This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) (Your Full Name) (Your College Name)
(Class name) (Your Professor name) (Month Date, Year)
The TAT explores different aspects of test-takers thought patterns. attitudes. The test is administered in two one hour sessions. 1997). The testtaker is asked to make up a fictional story about what happened in every picture to each of the characters and explain how all of the characters are thinking and feeling in all the pictures. The cards are divided in a manner in which the test-takers see all of some cards. Murray and his collogues at Harvard University. and only some are shown to the boys and others to the girls. The assumption is that feelings. different ones only to the men. researched. The test-taker may respond orally or in writing depending on the test and the test-taker influences both the stories that are created and the way the in which the stories are interpreted by the examiner (Anastasi. observational capacities. The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) supplies include a set of 31 cards containing a variety of ambiguous pictures in black and white including one that is blank. It is published by Harvard University (Murray 1938). It assists test-takers to assess their individual perceptions and gives them insight into their interpersonal relationships and requires more multifaceted and well thought-out verbal responses (Anastasi. and emotional responses. 1997).Your Name 1 Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) is a highly structured and organized projective test developed by Henry A. The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) is among the most commonly utilized. The tester looks at each picture individually and is asked to create a vivid story about every picture they have been shown. prejudices and other psychological states of the test-taker will be projected onto the characters on the cards (Murray 1938). The test administrator deliberately leaves the most powerful and peculiar cards for the second session. and still others only to women. eight to twelve cards are utilized during each of the sessions. and taught projective tests in use. & Urbina. . & Urbina.
and. 1997). motives. feelings. Moreover Studies of race. individual thoughts and imagination. but they take a lot of time to score so they are under utilized. supplies a general structure for interpreting individual responses (Anastasi. through adulthood. Also there is a controlled setting interscorer reliability of . There is a fair amount of normative information about the responses to the characteristics for each card. The age range of the TAT is children aged ten or older. Additionally. This includes the roles of character. most of the cards are based on Caucasians which can seem outmoded and prejudiced. If the cards are offered as a test of imagination. sex. The Thematic Apperception Test is utilized in clinical assessment and is usually part of a battery of interview data and tests.82 characters and themes depicted on the cards (power-points 2007). & Urbina.and There has been good results in quantitative scoring schemes and rating scales have been created that yield good scored reliability. One of the potential difficulties with the Thematic Apperception Test is a bad "fit" between the examiner and the test-taker (Morgan. they have said things about an invented character that apply to themselves (Murray 1938). emotions articulated by the normative data. that they forget to raise their defense against the inquiring examiner. The test manual for the Thematic Apperception Test provides little information on validity. 1997). The test needs to it is hand scored by a qualified scorer and there is no established scoring and interpretation method collectively utilized (Anastasi. 1995a) which can lead to misuse of the results.Your Name 1 The test supply’s the examiner with data regarding past experiences and present wants. before the test-taker knows it. or reliability. due to the age of the test. The test is administered individually or self-administered. and conflicts. . and this insight is used in the understanding of the test-takers current desires. the test-takers curiosity and need for approval can so occupy the individuals mind. both conscious and unconscious. & Urbina.
There are other adaptations that have been created for career counseling. such as. Then the test story is evaluated and referenced to Murrary’s “needs” and “press” (Anastasi. Interpretation of the Thematic Apperception Test occurs when the examiner determines who the hero of the story is.Your Name 1 and social class may affect the way stories are told and the way the stories are construed by the examiner. Southern Mississippi’s TAT (SM-TAT). 1997). 1965). Knowledge. & Urbina. and numerous other national and ethic groups (Harrison. including disabled children. They display differing amounts of similarity to the TAT. There are versions for minority groups. authority. thus allowing psychologists to assist their client’s enhance their lives. or Creative Achievement . and attitudes. individuals are driven by internal desires. 1997). special populations. Property. labor issues. The Thematic Apperception Test was utilized by psychoanalysts and clinicians from other schools of thought to assess emotionally disturbed patients After World War II. In the 1970 the TAT was being utilized by many psychologists as an assessment tool to assist their clients to uncover a deeper level of self-knowledge and understand their own personality in a greater depth. & Urbina. it is normally the individual whom is being tested. teens. Examples of an external “press” are environmental forces that obstruct with the fulfillment of needs and desires (Anastasi. Murray's list of needs: A. Needs Motivated by Desire for Power. Prestige. And this knowledge allowed the client to make more informed decisions. and the Apperceptive Personality Test (APT) have been developed and the CAT and CAT-H were created for children. Modified varieties of the TAT and new tests based on the same general approach. There have been many adaptations of the TAT which have been developed for particular reasons. According to Murray’s need-press theory.
Exposition 8. Needs Motivated by Affection. Admiration. Love. Autonomy 2. Miscellaneous Needs 1. Harm Avoidance 5. Deference 3. Recognition 9. Cognisance 4. Affiliation 2. Abasement 2. Playmirth D. and Dependence 1. Needs Motivated by a Desire for Freedom. Excitance.Your Name 1 1. Change. Achievement 2. Succorance C. Acquisition 3. Aggression 4. Understanding B. Excitement. Dominance 7. Travel. Sex 5. Counteraction 6. Adventure 3. Passivity . and Play 1. Sympathy. Construction 5. Change. Dissipation 4. Blame Avoidance 3. Nurturance 4.
Injury. Imposed Task. Sentience Murray's list of Press: A. Aggression E. Love . Aff1iction 2.Your Name 1 6. Respect. Press Descriptive of an Empty. Physical Danger 4. Sympathy. Lack 2. Aggressive Environment 1. Duty. Retention 8. or Rejecting Environment 1. Press Descriptive of a Hostile. Loss 3. Physical Injury F. Press of Friendliness. Acquisition 2. Dominance 2. Training D. Rejection 4. Alien. Press of Danger. Retention B. Press of Coercion and Restraint 1. Dependence. Death of Hero 3. Press of Deprivation 1. Uncongenial Environment C. Death 1. Rejection 7.
New York: Oxford University Press Murray. Explorations in Personality. And additionally The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) is evaluated and referenced by Murrary’s list of” needs” and “press”. H. Affiliation 2. Nurturance 4. Deference 3. Sex 5.8k -) In conclusion. Luck (Retrieved from: www.Your Name 1 l. A. It helps test-takers to assess their personal perceptions and provides them valuable insight into their interpersonal relationships.html . REFERENCES Murray. Exposition 6. Birth of Offspring 2. (1940). (1938). or reliability and psychoanalysts and clinicians utilize it to assess emotionally disturbed patients. A. Cognizance 4.esc. Succorance G.nz/people/staff/rmel005/thematic_apperception.ac. Claustrum 3. H. The test manual offers little information on validity. The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) is among one of the most widely utilized projective instruments.auckland. Miscellaneous Press 1. What should psychologists do about psychoanalysis? Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology . Example 5.
March). Hand-book of clinical psychology New York: McGraw-Hill Morgan. CA: Mayfield Publishing Co. Origin and history of the Thematic Apperception Test images. March). Wolman (Ed. (1999a). Test developer profile: Christiana D. Picture C: Its origin and development. Psychological testing and assessment: An introduction to tests and measurement (4th ed. . Mountain View.). February). LA. 65. I. W. Boston. Harrison. Morgan. Morgan. G. Assessment of men: Selection of personnel for the Office of Strategic Service. W. Washington. Cohen & M. (1965). E. The 1943 TAT images: Their origin and history (pp. R. A paper presented at the 1995 Midwinter Program of the Society for Personality Assessment. Thematic Apperception methods. W. W. T. Prentice –Hall Inc.Your Name 1 Anastasi. Psychological testing 7th ed. G. Early versions of the TAT: History and correspondence of images. Evocative images: The Thematic Apperception Test and the art of projection. G. The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) paintings. Swerdlik. 6583). Atlanta.). Geiser & M. A paper presented at the Midwinter Meeting of the Society for Personality Assessment.). Morgan. In R.htm) Morgan. (Also at http://www. Upper Saddle River OSS Assessment Staff. New York: Rinehart. DC: American Psychological Association. 1997. (1999c). 237-254. Urbina. (1998. New Orleans. G. (1948). G. W. In B.com/psychtesting/profiles/morgan. Morgan. A paper presented at the 1999 Midwinter Meeting of the Society for Personality Assessment. B.mayfieldpub. G. (1999b. GA. MA. (1995b. Stein (Eds. W. In M. (1995a). Morgan. J. Journal of Personality Assessment.
) http://vanessamillion.facebook.18k (Retrieved from: www.com/VanessaMillion http://www.org/wiki/Thematic_Apperception_Test .esc.wordpress.com/tests/tat.htm .auckland.8k - Contact Information: http://askcoachvanessa.26k – www.com/people/Vanessa-Million/1355454893 .nz/people/staff/rmel005/thematic_apperception.pearsonassessments.com/ http://twitter.html .wikipedia.Your Name 1 World Wide Web en.ac.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.