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PI & SS-GR-1

PI & SS-GR-1

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Published by: trideepsahu on Sep 11, 2009
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“Unless the machine and equipment are in good condition with high process capabilities, one cannot expect defect free production.”


TQM: A “Buzzword” Losing Popularity
• For many companies, the term TQM is associated with corporate programs (mid 1980s ~ early 1990s) aimed at implementing employee teams and statistical process control. • Unfortunately, many companies were dissatisfied with the perceived results of these programs, concluding TQM does not work. Question: Why were they dissatisfied? Were they justified?

• Total - Made up of the whole • Quality - degree of excellence a product or service provides • Management - Act, art or manner of planning, controlling, directing,…. Therefore, TQM is the art of managing the whole to achieve excellence. excellence

What does TQM mean?
 Total Quality Management means that the organization's culture is defined by and supports the constant attainment of  customer satisfaction through an integrated system of tools, techniques, and training.  This involves the continuous improvement of organizational processes, resulting in high quality products and services

What’s the goal of TQM? • “Do the right things right the first time, every time.” • Another way to put it • total client satisfaction through quality products and services • continuous improvements to processes, systems, people, suppliers, partners, products, and services

The three aspects of TQM Counting Customers
Tools, techniques, and training in their use for analyzing, understanding, and solving quality problems Quality for the customer as a driving force and central concern


Shared values and beliefs, expressed by leaders, that define and support quality.

The TQM System

Continuous Improvement


Customer Focus

Process Improvement

Total Involvement

Leadership Supportive structure Elements Education and Training Communications Reward and recognition Measurement

Total Quality Management


Origins of TPM
• Dr. Deming introduced statistical analysis and used the resulting data to control quality during manufacturing (TQM) • Some general concepts of TQM did not work well in the maintenance environment • The need to go further than preventive maintenance was quickly recognized by those companies who were committed to TQM • Maintenance became an integral part of TQM in the early 90’s

Journey of Maintenance Management
(Breakdown maintenance=BM)

(Profitable preventive maintenance PPM=BM+PM)

(Productive maintenance=BM+PM+MI+PM)

(Total productive maintenance, TPM=BM+PM+MI+PM+CI)

Four Maintenance Models
• • • • Corrective Maintenance Preventive Maintenance Predictive Maintenance Total Productive Maintenance

What is TPM ?
• To set a goal to maximize equipment efficiency (overall efficiency). • By establishing a total system for TPM for the entire life of equipment. • Participation by all departments at all levels, including equipment planning, operating and maintenance departments. • Involving/motivating all personnel including top personnel to first-line operators. • For promoting TPM by motivation management, namely, by autonomous small-group activities/voluntary activities.

In its broadest sense, TPM is based on three sets of principles
1. Maintenance Engineering; Seeks to manage the equipment life cycle, from strategic asset planning, through design and construction, to operation, maintenance, and disposal. Several techniques characterize the proactive nature of maintenance engineering including: 2. Preventive (or planned) maintenance: Planned and scheduled maintenance activities to find and correct problems that could lead to failure 3. Predictive and condition-based maintenance: Reducing fixed-time maintenance and relying on the condition of equipment to determine maintenance activity


Autonomous Maintenance

Planned Maintenance

Equipment and process improvement

Early management of new equipment

Eight major pillars of TPM
Process quality management

Education and training Safety and environmental management TPM in the office

Total Productive Maintenance is … operator driven reliability:

The Operators’ Creed of TPM –
 Keep it clean  Keep it lubricated  Monitor for degradation  Maintain it before production is affected  Simplify and improve it


TQM Implementation
1. Capitalize on the current village / fatherland-like culture to facilitate the TQM process.
 Ensure that the change stays and has the desired results.

 Training in the basic elements of TQM must be provided to all employees  Involved all employees in the process.
 Ensures that they actually take "ownership" of the process to facilitate the success of the program.


4.Choosing a quality management system that defines and covers all spheres of the operation
 Identifying and meeting the needs and requirements of customers, design, planning, purchasing, manufacturing, marketing, packaging, storage, delivery, etc. Also include all relevant activities such as finance, personnel, and administration.

TPM Implementation
12 steps
Announcement to introduce TPM Introductory education campaign for the workforce Preparation TPM Promotion (special committees) Establish basic TPM policies and goals Preparation and Formulation of a master plan Kick-off Invite customers, affiliated companies and subcontractors Develop an equipment management program Develop a planned maintenance program Implementation Develop an autonomous maintenance program Increase skills of production and maintenance personnel Develop early equipment management program Stabilization Perfect TPM implementation and raise TPM levels

7 Visual Quality Management Tools for TPM Problem Solving

Some research papers
• Integrating TQM and TPM into a management information system
– International Journal of Information Technology and Management ( Issue: Volume 1, Numbers 2-3 / 2002 Pages: 242 – 255 ) – inderscience.metapress.com

• Relationships between implementation of TQM, JIT, and TPM and manufacturing performance
– Journal of Operations Management (Volume 19, Issue 6, November 2001, Pages 675-694 ) – www.sciencedirect.com


• Relationship between TQM and TPM implementation factors and business performance of manufacturing industry in Indian context
– Journal: International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management
( Volume: 22, Number: 3,Year: 2005,pp: 256-277 )

– www.emeraldinsight.com • A Comparative Review of TQM, TPM and Related Organizational Performance Improvement Programs
– This paper appears in: Emerging Trends in Engineering and
Technology, 2008. ICETET '08. First International Conference on

Publication Date: 16-18 July 2008 On page(s): 725-730

– ieeexplore.ieee.org

Career Opportunities in TQM & TPM
• TPM officer • Process Improvement Manager • Quality Consultant

Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) Aims at • Zero breakdown • MTBF (mean time between failures should be minimized) • MTRR (mean time to repair) should be brought down by breakdown maintenance efficiency • Preventive maintenance should be planned and implemented • Predictive maintenance should be planned and implemented • Warranty of maintenance concept should be implemented Total Quality Management (TQM) Aims at
Zero Defect: A possibility • Move from inspection to self audit • Followed by successive audit • Process capability upkeep and enhancement: statistical process control (SQC) and statistical quality control (SQC) • 5S Housekeeping • Total Productive maintenance (TPM) • Zidoka and Andon: Employee empowerment and autonomation • Poka-yoke


“Quality is a Journey, not a Destination”

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