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11th Five Year Plan of Karnataka – Perspectives and strategies for Urban Development
Smt. Lakshmi Venkatachalam, IAS., Principal Secretary to Govt., Urban Development Dept., Government of Karnataka. May 2007
958 275 per Sq.858 34.91.791 Sq.733. of female per 1000 males) 1.814. 964 Literacy rate (overall) Urban population Rural population Administrative Divisions Development Indicators Per capita Income (Purchasing power parity in Rs) 67.04 % 17. 52.100 27 Districts & 176 Taluk 21696 66 55 67. Km.04% Life Expectancy at Birth (Years) Infant Mortality (per 1000) Adult Literacy Rate . Kms.919.Karnataka at a Glance Area Population Population density Sex ratio (No.
. • There are 219 Urban Local Bodies in the State comprising 1 2 3 4 5 City Corporations City Municipal Councils Town Municipal Councils Town Panchayaths Notified Area Committees 8 44 94 68 5 • Migration and natural increase are causative factors for this • Rapid pace of urbanization has resulted in “infrastructural deficit” in all the cities/towns.Urban Scenario in Karnataka • 4th most urbanized among major states in India • 34% of population (2001 census) in urban areas which is above the national average of 28%.
Policy on Rain Water Harvesting Policy on Waste to Energy Reforms carried out under Nirmala Nagara Yojane Reforms agenda under JN-NURM .Karnataka Policy Initiatives Policy statement on drinking water supply and sanitation Policy on integrated Solid Waste and Disposal Management.
integrated financial system. . birth & death records.Municipal Sector Reforms • Introduction of Self Assessment of Property Tax in all ULBs • Double Entry / accrual system of Accounting implemented in 63 ULBs • Computerisation of 57 ULBs nearing completion .90 cadres rationalized to 40 • Augmented skilled staff recruited / taken on contract for proper delivery of services • Scaling up to all 227 ULBs planned during first 2 years of 11th Five Year Plan. public grievance redressal. -. • Cadre & Recruitment rules amended 2004.GIS supported property tax.
External financing and PPP route. . .Urban Mapping .Internal and extra budgetary resources.Traffic & Transportation .Centrally Sponsored Schemes .New Township projects in BMR.Investments in Urban Sector The key sectors for urban investment are identified as follows: Urban Infrastructure .Solid waste Management .Water Supply & Sewerage . Services for Urban Poor Poverty Alleviation Improvement of Slums The major means of financing envisaged are: .
Investments – Devolution of State Finance Commission Grants to ULBs. This study is presently being carried out by KUIDFC.73% (Rs. and UIDSSMT. • This will further increase to 8% by 2009-10.1530 crores) in 2006-07.5% (Rs. financial framework of ULBs needs review . • SFC’s recommendations are in place since 1997-98 • Share of ULBs have increased from 2. . NKUSIP. • Strengthens the ULBs capacity to meet O & M costs and establishment costs. • Third SFC constituted.193 Crores) of State’s revenue receipts to 6. • However with new capacity creation under KMRP.
Urban Infrastructure (UI) EAP (Externally Aided Project) Rs. . Regional imbalances of North Karnataka to be focused upon City Investment Plan (approx Rs.7000 crores planned for UI during 11th Plan period in 71 ULBs.536 crores of investment proposed for Bangalore.1950 crores of investment proposed for Mysore. Under UIDSSMT : Rs. CSS ( JNNURM & UIDSSMT) Under JNNURM Rs.700 crores) proposed for balance 146 ULBs during 11th FY plan.2000 crores (approx) for 150 small & medium towns proposed. Rs.22.Investments .
344. in Crores Project Cost Rs.00 Strategy for 11th FYP Greater thrust to be given to tier II & tier III cities for 100% coverage of water supply. sanitation and solid waste management with increased allocations during 11th Five Year Plan .00 Projects in pipeline 51 Rs.JNNURM /UIDSSMT current status Project approvals JNNURM No. in Crores Project Cost Rs.340.6315.77 Projects in pipeline 20 Rs. Project approved so far 23 Rs.00 UIDSSMT No. Project approved so far 16 Rs.1422.
so as to institutionalise citizens participation in local decision making Association of elected municipalities with the city planning function .Reforms Agenda Mandatory Reforms : State Level Effective implementation of decentralization initiatives as envisaged in the Constitution (74th CAA) Repeal of Urban Land (Ceiling & Regulation) Act 1976 Reform of Rent Control Laws. by balancing the interests of landlords and tenants Rationalization of stamp duty to bring it down to no more than 5% within 7 years Enactment of a public disclosure law Enactment of a community participation law.
• Rs.Investments – Water Supply & Sewerage • This Sector will be a major priority in 11th FYP • Provision of surface water currently available to only 166 ULBs out of 208 covering 78% urban population.2783 crores.3000 crores required to raise coverage of UGD in 120 towns during 11th FY plan. • Water Supply and sewerage for Greater Bangalore area also needs to be prioritized – CDP for Bangalore envisages investment of Rs. . • Coverage of sewerage is only 28% in the urban areas of the State • 42 towns would be covered in 11th FY period by investing approx about Rs.1300 crores.
Required to commission CTTS for other Corporations across State. . Assessment for other corporations as also CMC/TMC needs to be worked out separately. Separate Directorate of Urban Land Transport (DULT) created under the Urban Development Department. Bangalore Metropolitan Land Transport Authority established – as envisaged under NUTP Bangalore’s Metro Rail Project : Rs. DULT will carryout this task. Investment plan under CDP for Bangalore is envisaged at Rs 7536 crores.6400 crores. CTTS for Bangalore being finalised by RITES.Investments – Traffic & Transportation Focus on public transport & multi modal options are important for growing towns/cities.
Investments – Solid Waste Management 8500 MT of MSW generated in the State per day Under ISWM Policy. . for Bangalore alone.800 crore. 162 ULBs possess landfill sites and EIA clearance State’s Integrated Solid Waste Management project includes Door to Door collections Closed transportation of garbage Scientifically engineered Land fills Composting Waste to Energy generation An investment of 75 Crores has already been made under 11th Finance Commission. ADB & BMP Grants Major thrust in 11th FYP : requirement of funds Rs.
130 crores).Investments . For 11th FY Plan.56 Crores) . Rs. Supporting establishments of mini industrial estates with civic infrastructure in 79 backward ULBs planned -Rs. Coverage of urban poor under SJSRY has been only 20% (approx. (10th Plan outlay was Rs. IHSDP.75 crores/annum) should be provided under SJSRY.Urban Poverty Alleviation Major focus will be: Employment generation. Rs. assurance of tenurial rights for the poor.425 Crores (or about Rs. Provision of housing basic facilities and amenities taken up under JNNURM. 200 crores required. provision of housing & proper living conditions. Scope of SJSRY to be renewed & improved.
. The cities with 50.200 crores required during 11th FY period. Capacity building of urban town planners for infusion of skilled planning. To cover all the 227 ULBs Rs.000 plus population need coverage with funding under CSS of National Urban Information System. Urban mapping in Bangalore taken up by planning commission/NIC City survey in 46 towns completed.Investments – Urban Mapping Urban mapping through aerial photography of 27 large urban areas taken up & completed in the 1st two years of 11th FY period under GOK funding.
Investments – Township projects to decongest Bangalore 5 townships around Bangalore to be setup through PPP & SPV routes on the concepts of live. All infrastructure facilities such as Ring Roads. GO issued on guidelines for setting up of townships. . planned to improve road networks between new and existing townships. work and play. Radial Roads.
have commenced work & final reports are expected in May 2007 . Kms of area. 1 TMC & 110 Villages covering 741 Sq. Final notification issued on 16-01-2007 Delimitation to be taken up – agency already in place Amendments to KMC act pending Committees set up for addressing (a) Infrastructure (b) Organisational issues (c) Governance .Greater Bangalore • • • • • Greater Bangalore formed by merging Bangalore Mahanagara Palike with 7 CMCs.
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