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Problem Corner | Solution 283 | by Benjamin Bloch, Ph.D.

1. Here y = -3x-1 so that dy/dx = 3x-2. Rewriting we get dy = 3x-2dx.
Substituting their values, dy = 3(0.7)-2(0.15) = 0.92.
2.

dy = (3.2x + 3)dx = [(3.2)(0.4) + 3](0.15) = 0.64

3.

dy = (cosx + sinx)dx = (cos30 + sin30)(0.15) = 0.20

4.

dy = (xcosx + sinx)dx = (π/6 + 0.866)(0.15) = 0.21.

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February 2011

Professional Surveyor Magazine | www.profsurv.com