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Kaui Yogi August 16, 2007 Period 06 Brave New World The book begins with an explanation of how babies are made in the future. As opposed to being born, the people at the Birthing Centre use chemicals added with the babies in order to get them to be the way the government wants them to be. One man, Bernard Marx, works there and gets a chance to go to a savage reservation with a woman named Lenina Crowne. They meet the savages and bring back two (a man named John and his mother) to England for scientific purposes. Bernard becomes famous shortly afterward, but doesn’t last when John refuses to come out to a press conference. Later, John learns his mother is dead, and grieves for her, despite the mindset in the hospital that death is no big deal. Once outside, John sees a ade soma, a chemical that causes happiness. In order to prevent the kids to fron} ending up like his mother, he dumps all of the soma, causing the kids to attack him. Bernard and his friend Helmholtz show up on the scene, only to be taken with John by the police. John, Bernard, and Helmholtz are later sentenced to solitude. I thought that the book was fair, because although there were some good points about it, there were also some bad points. For example, some of the characters are hard to relate to, like Lenina because her way of thinking (the norm) is much different from ours. For example, there is one scene where John tries to show Lenina (as opposed to just telling her) that he loves her. His actions confuse her, such as sweeping (since there are vacuum cleaners). She doesn’t understand what’s going on until John comes out and says it, but the reader has a hard time feeling her confusion while he’s talking since it makes perfect sense to a reader nowadays. Another problem is the beginning of the book. A lot of times, it’s easy to get confused because the things that the people are doing and saying are backwards compared to us. So while reading the beginning, I found the entire section confusing until I got later into the book and realized that was just how the society is built. However, although there are some bad points about the book, there are also the good points. For example, all the characters aren't hard to relate to. Bernard is a good example. He is insecure about his height (it is thought that when he was being made that whoever was putting stuff in his bottle sefewed Up) because he isn’t that much taller than people ofthe ower castes: Also, Besnard GEE re fox sports, whied Aen can personally identify with. John is another good example. When his mother died, he grieved in the hospital for her, even though there were all the little kids around. John took their presence as a lack of respect for his situation and became angry. The reader can easily understand his reaction to what is going on, although the people in the story don’t. Finally, near the end of the book (while Helmholtz, Bernard, and John are on tral), Mustapha Mond, one of the World Controllers, explains to John (and the reader) how builtin that time period, which fils ina lot ofthe holes as to what is going on e- it’s not like the reader is thoroughly confused afterward about the book. " One of the major ideas in the book is about the pursuit of happiness. To make people happier, every single person is “conditioned, meaning that they are given the same message over and over again such that they will believe it. One major cause of unhappiness today is death. Because of that, people are conditioned to believe that death is OK so that they can be happy even after someone has died. Another thing taken out of the lives of the citizens are wives and children. People tend to get emotionally attached to them, thus infidelity is encouraged (so that everyone doesn’t have that one special person), and children are no longer born from people, but from technology. Finally, if all this doesn’t work out to being happy, there’s always the back-up plan: soma. Soma is a chemical taken by everyone in the community from children to people on their deathbed. Soma is used to erase any unpleasant feelings should it happen, and also is used once in the book to stop a riot. Another major theme to the book is control. The government predetermines your future based on what chemicals are put into your bottle and the conditioning you receive. Epsilon (the lowest caste) citizens are given different chemicals in their bottles and the bottles are handled differently as opposed to an Alpha. This is so Epsilons can do menial (yet important) jobs for the community and not be able to complain about it (since they are “semi-morons” due-to the chemicals and are also conditioned differently). Similarly, the other castes from Delta to Alpha, follow the same basic procedure so that each caste ~S is set up to do work set up for each caste. Another way conditioning is used is that the government trains people to dislike nature (among other things). The reason for that is so that people will not go into nature and be happy about it since it is not beneficial to the community at large (people are not consuming). People can be conditioned to behave in such a way to benefit the economy. T think this book was recommended to us as summer reading was because this book, as hard as it is to understand, is one that has an interesting view on society. People in this book paid a different price (nature, the arts, freedom), for their form of happiness than us. We have to have all the pain, the suffering, and the instability that comes with \O \d