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Nina Simone

(Octobre 2012)

Nina Simone, de son vrai nom Eunice Waymon, est sans aucun doute, l'une des plus grandes chanteuses amricaines de jazz et plus largement une artiste majeure du 20e sicle. Elle nat le 21 fvrier 1933, Tyron en Caroline du Nord, dans une famille de pasteurs mthodistes. Trs jeune, elle commence prendre des cours de piano et prpare le concours d'entre du Curtis Institute of Music de Philadelphie. Recale en raison de la couleur de sa peau, elle ne renonce pas pour autant et suit des cours la Julliard School de New York. Malgr son dsir dtre une pianiste classique, elle va chanter le blues et le jazz dans les clubs enfums. Elle adopte le nom de Nina Simone par admiration pour Simone Signoret. En 1957, elle enregistre son premier album Little Girl Blue. Au dbut des annes 60, elle enregistre neuf albums pour le label Candix et milite activement pour le Mouvement des Droits Civiques, aux cts de Martin Luther King ou Malcolm X. Les annes 70 vont tre marques par la sortie de nombreux albums et surtout par sa retraite anticipe. Elle s'exile au Libria pour quelques annes. Nina Simone revient en 1987, avec une interprtation bouleversante de Ne me quitte pas de Jacques Brel. En 1991, elle signe sa biographie I Put a Spell on You. Son dernier album majeur, A single woman, sort en 1993. Le 21 avril 2003, alors ge de 70 ans, Nina Simone meurt dans sa proprit ct de Marseille.

Discographie
The 60's, volume 1 (Warner, 1964) I loves you, Porgy, Plain gold ring, Pirate Jenny, Old Jim Crow, Don't smoke in bed, Go limp, Mississippi goddam, I put a spell on you, Tomorrow is my turn, Marriage is for old folks, July tree, Gimme some, Feeling good, On september day, Blues on purpose, Beautiful land, You 've got to learn, Take care of business Black gold (RCA Records, 1969-1970) Introduction, Black is the colour oy my true love's hair, Ain't got no-I got life, Westwind, Who knows where the time goes, The assignement sequence, To be yound, gifted and black, Suzanne, No oppotunity necessary, no experience needed, The other woman, Turn, turn, turn : to everything there is a season Emergency ward! : in concert (RCA records, 1971) Medley : My sweet lord/Today is a killer, Poppies, Isn't it a pity, Let it be me

The great show of Nina Simone : live in paris (Acord, 1988) Intro & devils workshop, Just in time, When I was a young girl, Don't let me be misunderstood, Ne me quitte pas, The Way I love you, Backlash blues, House of the rising sun, Seeline woman, Please read me, Life, Gin house blues

Here comes the sun (RCA Records, 1971) Here comes the sun, Just like a woman, O-o-h child, Mr. Bojangles, New world coming, Angel of the morning, How long must I wonder, My way, Tanywey, My father, Jelly roll, Tell it like is is, 22nd century, What have they done to my song, ma

I put a spell on you (Verve, 2006) I put a spell on you, Tomorrow is my turn, Ne me quitte pas, Marriage is for old folks, July tree, Gimme some, Feeling good, One september day, Blues on purpose, Beautiful land, You've got to learn, Take care of business

In concert (Universal, 2005) I loves you, Porgy, Plain gold ring, Pirate Jenny, Old Jim Crow, Don't smoke in bed, Go limp, Mississippi goddam

It is finished (RCA records, 1974) The pusher, Com' by h'yere good lord, Funkier than a mosquito's tweeter, Mr. Bojangles, I want a little sugar in my bowl, Dambala, Let it be me, Obeah woman, Nina, Zungo, Thandewye (Aka A charge to keep)

Let it be me (Polygram, 1987) My baby just cares for me, Sugar in my bowl, Fodder on my wings, Be my husband, Just like a woman, Balm in Gilead, Stars, If you pray right, If you knew/let it be me, Four women, Mississippi Goddam, Baltimore

Nina Simone and piano (RCA records, 1968) Seems I'm never tired lovin' you, Nobody's fault but mine, I think it's going to rain today, Everyone's gone to the moon, Compensation, Who am I, Another spring, The human touch, I get along without you very well (Except sometimes), The desperate ones, Music for lovers, In love in vain, I'll look around, The man with the horn, I think it's going to rain today Nuff said! (RCA records, 1968) In the morning, Sunday in Savannah, The backlsh blues, Please read me, Gin house blues, Why ? (the king of love is dead), Peace of mind, Ain't got no-I got life, I loves you Porgy, Take my hand precious lord, Do what you gotta do, Mississippi goddam, Don't let me be misunderstood, Come ye, Peace of mind

Silk & soul (RCA records, 1967-1969- 1970) It be's that way sometime, The look of love, Go to hell, Love o' love, Cherish, I wish I knew how it would feel to be free, Turn me on, Turning point, Some say, Consummation, Why must your love well be so dry, Save me

Sings the blues (RCA records, 1967) Do I move you ?, Day and night, In the dark, Real, real, My man's gone now, Backlash blues, I want a little sugar in my bowl, Buck, Since I fell for you, The house of the rising sun, Blues for mama, Do I move you?, Whatever I am you made me

To love somebody (RCA records, 1969) Suzanne, Turn, turn, turn (to everything there is a season), Revolution (Part N1), Revolution (Part N2), To love somebody, I shall be released, I can't see nobody, Just like Tom thumb's blues, The times they are a-changin', Turn, turn, turn : to everything there is a season, Save me, The glory of love, Cosi ti amo

Bibliographie, vidographie
Nina Simone : une vie / David Brun-Lambert / Flammarion / 2005 Prsente la vie et la carrire de la pianiste et chanteuse Nina Simone, figure de la musique populaire du 20e sicle, qui fut pendant cinquante ans une icne, une bte de scne. Retrace le destin tragique de cette femme noire, ne dans l'Amrique sgrgationniste des annes 1930 et morte, seule, dans le sud de la France en avril 2003. Play piano with Nina Simone (partition) My baby just cares for me, The other woman, Satin doll, Wild is the wind

Nina Simone : live at Ronnie Scott's / Nina Simone / Inak / 2003 God, god, god, If you knew, Mr Smith, Fodder in her wings, Be my husband, I loves you, Porgy, the other man, Mississippi goddam, Moon over Alabama, For a while, See-line woman, I sing just to know Im alive, My baby just cares for me