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LEADERSHIP AND MOTIVATION Souvik Roy 1 MOTIVATING      Motivation word comes from Latin verb “to move” Leaders are doing it by “Rewards” and “Threats” approach, We all motivate ourselves by responding to inner needs. A leader must understand „needs‟ of his men, to motivate them, A.H. Maslow‟s concept of hierarchy of needs is an useful tool to understand needs of an individual. 2 A.H.Maslow’s hierarchy of needs... Self Actualisation Esteem Social Safety Growth Accomplishment Physiolo Security -gical needs Self respect Personal Achievement Development Social life Status Acceptance Recognition Love Belongingness 3 NEED THEORY OF MOTIVATION NEED (DEPRIVATION) DRIVE (TO FULFILL A NEED) SATISFACTION (OF NEED) ACTIONS (GOAL DIRECTED) 4 KEY PRINCIPLES OF MOTIVATING OTHERS.       Be motivated yourself--be fully committed and enthusiastic. Choose those who have seeds of high motivation within them. Set realistic and challenging targets. Remember that progress motivates-- Give feedback how one is progressing. Provide rewards the way in which you can! Give recognition which costs you nothing but is oxygen of the human spirit. 5 Coaching  Coaching focuses on uncovering actions that enable people to contribute more fully and productively. 6 Coaching Skills And Techniques      Give emotional support Help remove obstacles Listen actively Give gentle advice and guidance Give feedback in the areas that require specific improvement 7 Executive coaching and leadership effectiveness     Counseling the leader about weaknesses that could interfere with effectiveness Helping the leader understand and processes feedback How to handle complex decision Suggestions about self promotion 8