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NCERT Physics Inter Ist Year

NCERT Physics Inter Ist Year

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Published by malleshpage
Excellent book for physics...........!
Excellent book for physics...........!

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Published by: malleshpage on Sep 10, 2009
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06/29/2013

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CONTENTS

FOREWORD

iii

PREFACE

v

A NOTE FOR THE TEACHER

x

C H A P T E R 1

PHYSICAL WORLD

1.1

What is physics ?

1

1.2

Scope and excitement of physics

2

1.3

Physics, technology and society

5

1.4

Fundamental forces in nature

6

1.5

Nature of physical laws

10

C H A P T E R 2

UNITS AND MEASUREMENTS

2.1

Introduction

16

2.2

The international system of units

16

2.3

Measurement of length

18

2.4

Measurement of mass

21

2.5

Measurement of time

22

2.6

Accuracy, precision of instruments and errors in measurement

22

2.7

Significant figures

27

2.8

Dimensions of physical quantities

31

2.9

Dimensional formulae and dimensional equations

31

2.10Dimensional analysis and its applications

32

C H A P T E R 3

MOTION IN A STRAIGHT LINE

3.1

Introduction

39

3.2

Position, path length and displacement

39

3.3

Average velocity and average speed

42

3.4

Instantaneous velocity and speed

43

3.5

Acceleration

45

3.6

Kinematic equations for uniformly accelerated motion

47

3.7

Relative velocity

51

C H A P T E R 4

MOTION IN A PLANE

4.1

Introduction

65

4.2

Scalars and vectors

65

4.3

Multiplication of vectors by real numbers

67

4.4

Addition and subtraction of vectors – graphical method

67

4.5

Resolution of vectors

69

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4.6

Vector addition – analytical method

71

4.7

Motion in a plane

72

4.8

Motion in a plane with constant acceleration

75

4.9

Relative velocity in two dimensions

76

4.10Projectile motion

77

4.11Uniform circular motion

79

C H A P T E R 5

LAWS OF MOTION

5.1

Introduction

89

5.2

Aristotle’s fallacy

90

5.3

The law of inertia

90

5.4

Newton’s first law of motion

91

5.5

Newton’s second law of motion

93

5.6

Newton’s third law of motion

96

5.7

Conservation of momentum

98

5.8

Equilibrium of a particle

99

5.9

Common forces in mechanics

100

5.10Circular motion

104

5.11Solving problems in mechanics

105

C H A P T E R 6

WORK, ENERGY AND POWER

6.1

Introduction

114

6.2

Notions of work and kinetic energy : The work-energy theorem

116

6.3

Work

116

6.4

Kinetic energy

117

6.5

Work done by a variable force

118

6.6

The work-energy theorem for a variable force

119

6.7

The concept of potential energy

120

6.8

The conservation of mechanical energy

121

6.9

The potential energy of a spring

123

6.10Various forms of energy : the law of conservation of energy

126

6.11Power

128

6.12Collisions

129

C H A P T E R 7

SYSTEM OF PARTICLES AND ROTATIONAL MOTION

7.1

Introduction

141

7.2

Centre of mass

144

7.3

Motion of centre of mass

148

7.4

Linear momentum of a system of particles

149

7.5

Vector product of two vectors

150

7.6

Angular velocity and its relation with linear velocity

152

7.7

Torque and angular momentum

154

7.8

Equilibrium of a rigid body

158

7.9

Moment of inertia

163

7.10Theorems of perpendicular and parallel axes

164

xii

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7.11Kinematics of rotational motion about a fixed axis

167

7.12Dynamics of rotational motion about a fixed axis

169

7.13Angular momentum in case of rotations about a fixed axis

171

7.14Rolling motion

173

C H A P T E R 8

GRAVITATION

8.1

Introduction

183

8.2

Kepler’s laws

184

8.3

Universal law of gravitation

185

8.4

The gravitational constant

189

8.5

Acceleration due to gravity of the earth

189

8.6

Acceleration due to gravity below and above the surface of earth

190

8.7

Gravitational potential energy

191

8.8

Escape speed

193

8.9

Earth satellite

194

8.10Energy of an orbiting satellite

195

8.11Geostationary and polar satellites

196

8.12Weightlessness

197

APPENDICES

203

ANSWERS

219

xiii

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