2008-5-11

Security Level: Confidential

HUAWEI 3G/2G Interworking Solution
3G Network Planning introduce
www.huawei.com

Huawei Northwest Africa Region RNP Solution Manage: William.chen William.chen@huawei.com
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential

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3G/2G Inter-working Proposal
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Minimize the impact on the existing GSM network. Use 2G network to expand the coverage of 3G network and keep continuous service provisioning. Use 3G network to bear services for dual-mode handsets considering UMTS air-interface is more efficient in cost per voice user than GSM. Avoid as much as possible the intersystem handover to reduce the impact on GSM network

Service Continuity in idle mode

p

Proper 3G/2G Roaming Strategy

p

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Proper 3G/2G Handover Strategy
Service Continuity in connected mode

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Page 2

Contents

3G/2G Roaming

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3G/2G Roaming Solution
3G subscriber must has two pre-conditions
He must has a 3G mobile phone He must apply a 3G service USIM card

Ë
3G subscriber return to GSM in 3G poor coverage

3G subscriber prefer to 3G network
preferred to camp on 3G network in co-cover area;

3G Subscriber camp on 3G in 2G3G co-cover area

In idle mode

WCDMA

WCDMA

GSM network
There are two solution to be provided: HPLMN reselection and Cell reselection

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HPLMN reselection
HPLMN reselection: selected by PLMN mark ID
2G Network 2G PLMN is set to VPLMN

Important configuration
HPLMN Searching time minimum:6minutes; maximum: 8hours.

3G Network
1) 3G Subscriber search VPLMN and HPLMN in co-cover area. 2) He will select HPLMN network periodically.

3G PLMN is set to HPLMN

Suggestion configuration: 30min

In idle mode

WCDMA

WCDMA

3G Subscriber will do HPLMN reselect after he leave the WCDMA coverage area and return to GSM network.

GSM

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Cell Selection & Reselection
HPLMN reselection: selected by coverage condition
Offset Offset

Step 1 3G subscriber will search WCDMA and GSM signal every second

Step 2 Order all signal by strength Offset should be added

Signal strength

GSM Cell1
WCDMA Cell1 GSM Cell2 WCDMA Cell2

Step 3 Chose the first one to camp on

Cell in search

WCDMA

WCDMA

GSM

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Choose which?
PLMN Reselection Advantage &disadvanta ge Advantage: n n none change on 2G Slow speed of roaming from 2G to 3G, at least 6 minutes, usual 30minutes n n More power consumption in idle status Not support costumers with 2G SIM to enjoy 3G service n n Disadvantage: Cell Reselection Advantage: n n Rapidly roam back to 3G Less power consumption in idle status Support costumers with 2G SIM to enjoy 3G service Disadvantage Modify 2G system information

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Contents

3G/2G Handover

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Huawei supports all types of 3G/2G handover.
GSM
Macro layer
Inter-system handover

WCDMA

f1
Inter-frequency handover: Triggered by Load/Coverage

f2

Micro layer
Inter-cell handover:
Triggered by signal Strength

Unidirectional handover from 3G to 2G

2G 3G Bidirectional handover

Inter-system handover based on coverage

Inter-system handover based on load

Inter-system handover based on service

ü

ü

ü

ü
Page 9

ü

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Case Study of Layer Structure in Indonesia
Dense Urban/Urban Suburban Few Layers in Suburban Sample handover Layer First Priority WCDMA
(f1) Micro

Macro WCDMA (f2) First Priority Layer Indoor WCDMA (f1)

First Priority Layer Second Priority Layer

Indoor DCS Second Priority Layer Indoor GSM Macro DCS

Micro DCS

Third Priority Layer

Second Priority Layer Fourth Priority Layer

Handover based on load
Macro GSM

Third Priority Layer Fifth Priority Layer

Handover based on coverage

Dense urban/hot spot use complicated Layer Structure Many kinds of handover is applied
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Inter-RAT Handover strategy
Cell Reselection to 2G Cell Reselection to 3G

PS Handover

3G Coverage
Cell Reselection to WCDMA Handover to 2G

CS Handover

2G Coverage

n CS Handover Strategy: coverage based 3G handover to 2G, 2G back to 3G n CS Handover Strategy: coverage based 3G handover to 2G, 2G back to 3G by cell reselection by cell reselection n PS Handover Strategy: 3G and 2G bidirectional handover by cell n PS Handover Strategy: 3G and 2G bidirectional handover by cell reselection (including HSPA service) reselection (including HSPA service)

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Handover Strategy in different stages
Load-based Handover Load-based Handover

Coverage-based Handover

Coverage-based Handover

Service-based Handover

INITIAL STAGE

EXPANDING STAGE

MATURE STAGE

n n n n n n

Initial Stage: 3G coverage for dense urban areas and 2G network for coverage extension. Initial Stage: 3G coverage for dense urban areas and 2G network for coverage extension. Coverage-based handover strategy is used. Coverage-based handover strategy is used. Expanding Stage: 3G coverage expanded and 3G traffic increased. Handover is based on Expanding Stage: 3G coverage expanded and 3G traffic increased. Handover is based on coverage as well as on load in this stage. coverage as well as on load in this stage. Mature Stage: 3G developing further to provide full coverage and 3G traffic rocketed, Mature Stage: 3G developing further to provide full coverage and 3G traffic rocketed, reaching the mature stage. Increasing number of subscribers migrated to 3G, leading to a reaching the mature stage. Increasing number of subscribers migrated to 3G, leading to a lightly-loaded 2G network bearing voice and low-speed data services for 3G. Handover is lightly-loaded 2G network bearing voice and low-speed data services for 3G. Handover is mainly based on service and load in this stage. mainly based on service and load in this stage.

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Improved 3G/2G Handover Performance
The following chart shows the filed KPI measurement of 3G/2G handover during April 2005 in a live network for which HUAWEI provided 3G network equipments.
C S _ INT R A T _ HO _ O U T _ S U C C _ R A T E (% )
100. 00% 95. 00% 90. 00% 85. 00% 80. 00% 75. 00% 70. 00% 65. 00% 60. 00% 1000 500 0 2500 2000 1500

1

0

2

4

6

8

0

2

4

6

8 -2 -4 20 05

-2

-4

-6

-3

-8

-1

-1

-1

-1

-1

-2

-2

-2

-2

-4

-4

-4

-3

-4

-4

-4

-4

-4

-4

-4

-4

-4

-4

05

05

05

05

05

05

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05

05

05

05

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05

05

20

20

20

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20

20

20

C S _ IN T R A T _ H O _ O U T_ S U C C C S _ IN T R A T _ H O _ O U T_ S U C C _ R A TE (% )

C S _ IN TR A T _ H O _ O U T _ A TT

Average success rate of inter-RAT handover with HUAWEI 3G/2G Average success rate of inter-RAT handover with HUAWEI 3G/2G handover strategy reaches up to 98.5%. handover strategy reaches up to 98.5%.
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20

05

-4

-3

0

3G/2G Inter-working Impact on 2G Network
þ Little impact on existing 2G network þ Little impact on existing 2G network þ R99 version of GSM network recommended þ R99 version of GSM network recommended 3G/2G Inter-working Types
3G->2G roaming 2G->3G roaming CS Service 3G to 2G handover No need of upgrade

Function
Roaming

3G/2G Collaboration
Only System information changes in 2G BSS

2G to 3G handover

BSS needs upgrade only when GSM is the R98 or earlier version.

PS Service

Only cell reselection

Only System information changes in 2G BSS

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Contents

Case Study

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Rich Experience in 3G/2G IOT
Huawei has successfully completed 3G Interoperability Testing (IOT) with major vendors’ 2G equipments around the world.
NSS BSS Location

√ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com

√ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √

Etisalat, U.A.E. Telfort, Holland Telekom Malaysia, Malaysia etc. CMCC, Beijing, China Telecom Malaysia, Malaysia CMCC, Beijing , China Sunday, Hong Kong CMCC, Beijing, China Etisalat, U.A.E. Telekom Malaysia, Malaysia CMCC, Beijing , China Etisalat, U.A.E. Emtel, Mauritius. CMCC, Beijing, China CMCC Beijing, China China Telecom, Guang Zhou Etisalat, U.A.E CMCC, Beijing, China BMCC, Beijing, China Page 16

Huawei Confidential

UAE Etisalat - 2G/3G Inter-working
InterRAT HO_SUCC_RATE(%) 100.0% 99.0% 98.0% 97.0% 96.0% 95.0% 94.0% 93.0% 92.0% 91.0% 90.0% Handover Attempts 8000 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0

Nov-04 Dec-04 Jan-05 Feb-05 Mar-05 Apr-05 May-05 Jun-05 Average daily attempts Average SR

+
3G 2G

Success rate of inter-system handover for eight consecutive months of Etisalat

n UAE Etisalat 2G/3G inter-working
n Huawei 3G network and ERICSSON, SIMENS/NEC, ALCATEL, and Motorola 2G networks n 98% success rate of inter-system handover n Subscribers hardly noticed the handover between the two networks HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com Huawei Confidential Page 17

Thank you
www.huawei.com

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