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Local Biz

1
Trade News

December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

CONTENTS
jynfwGif;ukefoG,frIowif;
pD;yGm;a&;ESifU ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;Xme jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; OD;0if;jrifUOD;aqmifaom jrefrmukd,fpm;vS,ftzGJY
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Pg - 7

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atmf*Jepf . . . atmf*JepfeJh . . .

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Pg - 18

jrefrmU SMEs xkwfukefrsm; EdkifiHwumaps;uGuf&SmazGaeMuNyD

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2013-2014 b@mESpftwGif; jrefrm-xdkif;e,fpyfrSm pcef;opf 2 ckzGifUvSpfEdkif

Pg - 20

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2013 ckESpf atmufwkdbmvrSm e,fpyfukefoG,frIrS uefa':vm 495 oef;ausmf aqmif&GufEdkif

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Pg - 25

Local
Biz
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

2
Trade News

CONTENTS
a'owGif; owif;
xdkif;EdkifiH\ t&ufwifoGif;a&mif;0,frIqdkif&m vkyfxHk;vkyfenf;rsm;

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wwd,tBudrf a'owGif;bufpHk pD;yGm;a&;yl;aygif;aqmif&GufrIESifU apUpyfndEIdif;rIudk Zefe0g&DwGif usif;yrnf

Pg - 28

*sDtrftufpfa'owGif;&Sd BuD;xGm;vmaom vlvwfwef;pm;aps;uGufudk t&trdzrf;zdkY xkdif;pD;yGm;a&vkyfief;rsm;udk


wdkufwGef;

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zdvpfydkifEdkifiHtwGuf attD;pD\pdefac:rIrsm;ESihf tcGihftvrf;rsm;

Pg - 30

EdkifiHwum owif;
urmhpD;yGm;a&;ESifU EdkifiHpHkukefoG,fa&;pepfwdkh vdkufzufrI&Sd

Pg - 32

urmhqefjzefhjzL;a&; r[mAsL[mcsrSwf&ef tufzfattdk wdkufwGef;

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English Section
National Export Strategy for Export Development

Pg - 34

Myanmar drafts the National Trade Facilitation Implementation Plan


as regards the implementation of commitments under a future WTO
agreement on Trade Facilitation

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Myanmar and EIF

Pg - 42

Local Biz

December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

3
Trade News

pD;yGm;a&;ESifU ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;Xme? jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;OD;0if;jrifU OD;aqmifaom


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Local
Biz
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

4
Trade News

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Local Biz

December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

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5
Trade News
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Local
Biz
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4
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rsm;aMumihf qefaps;uGufjyefNidrfvmcJhygw,f/

6
Trade News
Ekd0ifbmvrSm {nhfrxqef vwfpwpftdwf 15200
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aps; 315 USD/MT aps;cefYjzihf tcsKdUukrPDrsm;rS wefcsdef
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USD/ MT cefY &rSom a&mif;vkMd uygw,f/ jynfwi
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usyfaps;wufcJhum jynfyukd qefa&mif;aps;wkd;jrifhr&aomf
vnf;aiGvJEIef;wufcJh vkyfomudkifom tajctaeay;cJh
acsmpkrm
aMumif; od&onf/

Local Biz

December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

7
Trade News

{NyDvrS Ekd0ifbmvtxd yJrsKd;pHkaps;uGuf tajctae


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jrifhcJhaMumif;? rwfyJypnf; vufuseftaeeJY wefcsdef wpfodef;ausmfcefYom usef&SdaevdkY 'DEIef;

Local
Biz
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4
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aps;ay;t0,f&SdvdkY wpfydm 1050 usyf(wpfwefukd

8
Trade News
643009 usyf) aps;0ef;usifeJY wpfywfukd tdwf 800 rS
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awmifjywfoGm;EkdifaMumif; ukefonfrsm;u oHk;oyfajymqkd
aMumif; od&ygw,f/

Local Biz

December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

9
Trade News

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pm - 10 odkh

Local
Biz
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4
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10
Trade News
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Source: dailyfinance.com, UNT

Local Biz

December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

11
Trade News

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r,foDwm

Local
Biz
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

12
Trade News

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Local Biz

December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

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Yl @mtjzpf odr;f qnf;t
a&;,lrIrsm;aqmif&GufcJh&onf/

13
Trade News
Mobile Team (&efukefqdyfurf;e,fajr) rS 31-102013 aeUxd ,m,Dwm;qD;ta&;,lcJhonfh jzpfpOfrsm;rSm
taumufcGeftrIwGJzGifh 4 rI? &Jpcef;trIzGifh 1 rI? a&G;,l
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'or 287 oef;ausmf &Sdonf/ ta&;,l umvtwGif;
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1 &ufrS 15 &ufxd wm;qD;xm;onfhukefypnf;rsm;tay:
yifv,fa&aMumif; taumufcGefOya'ESifh ta&;,l aqmif
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jzifh xkwfay; 1 rI? pkpkaygif; cefUrSef;wefzdk;usyf 64 'or
731 oef;zdk;ta&;,lcJh&onf/
16-9-2013 aeU eHeuf 06 ; 00 csdefrSpNyD; ydkYukefoGif;
ukef Oya' (2013) pwifusifhoHk;cJhygonf/ 16-9-2013 rS
31-10-2013 xd yifv,faMumif;Oya'? ydu
Yk ek o
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yJcl;wdkif;a'oBuD; Mobile Team wGJzuf\ 28-92013 rS 31-10-2013 xd wm;qD;ppfaq;rI rsm;rSm ydkYukef
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ypnf;rsm; (qHyifqdk;aq;? aygif;aq;? a&arT;? rdwfuyf)?
zdeyftrsdK;rsdK; (SL;? pudwfpD;zdeyf ----)? qdkifu,fwm,m?
uRwf? qdkifu,ftif*sifvHk;? tyfcsnfvHk;? a&TcsdefpufwdkU jzpf
Muygonf/

MIRT (DCCA)

Local
Biz
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

14
Trade News

atmf*Jepf . . . atmf*Jepf eJh . . .


r*sKyf (xDvm)
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EkdifiHESifh EIdif;,SOfvQif oDaygrif;ygawmfrrlcif umvuwnf;u----"mwfajrMoZmrsm;ukd
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pD;yGm;a&;zGHYjzKd;rIESifhtnD----v,f,moGif;tm;pkrsm; tokH;jyKrI wdk;wufvm&mrS---obm0 ywf0ef;usifESifh xkwfvkyfaom oD;ESHwkdY\ t&nftaoG; nHhzsif;usqif;vmrIudk
BuKHawGYvm&aomtcg ----Chemical Free "mwk uif;vGwfukefrsm; xkwfvkyfa&;qD

Local Biz

15
Trade News

December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

aZmif;ay; tmkH ajymif;vmMuonf/


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rnfh a&t&nftaoG;ykdif; qdkif&mwGif

pm - 16 odkh

Local
Biz
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

16
Trade News

pm - 15 rS tquf
vnf; qm;yg0ifrI? qyfjymyg0ifrI qkd
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250 ppm
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2 ppm
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100 ppm
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wnfaqmufBudK;yrf;MuapvdkaMumif;
wdkufwGef;a&;om;tyfayonf/

Export Market
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

wdkif;jynf0ifaiGwdk;apr,fU jrefrUmtr,fopf ydkhukefypnf;rsm;


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17
Trade News

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OD;oef;pdk;

Export
Market
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

18
Trade News

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,Of,Ofat; (MIRT -DCCA)

Export Market
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

19
Trade News

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KKM (Export)

Border
Biz
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

20
Trade News

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Border Biz

21
Trade News

December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

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Border
Biz
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

22
Trade News

2013-2014 b@mESpf {NyDvrS atmufwdkbmvxd


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Border Biz

23
Trade News

December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

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Border
Biz
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4
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apmif? a0zmrkefY? csif;ajcmuf

24
Trade News
&d'f

uGrf;oD;vHk;? rkefYrsdK;pHk? apmif? r0wfwD&Syf? pD;


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aumhaomif; "mwfajrMoZm? oHeJYoHrPdaqmufvkyfa&;

Border Biz

25
Trade News

December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

Nrdwf

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cifrdk;ol MIRT (DCCA)

Regional
Biz
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

26
Trade News

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Regional Biz

December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

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t&uftrsm;pkonf oGif;ukefcGef? ,pfrsKd;cGef? wefzkd;jrihfcGef

27
Trade News
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ygu rdepf 20 cefYMumjrihfrnfjzpfonf/

Regional
Biz
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

28
Trade News

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Pfwif

Regional Biz

December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

29
Trade News

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Pfwif

Regional
Biz
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

30
Trade News

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Regional Biz

December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

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31
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Pfwif

International
Biz
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

32
Trade News

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pm - 33 odkh

International Biz
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

33
Trade News

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oluajymonf/

English
Section
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

34
Trade News

National Export Strategy for Export


Development
Dr. Maung Aung
Nowadays, every country around the world is striving to develop
their economy to the best of their ability. In doing so, trade plays a
leading role and it is regarded "Engine of Growth by economists.
As far as Myanmar is concerned, Myanmar now enjoyed an
opportunity in international trade with all countries across the world
again. The sanctions imposed against Myanmar have been lifted.
Myanmar is still abundant with untapped natural resources and human
resources.
Having situated in strategic geographical location, Myanmar
is internationally recognized to be one of the most promising stars
in Asian region. These are the unique opportunities for Myanmar to
achieve economic development.
Like other promising Asian countries which become developed
their economy through export promotion, Myanmar must make allout effort by applying Export Led Growth Model when it comes to

English Section
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

upgrading the quality and quantity of current


export commodities, identifying new export
items, value added export items and new export
market.
On the other hand, Myanmar is about to
implement National Export Strategy (NES)
for feasible export development and export
competitiveness development.
In drafting NES, International Trade
Centre (ITC) will provide technical assistance
with the support of GIZ from Germany.
Under the guidance of Ministry of Commerce,
NES will be drafted by government, private
sector and civil societies.
Generally, it will take five years from
drafting to implementation stage. There are
four major phases involved in this process
namely Pre-Engagement Phase, Inception
Phase, Design Phase and Implementation
Phase.
Now, Pre-Engagement Phase and Inception
Phase have been already finalized. Design
Phase is being started.
The officials/experts from government
departments, private organizations and civil
societies have laid down Vision of NES,
six Objectives of strategy, Five Priority
Commodities Sector, One Priority Service
Sector, One Promising Sector and Four Cross
Sectors.
Vision and Objectives of NES
Main vision of National Export Strategy
is "sustainable exported growth and prosperity
for emerging Myanmar. The National strategic
objectives of NES are :
1. To foster sustainable inclusive and
equitable export-led growth.
2. To ensure a consistant, predictable and
transparent policy, legal and regulatory
framework.
3. To develop competitive, diversified
and branded exports by expanding
productive capacities and fostering
innovation.
4. To build enabled and supportive
institutions.
5. Build physical trade infrastructures.

35
Trade News
Five Priority Sectors
Experts from government departments,
private sectors, civil societies and international
trade centre reached a consensus in order to
implement five priority sectors namely rice,
pulses and beans, edible crops, fishery products,
garment, timber and forest products. Tourism
is selected as priority service. Potential export
item is regarded as rubber. When it comes to
selecting these sectors, main criteria is based
on importance and possibility of total export
volume of country, socio-economic impact of
export promotion. For example, despite natural
gas export is the largest export volume and
most potential export item in the country, it
should not be selected as priority sector because
it does not impact on socio-economy of the
country to lesser extent. It means that it is right
Myanmar enjoys increased export earnings
from the export of natural gas. Nevertheless,
natural gas export is not conducive to much
employment opportunities, technology transfer
and distribution of management. That's why,
natural gas export sector is not selected in
priority sector.
Under the current export landscape, export
volume of rice is not much higher than that of
pulses and beans. In the future, rice is the most
potential export item. Compared to other crops,
rice industry can have socio-economic impact
to larger extent. That's why, rice is selected in
first priority sector. The rest priority export
items are agricultural commodities which are
major export items as well as the most potential
export items. World tourism industry which is
also known as service export is significantly on
the rise. Moreover, tourism industry has a rosy
future.
Similarly, rubber export is not significantly
on the rise at present. But, it is selected as
priority export item because of the expansion
of rubber plantation these days, the use of
good quality seeds and good prospect in future
rubber industry when value added process is
developed.
Cross Sectors
There are four cross sectors which can help

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Section
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4
develop priority sectors for export promotion.
They are as follows;
Trade Financing
Trade Information and Trade Promotion
Quality Management
Trade Facilitation and Logistics
These four sectors are essential to promote
priority sectors.
One of the barriers that help prevent
Myanmar's current export promotion is the
scarcity of adequate capital. Only when the
issue of this barrier is addressed, will capacity
of exporters be enhanced. That's why, trade
financing is included under cross sectors. Other
factors which need to be addressed for export
promotion are to get the information in timely
manner such as market price related with
export, market information, market situation.
Nowadays, every country is trying to the best
of their ability for economic development
through export promotion. Accordingly,
competitiveness in world market is very strong
and it is essential to follow quality standards
and norms adopted. Priority should be given to
quality management for every export industry.
It is important for exports and manufacturers to
widely realize the international standards and
norms as well as Common Quality Standard
among ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA). One
of the factors that competitiveness of Myanmar
export items is very low in international
market mainly because of the high logistics
cost which needs to be reduced. Only when
trade facilitation is better than before, will it be
supportive to priority sector.
A National Export Strategy will be widely
drafted based on analyzing Value Change
Map of priority sectors such as rice, pulses
and beans, edible crops, garment, analyzing
current export market, identifying the needs
of Distribution Channels of priority sector,
identifying the current difficulties of priority
sector faced as problem tree.
Priority Sector Rice Export
Rice is the staple food of Myanmar and
strategically important agricultural crop. For
the time being, rice cultivation contributes

36
Trade News
largest in the country and rice is the second
largest export items among agricultural crops.
According to historical background, Myanmar
used to be largest exporter of rice in the world
from the period of Pre-World War II to early
period of Independence. This economic
progress at that time is mainly because of
the development in rice industry.
Unfortunately, under the centralized
economy of Socialist Government, Myanmar
rice export industry was declining from the
level of largest exporter to major exporter to
marginal exporter gradually. Among the factors
why Myanmar's rice export was on decline are
low quality and productivity rate of rice as well
as government's Paddy Procurement System
that government purchased rice from farmers
with very low price. So, rice industry could not
attract farmers anymore. However, new rice
policy initiated in 2003 permitted private sector
to involve rice trading freely to some extent.
Due to economic sanctions against Myanmar,
Myanmar's rice industry has not developed
because of less market share in the global
market, financial transactions in international
trading, low quality and less competitiveness.
During the time of civilian government,
trading policy on rice export has been relaxed
continuously. Rice export has been permitted
not only through normal trade but also border
trade. In the past, rice export was only granted
via normal trade, not border trade. Accordingly,
rice export is dramatically on the rise. In
2012-2013 financial year, rice export to China
amounted to 800,000 metric tonnes due to
market demand from China. Total rice export
in this financial year including normal trade has
amounted to 1.4 million metric tonnes which
sets the highest record over the last 46 years.
But, this export volume is still low compared
to existing inputs of natural resources.
Importantly, the most disadvantaged is that
farmers are still using traditional way when it
comes to cultivating rice. The difficulties faced
by farmers are lack of enough capital, inputs
(fertilizers/insecticide) and good quality seeds.
Besides, Myamar is still weak in irrigation
system management, securing good quality

English Section
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

seeds, existing different seeds,experiencing


waste in postharvest, implementing mechanic
farming, high logistic cost from paddy fields to
mills/factories. Weak in know of rice milling
technology, lack of inadequate power supply,
low capacity for freight forwarding at ports and
insufficient warehouses are major difficulties
faced in rice industry related with business
environment issue.
Similarly, there are difficulties as Market
Entry Issue. For example, there are weak in
expanding reliable market, obtaining market
information, upgrading quality of rice for
export and to get official rice trade with China.
Rice is the most strategic crops among
other agricultural crops. It is also an essential
crop for socio-economic impact of the country.
Thats why, if the rice industry is promoted,
export led development strategy will succeed
and it will also contribute for poverty reduction
and rural development.
Pulses and Beans/edible oil crops
Pulses and beans are the one export item
which earns largest export earning among
the agricultural crops. In terms of cultivation,
it is also second largest in country next to
rice. Being a cash crop for farmers, it is also
strategic crop for them. In the wake of 1988,
export of pulses/ beans dramatically on the rise
due to increased demand from Indian market. It
became Myanmars largest agricultural export
commodity. Myanmar also becomes largest
pulses/ beans exporting country in Asia and
second largest exporting country in the world
next to Canada.
About 70 percent of Myanmar pulses
and beans are still exporting to India. As
dependency is too high, Myanmar always
faces price speculation or instable market
price. One of the advantages in this industry
is that Myanmar enjoys same geographical
condition with India. As a result, Pulses and
beans produced from Myanmar is same with
India in terms of taste, colour and fragrance.
Nevertheless, Canada now penetrates Indian
market with reasonably low price with the
passage of time, Myanmars market share in

37
Trade News
India is now gradually on decline. Because
Myanmar cannot compete with Canada in
terms of price, quality and market when it
comes to exporting pulses and beans to Indian
market.
When we have a look at the export of pulses
and beans majority (above 80% of export) are
Fair Average Quality (FAQ) which are being
exported with low quality. Export of Special
Quality (SQ) which is value added is not
significant. Myamar cannot manage to export
value added to fu, snack and food produced
from pulses and beans. One of the major barriers
for development of pulses and beans industry
is that practice to cultivate good quality seeds
is not much available among farmers. Farmers
are accustomed to cultivating in traditional
way which is less productive and low quality.
Thats why, Myanmar finds it difficult to
compete with other pulses and beans exporting
countries, especially with Canada. According
to statistics from FAO, current productivity
rate of pulses and beans is approximately
980 Kg per hectare while productivity rate in
Canada is 2000 Kg per hectare _ about two
times difference productivity rate between
Myanmar and Canada. It means that increasing
current productivity rate (above one million
tonnes) double requires quality seeds. Another
step required is to penetrate new market for
pulses and beans export from few Asian based
markets to EU and Middle East markets. On the
other hands, if the national entrepreneurs and
foreign investors cooperate in manufacturing
value added pulses/ beans, it will help increase
both income of farmers and export earning/
trade volume of pulses and beans.
As for edible oil crops, it is not regarded
as strategic crop now. But, it is highly potential
to be an important crop in the future. For the
time being, Myanmar is still importing a lot of
palm oil abroad as current production cannot
meet domestic consumption. Demand of local
consumption (edible oil and industrial use)
is more than 800,000 tonnes. Annually, more
than 300,000 tons of palm oil out of 800,000
tonnes is imported. As for comparative
advantage, export of edible crops such as

English
Section
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

38
Trade News

sesame, peanut (groundnut), sesame oil,


groundnut oil is permitted. Thats why, income
of farmers increase. It is also beneficial to
country because it generates export earnings.
Productivity of edible oil will increase if
farmers grow more crops. Currently, the price
of palm oil costs about USD1,000 per tonne
while exporting black sesame earns at least
more than USD2,000 per tonne. It is important
to make sure the safety and quality assurance
of the imported palm oil. Long term vision is to
encourage farmers to grow more edible crops
not only for sufficiency of domestic supply
but also for potential export commodity.
Accordingly, edible oil crops are listed in
National Export Strategy. Moreover, it will be
major income source of crops for farmers in
central Myanmar.
Timber and Forest Products
As Myanmar is blessed with natural
resources, the export of timber and forest
products plays an important role. Myamars
teak is reputable among world nations as
famous brand. Traditionally, most of the
timber was exported in log with low price
which did not promote country economic
development, employment opportunities and
value added production. Exporting timber in
log will be halted once and for all effective
from 2014. Only the value added timber and
forest products will be permitted for export. In
practical, the problems such as availability of
raw material, difficulty of securing business
recommendation, illegal timber export need
to be addressed. It also facilitates to arrange
vocational training to supply scarcity of skilled
labours when it comes to manufacturing
value added wood based products. Now that
Myanmar is accessible with EU market which
imposed economic sanctions against Myanmar
before, timber and forest products are potential
export items if we can produce quality wood
based products with specific designs requested.
Fishery Products
Myanmar is

abundant

with

fishery

resources along the coastal regions; Rakhine,


Ayeyarwaddy and Thaninthari Region as well
as a lot of farming in Yangon Region. There
is much possibility to expand fishery products
for export market. For the time being, it is
such important commodities due to increased
demand. Especially, demand from neighboring
countries like China and India is increasing
with its rapid economic development and
per capital income. As purchasing power on
consuming quality commodities (dairy and
meat) is on the rise, it would be good prospect
to expand fishery export. Similarly, there are
also possibility to export to EU and Japanese
market which grants Generalized System of
Preference GSP if Myanmar fishery industry
can meet the criteria of EU and Japanese market
demand. The industry faces many difficulties
which need to be addressed such as extension
and construction of new farming, financial
capital, insufficient quality food for livestock
breeding, need of Good Aquaculture Practices,
lack of regular electricity supply.
Garments/Textile
Current situation of garment industry
which is also known as CMP business
(Cutting, Making and Packaging) in
Myanmar is progressing now. It is the most
important export item as it creates a lot of
job opportunities for young women. Garment
export stood largest export item until economic
sanctions had been imposed against Myanmar
by US. At that time, Myanmars garment
export mainly depends on US market. In the
wake of 2000, garment export has dramatically
declined. Fortunately, Myanmar garment
industry managed to expand Japanese market.
Thanks to increased order from Japanese
market, the industry survived and trade volume
also increased. In the near future, Myanmar
garments industry is expected to develop
more than what it used to be before mainly
because of enjoying GSP rights from EU and
US market. For the time being, the industry
Face many constraints such as shortage of
power supply, low productivity, increased land

English Section

39
Trade News

December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

price for construction of factories, shortage of


skilled labours. Nevertheless, the industry has
a rosy future if the industry follows according
to emerging NES. One thing that should be
aware of garment industry is a leading sector
in China when it comes to transforming rapid
economic development. When we have a
look at the case study of England during its
industrial revolution period, garment sector
played a dominant role.
Rubber Export
Currently, Myanmar is still exporting
low quality rubber products; RSS-5 grade.
Earning from rubber export is not progressing
significantly. If Myanmar can produce quality
based value added rubber products, it would
be potential export industry for country.
Myanmar rubber does not enjoy international
market. The industry faces may challenges;
not able to produce quality products and not
able to increase productivity. It has a serious
repercussion on market. The industry also
needs technology and investment.
Tourism Industry
Myanmar is one of the largest countries in
South East Asian nations with bio-diversities,
different geographical condition, elongated
coastal land, mountain ranges and ancient
cultural heritages such as pagoda and stupa.
Thats why, Myanmars tourism industry is
listed among 10 most potential countries for
tourist destination. So, Myanmars tourism
industry is the most potential servic export
industry of Myanmar. For the time being,
Myanmar fails to provide adequate facilities/
services to tourists as the numbers of tourist
arrival is dramatically on the rise these
days. Tourism industry is weak in skilled
human capital, dissemination of information,
visa application system and limited tourist
destination. These challenges faced in tourism
industry should be addressed right away.
Anyway, Myanmars tourism industry will
be most potential business in country thanks
to current political openness and economic

opportunities.
National Export Strategy (NES)
National Export Strategy (NES) is one
of the important parts of Export Led Growth
Model. It should be implemented in accordance
with Public Private Partnership (PPP); but,
those who organize are from government
sector. The National Export Council should
be established to be effective and efficient as
NES is very comprehensive and every sector
involves in NES. Government must facilitate
laws, rules and regulations, procedures,
organizations; infrastructure supports (road,
telecommunications, transportation, ports,
electricity) that are essential for NES. What the
most important is business men, manufacturers
and farmers from private sectors must make
all out efforts to enhance competitiveness
of Myanmar export commodities in the
international market. As majority of Myanmar
export commodities are agricultural products,
all must have to cooperate to change behavior
and raise the awareness from the level of
farmers throughout the supply change process.
Priority should be focused to promote Myamar
commodities in international market and expand
the production of value added export items by
following the business ethics. Only then, People
Centre Development will be implemented to
promote socio-economy of farmers from grass
root level and national interest through export
promotion. So, it is important for everyone to
realize the importance emerging NES. When
every citizen across the nation is committed
to make concerted effort with national spirit,
economy of the country is likely to develop by
hook or by crook through export promotion.

Translated by Ye Lwin

English
Section
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

40
Trade News

Myanmar drafts the National Trade Facilitation


Implementation Plan
Myanmar is now drafting the National Trade Facilitation
Implementation Plan with the help of technical assistance from
UNCTAD which aims to help developing countries and LDCs to
develop and implement better trade facilitation practices. Donors
for the UNCTADs Trade Facilitation (TF) technical assistance (TA)
programme are European Union, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,
United Nations Development Account and World Bank.
UNCTAD Provides TA and capacity building to developing
countries to implement more than half of the Trade Facilitation
measures currently considered in WTO. The WTO negotiations
on trade facilitation are part of the Doha Development Agenda.
Negotiations on this subject matter have been on-going since 2004
with the overall objective of accelerating the movement and clearance
of goods in international trade and transit, through the simplification
and harmonization of trade procedures, documents and formalities.
As a member of WTO, Myanmar would have to undertake domestic

English Section
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

reforms to be compliant with new rules and


would require additional time and resource to
acquire the implementation capacity as regards
the implementation of commitments under a
future WTO agreement on trade facilitation
.Thats why, Myanmar is now drafting the
National Trade Facilitation Implementation
Plan with the help of TA from UNCTAD.
TF project for Myanmar is financed
by Sweden. Among the countries in the
world ,the countries covered by UNCTAD
TF project are Angola, Bangladesh, Benin,
Burkina Faso,Burundi, Bhutan, Chad ,
Dominican Republic ,Gabon, Guatemala,
Haiti , Jordan, Kenya, Myanmar, Nepal ,
Nicaragua,Organization of Eastern Caribbean
States (OECS)(6 WTOmembers), Paraguay,
Rwanda, Sudan , Suriname, Tanzania and
Uganda. Duration for UNCTAD TF project
is 2 years (20122013).TF project in
Myanmar is officially started to launch during
October, 2013. UNCTAD has appointed a
National Consultant for drafting the TF plan.
Introductory Workshops on drafting the
National Trade Facilitation Implementation
Plan were organized in Yangon& NayPyiTaw
and Senior Advisor Dr.Mohammad Saeed from
UNCTAD participated as the techniacian.
Introductory Workshop held in Yangon on
18th October, 2013 focused the private sector.
However , Introductory Workshop held in
NayPyiTaw focused the government officials
from concerned Departments and Senior
Advisor Dr.Mohammad Saeed passed the
questionnaire including 39 measures as the
assistance for drafting the plan.
Following the Introductory Workshop,
the National Consultant has been trying
to accomplish the TF draft by conducting
the relevant interviews according to the
questionnaire that UNCTAD has developed.
Based on interview results, the National
Consultant had consolidated the TF draft report
for discussion at the Validation Conference.
The Validation Conference was organized

41
Trade News
in NayPyiTaw, Myanmar from 19th to
20th November, 2013. Mr.Poul HANSEN,
Economic Affairs Officer of Trade Facilitation
Section under the Division of technology
and Logistics from UNCTAD , the National
Consultant Daw Thin Htut Thida , the experts
from ADB( Asia Development Bank) ,the
government officials concerned and the
relevant national stakeholders participated at
the Conference. During the Conference, all
participants reviewed the draft Plan prepared
by the National Consultant. Adjustment and
finalization of national plan will be undertaken
during December,2013 . The final document
will be submitted for the validation at the
special meeting of the Working Group in
December and finally ,the National Trade
Facilitation Implementation Plan for Myanmar
would become the property of Myanmar.
Including Myanmar National TF plan, twenty
six National TF plans would be submitted at
the 9th WTO Ministerial Conference to be
held in Bali, Indonesia in December this year.
The Ministers agreed that the Bali agenda
should focus on the issues of trade facilitation,
agriculture and certain topics of special interest
to least developed countries (LDCs).
Nowadays,
Trade
Facilitation
is
increasingly important for the developing
countries and may become, in the future, part
of the legal international trade regime (WTO).
Thats why, the countries which nationally
own TF assessment and sustainable national
dialogue on TF have the great chance for
making sound and sustainable progress on
making their stakeholders more competitive in
the globalized economy.

PA PA

English
Section
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

42
Trade News

Myanmar and EIF


Introduction
Myanmar introducing a programme to mainstream trade into its
development strategies that will contribute to poverty eradication efforts of the country. Myanmar's participation in the Enhanced Integrated Framework (EIF) programme was discussed during a two-day
workshop organised in Nay Pyi Taw on 31 July. The EIF is a multidonor programme, which supports least developed countries to be able
to link with global trading system.
Familiarization Workshop
The workshop was organised by the Ministry of Commerce and
Executive Secretariat for the EIF in collaboration with UNDP in
Myanmar. The commitment of Myanmar to the programme was evident through the participation of high level representatives from the
Government, including H.E. U Win Myint, Minister for Commerce,
H.E. Dr. Pwint San, Deputy Minister for Commerce as well as other
Deputy Ministers and senior officials from line ministries. Also in at-

English Section
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4

tendance was from the EIF Executive Secretariat represented by the Executive Director
Mrs. Dorothy Tembo, Mr Simon Hess the EIF
Myanmar country Coordinator, as well as Mr
Ratnasabapathy Manivannan the Bangkok Regional Portfolio Manager representing UNOPS
in the capacity as EIF Trust Fund Manager.
H.E.U Win Myint noted that the EIF will
assist Myanmar to fulfill trade development
objectives, and requested all development partners and donors to work together for the longterm development of Myanmar. H.E. Minelik
Alemu Getahun, Ambassador Extraordinary
and Plenipotentiary, Permanent Representative of Ethiopia to the UN Office at Geneva,
and other international organizations in Switzerland and Vienna, as chair of the EIF Board
said trade offers a key boost to development
presenting the potential to contribute to poverty eradication and employment generation.
However, ability to seize new global trading
opportunities is not even among countries,
particularly least developed countries. The
EIF programme and its underlying principle
of ownership provides a framework for LDCs
that enables inclusive dialogue, needs identification, prioritized and coordinated response to
addressing the necessary structural reforms,
H.E. Ambassador Getahun said.
The EIF process aims to strengthen donor's
support to a country's trade agenda. LDCs can
use the EIF as a vehicle to assist in coordinating donor's support and to leverage additional
aid for trade resources.
Strong messages of support from various
donors and development partners were delivered. UNDPs senior economic adviser Mr.
Daniel Kostzer said the familarisation with EIF
is an important process of the collaboration

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between the development community and the
government of Myanmar to help mainstream
trade in the next stages of the countrys reform.
The Acting Head of Operations for EuropeAid
in the European Union Delegation, Mr. Ian
Hoskins, noted the trade development support
that EU is providing to Myanmar, and also
specified the need for increased donor cooperation in trade and private sector development.
Mr. Chin Pen Chua, UNIDO Representative
and Director of the Regional Office, outlined
the organization's support for the EIF process
and on-going initiatives in the country including strengthening of the National Quality Infrastructure. Mr. Thomas Schneider, Senior
Advisor at GIZ noted that through the ITC they
are assisting with the development of the National Export Strategy amongst other areas of
support. Mr Khwima Nthara, the World Bank's
Senior Country Economist outlined the World
Bank's support for the EIF process in Myanmar and noted that earlier in 2013 the World
Bank had resumed normal lending operations
with Myanmar and that resources through the
World Bank could increase substantially. Mr.
Rajan Ratna from ESCAP made a brief presentation outlining their current activities including training in various economic areas and
indicated ESCAP's availability in working to
further consolidate current efforts with the EIF.
USAID, actively supporting agriculture development and business competitiveness also participated at the workshop.
H.E. Dr. Pwint San in his closing remarks
said Myanmar's strong interest and commitment to participating in the EIF including implementation of the next steps, among which is
conducting a diagnostic trade integration study
to identify key constraints and opportunities
to Myanmars integration into the multilateral

English
Section
December 2013, Vol . 21, No.4
trading system and the global economy. The
trade integration study will provide insights
that will allow the design of a sustainable strategies for Myanmar to foster and consolidate
growth.
Current Process of EIF
There are four major functions of EIF process.
They are:
- Pre DTIS (Pre Diagnostic Trade Integrated Study)
- DTIS (Diagnostic Trade Integrated
Study)
- Tire 1 Project
- Tire 2 Projects
Pre DTIS phase, the first phase of the EIF
process, is crucial as it lays the foundation
upon with the whole trade mainstreaming and
EIF process at country level will be built.
According to the Compendium of EIF
Documents: A User's Guide to the EIF, three
main outputs are expected in Pre DTIS phase:
(1) The foundation of the institutional
governance structure and the technical/ executive structure for the EIF
process at country level is set up;
which means, under the Pre DTIS
stage, we have to establish the E I F
governance infrastructure of Myanmar. Regarding the EIF governance
infrastructure of the country level, Focal Point, National
Implementation Unit (NIU), National Steering
Committee (NSC) and Donor Facilitator are necessary to assign.
(2) Key actors or stakeholders (Focal
Point, Donor Facilitator, National Implementation Unit) are trained in the
EIF process; and
(3) The EIF Country is prepared to under-

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Trade News
take the DTIS, and relevant stakeholders are ready to provide input into the
DTIS process to
ensure
full
ownership.
In order to have the first main output, the
key actors under the EIF governance infrastructure of Myanmar as the beginning phase
are to be assigned.
The Ministry of Commerce has already
informed formal notification of Focal Point of
Myanmar to implement the EIF; notified to the
WTO that H.E. Dr. Pwint San, Deputy Minister of Commerce, was assigned as the Focal
Point of Myanmar to implement the EIF in
Myanmar.
Moreover, the Ministry of Commerce already formed the technical team, the National
Implementation Unit (NIU), to support the
Focal Point effectively. This team is headed
by Deputy Director General of Directorate of
Trade (DOT).
EU becomes the Donor Facilitator (DF)
for EIF programme in Myanmar and notified
to the WTO about that.
Now Pre-DTIS phase of EIF programme
in Myanmar is started.

Nyi Nyi Aung