Observe the output waveforms and note the readings of voltage across load on different firing angle. 4. 30 . 6. 10. 90º. 2.ST2709 Procedure : • 1. Switch ‘Off’ the power supply Connect the circuit of half controlled bridge rectifier (asymmetrical configuration) as shown figure 10 using 2 mm patch cords. 5. 3. 120º and 150º firing angles using equation (11). 12. Scientech Technologies Pvt. Switch ‘On’ the power supply Measure the AC voltage (Vrms) by voltmeter between point 0V-15V and calculate Em by Em =1. Make sure that there should not be any connections by patch cord on the board Rotate the firing control Potentiometer in full clockwise direction. and drop signal across SCR and output waveforms when firing angle is 90º. Plot the input signal. gate pulse. 8.

ST2709 Observation Table : Firing Angle Average Output Voltage Across Load Measured Voltage (Vo) VDC / RL Calculated Voltage (VDC) Measured (Io) Vo / RL Calculated (IDC) Measure d Po Vo X Io Average Load Current (IDC) Average Output Power Calculate d (PDC) VDC X IDC S. No. In (Vrms) 31 . In Time (ms) Input AC Voltage Scientech Technologies Pvt. Ltd. In (Vm) In Deg.

Power Electronics board. Multimeter ST4022 or equivalent Circuit diagram : The circuit diagram of basic fully controlled bridge rectifier is shown in the below figure 11 Figure 11 Scientech Technologies Pvt. 32 . Ltd. 2. 3. ST2709 Oscilloscope ST201 or equivalent 2 mm patch cords. 4.ST2709 Experiment 7 Objective : Study of fully controlled bridge rectifier with resistive load Equipments Needed : 1.

7. 11.414 X Vrms. 8. Ltd. Switch ‘On’ the power supply Connect the Oscilloscope and voltmeter across the load. 6. 3. and SCR3 & SCR4 and observe the waveform when firing angle is 90º respectively.ST2709 Procedure : • 1. Rotate the firing control Potentiometer in full clockwise direction. Switch ‘On’ the power supply Measure the AC voltage (Vrms) by voltmeter between point 0V-15V and calculate Em by Em =1. Connect the Oscilloscope one by one across SCR1. 120º and 150º firing angles using equation (11). 2. 10. 60º. 9. gate pulse. Scientech Technologies Pvt. 33 . and drop signal across SCR and output waveforms when firing angle is 90º. Calculate the average load IDC current and power PDC from measured load voltage Vo. Observe the output waveforms and note the readings of voltage across load on different firing angle. 90º. Switch ‘Off’ the power supply Connect the circuit of fully-controlled bridge rectifier as shown figure 11 using 2 mm patch cords. SCR2. Vary the firing control Potentiometer and set on 30º. Plot the input signal. Make sure that there should not be any connections by patch cord on the board. 12. 5. 4.

In (Vrms) Calculated (PDC) VDC X IDC 34 .ST2709 Observation Table : S. No. In Time (ms) Measured Voltage (Vo) Calculated Voltage (VDC) Measured (Io) Vo / RL Calculated (IDC) Input AC Voltage Measure d Po Vo X Io Firing Angle Average Output Voltage Across Load Average Load Current (IDC) Average Output Power Scientech Technologies Pvt. In (Vm) VDC / RL In Deg. Ltd.

35 . Ltd.ST2709 Data Sheet Scientech Technologies Pvt.

Ltd.ST2709 Scientech Technologies Pvt. 36 .

ST2709 Scientech Technologies Pvt. Ltd. 37 .

.................1 No........... serial number of the product and date of purchase etc........... e-Manual..........ST2709 1.............. List of Accessories 1........ Scientech Technologies Pvt............. Mains Cord .. 5....... if a) b) c) d) The product is not operated as per the instruction given in the operating manual.............. are not covered under warranty.. The non-working of the product is to be communicated to us immediately giving full details of the complaints and defects noticed specifically mentioning the type.... Consumables like dry cell etc.1 No. provided the product is dispatched securely packed and insured....................................... 4.......... 2mm Patch Cord (Black) 16”.... The customer resells the instrument to another party.......................................... 2... 2.... 2mm Patch Cord (Blue) 16” ....... 6 Nos... The repair work will be carried out............... 3............. Any attempt is made to service and modify the instrument...................... 38 ............. The transportation charges shall be borne by the customer.................................. 2mm Patch Cord (Red) 16” .. The guarantee will become void. Warranty We guarantee the we guarantee the product against all manufacturing defects for 24 months from the date of sale by us or through our dealers............ 6 Nos...... 6 Nos........ The agreed payment terms and other conditions of sale are not followed................. 4................................. Ltd........................... 3...

Ltd. RC Full wave. RC Half wave) PE11 SCR Triggering (UJT) PE12 SCR Triggering (IC555) PE13 SCR Triggering (IC74121) PE14 Ramp and Pedestal Triggering PE15 SCR Triggering (IC741) PE16 SCR Triggering (PUT) PE40 SCR Lamp Flasher PE41 SCR Alarm Circuit PE42 Series Inverter PE43 UJT Relaxation Oscillator PE44 Single Phase PWM Inverter ST2701 IGBT Characteristics ST2702 SCR Triggering (R. RC Half wave. RC Full wave) ST2703 SCR Triggering Techniques ST2704 Triggering of SCR using 74121 IC ST2705 SCR Lamp Flasher ST2706 SCR Alarm Circuit ST2707 Series Inverter ST2708 Single Phase Controlled Rectifier (with Ramp Comparator Firing Scheme) ST2709 Single Phase Controlled Rectifier (Cosine Firing Scheme) ST2710 Single Phase Converter Firing Techniques (by TCA 785IC and Triangular Comparator) ST2711 Lamp Dimmer ST2712 Electronics Power Lab ST2713 Single Phase Cyclo-Converter ST2714 Speed Control of Universal Motor using SCR ST2715 Speed Control of AC Motor using TRIAC ST2716 Microcontroller Based Firing Circuit for Controlled Rectifier ST2717 SCR Commutation Circuits ST2718 Bedford & Parallel Inverter ST2719 Step-Up Chopper ST2720 Single Phase Bridge Inverter ST2722 Step-Down Chopper ST2723 AC Chopper Scientech Technologies Pvt.ST2709 List of other Trainers available from us are : Model Name PE01 UJT Characteristics PE02 MOSFET Characteristics PE03 SCR Characteristics PE04 TRIAC Characteristics PE05 DIAC Characteristics PE06 IGBT Characteristics PE07 PUT Characteristics PE10 SCR Triggering (R. 39 .