CHECK YOUR ENGLISH VOCABULARY FOR

MEDICINE
third edition

A & C Black Ⴇ London

www.acblack.com

First published in Great Britain 1995 Second edition published 2000 Third edition published 2006

A & C Black Publishers Ltd 38 Soho Square, London W1D 3HB

© Peter Collin Publishing 1995, 2000 © A & C Black Publishers Ltd 2006

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without the permission of the publishers.

A CIP entry for this book is available from the British Library ISBN-10: 0 7136 7590 X ISBN-13: 978 0 7136 7590 0

eISBN-13: 978-1-4081-0238-1
Text typeset by A & C Black Printed in Italy by Legoprint

A & C Black uses paper produced with elemental chlorine-free pulp, harvested from managed sustainable forests.

Can you pronounce it? And do you recognise it when you hear it pronounced? ț For these reasons . This is followed by example sentences and quotations from newspapers and magazines that show how the term is used in real life. Specialist vocabulary It is important to appreciate that 'knowing' specialist vocabulary involves more than simply recognising it. This workbook is aimed at students with at least an intermediate level of English. etc. like knowing that 'fracture' can be used both as a noun and as a verb. You may remember the word. However. The exercises in this workbook will help students to expand their knowledge and use of medical vocabulary. students with a more basic level of English may therefore already have the passive vocabulary to handle many of the exercises. but when he wants a piece of bread he simply cuts it. Vocabulary Record Sheet At the back of the book is a Vocabulary Record Sheet. Then there is the question of the sound of the word. Using the Dictionary of Medical Terms All of the vocabulary taught or practised in this workbook is in the A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms. at the end of each lesson. The Dictionary of Medical Terms is a useful tool for ensuring that the personal vocabulary record is accurate and is a good source for example sentences to show how words are used. use and sound . All the questions within this workbook are based on the A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms. The Dictionary of Medical Terms gives definitions in simple English which students can read and understand. This can be a grammatical problem. Many of the examples and definitions in the workbook are taken directly from the dictionary. Each term has a clear example. as well as for notes about meaning and pronunciation. and part of speech.memory. These elements of the dictionary are used to create the questions within this workbook. but use it incorrectly. Recording useful vocabulary in a methodical way plays a key role in language learning and could be done. The worksheets can be used either for self-study or in the classroom and can be completed in any order. Or it may be a question of collocation: a surgeon makes an incision during an operation. Students should have a copy of the Dictionary of Medical Terms for referring to when completing the exercises.it is important that students practise specialist vocabulary so that they can learn to use it more confidently and effectively. fourth edition (ISBN 0 7136 7603 5). many people who work in medicine have to read in English on a regular basis. Structure of a Dictionary of Medical Terms entry Each entry within the dictionary includes key elements that help a student understand the definition of the term and how to use it in context.Introduction The worksheets in this workbook contain a variety of exercises appropriate for students requiring a working knowledge of English medical terminology. using the dictionary is an essential part of successful language learning. for example. . ț ț You can understand the meaning of a word when reading or listening and yet be unable to remember that same word when speaking or writing. Several have 'extensions': short classroom exercises based on the language in the main exercise.

classifying four-syllable words by their pronunciation Identifying present tense verbs and classifying by their pronunciation Extension: working with a partner to identify plural nouns in each pronunciation category Identifying past tense verbs and classifying by their pronunciation Self-study Pair work Self-study Pair work 24 Past tense Self-study . using the adjectives to complete sentences Extension: working with a partner to test one another Self-study Self-study Self-study Self-study Self-study Self-study Self-study Description Mode 8 9 Word formation: verbs Making verb forms from list of nouns. writing sentences Self-study using the verbs Self-study Word association 3: Finding words in a mind map that fit definitions. rewriting sentences using noun forms instead of verbs Combining words from two lists to make two-word expressions that fit the definitions Multiple choice: choosing correct plural forms of singular nouns Rewriting sentences using adjective forms instead of nouns Linking each verb with a noun to make a 'partnership'. using the 'partnerships' to complete sentences Selecting the correct prefix for each adjective to create an opposite. mind maps designing mind maps PARTS OF SPEECH 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Nouns Adjectives 1 Adjectives 2 Verbs 1 Verbs 2 Verbs: past tense ~ regular verbs Verbs: mixed tenses Phrasal verbs Sentence completion Sentence completion Sentence completion Matching verbs with their correct definitions Matching verbs with their correct definitions Sentence completion Sentence completion Sentence completion Extension: working with a partner to write a dialogue using phrasal verbs Changing sentences from active to passive tense Identifying adverbs in sentences and swapping adverbs around so that each sentence makes sense Correcting sentences with deliberate mistakes in the prepositions Self-study Self-study Self-study Self-study Self-study Self-study Self-study Self-study 18 19 20 Verbs: active/passive Adverbs Prepositions PRONUNCIATION Self-study Self-study Self-study 21 Word stress 1 22 23 Word stress 2 Present simple Identifying three-syllable words and classifying by their pronunciation Extension: practising the dialogues with a partner Completing sentences using four-syllable words.Workbook contents Page Title WORD-BUILDING 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Word association 1: missing links Word formation: nouns Two-word expressions Plural formation Word formation: adjectives Word association 2: partnerships Opposites 1: prefixes Linking each set of four words with one other word Forming nouns from list of verbs.

completing conversations by using informal names of illnesses 2 illnesses Extension: practising conversations with a partner Diagnosis Identifying each disease or illness from its description Extension: writing a description of a disease or illness and testing a partner Matching half-sentences together to make complete sentences Matching each instrument and item of equipment with its correct description Extension: working with a partner to test one another 33 34 35 How it works Instruments and equipment Chemistry 36 Matching symbols of chemical elements and compounds Self-study with correct names and descriptions Extension: working with a partner to test one another Pair work PUZZLES & QUIZZES 37 38 3940 41 42 4344 45 46 4748 49 50 51 Anagrams 1 Parts of the body crossword 1 Communicative crossword 1 Anagrams 2 Word search Communicative crossword 2 Parts of the body crossword 2 Gap fill crossword Communicative crossword 3 Quiz Vocabulary Record Sheet Answer key Solving anagrams by reading clues and putting letters in order Solving crossword Completing crossword by working with partner and defining words Solving anagrams by reading clues and putting letters in order Finding words hidden in letters using clues listed Completing crossword by working with partner and defining words Solving crossword Completing crossword with missing words from sentences Completing crossword by working with partner and defining words Answering questions Extension: writing a quiz with a partner Recording new vocabulary.categories Deciding which category each body part belongs to 30 31 32 Abbreviations Stating what abbreviations stand for Extension: working with a partner to test one another Symptoms & common Checking meanings of words. inserting correct opposites in sentences Extension: working with a partner to test one another Body parts . matching descriptions to illnesses 1 names of illnesses Symptoms & common Matching formal and informal names of illnesses.Page Title 25 Description Mode Self-study Pair work Self-study Self-study Self-study Self-study Pair work Self-study Pair work Self-study Self-study Pair work Self-study Pair work Self-study Self-study Pair work 26 27 28 29 VOCABULARY IN CONTEXT Good advice Matching half-sentences together to make complete sentences Extension: writing pieces of medical advice with a partner Multiple meanings Classifying meanings Odd one out Opposites 2 Identifying word that is different to others in each set Matching words with opposite meanings. definitions and terms Answers to all worksheets Self-study Self-study Pair work Self-study Self-study Pair work Self-study Self-study Pair work Self-study Pair work Self-study .

A and B . Some answers may consist of more than one word. Communicative crosswords Included in the last section are three communicative crosswords.one from group A and one from group B. Circulate. Give out the crossword: sheet A to group A. expand students' knowledge and use of vocabulary in a fun way. checking vocabulary Alternatively. Similarly. The first section. Put the students in pairs . The section Vocabulary in Context (pages 25-36) includes topicspecific exercises such as identifying diseases and illnesses from their descriptions. Within the Parts of Speech (pages 10-20) section. rather than in isolation. the emphasis is on understanding meanings and how to use terms in their correct grammatical forms. students can work in small groups. Go through the rules with them. words frequently occur in the same context as their opposites and. This is an important stage: some of the vocabulary in the crosswords is quite difficult. A A A A B B B B Students work in groups. rather than to produce obscure and difficult clues. Using Communicative crosswords in the classroom Stage 1 . Divide the class into two groups . Puzzles & Quizzes (pages 37-49). Stage 2 .Unit 0000 Using the workbook Most students find it easier to assimilate new vocabulary if the words are learned in related groups. students practise both their medical vocabulary and the important skill of paraphrasing something when they do not know the word for it. This is an excellent exercise for developing linguistic resourcefulness. co-operating to solve their crosswords For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). Make sure students are aware that the idea is to help each other complete the crossword. Word-building (pages 1-9). A surgeon? Yes. For example.Activity. Stage 3 . each group consisting of two As and two Bs and using the following strategies: i) defining the word ii) describing what the item looks like A B A B iii) stating what the item is used for iv) describing the person's role v) stating what the opposite of the word is A B A B vi) giving examples vii) leaving a gap in a sentence for the word Students work in pairs. The exercises and activities in this workbook have all been grouped into sections. in having to define words themselves.with up to four students in each group.Set-up. enabling the student to gain a fuller understanding of the words learnt. exchanging information about the words they know and checking words they do not know in the Dictionary of Medical Terms. viii) stating what the word sounds like. The students help each other to complete the crosswords by giving each other clues. encourages the student to identify links between words and to learn words that are morphologically related (for example. as such. . What's one down? It's a person who works in a hospital. and vice versa. The worksheets in the third section practise the Pronunciation of medical vocabulary (pages 21-24).Preparation. verbs and nouns which have the same stems). No clues are provided: the students' task is to invent them. The students discuss the words in their groups. helping with any problems. that's right. The activities in the last section. He does operations. The words which are missing from A are in B. These sections practise different elements of medical vocabulary. it makes sense to learn the pairs of opposites together (see worksheets on pages 7 and 29). sheet B to group B together with a copy of the Dictionary of Medical Terms. There are two versions of the crossword: A & B. These are speaking exercises where students complete a half-finished crossword by exchanging clues with a partner. A doctor? A sort of doctor. mind maps encourage students to look for connections between words (see worksheet on page 9).

drops blood membrane beta body 1 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). marrow cardiac fatigue skeletal 5.Word association 1: missing Unit 0000 links Each of the sets of four words below can be linked by one other word. spasm black bath glass 6. . 1. threshold metacarpal graft cancellous 4. All the words are related to medical matters. What are the missing words? Write them in the centre of the charts. fat throbbing relief abdominal 3. ciliary temperature foreign 2.

1. He suffered 7. He experienced very little 12. We found an 10. The patient was referred to a specialist. What are the noun forms? Write them in the second column. 11. The artery was obstructed by a blood clot. diagnose examine prescribe suffer operate cure recover analyse diagnosis ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ 9. There is no 14. I examined the patient fully. 15. . Ten per cent of the population are thought to be 3. 6. 5. We found that the tissue was infected. Exercise 1. changing the verbs (which are in bold) to nouns. 2. The patient was given a hip 4. 7. I made a full 9. He has recovered fully. The first one has been done for you as an example. Ten per cent of the population are thought to carry the bacteria. 4. His condition has degenerated. 8. infect carry replace degenerate refer paralyse obstruct ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ Exercise 2. He suffered very little. 13. 2. The first one has been done for you as an example. My diagnosis was that the patient had a heart condition. I prescribed a course of antibiotics. There has been a 5. The words in this list are all verbs. The lab analysed the blood sample. His arm was paralysed after the stroke. This disease cannot be cured. I wrote a 11. The lab made an 2 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). The blood clot was forming an 8. Do not change the meaning of the sentences. First. We replaced the patient's hip. 1. 3. but be prepared to make grammatical changes if necessary. Then rewrite the sentences below. 10. 14. The patient was given a 6. The 13. 12.Unit 0000 Word formation: nouns A fast way to expand your vocabulary is to make sure you know the different forms of the words you learn. check your answers to Exercise 1 in the key. We operated immediately. I diagnosed that the patient had a heart condition. He has made a full 15.

defecating or sleeping. The first one has been done for you as an example. 14. 2. 8. The treatment of disease or other condition by surgery. 3. Match each expression with the appropriate phrase. refers them to hospital if necessary and encourages health promotion. A diet that provides all the nutrients needed in the correct proportions. 12. A allergic balanced bedside biological bone brain clinical digestive general general heart malignant plastic primary surgical 1. 10. A condition in which the nerves in the brain stem have died. liver and pancreas which are associated with the digestion of food. such as sneezing or a skin rash. 3 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). A trial carried out in a medical laboratory on a person or on tissue from a person. The set of organs such as the stomach. which repeats every twenty-four hours. Any one of the first twenty teeth which develop in children between about six months and two-and-a-half years of age. 11. although the heart may not have stopped beating. 15. causing myocardial ischaemia and myocardial infarction heart attack A substance given to make someone lose consciousness so that a major surgical operation can be carried out Soft tissue in cancellous bone. . A doctor who provides first-line medical care for all types of illness to people who live locally. An effect produced by a substance to which a person has an allergy. and are replaced by the permanent teeth at around the age of six. A tumour which is cancerous and can grow again or spread into other parts of the body. 5. A condition in which the heart has a reduced blood supply because one of the arteries becomes blocked by a blood clot. B anaesthetic attack clock death diet intervention manner marrow practitioner reaction surgery system tooth trial tumour 9. especially a patient who is in bed. The rhythm of daily activities and bodily processes such as eating. frequently controlled by hormones. 7. even if removed surgically. The way in which a doctor behaves towards a patient. 13. 4.Two-word expressions Unit 0000 Make 15 two-word expressions connected with medicine by combining words from the two lists: A and B. 6. and the person can be certified as dead. Surgery to repair damaged or malformed parts of the body. Use each word once.

12. 20. 22. 23. 13. 24. 21. 15. 6. 19. 2. 5. 4.Unit 0000 Plural formation In Column A of this table there are 25 nouns relating to medicine. 3. The first question has been done for you as an example. Column A 1. 9. 14. 16. 8. 10. 18. 17. 7. 25. . stratum foot fibula glomerulus abscess joint bulla testis septum oesophagus diagnosis humerus syringe acetabulum larva chorda varix fungus ganglion villus atrium pons ovum bout cortex Column B stratums foots fibulae glomerulae abscesses jointes bullae testises septa oesophaguses diagnoses humeruses syringes acetabula larvae chordas varices fungi ganglions villi atria pontes ovums bouts cortexes Column C strata feet fibulas glomeruli abscessi joints bullas testes septums oesophagi diagnosises humeri syringae acetabulums larvi chordae varixi funguses ganglia villae atriums ponses ova boutae cortices 4 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 11. For each of the nouns decide whether the correct plural form is in Column B or Column C and then circle it.

Word formation: adjectives Unit 0000 The italicised words in the sentences in Column A are all nouns. The doctor noted an excess of bile in the patient's blood. They have periods of complete inactivity. She complained of … 5 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). The vaccine should give immunity to tuberculosis. I suffered … 10. They have periods when they are completely … 8. The pain in his foot is so great that he can hardly walk. The vaccine should make you … 7. She has a physical dependence on amphetamines. The doctor noted an … 5. She complained of stiffness in the joints. The surgeons operated to repair the defect on the patient's heart valve. The surgeons operated to repair the patient's … 2. His diet is calcium-… 3. What are the adjective forms? Complete the sentences in Column B using the correct adjective forms. Column A Column B 1. His diet has a calcium deficiency. A… 6. She is physically … 4. An attack of hypoglycaemia can be prevented by eating glucose or a lump of sugar when feeling faint. His foot is so … 9. I injured my spine in the crash. .

The health visitor advised the new parents to ____________________ after feeding. She had an injection to ____________________ in her leg. 6. 4. Complete these sentences using the partnerships from Exercise 1. 7. The doctor will administer a drug to the patient. 2. 5. 1. 8. . I would like to ____________________ with the dental hygienist for 10. 6. As soon as the patient reported severe side-effects. 10.Unit 0000 Word association 2: partnerships Exercise 1. Verbs 1. administer analyse arrange burp catch detect discontinue ease resist prescribe Nouns an improvement a baby antibiotics the treatment some infections an appointment a sample the pain a drug a cold Exercise 2. 4. the doctor ___________________ . 9. 6 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). The first one has been done for you as an example. 3. I've ____________________ from one of my colleagues at work. You may have to make some changes to fit the grammar of the sentences. A healthy body can ____________________ . 10.00am tomorrow. 7. The first one has been done for you as an example. The laboratory ____________________ of the food and found traces of bacteria. Link each verb on the left with a noun on the right to make 10 'partnerships'. 3. The nurses _____________________ in the patient's condition. She was ____________________ . 8. 2. 5. 9.

The surgeon decided that the cancer was ________________. One partner closes the book. Extension. 2. 1. 7. English often uses prefixes to create opposites. 2. 9. Use ten of the adjectives in the table to complete these sentences. 3. Cholera spread rapidly because of the ________________ conditions in the town. Choose the right prefix for each of the adjectives below and write them into the table. 11. 7. un- Exercise 2. There are several different prefixes that are used. ininactive 1. 5.Opposites 1: Unit prefixes 0000 Exercise 1. . The serum makes the poison ________________. ir1. 7. 8. She used to play a lot of tennis. 4. She has an ________________ desire to drink alcohol. 4. 6. 4. 5. 10. 8. The first one has been done for you as an example. im1. 9. The patient was showing signs of an ________________ mental condition. The children have a very _______________ diet. 2. 7 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). He was found unconscious in the street. 2. The nurse noted that the patient had developed an ________________ pulse. while the other asks questions such as "What's the opposite of conscious?". 2. 5. 3. 3. 3. The first one has been done for you: active adequate coherent compatible complete conscious controllable dependent digested direct fertile fit healthy hygienic legal movable operable palpable pure qualified reducible regular sanitary soluble stable well il1. Work with a partner and test each other. 1. 8. 9. 10. 6. 6. but she became ________________ in the winter. He felt ________________ and had to go home.

20. 24. 11. . 19. 5. 13. 8. registered 1. 3. perspiration preparation provision reabsorption regeneration registration regurgitation rehabilitation reproduction resuscitation sedation stammer stitch suppression sweat Exercise 2. 4. 8. 28. 21. 6. Choose ten verbs from Exercise 1 and write a sentence below for each one. 23. 14. 18. 9. Write the correct form of each verb in the column on the right and leave gaps for the verbs in the sentences. 2. 3. with her local GP. 17. 5. 15. ……………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………… 8 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). abuse admission bandage blood breath coagulation consultation convalescence fertilisation identification immunisation implant maceration management occurrence abuse 16. Cover up the right-hand column and give the sentences to another student as a test. 29. 27. 10. 2. What are the verb forms of these nouns? The first question has been done for you as an example. 9. 12. 10. 1. 6. 26. 22. 7.Unit 0000 Word formation: verbs Exercise 1. For example: She ……………. The words listed in the table below are nouns. 30. 4. 25. 7.

. 4. 3. Design a mind map for one or more of the following: ț health ț hospital ț patient 9 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5).. Surgical operations involving important organs in the body ………………. A nurse who is specially trained to assist a surgeon during an operation ………………. 9.. organs or parts ………………. This mind map is based on the word 'surgery'.. . to remove or to manipulate tissue.Word association 3: mind Unit maps 0000 A mind map is a way of organising vocabulary to show the connections between words. 6. A special room in a hospital.. To clean the hands and arms thoroughly before performing surgery ………………. Find words and expressions in the mind map that fit the following definitions. heart surgery general anaesthetic local anaesthetic major surgery heart surgeon surgeon surgery scrub up operate consultant operation A & E department scalpel surgical instruments theatre nurse exploratory surgery incision anaesthetist ambulance operating table accident operating theatre surgical gloves Exercise 1.... A surgical operation to remedy a condition of the heart ………………. An anaesthetic which removes the feeling in a single part of the body only ………………. 2. The part of a hospital which deals with people who need urgent treatment because they have had accidents or are in sudden serious pain ………………. 1.. The treatment of diseases or disorders by procedures which require an operation to cut into. 10. A doctor who specialises in surgery ………………. Exercise 2. 7. where surgical operations are carried out ………………. A senior specialised doctor in a hospital ……………….. 5. 8.

Unit 0000 Nouns There are 20 nouns connected with medicine in the box below. Three people were injured in the _______________ on the motorway. He developed an He suffered _______________ of coughing in the night. 10 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). tuberculosis and typhoid. 9. The _______________ of the tissue from the growth showed that it was benign. He had a _______________ of a fever which he had caught in the tropics. This is a new _______________ for heart disease. 19. 8. 15. 10. The parents gave their _______________ for their son's heart to be used in the transplant operation. The doctors seem pleased that she has made such good _______________ since her operation. . smallpox. He doesn't take enough _______________: that's why he's fat. She was advised to reduce her _______________ of sugar. She had a high temperature and then broke out in a _______________ . 3. 11. From the _______________ of the X-ray photographs. There is a _______________ to obesity in her family. Use them to complete the sentences . The injured man was taken away in an _______________. accident exercise ambulance biopsy consent course examination excess allergy injection intake overdose paroxysm progress rash recurrence surgery tendency treatment vaccination allergy to penicillin. 13.in some cases you will need to make them plural. Her body could not cope with an _______________ of blood sugar. diphtheria. _______________ is mainly given against cholera. 17. 4. The patient will need plastic _______________ to remove the scars he received in the accident. 14. rabies. it seems that the tumour has not spread. 5. 18. The first one has been done for you as an example. She went into a coma after an _______________ of heroin. 1. 12. 7. The doctor gave him an _______________ to relieve the pain. She took a _______________ of steroid treatment. 2. 20. 16. 6.

Don't touch food with dirty hands: it isn't ______________. Old people can easily become ______________ if they are moved from their homes. The first one has been done for you as an example. The body has an ______________ tendency to reject transplanted organs. 11 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). Cholera spread rapidly because of the ______________ conditions in the town. 9. All the members of the family are ______________ to vascular diseases. hoarse hygienic insanitary lethal safe severe Some mushrooms are good to eat and some are ______________ . 14. 2. with no harmful side-effects. The surgeons are trying to find a donor with a ______________ blood group. Use each adjective once only. 15. 5. . The serum makes the poison ______________. The surgeon decided that the cancer was ______________ . The bones of a baby's skull are very ______________. 7. This strain of flu is highly ______________. 3. These fumes are ______________ if inhaled. She is not ______________ of what is happening around her. 6. 16. He was advised to make ______________ visits to the dentist. He became ______________ after shouting too much. 17. The tests detected ______________ diabetes mellitus. 19. 12. A ______________ outbreak of whooping cough occurred during the winter. 10. aware compatible confused delicate depressed inactive inborn incipient infectious inoperable motionless poisonous predisposed regular 1.Adjectives Unit 0000 1 Complete the sentences using the adjectives in the box. 18. 13. 20. 8. He was ______________ after his exam results. This is a safe painkiller. 4. Catatonic patients can sit ______________ for hours. 11.

Surgeons tried to sew the _______________ finger back onto the patient's hand. 2. 4. His foot is so _______________ he can hardly walk. The psychiatrist gave a _______________ opinion on the patient's problem. A fetus is _______________ by about the 28th week of the pregnancy. She had a _______________ cough. 14. 20. infirm premature 1. 8. acute inflamed bedridden critical deaf depressed excessive harmful latent lethal mobile obsessive painful persistent severed subjective tender viable lethal if inhaled. The first one has been done for you as an example. These fumes are The report was _______________ of the state of aftercare provision. 15. The skin has become _______________ around the sore. 7. 3. Bright light can be _______________ to your eyes.Unit 0000 2 Adjectives Complete the sentences using the adjectives in the box. 16. 18. 13. 12 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). Her shoulders are still _______________ where she got sunburnt. It is important for elderly patients to remain _______________. 10. You have to speak slowly and clearly when you speak to Mr Jones because he's quite ________ . 12. 5. He felt _______________ chest pains. My grandfather is quite _______________ now. The children were tested for _______________ viral infection. The patient was passing _______________ quantities of urine. 19. She was _______________ for weeks after the death of her husband. He is _______________ and has to be looked after by a nurse. . 9. He has an _______________ desire to steal small objects. 11. Use each adjective once only. 17. The baby was born five weeks _______________ . 6.

j) 11. Column A: Examples 1. b) 3. The calamine lotion will soothe the rash. k) 12. The doctor prescribed a course of antibiotics. g) h) 8. He specialises in children with breathing problems. Then write the infinitive forms into the spaces in the definitions in Column B. Some forms of cancer cannot be cured. to remove a symptom or to stop the release of a hormone 2. The drug suppresses the body's natural instinct to reject the transplanted tissue. f) 7. After the accident the passengers were treated in hospital for cuts. 9. The operation may endanger the life of the patient. e. e) 5. Read the examples and match the verbs (in italics) with the definitions. The first one has been done for you as an example. 6.g. In Column B there are definitions of the verbs. so making the person immune to the disease _________ means to relieve pain _________ means to clean a wound and put a covering over it _________ means to reduce the action of something completely. a) Column B: Definitions diagnose means to identify a condition or illness. Nurses dressed the wounds of the accident victims. She was vaccinated against smallpox as a child. i) 10.Unit Verbs 0000 1 The sentences in Column A contain examples of useful verbs in medicine. l) 13 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). . She suffers from headaches. The doctor diagnosed appendicitis. The surgeons decided to operate as the only way of saving the baby's life. c) d) 4. by examining the person and noting symptoms _________ means to to use medical methods to cure a disease or help a sick or injured person to recover _________ means to make someone healthy _________ means to put someone or something at risk _________ means to give instructions for a person to get a specific dosage of a drug or a specific form of therapeutic treatment _________ means to study or treat one particular disease or one particular type of patient _________ means to have an illness for a long period of time _________ means to treat a person for a condition by cutting open the body and removing a part which is diseased or repairing a part which is not functioning correctly _________ means to introduce vaccine into a person's body in order to make the body create its own antibodies.

The surgeon probed the wound with a scalpel. The end of the broken bone has penetrated the liver.Unit 0000 Verbs 2 The sentences in Column A contain examples of useful verbs in medicine. c) The doctors saved the little boy from dying of cancer. 2. j) 12. The first one has been done for you as an example. d) 5. Then write the infinitive forms into the spaces in the definitions in Column B. Column A: Examples 1. g) 8. 9. In Column B there are definitions of the verbs. The ulcer perforated the duodenum. e) 6. h) admit means to register a patient in a hospital _________ means to stop something from happening _________ means to react to something or to begin to get better because of a treatment _________ means to stop being conscious for a short time and. She fainted when she saw the blood. i) 11. fall down _________ means to work 10. Read the examples and match the verbs (in italics) with the definitions. k) 4. a) Column B: Definitions _________ means to pass from one place to another _________ means to damage or hurt someone or something _________ means to go through or into something _________ means to make a hole through something _________ means to investigate the inside of something _________ means to stop someone from being hurt or killed _________ means to walk awkwardly because of pain. usually. The new heart has performed very well. He was still limping three weeks after the accident. stiffness or malformation of a leg or foot b) 3. f) 7. Walking to work every day won't harm you. . The treatment is given to prevent the patient's condition from getting worse. The cancer is not responding to drugs. l) 14 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). He was admitted this morning. The patient was transferred to a special unit.

The nurse ___________ the baby on the scales. She ___________ from her concussion in a few days. The treatment ___________ her life by three years. The doctor ___________ the boy's throat. 5. His tibia ___________ in two places. She ___________ from poor circulation. She ___________ well to her new diet. The doctors decided that her condition ___________ surgery.Verbs: past tense ~ regular Unit verbs 0000 All the verbs in the box relate to medical matters. 13. Use the past tense forms to complete the sentences. 12. . 3. 7. His hands ___________ with the cold. adapt aggravate develop examine faint fracture prolong react receive recover require strain suffer tremble weigh 1. The patient ___________ badly to the penicillin. 11. Playing football only ___________ his knee injury. 9. 2. The first question has been done for you as an example. 10. He ___________ his back lifting the table. 15 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 14. It was so hot standing in the sun that he ___________ . He received a new kidney from his brother. 8. 4. 6. The embryo ___________ quite normally in spite of the mother's illness. 15. which made her feel the cold.

5. took. taking. 7. His arm is ___________ so much he can't write. A thermometer ___________ temperature.for example: take. I am going to visit my brother in hospital. amputate bite measure bruise burn control expel freeze overcome progress rebuild undergo heal visit hurt 1. They ___________ my big toe to remove the nail. . 15. After the accident her pelvis was completely ___________. The girl ___________ her hand on a hot frying pan. Use them to complete the sentences. takes. 8. She ___________ her disabilities and now leads a normal life. 4. Air is ___________ from the lungs when a person breathes out. 3. 14. 13. You may have to change the forms of the verbs to fit the grammar of the sentences. 9. He ___________ his asthma with a bronchodilator. 6.Unit 0000 Verbs: mixed tenses All the verbs in the box relate to medical matters. 2. taken. 10. The patient's leg needs to be ___________ below the knee. She ___________ her knee on the corner of the table. 12. 11. (Remember the five forms of English verbs . The doctor asked how the patient was ___________ . She was ___________ by an insect. She has ___________ several operations.) The first question has been done for you as an example. A minor cut will ___________ faster if it is left without a bandage. 16 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5).

You will have to change the forms of some of the verbs to make the grammar of the sentence correct. 13. He _______________ his father. He must have _______________ the disease when he was travelling in Africa. Complete the sentences below using the phrasal verbs in the box. Extension. When we told her that her father was ill. 8. For example: 'I get up at eight o'clock'. Phrasal verbs break down = to start to cry and become upset bring up = to cough up material such as mucus from the lungs or throat cough up = to cough hard to expel a substance from the trachea drop off = to fall asleep get around = to move about get over = to become better after an illness or a shock give up = not to do something any more go down = to become smaller knock out = to hit someone so hard that he or she is no longer conscious look after = to take care of a person and attend to his or her needs pass out = to faint pick up = to catch a disease 14. 10. 12. She became worried when the girl started _______________ blood. 1. She often _______________ in front of the TV. 9. e. He was _______________ by a blow to the head. . 15. 11. especially clothes The nurses are _______________her very well. with pillows take after = to be like one or other parent take off = to remove something. The first one has been done for you as an example. 4. 2. The nurse _______________ the patient with pillows. Since she had the accident she _______________ using crutches. He was _______________ mucus. 5. 6. She _______________ and cried as she described the symptoms to the doctor. These are verbs made up of two words: a verb and a preposition. 7. prop up = to support a person. she _______________. He got over his cold. Work with a partner: write a dialogue which includes at least seven of the phrasal verbs from this page.g. I was advised to _______________ smoking. 17 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). The swelling has started to _______________. 3.Phrasal Unit verbs 0000 Natural English conversation includes many phrasal verbs. The doctor asked him to _______________ his shirt.

1. Passive:…………………………………………………………………………………………………… The midwife delivered the twins. Passive: The cause of this outbreak of dysentery has been identified. 14. For example: Active: We have identified the cause of this outbreak of dysentery. 9. The nurse noticed a rise in the patient's pulse rate.Unit 0000 Verbs: active/passive Change the sentences below from active to passive tense. 8. 7. Passive:…………………………………………………………………………………………………… You cannot take the lotion orally. Passive:…………………………………………………………………………………………………… The doctor gave me an unpleasant mixture to drink. For example: Active: The GP referred the patient to a consultant. 5. 11. Passive:…………………………………………………………………………………………………… We examined the tissue under the microscope. Passive:…………………………………………………………………………………………………… The doctor diagnosed appendicitis. Passive:…………………………………………………………………………………………………… The drug suppresses the body's natural instinct to reject the transplanted tissue. 18 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 6. 13. Passive:…………………………………………………………………………………………………… The gland was producing an excess of hormones. Remember that it is not always necessary to mention the subject in a passive sentence. . Passive: The patient was referred to a consultant by the GP. 4. Passive:…………………………………………………………………………………………………… They looked after him very well in hospital. Passive:…………………………………………………………………………………………………… The consultant is allowing him to watch the operation. 3. Passive:…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. Passive:…………………………………………………………………………………………………… The paramedics comforted the injured person until the ambulance arrived. 12. Passive:…………………………………………………………………………………………………… Toxic fumes poisoned the workers. Passive:…………………………………………………………………………………………………… All chemists sell the tablets. 10. Passive:…………………………………………………………………………………………………… Doctors are predicting a rise in cases of whooping cough.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. The tumour is excessively placed and not easy to reach. He became ill efficiently after he came back from holiday. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 10. it may be necessary to cool his body with cold compresses. . 1. but his mind is still alert. Mildly he is very weak. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9. If the patient sweats fairly. The herb can be used awkwardly. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 11. She manages all her patients very mentally. Her breathing was urgently affected. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8. Immediately. Identify the adverbs in the sentences and then swap the adverbs around so that each sentence makes sense. This is a physically antiseptic solution. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3. He has been working as a doctor only for a severely short time.Unit Adverbs 0000 The sentences below do not read correctly. she is very advanced for her age. The relief team loosely requires more medical supplies. The bandage was medicinally tied around her wrist. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 19 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 12. Some of the adverbs could be used in several of the sentences. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7.

4. 2. It is important that needles used at injections should be sterilised. This report quotes the number of cases of cervical cancer from thousand patients tested. Some types of wool can irritate to the skin. She burnt her hand at the hot frying pan. 9. 3. She was given to a pain-killing injection. Please ensure that the patient takes of his medicine. The boy's little toe was crushed the door. We have no spare beds on the hospital at the moment. Her lips were cracked of the cold. to on Find the mistakes and correct them. He is recovering from a bout flu. 2. 6. . The doctor put the patient to sleep within a strong narcotic. 10. 7. The mistakes are all in the prepositions and there are three types: 1. We're meeting again in ^Tuesday. missing preposition wrong preposition unnecessary preposition I spoke ^him about this last week. 11. He will have an operation to remove of an ingrowing toenail.Unit 0000 Prepositions The sentences in this exercise contain mistakes. The tissue was examined on the microscope. I'll telephone to you tomorrow. 14. 12. 5. The hospital has installed new apparatus through the physiotherapy department. 8. 3. 20 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 13. 1.

There are 4 27 in total. ¼ Has there been any improvement? ș No. Dialogue 3 ¼ What's the problem? ș I went to give him his injection and I saw that he'd started to haemorrhage. ¼ And what else? ș Take regular exercise. I'm going to give you a prescription for some painkillers… Dialogue 5 ¼ Have you got the test results yet? ș Well. ¼ Are you just saying that to reassure me? ș You're fine. first of all: cut down on fatty foods. Dialogue 1 ¼ When was she admitted to hospital? ș At about four o'clock.emphasis. ¼ Any idea when infection took place? ș I'd say five or six weeks ago. Do you want to see her medical history? 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Group B: ˿ ࡯ ˿ 1 admitted 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Group C: ˿ ˿ ࡯ 1 2 3 Extension. ș I'll go down to the theatre and check. Dialogue 2 ¼ What do you recommend? ș Well. It's probably just an allergic reaction. don't smoke and keep alcohol down to a minimum. is it serious? ș Don't worry. but it's clear that it's positive. Look. Find all the three-syllable words and classify them by their pronunciation.Word Unit stress 0000 1 One of the keys to English pronunciation is stress . . Dialogue 4 ¼ So. her condition is stable. Make sure all the equipment is prepared. they're still incomplete. Put them in the correct sections of the table on 5 the right. ¼ We'll have to operate. but that's just an opinion. There are three possible patterns for three-syllable words: Group A: ࡯ ˿ ˿ A: B: C: ࡯ ˿ ˿ hos-pi-tal ˿ ࡯ ˿ pre-scrip-tion ˿ ˿ ࡯ rec-om-mend 1 2 3 Read these five conversations. The first one has been done for you as an 6 example. Practise the dialogues with a partner. We're waiting to see how things develop. 21 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5).

She appeared to be improving. 8. The surgeons are trying to find a ______________ donor. 15. 7. As a precaution against AIDS we use ___________ needles. Autistic children do not ______________ with anyone. Tests confirmed the _____________ of the growth. A B C ࡯˿˿˿ ˿࡯˿˿ ˿˿࡯˿ anaesthetic 3. 2. 20. but a complication set in and she died a few hours later. Come right now: it's an ______________! 4. This is the allergen which was _____________ for the patient's reaction. 14. He was given a general _____________ before the surgeons began work. . 9.emphasis. 5. 6. Rub your hands together to get the ______________ going. 12. _____________ is a common antibiotic produced from a fungus. ______________ showed that the food contained bacteria. 17. 11. A diet high in _____________ fats increases the risk of heart disease. penicillin 16. Exercise 2.Unit 0000 Word stress 2 One of the keys to English pronunciation is stress . An ______________ was organised to test the drug on a small group of people. Decide which pronunciation pattern is correct for each of the words in the table and tick the appropriate column. The surgeon ___________ to the students how to make the incision. Complete the sentences below using the four-syllable words in the table. He can't take aspirin: he has an ______________ to it. The first question has been done for you as an example. The patient was having difficulties breathing so we put him on a ___________. As many as 60-70% of diarrhoeal deaths are caused by ______________. There are three normal patterns for four-syllable words: A: ࡯ ˿ ˿ ˿ vac-ci-na-ted B: ˿ ࡯ ˿ ˿ pneu-mo-ni-a C: ˿ ˿ ࡯ ˿ in-flu-en-za Exercise 1. He couldn't ______________ the movements of his arms and legs. 13. respirator responsible saturated analysis circulation communicate compatible complication coordinate dehydration demonstrated disposable emergency experiment intolerance malignancy operation paralysis 22 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 10. 18. 19. She had an ______________ to replace the cornea. Bell's Palsy causes facial ______________. 1.

7. The patient breathes with difficulty and coughs and sneezes constantly. 4. She suffers constant pain and controls it by using morphine. /z/ doctors. Work with a partner and find five example nouns for each sound. for example heals C: /z/. for example changes Find the third person present tense verbs in these sentences and classify them by their pronunciation. 1. This treatment counteracts the effects of the infection. He then recommends a course of treatment and prescribes any necessary drugs. 10. he wakes feeling refreshed. 2………………………… 3………………………… 4………………………… 5………………………… 6………………………… 7………………………… 8………………………… 9………………………… Group C: /z/ 1………………………… 2………………………… 3………………………… 4………………………… 5………………………… 6………………………… 7………………………… 8………………………… 9………………………… 2.Present Unit simple 0000 Verbs in the present tense add an 's' in the third person singular: I work. It is a procedure which cures the condition or kills the patient. 14.…breathes………… . The gland releases hormones into the bloodstream. Group A: /s/ 1………………………… 2………………………… 3………………………… 4………………………… 5………………………… 6………………………… 7………………………… 8………………………… 9………………………… Group B: /z/ 1. But the 's' has three different pronunciations. This drug relaxes the muscles and relieves pain. The first one has been completed for you as an example. Look at these examples: A: /s/. 3. 11. you work. for example treats B: /z/. This drug helps to alleviate the symptoms and reduces the risk of reinfection. If the surgeon operates now the chance of success increases to about 50%. Be careful: some sentences have more than one example. If the patient sleeps well. 6. The sinoatrial node regulates the heart beat. The same rule applies to plural nouns: /s/ patients. Extension. 5. . 8. Put them in the correct columns in the table on the right. There are 27 verbs in total. he/she/it works. causing an immediate reaction. When someone panics his heart beats more rapidly and his temperature rises. 23 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). The laboratory analyses the blood samples and then the doctor examines the results and diagnoses the condition. 12. A person whose resistance is low catches diseases more easily. 13. /z/ nurses. 9.

Put them in the correct columns in the table on the right. The first one has been done for you as an example..... Nobody noticed that the patient's blood pressure had dropped. The surgeons operated immediately on the child. Group A: /t/ The doctor diagnosed him as having hepatitis B. She was vaccinated against smallpox as a child. 7. 9.……. so we reduced the dose. The pharmacist mixed the chemicals in this bottle.. for example injected Find the past tense verbs in these sentences and classify them by their pronunciation. 12. Her condition improved. The surgical instruments were sterilised before use. His pulse rate increased by 10%. 1. 16. ... who recommended surgery... She was treated by a heart specialist. The difference is in the sound you use for the ending. He consulted a specialist.Unit tense Past 0000 Regular verbs have three different pronunciations in the past tense (or the past participle). 13... 11.. The doctor prescribed a course of antibiotics.. Look at these examples: A: /t/. 17. 2. Be careful: some sentences have more than one verb. 5. The surgeons replaced her hip with a metal one. 10. 18. He was completely cured.. The patient coughed and sneezed all through the consultation.. 3.…………… 3………………………… 4………………………… 5………………………… 6………………………… 7………………………… 8………………………… 24 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 6. There are 23 examples in total. for example examined C: /d/. 4.. 2. 1………………………… 2………………………… 3………………………… 4………………………… 5………………………… 6………………………… 7………………………… 8………………………… Group B: /d/ 1………………………… 2………………………… 3………………………… 4………………………… 5………………………… 6………………………… 7………………………… Group C: /d/ 1…vaccinated…. 14. for example placed B: /d/. 15.. The doctor's speedy action prevented further complications. The surgeon probed the wound with a scalpel. 8. The attack was preceded by a rise in body temperature.. The nurse disinfected and dressed the wound.

.. .. be by pressure and elevation.. good for the heart. make the eyes ache... Working with a partner..Good Unit advice 0000 These sentences all give very good advice. . 4. write five pieces of medical advice.. . Bad posture can .... .. about 2. Not taking any exercise is . Medicines should .. 11..5 litres of fluid each day.. five minutes' exercise every morning.. 2. . A patient in shock should ..... by using non-sterile needles. l) m) 13. 14. Match the half-sentences in Column A with the half-sentences in Column B to make 14 sentences which are correct.. ... i) j) 10. be kept warm and lying down.. an unhealthy way of living. ... in the correct proportions.. . k) 12... . Surgical instruments must . Regular exercise is .... You should do .. cause back pain. provide all the nutrients needed.. h) 9.. 3. d) 5.. n) Extension. be inoculated against diphtheria.. . but they have been divided into separate halves.. g) 8. .. be kept out of the reach of children.. . be sterilised before use. HIV can be transmitted ..... Column A 1.... Babies should .. Reading in bad light can . burn easily in the sun. A balanced diet should ..... Haemorrhage control routinely should . .. . f) 7.. People with fair complexions .. e) 6. A normal adult should drink . complete and true. a) b) c) Column B . 25 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5)..

9. fit focus light notice patient turn 2. To move the head or body to face in another direction. 10. 7. Strong and physically healthy. A sudden attack of a disorder. especially convulsions and epilepsy. To attach an appliance correctly. 16. in which someone sneezes and coughs and has a blocked and running nose. 13. usually put in a place where everyone can see it. A slight illness or attack of dizziness. 26 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). with inflammation of the nasal passages. Not warm or hot. 11. 3. 4. 18. The first one has been done for you as an example. To see or be aware of something. An illness. Referring to hair or skin which is very pale. For example. 15. but it also refers to a certain type of vegetable: beans and peas. 6. To change into something different. 14. 8. Match each meaning to one of the seven words across the top. the word pulse means the pressure wave in an artery when the heart beats.Unit 0000 Multiple meanings Some words have more than one meaning. To adjust a lens until an image is clear and sharp. The energy that makes things bright and helps a person to see. 12. . The centre of an infection. The point where light rays converge through a lens. Being able to wait a long time without getting annoyed. cold 1. 17. 5. Weighing a comparatively small amount. To have convulsions. In the table below 19 meanings appear in the column on the left. A piece of writing giving information. 19. A person who is in hospital or who is being treated by a doctor.

............. bite.......... hepatalgia……. diabetes……................... eye............... 15...…..... coccyx... 18............... orderly. nagging... Find the word that is different......... hernia……………… liver……………….... iron..................... expiration......................................................... 9..... forearm................... scalpel..................................................... hand..................... forceps.. cataracts............... recover. nasal bone... colliculus................... supination. pore………………...................................... crack...... ankle.......... lens........ 1........................... respiration........ It is a bone........... 8. zinc........ 17........ heart................................................. nose.................... aching..................... zygomatic arch....... 27 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5)..... liver......... 2........................................................…........ probe...................... For example: callosum.................... 6................................ liver........... palm.......... leg................. chew....................... fracture.............. 13.................. strabismus............... 10.................................. metacarpal bone......... the others are all parts of the brain............... 16............. get better........... 14................ tympanic membrane vertebral column. Coccyx is the odd one out.... eyelids..... copper........ . throbbing............…… hepatocyte……...... 11................. wound........... ear......... semicircular canals. surgeon....... relapse.. cerebellum........... oval window.... aluminium. elbow........ occipital bone........................... 12............. taste.....................................Odd Unit one 0000 out In each set of words one is the odd one out: different from the others....... dermis………. 7. patient..…… epidermis………….... iris. 5........ nearsightedness... pancreas. 4......................... face.............. spleen........................... nurse... inspiration............ bleeding........................................................................... and circle it.. kidney............. knee...... pupil... swallow........... 3... break........ improve........... bandage...........................

The first one has been done for you as an example.categories In this table there are 38 words for parts of the body and six categories. Decide which category or categories each part belongs to. .Unit 0000 Body parts . arm abdomen Achilles tendon ankle buttock calf chest chin ear elbow eye eyebrow eyelash eyelid finger forearm forehead gum hip knee knuckle lip nail navel neck nipple nose palm rib scalp shoulder sole temple thigh thumb toe tongue tooth hand leg foot torso x head 28 wrist For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5).

Use one word from each pair of opposites. 7. but now his condition has begun to ________________. 5. 4. The opposite of healthy is ……………………………… The opposite of open is ………………………………… The opposite of major is ……………………………… The opposite of reduce is ……………………………. The opposite of smooth is ……………………………. 9. Match the words in italics with their opposites in the box on the right.. 2. The first one has been done for you as an example. 1. causing his pulse rate to ________________. 5. One partner closes the book.. 10. 8. 3. Complete these sentences using the words from Exercise 1. 7. alive chronic closed deteriorate front ill increase malignant minor rough Exercise 2. 6. The hospital is ________________ to visitors from noon to five o'clock. The doctor arrived too late: the patient was already ________________. The calf muscles are at the ________________ of the lower leg. She had an ________________ attack of shingles. 8. He was very ill. . 6. 9. 10. 29 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). which were ________________ from heavy work. There's nothing wrong with you: you're completely ________________.Opposites 2 Exercise 1. 4. He became excited. Work with a partner and test each other. 1. 3. He had to undergo ________________ surgery on his heart. The tumour is ________________ and so may reappear even if removed surgically. while the other asks questions such as "What's the opposite of back?". She put cream on her hands. Extension. The opposite of benign is ………………………………. The opposite of back is ……front…………………… The opposite of acute is ……………………………… The opposite of dead is ………………………………… The opposite of improve is ……………………………. 2.

.......... 16............................. 22..... 18. 20..... 17... 24........ A&E AIDS BMR CAT CHD D&V DOA GP HAV HIV MND OTC PM PMA PMT RQ RSI SAD SIDS STI TB TBI UV VDH WHO ……Accident & Emergency…………...Abbreviations Test your medical abbreviations..... …………………………………………………………………………………………...... ........…………………………………………………………………. 12. 1....... .. ..... 7........... 8........... 14... 5...…………………… ………………………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………………………………………………............ .......………………………………………………………………………………………….. 11.. 3... 30 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5)............ 23.…………………………………………………………………………………………......................... 21............. ...…………………………………………………………………………………………....…………………………………………………………………………………………... …………………………………………………………………………………………. ... One partner closes the book... …………………………………………………………………………………………........................ The first one has been done for you as an example....... 13......... ……………...... What do the following stand for? Check the ones you don't know in the dictionary............... 19......... …………………………………………………………………………………………........…………………………………………………………………………………………............... Extension... ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 4.. 25. ......……………………………………………… ……………………………………………………….................. ………………………………………………………………………………………….……… …………………………………………………………………………………………...... .. while the other asks questions such as "What does A & E stand for?".... ........ 10.........………... ………………………………………………………………………………………….... Work with a partner and test each other....... 9.....………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………………………………………………………………………..... 6..............…………………………………………………………………………………………............…………………………………………………………………………………………..... ………………………………………………………………………………………….............. …………………………………………………………………………………………. 15.. 2.......

3. 2. 9. especially bronchitis and ear infections.Symptoms & common illnesses 1 These words are all used to talk about illnesses: their symptoms and effects. caused by a herpes virus. with mild fever. It can weaken the body's resistance to other disease. allergic reaction blister cough fever infectious 6. in which someone sneezes and coughs and has a blocked and running nose. 6. Check the others in the dictionary. …………………………………………………………………………………………………… An infectious disease of children where the body is covered with a red rash. 31 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). …………………………………………………………………………………………………… An infectious disease of children. Tick the ones you understand. rash Read the descriptions below and match them to the names of the illnesses in the box on the right. 8. runny nose 13. which is transmitted by a virus and can occur in epidemics. …………………………………………………………………… A common infectious viral disease of children. inflammation itchy malformation malaise 11. with fever and swellings in the salivary glands. swollen lymph nodes and a rash. common in children and sometimes very serious. and characterised by fever and red spots which turn to itchy blisters. spot 15. 5. 5. 8. caused by a paramyxovirus. …………………………………………………………………………………………………… Inflammation in the nose and eyes caused by an allergic reaction to plant pollen. …………………………………………………………………………………………………… An infectious disease affecting the bronchial tubes. …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. 3. The patient coughs very badly and makes a characteristic 'whoop' when inhaling after a coughing fit. dust mites or animal hair. 1. If caught by an adult it can be very serious. with inflammation of the nasal passages. . swelling 10. It can cause stillbirth or malformation of an unborn baby if the mother catches the disease while pregnant. An illness. 7. mould spores. An infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract with fever and muscular aches. 1. 4. 7. …………………………………………………………………… allergic rhinitis coryza infectious parotitis influenza pertussis rubella rubeola varicella 2. resistance 12. …………………………………………………………………………………………………… An infectious disease of children. sneeze 14.

32 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). It could be…………………………………… 4. German measles is the same as 5. And after I cough I make a noise when I try to breathe. Are they experiencing any itching? Yes. They're covered in these dreadful red spots. . Many illnesses also have informal names. What's the problem? 2. She's got a fever and this swelling. What seems to be the trouble? My eyes and my nose are running all the time. I've got a cough and a terrible cold. they are. He may have……………………… 6. Hmm. Sounds like ………………………………… So. A cold is the same as 3. When did this begin? At the beginning of July.Symptoms & common illnesses 2 Exercise 1. yes I do. what can I do for you? It's the twins. He's got a rash and swelling in his armpits. Complete these six conversations between doctors and patients by writing in the name of the illness. Where's the swelling? In her throat. Measles is the same as 7. It's probably a touch of …………………… Extension. The flu is the same as 4. It's probably just …………………………… 5. What's the problem? It's my son. Do you have a fever? Umm. I feel terrible. Hay fever is the same as 6. Chickenpox is the same as 2. Match the informal and formal names listed below. How are you feeling? I've got this terrible cough. Does he have a fever? Yes. not very well. 1. Whooping cough is the same as FORMAL allergic rhinitis infectious parotitis coryza influenza rubella rubeola pertussis varicella Exercise 2. The first one has been done for you as an example. 3. INFORMAL 1. How are you today? Oh. Mm-hmm. Use the informal terms from the table above. It may be…………………………………… It's my daughter. Mumps is the same as 8. Practise the conversations with a partner.

4. often associated with alcoholism. infectious disease of children. caused by a viral infection. and resulting in diarrhoea and vomiting. either because the patient is asphyxiated or because the heart becomes fatally weakened. as a result of bacterial action.Diagnosis Read the eleven descriptions which follow. A fibrous growth like a membrane forms in the throat and can close the air passages. The patient may have bad coordination of muscular movements. in which healthy cells are replaced by scar tissue. It is caught by breathing in germs or by eating contaminated food. causing patients to lose weight. 6. 33 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). A disorder of the nervous system in which there are convulsions and loss of consciousness due to disordered discharge of cerebral neurons. Its first symptoms are a sore throat. The disease is often fatal. a slow shuffling walk and difficulty in speaking. using your dictionary as and when necessary. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… A condition where the lens of the eye gradually becomes hard and opaque. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… A condition where tissues die and decay. because the blood supply has been lost through injury or disease of the artery. the main symptoms of which are trembling hands. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… A disorder of the brain. 9. hearing and sight. male infertility and malabsorption of food from the gastrointestinal tract. 3. Extension. 5. mainly due to brain damage occurring before birth. impaired speech. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… Inflammation of the membrane lining the intestines and the stomach. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… A serious. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… A progressive disease of the liver. especially unpasteurised milk. 8. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… A hereditary disease in which there is malfunction of the exocrine glands such as the pancreas. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… A progressive nervous disorder without a known cause which is a type of Parkinsonism. followed by a slight fever. What is the disease or illness being described in each case? 1. rapid pulse and swelling of the glands in the neck. cough blood and have a fever. or due to lack of oxygen during birth. Write a description of a disease or illness and see if your partner can recognise it. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… An infectious disease in which infected lumps form in the tissue. causing respiratory difficulties. 2. 7. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. Its commonest form is infection of the lungs. . 10. in particular those which secrete mucus. and sometimes mental retardation.

… is about 72 beats a minute. stored in the gall bladder and used … The colon is divided . 7. 14. A blood vessel is any tube (artery. . … from the larynx to the lungs. The trachea runs … i) 10. . 18.... 16.How it works Match the half-sentences in column A with the half-sentences in column B to make 18 sentences which are correct. ... capillary) that … The pituitary gland secretes hormones that … The femur joins … Expiration takes place when … The pulmonary arteries take .. Bile is produced by the liver. Holocrine glands . 11. complete and true. when a person is asleep or even unconscious. into four distinct sections. 15. can be used to detect and record organs or growths inside the body. The first one has been done for you as an example. are secretory only. 3. 34 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5)... … derived from the carotid artery. 8. … carries blood round the body... …the chest muscles relax and the lungs become smaller. the acetabulum at the hip and the tibia at the knee.. as a man grows older.. .. a) ... 9. 2.. .. ... . l) 13. lines the joints and acts as a cushion.. vein.. 12.. . b) Cartilage is thick connective tissue which … c) 4.. deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs for oxygenation.. … of patients suffering from dropsy. Column A Column B 1... . The prostate gland tends to enlarge . m) The very high frequency waves of ultrasound … Oxygen is essential … The supply of blood to the sublingual region is … The normal adult pulse … Blood groups may be classified … n) o) j) k) g) h) d) e) f) 6. ... 5. . to digest fatty substances and to neutralise acids... p) q) r) 17.… control the functioning of the other glands. Fluid accumulates in the tissue … The autonomic nervous system works .. according to the ABO system. .. to human life.

Work with a partner and test each other. 17. with handles. 3. on which an injured person can be carried by two people __________ = a stiff support attached to a limb to prevent a broken bone from moving __________ = two earpieces connected to a tube and a metal disc. 12. made in different sizes and with differently shaped ends. or slides up the tube.Instruments and equipment Match each of the following instruments and items of equipment with its correct description below. 16. 2. forcing the contents out through a needle as in an injection. 8. 10. so reducing the flow of blood and stopping bleeding from a wound __________ = a surgical instrument with a bent end used for holding structures apart in operations __________ = a tube used to remove liquid from the body __________ = an instrument placed between the teeth to stop the mouth from closing __________ = a medical instrument made of a tube with a plunger which either slides down inside the tube. 15. used for scraping the inside of an organ __________ = a thin glass tube used for taking and measuring samples of liquid __________ = an instrument or tight bandage wrapped round a limb to constrict an artery. 4. . 7. used to support an injured arm and prevent it from moving __________ = a folding bed. allowing a liquid to be sucked into it __________ = a tube passed into the body along one of the passages in the body __________ = a piece of cloth which is wrapped around a wound or an injured limb __________ = a triangular bandage attached around the neck. 9. 6. wheelchair = a chair with wheels in which someone can sit and move around __________ = a small sharp-pointed knife used in surgery __________ = an instrument used to explore inside a cavity or wound __________ = a surgical instrument with handles like a pair of scissors. 13. For example: "What do you call a chair with wheels in which someone can sit and move around?" 35 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). Extension. 14. bandage catheter curette drain forceps gag hook pipette probe scalpel sling splint stethoscope stretcher syringe thermometer tourniquet wheelchair 1. used for holding and pulling __________ = a surgical instrument like a long thin spoon. 11. The first one has been done for you as an example. used to listen to sounds made inside the body __________ = an instrument for measuring temperature 5. 18.

............... especially to relieve asthma or sickness caused by decompression light metallic element which does not corrode gas which is the main component of air and an essential part of protein metallic element which is the major component of bones and teeth powerful greenish gas...sodium (e).... used in combination with other gases as an anaesthetic in dentistry and surgery colourless gas which is present in air and essential to human life one of the common non-metallic elements which is an essential component of living matter and organic chemical compounds an essential part of the red pigment in red blood cells....... (d) .. 8.... 6......... 2......... while the other says the names........ (k) .... then work with a partner to test each other: one person writes the symbol.. (o) (p) .. (f) (g) (h) (i) 9....... (q) ............ found in liver and eggs gas which combines with oxygen to form water heavy soft metallic element which is poisonous in compounds very light gas used in combination with oxygen............... 3. 14.. ...... (j) .. Notes (a) acid found in the gastric juices which helps to break apart the food acid which forms cyanide main alkaloid substance found in tobacco used as a contrast when taking X-ray photographs of soft tissue the basic substance in salt metallic element which is the basis of a radioactive isotope used to treat cancer colourless gas with a sweet smell....... (b) ............ 10.. 17. 4........... (t) Extension....... 15........ 13.. 36 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5).... used to sterilise water soft yellow-coloured precious metal...... Symbol 1.. 16......... Cl He S Au O H HCl N HCN C N2O C10H14N2 ... 12............... (l) (m) ........................ 20........ Check the pronunciation of the 20 elements and compounds..... (s) ................................ 19...... used as a compound in various drugs............................................ .... 18. and sometimes as a filling for teeth white metallic trace element yellow non-metallic element found in some amino acids .... ........ 5.......... ........... (r) ............................ .................... The first one has been done for you as an example.Chemistry What are the names for the symbols of the chemical elements and compounds in the table below? Complete the 'name' column and connect each substance to the notes which refer to it. ...... 11. Na Ca Pb Ti Ba Zn Fe Co Name .............. (c) ........................... (n) .. (e) .... 7.............

............. 6.. 4.... Give instructions for a person to receive a specific dosage of a drug.. 5....... 12........... 11.... 4.... Surgical intervention……………………………………….... Write your answers in the grid to find the mystery word spelled by their initial letters.... ADEGHRTU CIIINNOS 5........................... Becoming worse after seeming to get better…………… Equipment used in a laboratory or hospital……………........... Action of breathing……………………………………… Sensitivity to certain substances. 7. Physical or mental activity………………………………… The ability of a person not to get a disease………………....... 2...... .. 2............ Study of the process of ageing and the diseases of old people…….................... 9. 8.... AEELPRS AAAPPRSTU BCEEIPRRS 10.....….............Anagrams 1 Solve the anagrams by reading the clues and putting the letters in order to form words..... CEEEIRSX ACEEINRSST Mystery word: a person specially trained to operate a machine to take X-ray photographs 37 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5)... 1.... 1..... Place where sick or injured people are looked after…………….......... 3........... AHLIOPST 11. AEINOOPRT EGGLNOOORTY 7.. 9..….... 8.......................………………………… A female child of a parent………………………………… Cut in a person's body made by a surgeon using a scalpel…………...... 6...... RAEINOPRIST AEGLLRY 3............... 10......... 12....... such as pollen or dust which cause a physical reaction....

Breathing organs (5) 15. A white oily substance in the body. funnily enough (7) 7. which stores energy and protects the body against cold (3) 25. . At the end of your arm (4) 19. The throat or neck. An organ which secretes substances which act elsewhere in the body (5) 24. Bundle of fibres which take impulses from one part of the body to another (5) 24. The major detoxicating organ (5) 13. The organ which moves blood around your body (5) 21. Protects the brain (5) 18. without the arms. The first part of the small intestine (8) 8. A major artery (5) 5. Narrow part of the body below the chest and above the buttocks (5) 12. Joins the femur and the tibia (4) 2. Connected to 8 across. Part of the body with which a person sees (3) 18. It cleans your blood (6) 3. Main part of the body. Hard growth which forms on the top surface at the end of each finger and toe (4) 14. major artery (7) 20. End part of the leg on which a person stands (4) 20 7 9 12 15 10 13 16 2 3 4 5 38 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). Hinged joint in the arm (5) 10. 1 6 8 11 14 17 18 19 21 22 23 24 25 26 ACROSS 1. It grows on your head (4) 11. The organ into which food passes after being swallowed and where the process of digestion continues (7) 6. They carry blood to 11 across (5) 17. Cheekbone (6) 16. The back of each joint on a person's hand (7) 23. Tissue which forms the outside surface of the body (4) 26. Type of nerve ending or cell (8) 27.Parts of the body crossword 1 All the answers in this crossword are parts of the body. legs and head (5) 4. The upper chambers of 18 across (5) 12. For hearing with (3) 27 DOWN 1. Cell in the nervous system which transmits impulses (6) 22. Eye socket (5) 9.

The other half are on sheet B. Then work with a partner who has sheet B to complete the two crosswords. 3. Follow these three rules: 1. . Check that you know the words in your crossword. "What's one across?" Ǟ across. Speak only in English.Communicative crossword 1 sheet A This crossword is not complete: you have only half the words. 2. Don't show your crossword to your partner. ȇ down 1 2 3 4 R E 5 6 A I T S E H E A N R T A T T I A C H K 7 8 G 9 N 10 11 I N 12 13 14 15 A H E A R E G A S A 16 F 17 G I T T 20 N A I L E 18 19 A P E A X A 22 21 R 23 P 24 L 25 26 S E E R E T E G 27 28 L G 39 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). Don't say the word in the crossword.

Don't show your crossword to your partner. The other half are on sheet A. Don't say the word in the crossword. Then work with a partner who has sheet A to complete the two crosswords. Speak only in English. ȇ down 1 2 3 4 S C 5 L E E P A Y 6 H I 7 T 8 Z O P 12 Y G O T 9 E 10 11 P I 13 14 L A C E Y B O V E R 15 H R E 17 G L 16 E L G L A S H E C A N S N O T T 19 D O S E N I 18 A 20 I S 21 22 H 23 24 25 26 I P 27 N S P E C T I 28 S H O U L D E R L E G 40 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 2. 3. Follow these three rules: 1. . "What's one across?" Ǟ across. Check that you know the words in your crossword.Communicative crossword 1 sheet B This crossword is not complete: you have only half the words.

BCEEMRRU AAEEGRV 3. 5 6. ACEINORT ABEHIORUV BEEORSV CCHIPU 7. ANWY ADEEIORRTTE AAEILNORTX AAEKW AEEHRTT TMECEI 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Mystery word: found in sugar and starch.. . 9. 10. To notice or to see something and understand it………… Spasm causing sudden inhalation followed by closure of the glottis which makes a characteristic sound…………. To become worse………………………………………….. 1.. Value calculated by adding together several quantities and dividing the total by the number of quantities…………… Effect produced by a stimulus……………………………… Way of acting………………………………………………. Operating room…………………………………………….. 12. 4. 8. Main part of the brain………………………………………. and provides the body with energy 41 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). Write your answers in the grid to find the mystery word spelled by their initial letters. Causing vomiting………………………………………….Anagrams 2 Solve the anagrams by reading the clues and putting the letters in order to form words. Reflex action when tired or sleepy…………………………. 2. Reducing strain or stress……………………………………... 11. Not asleep………………………………………………….

24. P E N D E M I C D F A I A C L I N I C H O S T R T N S H O C O S R U S E T A T I Y A L T E N L D I N A S A L O R E E I S S C P P G L G I N A D O O R A S H E I L I V E R N E A S E R S P O T W E E A G E H G T R I C E P S S T A K E W O M B T H E R N I A N M M B L O C U M O O C B R P E L N N 1. to be examined under a microscope Small round mark or pimple To swallow a medicine To remove or drain liquid from part of the body Muscle formed of three parts. Number of years that a person has lived Substance which produces hypersensitivity Lack of tone or tension in the muscles Decubitus ulcer Small hospital or department in a large hospital which deals only with walking patients or which specialises in the treatment of certain conditions Hormone secreted in small quantities by the adrenal cortex To make pain or worry less Referring to any disease which is very common in certain places Condition where an organ bulges through a hole or weakness in the wall which surrounds it Person or animal on which a parasite lives Protected against an infection or allergic disease Chemical element essential to the body. 27. 10. 20. 5. 17. sometimes with a curtain. 19. 3. Large gland in the upper part of the abdomen Speech defect where the patient has difficulty in pronouncing 's' sounds and replaces them with 'th' Doctor who takes the place of another doctor for a time Referring to the nose One of the two passages in the nose through which air is breathed in or out Gland which lies across the back of the body between kidneys Doctor who examines dead bodies to find out the cause of death Mass of small spots which stays on the skin for a period of time. 21. found in liver. 16. and then disappears Light wall. etc.Word search Find the 28 medical terms and expressions hidden in the letters below. eggs. on which a tissue sample is placed. which can be moved about and put round a bed to shield the patient Piece of glass. 12. 26. 28. 15. 14 read across and 14 read down. 14. 18. 9. 25. 2. 22. The first word has been found for you as an example. . 23. 11. 7. 4. which are joined to form one tendon Not dry Uterus 42 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). The clues listed beneath will help you to find all of the words. 6. 13. 8.

Communicative crossword 2

sheet A

This crossword is not complete: you have only half the words. The other half are on sheet B. Check that you know the words in your crossword. Then work with a partner who has sheet B to complete the two crosswords. Follow these three rules:
1. 2. 3. Speak only in English. Don't say the word in the crossword. Don't show your crossword to your partner. "What's one across?" Ǟ across, ȇ down

1

2

3

4

5

6

R E
8

R
7

C H A I N R E

T E N D O N

E T I
9

D U C
10 11

R R A M
12 13

T I O
15

C

E

E

14

P U
17

C
16

H

E

A C
18

L

T

H

N

O C H
21

T
19

T I O N
23 24

R

I

P

A
20

A T E
22

B N O
25

L E M A N I
26

C L

R
27

S A L I M I G N

M A
28

O S E

L

43
For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5).

Communicative crossword 2 sheet B
This crossword is not complete: you have only half the words. The other half are on sheet A. Check that you know the words in your crossword. Then work with a partner who has sheet A to complete the two crosswords. Follow these three rules:
1. 2. 3. Speak only in English. Don't say the word in the crossword. Don't show your crossword to your partner. "What's one across?" Ǟ across, ȇ down

1

2

3

4

5

6

R

E

C U

O

V I

E

R
7

H N T

O

M

E

8

D

O

R E

M

A B
9

L
10 11

A

R

Y

N

X

E

12

13

14

H
15 16

N

E

U

R
17

O C

N
18

Y T P O

A

19

20

21

B

O

T

T

L

E

C

O

U

N

T H

22

23

24

O
25 26

E E R M I

L
27

I

V A

28

L

Y

M

P

H

A

D

E

N

O

M

A

44
For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5).

Parts of the body crossword 2
All the answers to this crossword are parts of the body.
1 2 3 4

5

6

7

8

9

10 11 12 13

14

15 18 20

16

17 19

21 22

23

ACROSS 1. Ligament (5) 4. One of the calcified pieces of connective tissue which make 1 down (4) 5. Organ used for hearing (3) 8. Sight, hearing, smell, taste and touch (6) 11. It connects your foot to your leg (5) 13. Thorax (5) 14. Other side to the front (4) 16. Egg-producing organ (5) 20. Clavicle (10) 21. One of twenty-four inside 13 across 23. Plural of foot (4)

DOWN 1. All the bones which make up a body (8) 2. Joint between the hand and the forearm (5) 3. Branch of a nerve, artery or vein (5) 4. Encephalon (5) 6. Inside layer of the eye which is sensitive to light (6) 7. In the middle of your face (4) 9. Cavity inside the body, including the cavities inside the head behind the cheekbone, forehead and nose (5) 10. Main muscle in 13 across (8) 12. Part of the body which joins the head to the body (4) 14. Air passage from the trachea to the lungs (8) 15. Human tail, at the end of the backbone (6) 17. One of two muscles in the top part of the back which moves the shoulder blades (8) 18. Soft, fat flesh (4) 19. Wall between two parts of an organ (6) 21. Radix, point from which a limb grows (4) 22. One of ten found on 23 across (3)

45
For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5).

Sugar is a source of ______ . (4) 27. (8) DOWN 1 The catheter is ______ into the passage. Can I make an ______ to see Dr Jones? (11) 26. How can you afford this ______ treatment? (9) 3. (8) 12. (3) 19. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 12 13 10 14 16 17 18 19 22 24 25 20 21 23 15 26 27 ACROSS 1. given by an intelligence test. (5) 18. (5) 25. 20. The clinic has a ______ of 100. We have ______ out the extent of the tumour. The ______ is the ratio of a person's mental age. . (5) 10. Blood ______ were taken from all the staff in the hospital. We will ______ the operating theatre with the latest scanning devices. (7) 7.Gap fill crossword Complete the crossword with the missing words from the sentences. (6) 13. The lining of the uterus is ______ during menstruation. There is a ______ of names in alphabetical order. He breathed in the smoke from the fire and it made him ______. (8) 5. The patient suffers from an allergic ______ to oranges. (9) 24. (4) 17. (5) 4. the solution will ______ blue. Her ______ rate was very irregular. (2) 46 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). The doctor put her to ______ with a powerful narcotic. The surgeon was able to move the organ back to its ______ position. The drug begins acting after a very short ______. (3) 16. Fear of snakes is a common ______. (8) 6. to the person's actual age. The box is so heavy she can't ______ it off the floor. (4). When you add the reagent. The doctor ______ the patient's broken arm.her ______ is running. (6) 14. Anorexic patients may become ______ and may need hospitalisation. (4) 8. She gave ______ to twins. (6) 21. (8) 2. He went to see an ______ specialist about his deafness. (5) 23. When she cut her finger it ______. She must have a cold . He became hysterical and had to be put under ______. (4) 22. (4) 15. There were two hundred ______ of cholera in the recent outbreak. He ______ a new type of catheter. (4) 9. (5) 14. (5) 11.

ȇ down 1 2 3 4 N E 6 T 5 A L 7 A R S 8 L P A R T U S I G 9 10 T E C H T N I C I A A N 11 12 E 13 L D 14 15 S T 17 O 16 N E S 19 D E F E N E 18 R 20 S A G 24 I 21 22 23 L P E N M D E N C C E A L D D E 47 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). Speak only in English. "What's one across?" Ǟ across. Follow these three rules: 1. Don't show your crossword to your partner.Communicative crossword 3 sheet A This crossword is not complete: you have only half the words. Then work with a partner who has sheet B to complete the two crosswords. Don't say the word in the crossword. 3. . 2. Check that you know the words in your crossword. The other half are on sheet B.

Don't say the word in the crossword. "What's one across?" Ǟ across. Don't show your crossword to your partner. 2. The other half are on sheet A. ȇ down 1 2 3 4 E P 6 X A N M I N A T I O N 5 H U R A B L E 7 I L E 8 N C Y L O S T P S R O S 9 P R I E T A R Y 10 Y T O 11 12 N A A T E R N O 14 15 M 13 A L R C O W R A S 16 I 17 E I T 18 L E M E N T I S T 20 E 19 R E S O L O V E C 21 22 23 I 24 N 48 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). Check that you know the words in your crossword. Speak only in English. . Then work with a partner who has sheet A to complete the two crosswords. 3. Follow these three rules: 1.Communicative crossword 3 sheet B This crossword is not complete: you have only half the words.

What are these categories? 3. [T / F] A mastectomy is a surgical operation to deliver a baby by cutting through the abdominal wall into the uterus. "In human anatomy. 5. 9. Key members include GPs. Work with a partner and write a medical knowledge quiz. and the foot a dorsal and a __________ surface. "Permanent teeth. otherwise known as adult teeth. __________ premolars and __________ molars. 49 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). is he/she classed as an "inpatient" or an "outpatient"? What is the child's term for the stomach or abdomen? Are the following statements true or false? [T / F] Blood is formed of red and white corpuscles. The modern classification is into two categories. are formed of eight incisors. burns were classified by degrees (first-degree burn and second-degree burn). Then ask the questions to another pair of students in the class. What is the normal average human body temperature? To which part of the body do words beginning with "gastr-" refer? Formerly. 4. [T / F] The liver maintains the circulation of the blood around the body by its pumping action. Name four sources of Vitamin D. 8. . 2." What is the difference between myopia and hypermetropia? Which of the following substances are poisonous? ț arsenic ț cyanide ț fructose ț glucose ț polyunsaturated fat ț starch ț strychnine Fill the gaps in the sentence with the correct numbers. 10. community nurses. the hand has a dorsal and a palmar surface. 6. 12. Make sure you know the answers. Extension. 7. social services and lay members? If a patient is living at home and going to a hospital for treatment. platelets and plasma. __________ canines. Complete the following sentence." What is the term for an organisation responsible for overseeing the provision of primary healthcare and the commissioning of secondary care in a district.Quiz How many of these questions can you answer? 1. 11.

Vocabulary Record Sheet WORD CLASS NOTES (Translation. . 50 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5).) This page can be photocopied. definition. etc. example.

chordae 17. 10. She complained of stiff joints. They have periods when they are completely inactive. 9. There is no cure for this disease. oesophagi 11. 3. The doctor will administer a drug to the patient. The nurses detected an improvement in the patient's condition. heart attack 2. burp a baby 5. irreducible 2. 7. 5. paralysis 15. fibulae 4. 3. surgical intervention 5. diagnoses 12. 5) 1. The blood clot formed an obstruction in the artery. balanced diet Plural formation (p. bullae 8. allergic reaction 10. atria 22. The vaccine should make you immune to tuberculosis. illegal ir1. ease the pain 9. She had an injection to ease the pain in her leg. abscesses 6. 9. 8. I wrote a prescription for a course of antibiotics. recovery 8. The doctor noted an excessive amount of bile in the patient's blood. 3. humeri 13. . I've caught a cold from one of my colleagues at work. bone marrow 4. 14. The surgeons operated to repair the patient's defective heart valve. malignant tumour 12. prescription 4. general practitioner 13. syringes 14. the doctor discontinued the treatment. 2. As soon as the patient reported severe side-effects. She was prescribed antibiotics. larvae 16. administer a drug 2. il1. 1. villi 21. 11. The patient was given a referral to a specialist. septa 10. 1. The health visitor advised the new parents to burp the baby after feeding. strata 2. examination 3. He has made a full recovery. catch a cold 6. diagnosis 2. His diet is calcium-deficient. 6. 8. 3. A hypoglycaemic attack can be prevented by eating glucose or a lump of sugar when feeling faint. analyse a sample 3. The laboratory analysed a sample of the food and found traces of bacteria. 2) 6. I would like to arrange an appointment with the dental hygienist for 10. 1. 7. suffering 5. bedside manner 9. testes 9. 2. acetabula 15. ganglia 20. Word formation: nouns (p. operation 6. 7. 6. bouts 25. She is physically dependent on amphetamines. 5. referral 14. 4. 9.00am tomorrow. Word association 2: partnerships (p. 6) Exercise 1. My diagnosis was that the patient had a heart condition. 13. The lab made an analysis of the blood sample. A healthy body can resist some infections. 4) 1. 10. 5. His foot is so painful that he can hardly walk. 15. irregular 51 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). The patient was given a hip replacement. glomeruli 5. clinical trial 11. arrange an appointment 4. infection 10. Two-word expressions (p. We found an infection in the tissue. analysis 9. 6. digestive system 15. prescribe antibiotics Exercise 2. He suffered paralysis of the arm after the stroke. 7) Exercise 1.Answer key Answer key Word-building Word association 1: missing links (p. 4. resist some infections 10. biological clock 14. 4. discontinue the treatment 8. carrier 11. varices 18. 1) 1. obstruction Exercise 2. cortices or cortexes Opposites 1: prefixes (p. 5. 12. pontes 23. cure 7. detect an improvement 7. 8. Ten per cent of the population are thought to be carriers of the bacteria. 1. I suffered spinal injuries in the crash. replacement 12. 10. Exercise 1. 2. brain death 8. feet 3. 4. 3) 1. 2. general anaesthetic 3. The operation was performed immediately. ova 24. I made a full examination of the patient. degeneration 13. joints 7. There has been a degeneration in his condition. He experienced very little suffering. primary tooth 6. plastic surgery 7. body pain bone muscle eye cell Word formation: adjectives (p. fungi 19.

unwell Adjectives 1 (p. infertile 9. predisposed 14. impalpable 3. He is being allowed by the consultant to watch the operation. 1. ambulance 12. burnt 12. weighed 12. 52 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 1. unfit 7. infirm 6. unhealthy 6. stitch 29. operating theatre 2. independent 7. prolonged 13. surgery 3. inactive 9. knocked out 13. surgery 5. breathe 6. prepare 18. trembled Verbs: mixed tenses (p. accident 19. subjective 5. bitten 15. macerate 14. aware 15. admit 3. blood 5. coughing up Parts of Speech Nouns (p. premature 12. required 6. tender 18. impure un1. excess 18. consent 15. suppress 30. allergy 2. broke down 7. acute 14. regenerate 21. examination 9. 13) a) diagnose b) treat c) cure d) endanger e) prescribe f) specialise g) suffer h) operate i) vaccinate j) soothe k) dress l) suppress Exercise 2. unfit 5. poisonous 3. 17) 1. fertilise 10. Appendicitis was diagnosed by the doctor. incomplete 6. bedridden 15. rehabilitate 24. unconscious 2. inflamed 7. controls 13. reabsorb 20. delicate 16. developed 9. suffered 7. bandage 4. A rise in the patient's pulse was noticed by the nurse. heart surgery up 10. go down 15. latent 16. register 22. unpasteurised 9. immunise 12. 10) Verbs: active/passive (p. overdose 4. 8) Exercise 1. theatre nurse department 4. depressed 20. got around 11. recovered 4. incipient 8. painful 9. irregular 6. confused 11. bringing up 10. 15) 1.Answer key Answer key im1. manage 15. picked up 4. critical 3. The tablets are sold by all chemists. consultant 8. insanitary 11. expelled 9. inactive 2. lethal 2. progressing Word association 3: mind maps (p. lethal 6. give up 12. looking after 3. intake 13. bruised 7. unconscious 2. viable 10. obsessive 17. got over 2. paroxysms 3. insanitary 17. compatible 4. treatment 17. regurgitate 23. persistent 4. adapted 8. 3. tendency 8. occur 16. consult 8. strained 3. infectious 20. 16) 1. surgeon anaesthetic 7. unstable 9. undigested 4. convalesce 9. drops off 5. examined 15. received 2. immovable 2. injection 10. incapable 5. heal 11. 14) a) transfer b) harm c) penetrate d) perforate e) probe f) save g) limp h) admit i) prevent j) respond k) faint l) perform Word formation: verbs (p. reacted 11. unwell 3. incompatible 5. take off 9. passed out 6. . implant 13. A&E 6. harmful Verbs 1 (p. reproduce 25. resuscitate 26. fractured 10. safe 2. unhygienic 7. regular 19. unhealthy 8. rash 1. 9) Exercise 1. overcame 3. inoperable 10. 4. local 9. hoarse in1. visit 2. deaf 11. inborn 7. scrub Phrasal verbs (p. hurting 10. severed 19. course 6. unstable 10. amputated 14. 12) 1. 1. progress 16. sedate 27. recurrence 7. inadequate 3. fainted 5. provide 19. incoherent 4. undergone 5. mobile 8. propped up 14. 11) 1. abuse 2. identify 11. 2. unqualified 8. excessive 13. major surgery 5. severe 10. froze 6. biopsy 14. 18) 1. sweat Verbs: past tense ~ regular verbs (p. exercise 11. stammer 28. rebuilt 4. aggravated 14. indirect 8. perspire 17. uncontrollable 4. depressed 18. hygienic 13. motionless 12. insoluble Adjectives 2 (p. coagulate 7. takes after 8. inoperable 5. measures 8. uncontrollable 3. vaccination 20. insanitary Verbs 2 (p.

respirator 5. circulation 12. Analysis 16. 13. malignancy 15. he is very weak. for He is recovering from a bout^ flu. 9. coordinate 11. Mentally. operation 7. 11. 6. saturated 17. He will have an operation to remove of an ingrowing toenail. on We have no spare beds on^ the hospital at the moment. 9. communicate 20. demonstrated 19. 2. . 3. 5. emergency 6. This report quotes the number of cases of cervical cancer from^ thousand patients tested. He has been working as a doctor only for a fairly short time. 9. 21) Group A: hospital regular exercise alcohol minimum haemorrhage operate theatre serious painkillers positive medical history Group B: admitted improvement condition develop injection equipment allergic reaction prescription infection opinion Group C: recommend reassure incomplete Word stress 2 (p. I was given an unpleasant mixture to drink by the doctor. Physically. A rise in cases of whooping cough is being predicted by doctors. 14. paralysis 4. 10. The injured person was comforted by the paramedics until the ambulance arrived. 2. complication 2. The workers were poisoned by toxic fumes. 7. 3. but his mind is still alert. The bandage was loosely tied around her wrist. 3. anaesthetic 9. 6. compatible 18. The twins were delivered by the midwife. He was very well looked after in hospital. by The tissue was examined on ^ the microscope. 11. She manages all her patients very efficiently. 11. 1. This is a mildly antiseptic solution. 53 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). per The doctor put the patient to sleep within a strong narcotic. The lotion cannot be taken orally. An excess of hormones was being produced by the gland. 7. responsible 14. She burnt her hand at^ the hot frying pan. 7. The hospital has installed new apparatus through^ the physiotherapy department. 6. The tumour is awkwardly placed and not easy to reach. 22) Adverbs (p.Answer key Answer key 5. experiment 13. 13. The herb can be used medicinally. 8. Exercise 1. 20) 1. He became ill immediately after he came back from holiday. 8. Please ensure that the patient takes of his medicine. Penicillin Exercise 2. of She was given to a pain-killing injection. disposable 8. 4. Some types of wool can irritate to the skin. 14. The relief team urgently requires more medical supplies. she is very advanced for her age. The body's natural instinct to reject the transplanted tissue is suppressed by the drug. Pronunciation Word stress 1 (p. under It is important that needles used at^ injections should be sterilised. 10. in 10. 4. 12. from The boy's little toe was crushed^ the door. intolerance 10. 5. If the patient sweats excessively. 8. Her breathing was severely affected. 19) 1. in Her lips were cracked of^ the cold. 12. dehydration A࡯˿˿˿ B˿࡯˿˿ C˿˿࡯˿ anaesthetic analysis circulation communicate compatible complication coordinate x x x x x x x x x x x x x x dehydration demonstrated disposable emergency experiment intolerance malignancy operation paralysis penicillin respirator responsible saturated x x x x x x Prepositions (p. 12. it may be necessary to cool his body with cold compresses. The tissue was examined under the microscope.

leg knuckle . increase 9. c) 14. 24) Group A: reduced coughed replaced mixed dressed increased noticed dropped Group B: diagnosed improved sneezed prescribed cured sterilised probed Group C: vaccinated consulted recommended prevented operated disinfected treated preceded Vocabulary in Context Good advice (p.head palm . the others are all instruments supination. cold 8. minor 8. major Multiple meanings (p. b) 11. the others are all parts of the eye vertebral column. turn 6.head eyelid . the others deal with blood taste. 7. 15. 6.torso Achilles tendon . light 7.torso nose . 17. notice 5. 16. bleeding. patient 2. you have two of all the others forearm. the others are words which describe types of pain liver.hand rib .leg (or foot) buttock . deteriorate 5.torso (or arm) sole . 3. the others are all connected to breathing eyelids. e) 5. .torso scalp . 27) Abbreviations (p.arm forehead . focus 4.torso chin . 5.head hip . l) 6. the others are all physical actions hernia. 18. f) 9.leg thumb . 11. 28) abdomen . g) 2. the others are all normally found in the body wound.head shoulder . light Odd one out (p. 2.head finger . a) 12.torso nipple . i) 13.arm eye . the others are all jobs bandage.hand (or foot) navel . alive 4.head eyebrow . h) 8. 1. the others are all in the skull pancreas. 6. 12.arm (or hand) Past tense (p. 4.torso (or leg) knee . fit 15.Answer key Answer key Present simple (p. 10.head gum . A & E: Accident & Emergency AIDS: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome BMR: Basal Metabolic Rate CAT: Computerised Axial Tomography CHD: Coronary Heart Disease D & V: Diarrhoea & Vomiting DOA: Dead On Arrival GP: General Practitioner HAV: Hepatitis A Virus HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus MI: Motor Neurone Disease OTC: Over The Counter PM: Post Mortem PMA: Progressive Muscular Atrophy PMT: Premenstrual Tension RQ: Respiratory Quotient RSI: Repetitive Strain Injury 54 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5).head wrist . 8.head thigh . 3.leg chest . closed 7. 13. j) 7. light 16. increase 3.head elbow . 16. focus 9. the others are all part of the ear aluminium. 17. 11. fit 13. the others are all part of the skin Body parts . front 2. d) 4. rough 6.hand toe . the others are all joints face. back 5.hand lip . 30) 1. patient 11.head nail .foot ankle . 5. ill 6. 23) Group A: coughs helps panics beats sleeps wakes counteracts operates regulates Group B: breathes examines recommends prescribes relieves suffers controls cures kills Group C: sneezes reduces catches rises analyses diagnoses relaxes releases increases 14. fit 3. dead 9. notice 12. 10. turn 14. 29) Exercise 1. 13. malignant 7. the others are all eye conditions relapse.head tooth . open 8. 4. the others relate to the liver diabetes. bones metacarpal bone. 25) 1.torso neck . 15. 26) 1. acute 2. m) Opposites 2 (p.categories (p.torso calf .hand forearm . focus 17. 14. 9. fit 18. healthy 10. cold 19. n) 10. rough 10. malignant Exercise 2. turn 10. chronic 3. 7. the others refer principally to damage to 1. the others all mean to return to normal after an illness palm.foot tongue .foot temple . k) 3. 8. the others are all specifically sense organs patient. 2. improve 4. 12.head eyelash . 9. 1.head ear .

Exercise 1. 35) 1. 33) 1. 12. 2. n) 10. Chickenpox is the same as varicella 2. sodium. (a) acid found in the gastric juices which helps to break apart the food N. used in combination with other gases as an anaesthetic in dentistry and surgery C10H14N2. 25. m) 5. cobalt. 11. epilepsy 2. 24. k) 3. used to sterilise water He. Mumps is the same as infectious parotitis 8. (d) used as a contrast when taking X-ray photographs of soft tissue Zn. r) 6. cystic fibrosis 7. 32) 9. pertussis Symptoms & common illnesses 2 (p. Hay fever is the same as allergic rhinitis 6. sling 15. flu 5. Parkinson's disease 5. d) 2. bandage 14. coryza 5. (f) metallic element which is the basis of a radioactive isotope used to treat cancer Cl. (c) main alkaloid substance found in tobacco Symptoms & common illnesses 1 (p. 3. drain 10. c) 14. chlorine. thermometer 55 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). used as a compound in various drugs. tuberculosis 6. Measles is the same as rubeola 7. hydrogen. A cold is the same as coryza 3. 13. h) 11. (n) light metallic element which does not corrode Ba. stethoscope 18. zinc. . calcium. 1. 23. 1. allergic rhinitis 4. nitrogen. varicella 7. (e) the basic substance in salt Ca. influenza 2. 21. mumps 6. Instruments and equipment (p. syringe 12. cerebral palsy 10. (k) gas which combines with oxygen to form water HCI. catheter 13. (t) yellow non-metallic element found in some amino acids Au. (j) an essential part of the red pigment in blood cells. Whooping cough is the same as pertussis Exercise 2. 4. found in liver and eggs Co. 5. and sometimes as a filling for teeth O. rubella 3. 20. g) 4. Na. Diagnosis (p. 15. (o) gas which is the main component of air and an essential part of protein HCN. forceps 5. 7. (q) powerful greenish gas. 17. SAD: Seasonal Affective Disorder SIDS: Sudden Infant Death Syndrome STI: Sexually Transmitted Infection TB: Tuberculosis TBI: Total Body Irradiation UV: Ultraviolet VDH: Valvular Disease of the Heart WHO: World Health Organization Chemistry (p. sulphur. probe 4. cirrhosis 8. (l) heavy soft metallic element which is poisonous in compounds Ti. 3. l) 16. tourniquet 8. 36) 1. i) 18. The flu is the same as influenza 4. e) 19. p) 12. gold. iron. splint 17. wheelchair 2. (g) colourless gas with a sweet smell. (b) acid which forms cyanide C. helium. rubeola 6. German measles 4. (h) colourless gas which is present in air and essential to human life H. hay fever 2. 22. gastroenteritis 16. hook 9. gangrene 3. cataracts 4. 20.Answer key Answer key 18. stretcher 16. o) 15. scalpel 3. diphtheria 9. 8. whooping cough 14. hydrocyanic acid. (i) one of the common non-metallic elements which is an essential component of living matter and organic chemical compounds N2O. gag 11. a) 7. (s) white metallic trace element Fe. hydrochloric acid. chickenpox 10. j) 17. b) 8. nicotine. (r) soft yellow-coloured precious metal. barium. lead. German measles is the same as rubella 5. curette 6. How it works (p. q) 13. (m) very light gas used in combination with oxygen.34) 18. 31) 1. carbon. 6. especially to relieve asthma or sickness caused by decompression S. infectious parotitis 8. nitrous oxide. 1. (p) metallic element which is the major component of bones and teeth Pb. 19. titanium. oxygen. f) 9. pipette 7.

7. 2. 3. 6. 4. 10. 38) 1 2 3 4 5 K I 6 N E E S T R O M A O C H U M E 7 D N 8 U O R D E N U N M R T 10 9 E Y L B I O W A K H A I R U 11 12 13 A T R I S A L I 15 U N A G S 14 16 Z 17 T E 18 V E E I L N S K U E Y G H A 21 E A R T 20 19 J U 22 O M 23 K E U R O N U 24 L L N N E R V D G U L A 26 L A F O O P T A T 25 C S K L 27 I N R E C E O R E A R 56 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 12. 9. Respiration Allergy Daughter Incision Operation Gerontology Relapse Apparatus Prescribe Hospital Exercise Resistance Parts of the body crossword 1 (p. 11. 8. . 5.Answer key Answer key Puzzles & Quizzes Anagrams 1 (p. 37) 1.

. 3. 7.Answer key Answer key Word search (p. 11. 9. Cerebrum Average Reaction Behaviour Observe Hiccup Yawn Deteriorate Relaxation Awake Theatre Emetic P E N D E M I C D F A I A C L I N I C H O S T R T N S H O C O S R U S E T A T I Y A L T E N L D I N A S A L O R E E I S S C P P G L G I N A D O O R A S H E I L I V E R N E A S E R S P O T W E E A G E H G T R I C E P S S T A K E W O M B T H E R N I A N M M B L O C U M O O C B R P E L N N Parts of the body crossword 2 (p. 8. 41) 1. 10. 45) 1 2 3 4 S K 5 I N E W R R A M U 8 B R O N E 6 7 E L E T O N A R E T I I S T A I 9 N O S I E S E S E N 10 N 11 12 P N E C K L E 13 N U H E S T A C T 16 14 15 17 B R O N C H U A C O 20 K 18 O F R L A L V A R H Y 19 S N E P T U M C C Y X O L A B R B O M 21 R 22 I B O I D T O 23 O O E T S F E 57 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 4.42) Anagrams 2 (p. 2. 12. 6. 5.

strychnine four canines. 7. 11. but cannot see objects which are close. 49) 1. False (The organ described here is the heart). A more common word for hypermetropia is longsightedness. 3. 12. whereas with hypermetropia. butter. False (The operation described here is a caesarean. 9.) about 37° Celsius or 98° Fahrenheit stomach deep. 5. eight premolars and twelve molars primary care group outpatient tummy True. 10. cyanide. (More common words for myopia are shortsightedness or nearsightedness. oily fish. superficial 4.) arsenic. 46) 1 2 3 4 I N 5 N V E X N T E D B I O R I G I N 6 S E A M P E 8 L E 7 S L I E S R T H R T 9 N S Q U I V 12 13 O S E E 10 E D P 11 P R H O B I A L P U 16 E N E A 17 R G Y 14 15 S O U G H 18 E T U B L S 19 E D C T E 21 A R N 20 E 22 M A A C I O A T I E D 23 C 24 S E N T A 26 25 A S E 27 P P P E O I Q N T M E L A T I O N I F F T S E D Quiz (p.) plantar Myopia is a condition where the patient can see clearly objects which are close.Answer key Answer key Gap fill crossword (p. fish liver oils. 8. . but not ones which are far away. 6. egg yolk. yeast (Vitamin D is also produced in the skin when exposed to sunlight. the patient sees more clearly objects which are a long way away. 58 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 2.

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