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2-29.10.08 Detailed Final Report_0

2-29.10.08 Detailed Final Report_0

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Institutional Strengthening and Awareness Raising Project for Sustainable Crocodile Conservation in Nepal

(RSG Project: !"#$"$%&

'inal Report

Sub(itted b) *ishnu +ari ,agle

Sub(itted to -he Rufford S(all Grants 'oundation. /0

Nove(ber. $#$

Project Na(e: Institutional Strengthening and Awareness Raising Project for Sustainable Crocodile Conservation in Nepal
Popular Na(e: Crocodile Conservation Awareness Program (CCAP) -ea( leader: ishnu !ari "agle 'inancial Support: #he Rufford Small $rants %oundation& '( Project Area: uffer )one Area of Chitwan National Par* Project Coverage: +, schools and - ./Cs in uffer )one area of Chitwan National Par* ,ebsite: www0rufford0org1rsg1projects1bishnu2hari2wagle23

www0crocodilenepal0org

II

Station 8anager of !amro %8& radio of Chitwan and Nawalparasi districts0 I would also li*e to e:tend especial than*s to field assistant& Radha Chhetri for her tireless support and dedication towards the project0 At last& but not the least7 I am ver4 much grateful and than*ful to #he Rufford Small $rants %oundation& '( for providing the financial support to materiali5e the concept of the project0 asanta Parajuli.Ac1nowledge(ent I would li*e to ac*nowledge contribution of man4 people and organi5ations that provided various t4pes of supports without which this project would not have been successfull4 completed0 Chitwan National Par* deserves m4 than*s for its direct and indirect assistance during the project implementation0 6speciall4& I wish to than* ed ahadur (had*a& $anesh Pant& Assistant "arden& /epartment of National Par*s and "ildlife Reserve7 Rupa* 8aharjan& Ranger of Chitwan national par* for their suggestions& guidance and support during the project period0 84 sincere than*s go to /r0 (eshab /utta Awasthi& /ean Institute of %orestr4 and Santosh Ra4amajhi& 9ecturer at Institute of %orestr4 their constant suggestion& and guidance since the beginning of project development0 I am grateful to the teachers and headmasters of those schools where project activities were based and 8r0 Chhabilal Neupane& #reasurer of Prabhat (iran Sewa Samaj for harmoni5ing the wor*ing environment in the schools and local communit40 Similarl4& I am grateful to the students and local people who activel4 participated in the project activities0 8r0 Suman hattarai& team leader of Partnership for Rhino Conservation deserves m4 due appreciation for valuable interactions and collaboration in some of the project activities0 Similarl4& I wish to than* Ishwor /C of 'jj4alo national networ* radio& who arranged an interview about the project and broadcasted it from more than -3 %8 radios of Nepal through 'jj4alo national networ*0 8r0 /eepa* Achar4a& 6:ecutive director of Co.Action Nepal deserves m4 due appreciation for his support in leadership development training0 Similarl4& I am than*ful to Nara4an Adhi*ari. News Chief of S4nerg4 %8 for assisting in highlighting the news of the project in the local %8 III .

Acron)(s ) C < CCAP CCC CI#6S CNP /NP"C %8 !SS I'CN 9SS Nrs0 PARC RP RS$% SS .illage /evelopment Committee I./C uffer )one Communit4 ased <rgani5ation Crocodile Conservation Awareness Project Crocodile Conservation Club Convention on International #rade in 6ndangered Species of "ild %auna = %lora Chitwan National Par* /epartment of National Par*s and "ildlife Conservation %re>uenc4 8odulation !igher Secondar4 School International 'nion for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources 9ower Secondar4 School Nepalese Rupees Partnership for Rhino Conservation Resource Person Rufford Small $rants %oundation Secondar4 School . .

........................... 7 3.4 Conservation Copy ......................................................................................................." NOTICE TEACHING AND LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT TRAINING................9 3.....................................................% AWARENESS SCHOOL........................................1# LIST OF STUDENTS PARTICIPATED IN FIELD VISIT ...................................... 1 2.3 Pamphlet ..........12 SPEECH COMPETITION LIST OF STUDENTS PARTICIPATED IN ..........4 3......................................................................... ACTIVITIES......................................................................1" LIST OF STUDENTS PARTICIPATED IN ESSAY COMPETITION.................11 RENEW AND UPDATE OF WEBSITE .........................................................10 5........................................9...........................................................................................................................................................................................................2 Brochure.....................................................1& 4........... OUTPUTS AND SUCCESS OF THE PROJECT.................................................................................... 8 3........................9............................................. E!POSURE 3..................... BACKGROUND........................................................................ BOARD DISTRIBUTION.......................................1& REVIEW MEETING.............................................................................................................................................. % 3..........................................................................................................................................2 CROCODILE CONSERVATION CLUB (CCC) 3..-able of Contents 1.. VISIT....................................." RAISING MATERIALS PRODUCTION/DISTRIBUTION/E!HIBITION.............................. 12 ANNE! 1' NAME LIST ANNE! 2' NAME ANNE! 3' NAME ANNE! 4' NAME OF CLUB MEMBERS........................... OBJECTIVES ..... ...................................4 ORATORY (SPEECH) 3....... 11 ANNEXES................................. 4 RENEWAL/FORMATION......................................... 3 3....5 COMPETITION......................5 ESSAY COMPETITION.........................................# WALL MAGA$INE PUBLICATION 3......................................................... 8 3..3 SCHOOL SELECTION.........................9............1 Wall calendar ................................................. REFERENCES..........................................................9...................... 4 3........................... " AT 3....................10 6........................1 SCHOOL 3............................" 3..............5 3...........1% ..................................... PROJECT IN MEDIA ............................................

east to Nepal and hutan& east to urma& and south to <rissa in India (Neill +BD+& cited in Shrestha& ?33+)0 #he gharial is now restricted to scattered& isolated population in India& Nepal and angladesh0 It has been reported to be e:tinct in of Nepal& including the 8aha*ali& (arnali& urma and Pa*istan ( ehura and Singh +BDC& cited in Shrestha& ?33+)0 'ntil the earl4 +B-3s& gharials were found in all the major river s4stems abai& and Rapti rivers in western Nepal& the (ali 4 the late $anda*i and Nara4ani rivers in central Nepal and the (oshi River in eastern Nepal0 ardia National Par* and Chitwan National Par* (Andrews and 8c6achern +BD3s& there had been a drastic depletion in their abundance and distribution7 in fact& the wild gharial had become e:tinct in the 8aha*ali and Rapti rivers in western Nepal and (oshi River in eastern Nepal0 #he major threats faced Nepalese crocodile include human interferences& over fishing b4 locals& illegal collection of their eggs for food& flooding of nesting sites& pollution and construction of dams0 $harials in Nepal are full4 protected under the National Par*s and "ildlife Conservation Act +BD@0 #here is provision of punishment with a fine ranging from fort4 to sevent4 five thousand rupees& or face an imprisonment ranging from one 4ear to ten 4ears or both for an4 person who *ills or injures this animal0 #he animal is listed as E6ndangered speciesE in I'CN Red data boo* and in EAppendi:.IE of CI#6S animal categor40 Similarl4& the marsh crocodile is listed as a vulnerable species in the I'CN Red /ata oo* and is protected b4 law in all the countries of its occurrence ("hita*er +BCD)0 .continent0 Its range e:tended throughout the $angetic plain& west to the Indus River in Pa*istan& north and north.1. Background Among the ?@ species of crocodilian within its A families& onl4 two species i0e0& 8arsh crocodile (Crocodylus palustris) and $harial (Gavialis gangeticus) are found in Nepal0 8arsh crocodile are principall4 restricted to the Indian sub continent where the4 ma4 be found in number of freshwater habitat t4pes including rivers& la*es& and marshes0 In India and Sri 9an*a marsh crocodiles have adapted well to reservoirs& irrigation canal and manmade ponds and in some area ma4 even found in coastal water lagoons ("hita*er +BCD& "hita*er and "hita*er +BCB)0 !istoricall4 marsh crocodile was relativel4 common through out the #erai of Nepal in marsh4 la*es& ponds and small rivers ($roombridge +BC?) and now it is reduced to isolated population primaril4 in protected habitat such as Su*laphanta "ildlife Reserve& (oshitappu "ildlife Reserve& +BBA)0 !istoricall4& the gharial was abundant in all the large river s4stems of the Indian sub.

shelled eggs into a nest which is either a hole dug into the ground& or into a mound of vegetation formed b4 the female0 8ost females remain near their nest during incubation and ma4 protect it from predators0 'pon hatching& vocali5ations made b4 the hatchlings induce the female to assist the hatchlings to emerge& and in some cases to carr4 the tin4 babies to the water in her mouth0 !atchlings remain together near the mother for several months& deriving protection from her0 • As the4 grow and become more widel4 dispersed and independent& a large number of the offspring perishG some eaten b4 other crocodilians0 • #he survivors reach maturit4 after a period of .#o restore the rapidl4 dwindling population of crocodile in Nepal& breeding program was started with the establishment of $harial reeding Center in (asara& Chitwan since +BDC0 #hus& reeding Center was Crocodile conservation efforts in Nepal began in +BDC when $harial established in (asara inside the Chitwan National Par*0 <ver the interim 4ears& the gharial and marsh crocodiles have been bred in captivit4 and released in the different rivers0 *o2 # General Characteristics of Crocodilian • All crocodilians depend upon wetland habitats and the4 are effective a>uatic predators • Crocodiles are cold blooded and have a bod4 temperature similar to the surrounding air& land or water • At smaller si5es the4 often eat a>uatic insects& small fish and crustaceans and as the4 grow larger the4 tend eat more vertebrates& including fish& turtles& birds and mammals0 Crocodiles have a tendenc4 to retain hard& indigestible objects in their stomach and most crocodiles over two meters long have been found to have stones in their stomach0 It is believed that the stones are used as gastroliths (to aid in grinding up food) and that the4 also ma4 function as ballast (just as in a shipFs hull)0 • Crocodiles attempt to maintain their bod4 temperature within narrow limits b4 bas*ing in the sun when cool and see*ing shade when hot0 • #he4 are metabolicall4 efficient and have fast refle:es and effective locomotors abilit4 on land& where the4 wal* on erect legs& and in the water& where the4 swim rapidl4 driven b4 their powerful tails0 • Crocodilians have comple: behaviours including social interactions& dominance hierarchies& and vocali5ation& coordinated feeding& and well developed maternal behaviour0 • %emales deposit from +3 to over -3 hard. 4ears depending on the species0 • %emales grow more slowl4 and reach maturit4 at a smaller si5e than males& who continue growing and usuall4 e:ceed females in ma:imum si5e0 Crocodilians can be long lived in the wild and there are records of particular individuals residing for decades at some locations0 /espite successful captive breeding and release of crocodile in the natural river s4stem in Nepal& there have been limited attempts to educate people on values of maintaining riverine habitat and the important lin* crocodiles pla4 in health4 wetland ecos4stems (Andrews& !0.0 and P0 8c6achern& +BBA)0 Intensive fishing has reduced food levels and fishermen view them as competitor0 #he4 become entangled in nets and either drowns or was *illed0 Subse>uentl4& perception of tribal people about medicinal values of crocodile led to egg collection and slaughter .G+.

/Cs of the buffer 5one area of Chitwan National Par*0 *o2 : I(portance of Crocodile Crocodiles are important for several aspects& such as their e:istence indicates the health4 a>uatic ecos4stem and their hide and meat has a big commercial value ("hita*er +BCD)0 As a I*e4stone speciesJ crocodile maintain structure and function in a>uatic ecos4stem b4 their activities ((ing +BCC)0 #hese ecological roles include selective predation on fish species& rec4cling of nutrients and maintenance of wet refugia during drought season0 Crocodiles are ver4 important to the river ecos4stem and to humans0 #he4 contribute to the health of the ecos4stem and biodiversit40 #he4 are the top predator and as such are an essential part of the biodiversit4 of these habitats ((Rashid& ?33@& cited in /eppert& ?33A)0 #he4 pre4 on the slow moving predator4 fish thus removing the diseased individuals& thereb4 maintaining good stoc*s of commerciall4 valuable fish in an4 water bod40 %ew studies done in Africa& Australia and America indicate that the presence of crocs in a water s4stem actuall4 boosted fish stoc*s (/eppert& ?33A)0 A loss of an4 species of crocodilian would represent a significant loss of biodiversit4& economic potential and ecos4stem stabilit4 (I'CN& +BBC)0 Crocodiles are called the indicators of a clean a>uatic environment for a ver4 good reason0 "ithout the mugger or the gharial in the wild we lose so much0 #hese crocodiles feed on the wea* and sic* fish *eeping the fish population strong and health40 #he4 also *eep the water clean and uncontaminated b4 scavenging on dead animal matter0 "ithout the crocodiles in the water s4stems& the larger predator fish will eat the smaller commerciall4 important fish& resulting in a smaller population of fish for the fishermen0 #he crocodiles will eat the larger predator fish thereb4 allowing a greater population and commercial catch of fish in the river0 2.of crocodiles remain continued0 !abitat degradation along floodplain and river ban*s due to intensive agricultural practices led to further depletion of habitat re>uired to sustain viable crocodile populations in Nepal0 <n that situation& awareness raising activities were implemented in the targeted communities and school students through the RS$ projectH Crocodile Conservation Awareness Project (CCAP)0 As a result of first RS$ project (CCAP)& students of different schools became active in conservation and were organi5ed through formation of Crocodile Conservation Clubs0 #o *eep their spirit live and strengthen the initiatives of CCAP second RS$ project was e:tended and implemented in the local communities and +. different schools which are located in .different . Objectives • • • Institutional strengthening of Crocodile Conservation Clubs (CCCs) 6:pansion of awareness raising activities in boarder areas = formation of CCCs in five additional schools Publication and distribution of educational and awareness raising materials .

0 9a:mi Secondar4 School& Kagatpur -0 8adi Secondar4 School& asantapur D0 Prabhat !igher Secondar4 School& Su*ranagar C0 Saraswati Secondar4 School& Keetpur B0 Saraswati Secondar4 School& 8eghauli +30 Shajhapur Secondar4 School& 8eghauli ++0 Shree 8otherland oarding School +?0 Shree Rastri4a 9ower Secondar4 School& +@0 Siddhartha 9ower Secondar4 School& Kagatpur +A0 Someshwor !igher Secondar4 School& $ardi +.id4a K4oti 6nglish School& aruwa 3. schools of the buffer 5one area of CNP0 Among the selected schools& B were those previousl4 selected during first RS$0 Additional si: schools were selected after discussion with par* staff and *e4 informants7 and direct observations0 Nearness of the school from habitat of crocodile and dependenc4 of the local communit4 on the habitat are major criteria of selection0 #hus& the following schools were selected from si: different . Activities 3. different schools of the area0 #he headmasters& teachers and members of previousl4 formed CCCs facilitated the process of club formation0 #he club members varied from B to +D in number and comprised balanced teams of bo4s and girls7 and the students from different classes as well0 Name list of the club members of each school have been presented in anne: +0 .0 .2 Crocodile Conservation Club (CCC) renewal !or"ation As most of the members of Crocodile Conservation Club (CCC) formed during first RS$ project passed out from their respective schools& the CCCs were reformed in those schools0 Similarl4& the CCCs were formed in additional .1 School selection #he project activities were implemented in +.• /issemination of efforts and issues of crocodile conservation in Nepal 3.schools0 !ence& students were organi5ed in conservation initiatives in +./Cs inside the uffer )one area of Chitwan National Par*H +0 Adarsha !igher Secondar4 School& /iv4anagar ?0 luebird 6nglish oarding School& Kagatpur @0 Kanaj4oti Padam Nara4an /harma*umari 8alla !SS& Su*ranagar A0 Kana*i !igher Secondar4 School& 8eghauli .

committee 8eeting of conservation club %inancial management and its areas.$ Orator% (s#eech) co"#etition #o increase the interest of students in project activities and strengthen their *nowledge and s*ills on disseminating of conservation message& an <rator4 competition entitled E#oda4Ls need for crocodile conservationE was organi5ed on Bth 8arch& ?3+3 0 #he program was held at 9a:mi Secondar4 School where +@ students . fund generation& mobili5ation and record *eeping 9in*age1relationship of Conservation club with other organi5ations Proposal development Program management Report generation 3.ice.3.3 School teaching and leadershi# develo#"ent training School teaching program was organi5ed in each school where students were provided *nowledge about the role of crocodile as a *e4 stone species and the issues of their conservation through the classroom activities0 9ecture and group discussion methods were used to deliver the information1*nowledge of conservation0 9eadership development trainings were organi5ed in each school for the members of CCCs0 #he major contents of the training modules areH • • • • • • • • • • • • Structure and importance of school based conservation club Role of headmaster as an advisor Roles and responsibilities of guide teacher Potential activities of conservation clubs Role and responsibilities of President& .secretar4& #reasurer and 8embers of conservation club Role and responsibilities of "all maga5ine publication sub.president& Secretar4& Koint.

of +? different schools e:pressed their views on the topic and e:plored the issues among0 Name list of the students participated in the event is presented in Anne: ? and the top students awarded with pri5e and a certificate is H S0N0 + ? @ A Name of student 8anoj #hapa Navaraj hattarai Sita Neupane Subhadra Sap*ota School Prabhat !SS Someshwar !SS Sajhapur SS 9a:mi !SS Ran* %irst Second #hird %ourth 3. students of different schools got opportunit4 to see the breeding centerFs activities and crocodile in its natural habitats around Rapti river0 #he major places visited wereH • • • 8useum at the head>uarter of Chitwan National Par*& $harial reeding Center at (asara inside Chitwan National Par* and Surrounding of Rapti River which is the main natural habitat and release site of crocodile in Nepal0 .& 'ssa% Co"#etition Inter school essa4 competition entitled ECrocodile Conservation in NepalE was organi5ed on the occasion of .( ')#osure visit An e:posure visit was organi5ed for the students where A.ija4a /ashami (the greatest festival in Nepal)0 #he essa4s were collected from different schools along with the letter from school to certif4 that the essa4 was written b4 the respective student0 #hose essa4s were evaluated b4 a team of e:perts0 Among the ?+ participants from ++ different schools& top four essa4s were awarded with pri5es and letter of certificates0 Name list of the students participated in the competition is presented in anne: @ and followings were the top four students0 S0N0 + ? @ A Name of student Sagar 9amichhane /ipendra Paudel Amar $onga #irtha (andel School Someshwar !SS Saraswati SS& 8eghauli Siddhartha SS Saraswati SS& Kagatpur Ran* %irst Second #hird %ourth 3.

-all .aga/ine 0ublication at School Altogether A.* +otice board distribution /uring the first RS$ project& CCAP had distributed +3 notice boards in different schools where projects activities were concentrated0 #hose boards are found ver4 useful to publish and paste news including conservation related messages as the4 provide secured space for the purpose0 /uring the second RS$ project& ..additional boards were prepared and distributed to those schools where conservation activities were e:tended during this second RS$ project0 CCCs have fi:ed those boards in an appropriate place of the respective schools0 3.0 S0& one thousand copies of wall calendars were published and distributed at free of cost .1 Awareness raising "aterials #roduction distribution e)hibition 3"!"# . wall maga5ines were published b4 the +.all calendar #he individuals or organi5ation(s) use to hang a wall calendar with great interest at least for a 4ear and it has been found as an effective tool for information dissemination1sharing0 <n the occasion of Nepalese New Mear ?3-. crocodile conservation clubs in each school where students e:pressed the message of conservation through their article& song& poem and other creation0 8embers of each CCC directl4 involved in publishing the wall maga5ines in their school (one maga5ine in ever4 three months)0 #hus& wall maga5ine served as an e:tension material among the school students and teachers0 Students got opportunit4 to share the information among their friends and teachers through the maga5ine0 3.At the breeding center& a class was organi5ed for the students to describe the breeding centerFs activities where ishnu !ari "agle& team leader of CCAP and Prem Chapagain of $harial reeding Center clarified the >ueries of the students0 #he name list of the students participated in field visit is presented in anne: A0 3.

33 copies of brochure were published to disseminate the issues and importance of crocodile conservation especiall4 among the local communit40 #he brochure contains the introduction and importance of $harial and 8ugger Crocodile7 Challenges of their conservation& conservation initiatives of $harial reeding Center& CCAP etc and so on0 8ost of the brochures were distributed among school students& local people& C <s etc through CCC0 Similarl4 those were distributed to relevant $<s and I1N$<s as well0 #he two pages brochure contains basic introduction and importance of $harial and 8ugger Crocodile along with their conservation status7 highlights activities of $harial breeding center& (asara and crocodile conservation awareness program (CCAP)0 #he support of RS$% was dul4 ac*nowledged and its logo was printed in the brochure0 3"!"3 Pa(phlet #he pamphlets published during the first RS$ project with message for joining hands to ma*e the crocodile conservation effort successful were distributed and displa4ed in the relevant public areas0 /uring this project period& those were also distributed to the different related organi5ations so that the4 can displa4 and distribute to other relevant organi5ations and individuals0 .3N area in each page has been occupied b4 the pictures and message of conservation and remaining area is occupied b4 national1local festivals& holida4s& national and international da4s0 #he green da4s (different conservation da4s) are highlighted0 Some of the photographs of activities during the first RS$ project are also printed to aware and motivate the people to participate on (crocodile) conservation initiatives0 #he RS$% logo along with the contact detail of team leader has also been published0 3"!" *rochure +.governmental organi5ations in Nepal0 #he calendar has A pages and each page contains three months0 #he .to the local people& students& teachers and different relevant governmental and non.

sustained capacit40 • 9ocal communit4 based organi5ations are sustainable source to conduct conservation activities in the school and in the societ40 #herefore role of C <s to promote school conservation education have to be identified and e:plored0 .3"!"4 Conservation Cop) #he remaining stoc* of e:ercies copies with the message of conservation in front and bac* page produced b4 the CCAP and PARC during first RS$ project were distributed in this period as well0 #hose were used as a part of stationeries and were also distributed for the students from the poor famil4 bac*ground who are especiall4 more dependent on the natural resources of the par* and its surroundings0 3.12 3eview .eeting A review meeting was arranged to share and anal45e the current initiative of crocodile conservation at schools and to identif4 the wa4s to promote the local participation in conservation initiatives0 Representatives of school teachers& C <s and par* officials activel4 participated in different sessions of the meeting0 8ajor findings and recommendations of the review meetings are summari5ed as belowH • • School should have to envisage sustainabilit4 of the club and its activities #eachers should be regularl4 instilled on conservation issues0 School education program should be implemented b4 including it in the curriculum and also as e:tra. curricular activities& competitions0 • • It would be more beneficial if communit4 people are also invited in activities of the school based conservation clubs0 As the schools that are performing conservation related activities do not have sharing mechanism to get improved& networ* of the schools on conservation would be helpful to build up efficac4 and self.

minute duration where @ RS$ recipients described about their project activities and the species concerned0 esides this& news of the project activities were published in Chitwan post& a dail4 maga5ine published from Chitwan& Nepal0 &.11 3enew and u#date o! website #he website www0crocodilenepal0org was registered ?33D from Po*haracit40com at Po*hara& Nepal0 #his website is being renewed annuall4 and updated periodicall40 #he website contains useful information about the crocodiles found in Nepal and their conservation efforts and issues0 8an4 students& researchers& organi5ations etc have ac*nowledged the website as being ver4 useful and informative to them0 $. different schools inside the ) area of CNP are organi5ed for ?0 crocodile conservation Awareness level of students on conservation and leadership capacities of school students and teachers increased Activities CCC formation in +. different schools inside ) area of CNP #eaching and leadership development trainings in +. "all maga5ine publication + Speech Competition + 6ssa4 Competition Publication and /istribution of Indicator (and1or means of verification) Name list of club and club members 8inute boo* of the club Participation of students in project activities Report !ardcop4 and Photograph of the maga5ine Commitment of students7 Conservation message e:pressed b4 students in maga5ine& essa4& speech competition Number of participants in field visits& speech1essa4 competition& . Out#uts and Success o! the 0roject #he outputs of the project have been summari5ed in the following table0 Success of the project has been evaluated b4 the indicators of success0 S0 N0 + <utput Students of +. schools A. 0roject in .3.edia #he news of the project activities were broadcasted from the local %8 radio in Chitwan (S4nerg4 %8 and (ali*a %8) and Nawalparasi ( ija4a %8)0 Similarl4& an interview with the team leader ( ishnu !ari "agle) was broadcasted from the Annapurna %8 Radio of Po*hara& Nepal0 #he interview was of +.

Nepal0 /eppert <0 60& ?33A0 #he $harial ($avialis gangeticus) and 8arsh Crocodile (Crocod4lus palustris) and their Survival in School1/ha*a /ecember& ?33-)0 $roombridge 0& +BC?0 #he I'CN Amphibian& Reptile Red /ata oo* Part +0 E#estudies Crocodilia Rh4ncocephaliaE0 I'CN H$land0 Swit5erland0 page A3.S0 N0 <utput Activities awareness raising materials Awareness raising materials displa4ed and distributed to the communit4 "ebsite development and hosting Indicator (and1or means of verification) @ Awareness of the local communit4 of si: different ..@.pp ?D-. 3e!erences Andrews& !0.?B0 ernardino (eds0)0 Senior Project angladesh OonlineP0 American International ?33A0 AvailableH httpH11www0ais.CC3@?.BCD.D?0 "hita*er& R0 and )0 "hita*er& +BCB0 6colog4 of mugger Crocodile& I'CN Publication new series0 IS N ?./Cs of ) area of CNP increased for crocodile conservation "orldwide availabilit4 of information on efforts1issues of crocodile conservation in Nepal Commitment of the local leader1people !ardcop4 and photographs of calendar& brochure& conservation cop4 and pamphlet A "ebsiteH www0crocodilenepal0org Information available in the website Response from different national and international organi5ation (.%inal Report0 Submitted to Rufford Small $rants %oundation& '(0 "hita*er R0& +BCD0 #he management of crocodile in India0 In "ildlife management H Crocodile and Alligators0 6d0 4 $0 "ebb0 S0 C0 8anoli and P0 S0 "hitched pp -@.C0 "agle& 0 !0& ?33C0 Crocodile Conservation Awareness Project. dha*a0net1School29ibrar41SeniorN?3Projects13A2/eppert2crocodiles0pdf (assess in ? .0 /al4r4mple $0!0& "0%0 9oftus and %0S0 +CG+B0 Shrestha& #0 (0& ?33+0 !erpetolog4 of Nepal0 IS NH BBB@@..A+@0 I'CN& +BBC0 Crocodiles0 (Second edition)0 <:ford& '(0 (ing& %0"0& +BCC0 CrocodilesH (e4stone wetland species0 In: "ildlife in the 6verglades and 9atin American wetlands0 Abstracts of the Proceedings of the %irst 6verglades Nat0 Par* S4mposium& 8iami +BC.0 and P0 8c6achern& +BBA0 Crocodile Conservation in Nepal0 (athmandu0 Nepal0 I'CN ..+B.

e"bers School Na(e: Club Na(e: President .Secretar4 #reasurer 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember Prabhat +igher Secondar) School Prabhat Crocodile Conservation Club Roshan Nepali /il (umari Sap*ota #ila* #amang (amala Rijal Sanjita #iwari 8anoj #hapa 8itralal Pari4ar Pra*ash Shrestha (iran Adhi*ari Cha*rapani /awadi Siddhartha Secondar) School Siddhartha Crocodile Conservation Club Amar $ongwa /inesh #amang Sabina /hungana Muvaraj astola Sarita $hale 9a:mi Shahi Rupa Sunar Rajendra Puri (amala #hinga Nara4an Prasad /awadi Class BA +3A +3C B C +3 CA DA D $uide #eacher Class B C B D C D D $uide #eacher School Na(e Club Na(e President .ice.ice.Secretar4 #reasurer 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 5a2(i +igher Secondar) School 5a2(i Crocodile Conservation Club Ramesh 0 (0 Saraswati #ha*ur A*ash Paudel Kamuna Paudel /iv4a Achar4a Anshu Adhi*ari Subhadra Sap*ota Asho* (ar*i Alisha $hatane Class B C B B C C B C D .A++'4'S Anne) 15 +a"e 6ist o! Club .ice.secretar4 #reasurer 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember School Na(e Club Na(e President .president Secretar4 Koint.President Secretar4 Koint.President Secretar4 Koint.

President Secretar4 Koint.President Secretar4 Koint. .ice.president Secretar4 Koint.ice. 7agatpur *lue *ird Crocodile Conservation Club Rachana aral Anil Chitaure Sanoj Shrestha Navin 0 (0 Nishan Puri 8adhav Chalise ishal Nepali Sudhan hushal Ra*sha Adhi*ari D D D ++ $uide #eacher School Na(e Club Na(e President .secretar4 #reasurer 8ember 8ember Shree 8adarland *oarding School 8adarland Crocodile Conservation Club ishal Adhi*ari 9edisa 8ahato Nirajan 8ahato Roshan $odar Sophi4a 8ahato Suman $urung Raj*umar Sur*heti Saru Subedi Soni Po*harel ibe* Sunar ishal #amang Sarwaswati Secondar) School Sarwaswati Crocodile Conservation Club aburam Ro**a Nasib Sap*ota Nirajan Rijal Pratima (unwar (amala $ole 8anjila 9ama Samjhana 0 (0 Class C . Class B C B B C B C .8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember Suman Ar4al Amit Shrestha Raju 0 (0 Sangita 9ama A*elesh #ha*ur Su*rachar4a $himire *lue *ird 6nglish *oarding School.ice. B D D B C .Secretar4 #reasurer 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember School Na(e Club Na(e President .Secretar4 #reasurer 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember Class B C B D C B D D C School Na(e Club Na(e President .

8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember Alo* abu Pari4ar Punam 0 (0 A*ash #hapa i*ash Nepali aburam /hamala C D D D $uide #eacher School Na(e Club Na(e President .president Secretar4 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember Class B B C CA CA C D D - .ice.ice.president Secretar4 Koint. $uide#eacher School Name Club Name President .secretar4 #reasurer 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember Shree Rastri)a 5ower Secondar) School Rastri)a Crocodile Conservation Club Anita (hanal i*ash Pande4 Alisha 8ahato Arjun 8ajhi Saraswati (shetri (iran 8ahato Pratima Chaudhari Pratima Paudel hisma (umal Shruti Adhi*ari Nisha 8ahato Shiva Prasad Paudel 7anaj)oti Pada( Nara)an 9har(a1u(ari 8alla +SS Kanaj4oti Padam Nara4an /harma*umari CCC Shi*sha Subedi Suraj /hungana /ilu 8o*tan Pratap #hapa Mamuna 8as*e ija4a 8ahato $ita #hapa (eshav Pari4ar Suresh astola Sujata Paudel Class C C C D D C C .

secretar4 #reasurer 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember Class +3 C BA +3A +3A +3 B B B CA C D D $uide#eacher School Na(e Club Na(e President .president Secretar4 #reasurer 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 7ana1i +igher Secondar) School 7ana1i Crocodile Conservation Club 8adan Ar4al Kivan ote /ilu Chaudhari asanti #hapa ija4a /hungana Pratima Adhi*ari Alisha Shrestha Ashwin $urung /ipendra 8ahato Apsara Patha* Abinash (0C0 Class BA B BA C BA B BC BC CA CA C . 7eetpur Saraswati Crocodile Conservation Club /ina Sunar Raju (umal asu Parajuli 8intu Subedi 8inu (umal 8ajoj (umal Sima Subedi Pabitra (umal Rajendrashali $himire Sajhapur Secondar) School Sajhapur Crocodile Conservation Club Rajesh 0 (0 9a:mi #hapa 8agar Sita Neupane ishnu Sap*ota 8una Pangeni 'mesh Paudel Radha 8ahato Alisha 8alla (rishna Adhi*ari Rajesh 8ahato Sunil 8ahato Shanti $autam 8adhusudan /ha*al Santosh Neupane Ishori handari Class BA C B C CA DA D $uide #eacher School Na(e Club Na(e President .secretar4 #reasurer 8ember 8ember 8ember Saraswati Secondar) School.president Secretar4 Koint.School Na(e Club Na(e President .ice.ice.president Secretar4 Koint.ice.

8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember School Na(e Club Na(e President .secretar4 #reasurer 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember School Na(e /ilma4a (hatri Sudhan Paudel 8ilan /ha*al Sumina Neupane <m Pra*ash 8ahato (alpana 9amichhane Shree Adarsha +SS Adarsha Crocodile Conservation Club Pra*ash Paudel ibash $urung Sarmila Adhi*ari 8anish Paudel ibe* Adhi*ari i*ash 0 (0 Pratima handari Sarmila 8ahato Kunu Subedi ishnu $audel Mam*ala #amang Shree Adarsha +SS Adarsha Crocodile Conservation Club Srijana $auchan (abita Subedi Sobit Adhi*ari Shree (rishna Pudasaini Sandip Ranabhat Phulma4a Pari4ar Ramchandra Adhi*ari So(eshwor +igher Secondar) School So(eshwor Crocodile Conservation Club Mogesh 0 (0 Santa4a ote Sangita /ha*al $ovinda ote alram Chapagain Renu*a hattarai Prava (afle inod ote Pabitra /awadi 'ma 8ahato Roshan Nepali Sur4a hushal 8adi Secondar) School.president Secretar4 Koint. *asantapur DA DA D D -A -A Class BA CA B CA B B BA B CA BA BA Class CA C C C C D $uide #eacher Class B C B B C B C D D D D $uide #eacher Class .president Secretar4 Koint.ice.secretar4 #reasurer 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember School Na(e Club Na(e 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember School Na(e Club Na(e President .ice.

president Secretar4 Koint.secretar4 #reasurer 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember 8adi Crocodile Conservation Club Alina 8ahato Shanti Pande (iran Paudel /ipendra Sunar Parvati 8ahato $ovinda 8ahato 8adi Secondar) School. *asantapur 8adi Crocodile Conservation Club Susmita (shetri uddi Sagar Po*hrel 9i*haraj 8ahato #aranath Chapagain :idh)a 7)oti 6nglish School.Club Na(e President .ice.president Secretar4 Koint.secretar4 #reasurer 8ember School Na(e Club Na(e 8ember 8ember 8ember 8ember School Na(e Club Na(e President . *aruwa 8adi :id)a 7)oti Crocodile Conservation Club Shiva Paudel Sushma 8ahato !ari (umar 8ahato Aja4a 8ahato Sirjana Paudel Rohit Paudel Sunil $hale arsha 8ahato Anjali (0 C0 #ulasi Ram Pande BA B CA C BC B/ Class DA D DC $uide #eacher Class C B B C C B D D D $uide #eacher Anne) 25 +a"e list o! students #artici#ated in S#eech co"#etition S" N" Na(e School .ice.

D Na(e inita Paudel Amar $onga i*as Pande4 i*ash husal i*ash $halan ishnu astola /eepa* 9amsal School Kanaj4oti Padam Nara4an /harma*umari 8alla !SS Siddhartha SS Rastri4a 9SS 8adi SS Siddhartha SS Siddhartha SS Saraswati SS& Kagatpur Class CA B C +3 C B B +3 .+ ? @ A . D C B +3 ++ +? +@ aburam Ro**a /ina Sunar Kamuna Paudel Keevan ote 8adan Ar4al 8anoj #hapa Navaraj hattarai Parvati 8ahato Sabina /hungana Sita Neupane Subhadra Sap*ota Suraj /hungana #ila* #amang Saraswati SS& 8eghauli Saraswati SS& 8eghauli 9a:mi !SS Kana*i !SS Kana*i !SS Prabhat !SS Someshwar !SS 8adi SS Siddhartha SS Sajhapur SS 9a:mi !SS Kanaj4oti Padam Nara4an /harma*umari 8alla !SS Prabhat !SS Anne) 35 +a"e list o! students #artici#ated in essa% co"#etition S" N" + ? @ A .

idh4a K4oti 6nglish School . ++D +C A*elesh #ha*ur Alina 8ahato Alisha Shrestha Amar $ongwa Anjali (0 C0 arsha 8ahato asanti #hapa asu Parajuli ija4a #imilsina i*ash Pande4 /ina Sunar /inesh #amang $ovinda ote Kunu Subedi (amala #hinga (iran Adhi*ari 9edisa 8ahato 9i*haraj 8ahato 9a:mi !SS 8adi SS Kana*i !SS Siddhartha SS . ++D +C +B ?3 ?+ /eepa* Raj Adhi*ari /ipendra Paudel !ar*a Raj (hatri (amal (afle 8adan Ar4al 8una Pageni Nabina Neupane Navaraj hattarai Rajesh 0 (0 Ramesh 0 (0 Sagar 9amichhane Saroj (hanal Subas Subedi #irtha (andel Kanaj4oti Padam Nara4an /harma*umari 8alla !SS Saraswati SS& 8eghauli Saraswati SS& Kagatpur Kana*i !SS Kana*i !SS Sajhapur SS Prabhat !SS Someshwar !SS Sajhapur SS 9a:mi !SS Someshwar !SS Saraswati SS& Kagatpur Prabhat !SS Saraswati SS& Kagatpur +3 B +3A B +3A BA +3A +3 B BA +3 +3A BA Anne) $5 +a"e list o! students #artici#ated in !ield visit + ? @ A . D C B +3 ++ +? +@ +A +.C B +3 ++ +? +@ +A +.idh4a K4oti 6nglish School Kana*i !SS Saraswati SS& Keetpur Kana*i !SS Shree Rastri4a 9ower SS Saraswati SS& Keetpur Siddhartha SS Someshor !SS& aruwa 8adi Shree Adarsha !SS Siddhartha SS Prabhat !SS Shree 8adarland oarding School 8adi SS .

+B ?3 ?+ ?? ?@ ?A ?. ??D ?C ?B @3 @+ @? @@ @A @. @@D @C @B A3 A+ A? A@ AA A. 8adhav Chalise 8anish Paudel 8anjila 9ama 8anoj #hapa Nirajan 8ahato Nisha 8ahato Pabitra (umal Pratima Adhi*ari Punam 0 (0 Rachana aral Rajesh 0 (0 Ramesh 0 (0 Roshan Nepali Sabina /hungana Sangita 9ama Sanoj Shrestha Santa4a ote Santosh Neupane Sarmila 8ahato Shanti $autam Shi*sha Subedi Shruti Adhi*ari Sima Subedi Sujata Paudel Sumitra Ar4al #ila* #amang 'sha Paudel lue ird 6nglish oarding School Shree Adarsha !SS Sarwaswati SS Prabhat !SS Shree 8adarland oarding School Shree Rastri4a 9ower SS Saraswati SS& Keetpur Kana*i !SS Sarwaswati SS lue ird 6nglish oarding School Sajhapur SS 9a:mi !SS Prabhat !SS Siddhartha SS 9a:mi !SS lue ird 6nglish oarding School Someshor !SS& aruwa 8adi Sajhapur SS Shree Adarsha !SS Sajhapur SS Kanaj4oti Padam Nara4an /harma*umari 8alla !SS Shree Rastri4a 9ower SS Saraswati SS& Keetpur Kanaj4oti Padam Nara4an /harma*umari 8alla !SS Kana*i !SS Prabhat !SS Kana*i !SS .

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