King Richard II of England commissioned a recipe book called Forme of Cury in 1390,[6] around the same time another

book was published entitled Curye on Inglish.[7] Both books give an impression of how food was prepared and served in the noble classes of England at that time. The revival of the European class system at this time brought entertainment back to the palaces and homes of the nobility and along with it the start of what can be called the modern recipe book. By the 15th century, numerous manuscripts were appearing, detailing the recipes of the day. Purchased for the nation in 1753, the manuscripts owned by Robert Harley and Edward Harley, earls of Oxford, form one of the most outstanding collections of the British Library. Many of these manuscripts, such as the Harleian MS 279, Harleian MS 4016 and manuscripts from other collections in the library like the Ashmole MS 1429, Laud MS 553 and Dure MS 55,[8] give very good information and record the re-discovery of many herbs and spices includingcoriander, parsley, basil and rosemary, many of which had been brought back from the Crusades. During the 16th and 17th centuries, competition between the large houses became commonplace and numerous books were written on how to manage households and prepare food. In Holland[9] and England[10] competition grew between the noble families as to who could prepare the most lavish banquet. By the 1660s, cookery had progressed to an art form and good cooks were in demand. Many of them published their own books detailing their recipes in competition with their rivals.[11] Many of these books have now been translated and are available online.[12] By the 19th century, cooking had become a passion throughout the world. Using the latest technology and a new concept in publishing, Mrs Beeton (1836–1865) published her famous Book of Household Management in 24 monthly parts between 1857 and 1861. The American cook Fannie Farmer (1857–1915) published in 1896 her famous work The Boston Cooking School Cookbook which contained some 1,849 recipes.[13]